Chapter 2: What Darwinists Fail To Consider - 3
Darwinists Never Realize That the Stone Age is a Lie
Darwinists never acknowledge that at the very time when they claim that "primitive humans" were alive, there is proof that the people of the time actually enjoyed a civilization not so very different from our own. They used forks and spoons, welcomed guests, and led regular, settled lives.
Darwinists never consider that buttons carved out of bone used circa 10,000 BCE are evidence that the people of that time wore sophisticated clothing culture, and that any culture that employed buttons must also have known about sewing and weaving.
Darwinists never consider how a 95,000-year-old flute is proof that people living tens of thousands of years ago appreciated music, and that there is no such thing as primitive man
Darwinists never consider how people of circa 10,000 BCE used copper implements, indicating that therefore, their society must have known about smelting and have had the technical know-how to extract copper from rock and then work it.
Darwinists never consider how the smooth finish on the surface of stones—from what they describe as from the Stone Age and claim to be the products of a primitive culture—is not the result of polish, because polish cannot survive intact for thousands of years. This patina was produced by using steel tools on the surface of the rock—a task requiring great skill.
Darwinists never question how a metal bowl was crafted from an alloy of zinc and silver 100,000 years ago, as reported in Scientific American magazine in 1852. The bouquets of flowers, bunches of grapes and other designs on it are the product of an advanced artistry. Clearly, the people who produced that alloy had developed a culture capable of working metal.
Darwinists never consider that a temperature of 1,084.5oC is needed to extract molten metal turn copper ore, that bellows or some other device is essential to ensure a flow of air during that process. A kiln must be constructed to maintain such a temperature, and that tools such as ladles and tongs to extract the metal from the kiln must also be in existence. For these reasons, people who lived in the past can in no way be regarded as primitive. (Also see Harun Yahya, A Historical Lie: The Stone Age, Istanbul: Global Publishing, 2006.)
Darwinists never consider how countless discoveries, such as the remains of a metal bowl dating back 100,000 years, metal objects dating back 2,8 billion years, an iron bowl estimated to be 300 million years old, fragments of textiles dating back 27,000 years—plus metal remains showing that people in Europe were melting such metals as magnesium and platinum thousands of years ago—have entirely discredited the evolutionist deception of primeval peoples.
Darwinists never acknowledge how many discoveries belonging to ancient humans have been ignored by evolutionist scientists or else concealed in museum basements. The public has been given histories of early human societies that are entirely the product of evolutionists' imaginations, rather than the true history of mankind.
Darwinists never consider how the performance of brain surgery during the time they refer to as the Stone Age, and the discovery of adornments and the raw materials for dyes from excavations dating back to a time when they claim that human beings had no knowledge of art, are important evidence that there has never been a "primitive" time in human history.
Darwinists never consider how archaeological findings have revealed that human beings have possessed a cultural understanding since the day they first came into being. Periodic advances, retreats and abrupt changes in that understanding are possible, but do not mean that any evolutionary process ever took place. Instead, they represent evidence of cultural development and change.
Darwinists never consider how the archaeological remains left behind by the people of the past are inconsistent with the anatomical and biological remains that evolutionists maintain should exist—and that this once again totally discredits Darwinist claims on the subject.
Darwinists Never Consider the Existence of the Soul
Darwinists never realize that throughout their whole lives, they can perceive only the images established by electrical currents in their brains. They can never directly experience the external origins of any image.
Darwinists never realize that the sounds they hear, the sights they see and the scents they smell are merely a totality of perceptions formed in their brains, and that they can never prove the material existence of any of them.
Darwinists never realize that they have no answer to the question of "Who is it who perceives the outside world?"
Darwinists never realize that the high-quality sound they perceive inside their brains consists merely of electrical signals, and that their transmission can never be accounted for in terms of chance.
Darwinists never realize that materialism cannot explain what does the perceiving in the human mind, and cannot account for the superior "awareness" of mankind.
Darwinists never appreciate that the human brain—the most complex structure in the world and which they imagine to have been brought about by chance—presents to us a perfectly clear and vivid world, and that this sublime mechanism cannot be replicated by unconscious atoms in any manner whatsoever.
Darwinists claim that the brain came into being by chance, yet it functions hundreds of times faster, in a much more complex manner than the fastest computer, and its functioning cannot be replicated electronically.
Darwinists never realize that the attributes that make human beings human, such as emotion, thought, feeling, love and belief, are not the results of activity in the brain's neurons, and there can be no material explanation for them.
Darwinists never realize that the human soul is what rejoices, gets surprised, thinks, analyses, diagnoses, recognizes the sounds it hears, and delights in the image and perfume of a rose.
Darwinists never realize that materialism is invalidated in the light of the human soul, of whose existence there is full evidence, and evolution can never account for the existence of that soul.
Darwinists never realize that concepts such as love, loyalty, friendship and honesty can never be explained in materialistic terms, and that the fictitious mechanisms of evolution can bring no light to bear on them.
Darwinists never realize that because coincidences have no consciousness, they cannot create art and beauty, nor intelligent and conscious human beings who hear, see, smell and touch, and who understand beauty, art and science.
Darwinists never realize that the way that the colorful images forming through electrical signals in the brain, in complete darkness, is a miracle that cannot be explained in terms of coincidences.
Given the structure of the brain, Darwinists never realize how and where a function such as memory emerges when expected and required.
Darwinists never understand how it is that, while they sleep, they can dream of a sky radiant with the brightness of the Sun's rays. They can feel chilled and dampened by rain, smell the enchanting fragrance of a rose and eat the most delicious foods they can never have enough of—all inside of a 1,300 to 1,400 nerve node inside the darkness of the brain.
Darwinists Never Admit that All Their Claims Over the Last 160 Years Are Invalid
Darwinists never consider that not one single intermediate-form fossil exists to corroborate their theory of evolution.
Darwinists never consider how a large part of the Earth's rock strata has been examined and that, despite all the fossils unearthed and progress in the science of palaeontology, evolutionists still have not found one example that they can submit as evidence.
Darwinists never admit that comparing fossils millions of years old with living specimens once again reveals the invalidity of the theory of evolution.
Darwinists never admit that every piece of research they perform in order to support the theory of evolution ends in disappointment. Every discovery they make reveals more proofs refuting evolution. With life as shown in the fossil record remaining unchanged for millions of years, and with the facts shown by science, it becomes clear that Allah has created the universe and all living things.
Darwinists imagine that so-called "living fossils" prove that a process of evolution took place on Earth, but in fact, these fossils reveal a natural history that is the exact opposite of Darwin's theory. They prove that living species did not emerge gradually from a process of evolution, but were created with their flawless forms in a single moment.
The Cambrian Explosion has attracted the interest of scientists since Darwin (1859) wrote that "the sudden manner in which several groups of species first appear in our European formations—[and] the almost entire absence, as at present known, of formations rich in fossils beneath Cambrian strata—are undoubtedly of the most serious nature." 45 Richard Ellis, evolutionist marine biologist
Darwinists never realize that far from proving their own claims, the fossils of complex invertebrates such as snails, trilobites, sponges, sea urchins, crustaceans and sea lilies in Cambrian rock beds prove that living things appeared suddenly and with no forebears before them, and that they demolish the myth of Darwin's evolutionary tree.
Darwinists claim that there are functionless vestigial organs in the human body and those of other living things, but never realize that such organs are a misinterpretation that arose from the medical ignorance in the past. These organs, regarded as vestigial by Darwin and his followers, actually have very important functions.
Darwinists even maintained that a large part of DNA was functionless junk. Yet they never admit that these past claims too stemmed from scientific ignorance. With advances in genetics, the functions of these genes have been revealed.
Darwinists imagine that variations within living species, such as the different beak structures among the finches living on the Galapagos Islands, is powerful evidence for evolution. Yet they never realize that changes on the micro level, such as the differences between finches' beaks, can never produce new biological information such as new organs, and that these are therefore no proof of evolution.
Darwinists never realize that all the mutations carried out in experiments on fruit flies have produced only sickly and deformed specimens. No useful or advantageous mutation has ever been observed. Nor can new species ever be produced through mutations under the control of scientists. Rather than providing evidence for evolution, all this is further proof that evolution never took place.
Darwinists never realize the fact that some fossils that they portray as ancestors of the horse are actually far younger than it. There cannot have been any transition of the kind claimed by evolutionists, and that the scientific claims regarding the horse's evolution are a complete deception.
Darwinists never discuss the evolutionist scientist Ernst Haeckel, who claimed that the forms of human fetuses in the womb undergo the supposed evolutionary process as other living things—that the human embryo has gills that subsequently disappear. But Haeckel resorted to fraud in his illustrations, sought to depict embryos as similar to one another by altering his drawings of them. His claims have been dismissed as a scientific hoax.
Darwinists claim that human beings and apes are descended from a common ancestor and that there exist fossil remains and traces of supposed ape-men. They never realize that all the fossils supposedly representing human ancestors either belong to an extinct species of ape or else to different human races.
Darwinists imagine that Great Britain's well-known Industrial Revolution moths are evidence of evolution by way of natural selection. Yet they never realize that once this tale was proved to be a scientific fraud, yet another of evolutionists' supposed proofs lost all credibility.
The central problem resolves around the adaptive value or not of intermediate stages. For natural selection to work, intermediate steps have to confer greater reproductive success. Hence, it is legitimate to ask, in a model of selection acting alone, what use is half a wing? 49 Gabriel Dover, evolutionist professor of Genetics
In claiming that the different organs in living species emerged gradually, Darwinists maintain that, for example, a reptile's legs gradually evolved into wings. Yet they never realize that a limb that is half-foreleg and half-wing will serve no purpose at all. A creature with such limbs could not survive, and that therefore, such a species would die out before it could develop any further.
The central problem resolves around the adaptive value or not of intermediate stages. For natural selection to work, intermediate steps must confer greater reproductive success. Hence, it is legitimate to ask, in a model of selection acting alone, what use is a half-developed wing?
Darwinists never consider how outdated the theory of evolution is, having first been proposed in the technological environment of the mid-1800s.
In claiming that species evolved from one another, Darwinists never realize that the fossil record has never produced a single piece of evidence to confirm this.
In claiming that living species increased in number by evolving from one another over long periods of time, Darwinists never realize that all the known phyla,—including several others that since became extinct—emerged suddenly and at the same time in the Cambrian period, before which only the single-celled organisms existed.
Darwinists never admit that once the famous fossil Archaeopteryx was recognized as a true bird and that there was no reptile able to be proposed as its ancestor, they were left with no evidence to support their claim that birds evolved from reptiles.
Darwinian evolution works by the indirect and inefficient mechanism of natural selection. 50 Stephen Jay Gould, evolutionist paleontologist and author
Darwinists never admit that the fossil record proves that living things have remained unchanged for millions of years.
Darwinists never realize that the theory of evolution, a fictitious hypothesis put forward under the 19th century's primitive understanding of biology, has never been confirmed by any scientific findings or experiments.
In claiming that Archaeopteryx is a missing link between reptiles and birds, Darwinists never realize that Archaeopteryx was a bird in every way.
In suggesting that Archaeopteryx was a partly evolved bird, Darwinists never realize that birds were alive in the same period, and even earlier.
Darwinists never admit that the Cambrian Period definitively demolishes the concept of gradual, chance development over a long period of time, which is the fundamental claim of the theory of evolution.
Since Darwinists deny the existence of Allah and creation, they never recognize that the way that the Earth was filled with a great many living things with different bodily structures and complex organs, all at the same time, is proof that these organisms were created.
Darwinists can never answer the question of how the flawless structure of wings emerged as the result of a succession of random mutations. In short, a reptile's front legs can never turn into wings as the result of some impairment or mutation arising in its genes.
Darwinists never consider that the Cambrian Period demolishes the idea of "gradual, stage by stage, chance development over long periods of time"—the fundamental claim of the theory of evolution—along with the concept of punctuated evolution.
That individual kinds of fossils remain recognizably the same, throughout the length of their occurrence in the fossil record, had been known to paleontologists long before Darwin published his Origin. Darwin himself . . . prophesied that future generations of paleontologists would fill in these gaps by diligent search. . . . One hundred and twenty years of paleontological research later, it has become abundantly clear that the fossil record will not confirm this part of Darwin's predictions. Nor is the problem a miserably poor record. The fossil record simply shows that this prediction is wrong. 51 Niles Eldredge, a palaeontologist of the American Museum of Natural History, and the anthropologist Ian Tattersall
Darwinists never understand that the variety of living plant species, each with utterly perfect systems, that appeared suddenly in fossils from the Carboniferous period, 360 million years ago, again places evolutionists in an insuperable predicament. A wide variety of fossil plants from this period are little different from plant species living today.
In claiming that a fish that emerged from the sea evolved into a reptile, through an evolutionary process that lasted millions of years, Darwinists never recognize that a fish cannot survive on dry land for more than a few minutes before dying.
Darwin himself wondered, "First, why, if species have descended from other species by fine gradations, do we not everywhere see innumerable transitional forms?"52 But Darwinists never consider why, some 160 years later, not a single intermediate form has ever been found.
Darwinists never realize that the inconsistencies set out by Charles Darwin around 160 years ago in the chapter "Difficulties on Theory" in his Origin of Species still apply today, and that those inconsistencies have even increased with the advances in biology.
Darwinists never realize that no new species can result by way of natural selection, only fitter members of the same species.
Darwinists never realize that no new species can be produced by way of mutations either.
Unfortunately, large numbers of well-trained scientists whose disciplines lie outside of evolutionary biology and paleontology have gotten the idea that the fossil record is far more Darwinian than it is. This probably arises from the oversimplification inevitable in secondary sources: low-level textbooks, semi-popular articles, and the like. Also, some wishful thinking is probably involved. In the years after Darwin died, his advocates hoped to find the progressions he had predicted. These have not been found—yet the optimism has died hard, and some pure fantasy has crept into textbooks. 53 Science magazine
Darwinists never realize that it is impossible for the reptile's lung, with its two-way passage of air, to evolve into a bird's lung with its one-directional flow, because there can be no intermediate model between the two. Such an intermediate vertebrate whose lungs do not function fully could not breathe, and would survive for longer than a few minutes.
In claiming that the reptilian jaw and ear gradually turned into the mammal jaw and ear, Darwinists never realize that there is no answer to how this came about. In particular, it is impossible for an ear with a single bone to turn into one consisting of three bones, and for the sense of hearing to be preserved during the transition.
Darwinists never realize that the variations they have regarded for half a century or so as evidence of evolution have in fact nothing to do with the origin of species. For instance, though different breeds of cattle can be obtained by different genetic combinations over a period of years, cattle will never develop into another species, such as giraffes or elephants.
Darwinists never realize that "homology" is a superficial hypothesis based solely upon external appearances. It has not been confirmed by any concrete findings ever since Darwin's day. No fossils of the imaginary ancestors of living things with homologous structures that evolutionists claim must have existed have ever been encountered in any strata on Earth.
40. Said Nursi, The Letters, The Fifteenth Letter.
41. Michael Brooks, "The Mysteries of Life," New Scientist, No 2473, 4 September 2004, p. 24.
42. Werner Gitt. In the Beginning Was Information. CLV, Bielefeld, Germany, pp. 107, 141.
43. Dean L. Overman, A Case Against Accident and Self-Organization, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 1997.
44. Charles Darwin, The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, New York: The Modern Library, pp. 124-125.
45. Richard Ellis, Aquagenesis, The Origin and Evolution of Life in the Sea, p. 41.
46. T. N. George, "Fossils in Evolutionary Perspective," Science Progress, Vol. 48, January 1960, p. 1.
47. Robert B. Downs, Books that Changed the World, p. 285.
48. A. Murat Aytekin, "Arkadasligin Evrimi" ("Evolution of Friendship"), Birgun, 15 August 2005.
49. Gabriel Dover, Dear Mr. Darwin, London: Phoenix Books, 2000, p. 153.
50. Stephen Jay Gould, Life's Grandeur, p. 221.
51. N. Eldredge, and I. Tattersall, The Myths of Human Evolution, New York: Columbia University Press, 1982, pp. 45-46.
52. Charles Darwin, The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, pp. 124-125.
53. David M. Raup, "Evolution and the Fossil Record," Science, Vol. 213, No. 4505, 17 July 1981, p. 289.