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MADINA

Some of the desert Arabs around you are hypocrites and some of the people of Madina are obdurate in their hypocrisy. You do not know them but We know them. We will punish them twice over and then they will be returned to a terrible punishment. (9:101)

It was not for people of Madina, and the desert arabs around them, to remain behind the Messenger of Allah nor to prefer themselves to him. That is because no thirst or weariness or hunger will afflict them in the Way of Allah, nor will they take a single step to infuriate the disbelievers, nor secure any gain from the enemy, without a right action being written down for them because of it. Allah does not let the wage of the good-doers go to waste. (9:120)

And a group of them said, ‘People of Yathrib (Madina), Your position is untenable so return!’ some of them asked the Prophet to excuse them, saying, ‘Our houses are exposed,’ when they were not exposed; it was merely that they wanted to run away. (33:13)

If the hypocrites and those with sickness in their hearts and the rumour-mongers in Madina do not desist, We will set you onto them. Then they will only be your neighbours there a very short time. (33:60)

Those who were already settled in the abode (Madina), and in faith, before they came, love those who have migrated to them and do not find in their hearts any need for what they have been given and prefer them to themselves even if they themselves are needy. It is the people who are safe-guarded from the avarice of their own selves who are successful. (59:9)

They say, ‘If we return to Madina, the mightier will drive out the inferior.’ But all might belongs to Allah and to His Messenger and the believers. But the hypocrites do not know this. (63:8)

MADNESS

Those who practise usury will not rise from the grave except as someone driven mad by Satan's touch. That is because they say, ‘Trade is the same as usury.’ But Allah has permitted trade and He has forbidden usury. Whoever is given a warning by his Lord and then desists, can keep what he received in the past and his affair is Allah’s concern. But all who return to it will be the Companions of the Fire, remaining in it timelessly, for ever. (2:275)

Have they not reflected? Their companion is not mad. He is only a clear warner. (7:184)

(They said, ‘Hud,) we only say that one of our gods has driven you mad.’ He said, ‘I call on Allah to be my witness, and you also bear witness, that I am free of all the gods you have apart from Him.’ (11:54)

They say, ‘You, to whom the Reminder has been sent down, are clearly mad.’ (15:6)

He (Pharaoh) said, ‘This Messenger, who has been sent to you, is mad.’ (26:27)

They said, ‘Are we to forsake our gods for a mad poet?’ (37:36)

But then they turned away from him and said, ‘He is an instructed madman!’ (44:14)’

But he turned away with his forces, saying, ‘A magician or a madman!’ (51:39)

Equally, no Messenger came to those before them without their saying, ‘A magician or a madman!’ (51:52)

Remind them then! For, by the blessing of your Lord, you are neither a soothsayer nor a madman. (52:29)

Before them the people of Nuh denied the truth. They denied Our servant, saying, ‘He is madman,’ and he was driven away with jeers. (54:9)

By the blessing of your Lord, you are not mad. (68:2)

So you will see and they will see which of you is mad. (68:5-6)

Those who disbelieve all but strike you down with their evil looks when they hear the Reminder and say, ‘He is quite mad.’ (68:51)

Your companion is not mad. (81:22)

MADYAN (SEE SHU‘AYB (AS) AND MADYAN)

MAGIC - MAGICIAN

Remember when Allah said, ‘‘Isa, son of Maryam, remember My blessing to you and to your mother when I reinforced you with the Purest Spirit so that you could speak to people in the cradle and when you were fully grown; and when I taught you the Book and Wisdom, and the Torah and the Gospel; and when you created a bird-shape out of clay by My permission, and then breathed into it and it became a bird by My permission; and healed the blind and the leper by My permission; and when you brought forth the dead by My permission; and when I held back the tribe of Israel from you, when you brought them the Clear Signs and those of them who disbelieved said, "This is nothing but downright magic"’ (5:110)

Even if We were to send down a book to you on parchment pages and they were actually to touch it with their own hands, those who disbelieve would still say, ‘This is nothing but downright magic.’ (6:7)

The ruling circle of Pharaoh’s people said, ‘This is certainly a skilled magician who desires to expel you from your land, so what do you recommend?’ They said, ‘Detain him and his brother and send out marshals to the cities, to bring you all the skilled magicians.’ The magicians came to Pharaoh and they asked, ‘Will we receive a reward if we are the winners?’ He said, ‘Yes, and you will be among those brought near.’ They said, ‘Musa, will you throw first or shall we be the ones to throw?’ He said, ‘You throw.’ And when they threw, they cast a spell on the people's eyes and caused them to feel great fear of them. They produced an extremely powerful magic. We revealed to Musa, ‘Throw down your staff.’ And it immediately swallowed up what they had forged. So the Truth took place and what they did was shown to be false. They were defeated then and there, transformed into humbled men. The magicians threw themselves down in prostration. They said, ‘We believe in the Lord of all the worlds, the Lord of Musa and Harun.’ Pharaoh said, ‘Have you believed in him before I authorised you to do so? This is just some plot you have concocted in the city to drive its people from it. I will cut off your alternate hands and feet and then I will crucify every one of you.’ They said, ‘We are returning to our Lord. You are only avenging yourself on us because we believed in our Lord’s Signs when they came to us. Our Lord, pour down steadfastness upon us and take us back to You as Muslims.’ (7:109-126)

Do people find it so surprising that We should reveal to a man among them: ‘Warn mankind and give good news to those who believe that they are on a sure footing with their Lord’? The disbelievers say, ‘This is downright magic!’ (10:2)

When the truth came to them from Us, they said, ‘This is downright magic!’ Musa said, ‘Do you say to the truth when it comes to you, "This is magic"? Magicians are not successful.’ They said, ‘Have you come to us to turn us from what we found our fathers doing, and to gain greatness in the land? We do not believe you.’ Pharaoh said, ‘Bring me every knowledgeable magician.’ When the magicians came, Musa said to them, ‘Throw whatever you have to throw!’ When they had thrown, Musa said, ‘What you have brought is magic. Allah will certainly prove it false. Allah does not uphold the actions of corrupters.’ (10:76-81)

It is He Who created the heavens and the earth in six days when His Throne was on the water, in order to test which of you has the best actions. If you say, ‘You will be raised up after death,’ those who disbelieve will say, ‘This is nothing but downright magic.’ (11:7)

He said, ‘Have you come to us to expel us from our land by means of your magic, Musa? We will bring you magic to match it. So fix a time between us and you which neither we nor you will fail to keep at a place where we can meet halfway.’ He said, ‘Your time is the day of the Festival. The people should gather in the morning.’ So Pharaoh went away and concocted his scheme and then he arrived. Musa said to them, ‘Woe to you! Do not fabricate lies against Allah or He will annihilate you with His punishment. Fabricators of lies are bound to fail.’ They argued among themselves about the matter and had a secret conference. They said, ‘These two magicians desire by their magic to expel you from your land and abolish your most excellent way of life, so decide on your scheme and then arrive together in force. He who gains the upper hand today will definitely prosper.’ They said, ‘Musa, will you throw or shall we be the first to throw?’ He said, ‘No, you throw!’ And suddenly their ropes and staffs appeared to him, by their magic, to be slithering about. Musa experienced in himself a feeling of alarm. We said, ‘Have no fear. You will have the upper hand. Throw down what is in your right hand. It will swallow up their handiwork. Their handiwork is just a magician’s trick. Magicians do not prosper wherever they go.’ The magicians threw themselves down in prostration. They said, ‘We believe in the Lord of Harun and Musa.’ Pharaoh said, ‘Do you believe in him before I have authorised you? He is your chief, the one who taught you magic. I will cut off your hands and feet alternately and have you crucified on palm trunks. Then you will know for certain which of us has the harsher and longer lasting punishment.’ They said, ‘We will never prefer you to the Clear Signs which have come to us nor to Him Who brought us into being. Decide on any judgment you like. Your jurisdiction only covers the life of this world. We have believed in our Lord so that He may forgive us for our mistakes and for the magic which you forced us to perform. Allah is better and longer lasting.’ (20:57-73)

Their hearts are distracted. Those who do wrong confer together secretly, saying, ‘Is this man anything but a human being like yourselves? Do you succumb to magic with your eyes wide open?’ (21:3)

He (Pharaoh) said to the High Council round about him, ‘This certainly is a skilled magician who desires by his magic to expel you from your land, so what do you recommend?’ They said, ‘Detain him and his brother and send out marshals to the cities, to bring you all the skilled magicians.’ So the magicians were assembled for a meeting on a specified day. The people were asked, ‘Are you all assembled so we can follow the magicians if they are the winners?’ When the magicians came, they said to Pharaoh, ‘Will we be rewarded if we are the winners?’ He said, ‘Yes, and in that case you will be among those brought near.’ Musa said to them, ‘Throw whatever it is you are going to throw!’ They threw down their ropes and staffs and said, ‘By the might of Pharaoh we are the winners.’ But Musa threw down his staff and at once it swallowed up what they had fabricated. The magicians threw themselves down, prostrating. They said, ‘We believe in the Lord of all the worlds, the Lord of Musa and Harun.’ He said, ‘Have you believed in him before I authorised you? He is your chief who taught you magic. But you will soon know! I will cut off your alternate hands and feet and I will crucify every one of you.’ They said, ‘We do not care! We are returning to our Lord. We remain hopeful that our Lord will forgive us our mistakes for being the first of the believers.’ (26:34-51)

When Our Signs came to them in all their clarity, they said, ‘This is downright magic.’ (27:13)

But when Musa brought them Our Clear Signs they said, ‘This is nothing but trumped-up magic. We never heard anything like this among our earlier forefathers.’ (28:36)

But when the truth did come to them from Us they said, ‘Why has he not been given the same as Musa was given?’ But did they not previously reject what Musa was given? They say, ‘Two magicians who back each other up.’ And they say, ‘We reject both of them.’ (28:48)

When Our Clear Signs are recited to them, they say, ‘This is nothing but a man who wants to debar you from what your fathers used to worship.’ They say, ‘This is nothing but an invented lie.’ Those who disbelieve say to the truth when it comes to them, ‘This is nothing but downright magic.’ (34:43)

They say, ‘This is just downright magic.’ (37:15)

They are surprised that a warner should come to them from among themselves. The disbelievers say, ‘This is a lying magician.’ (38:4)

We sent Musa with Our Signs and clear authority to Pharaoh, Haman and Qarun. But they said, ‘A lying magician.’ (40:23-24)

But when the truth came to them they said, ‘This is magic and we reject it.’ (43:30)

They said (to Musa), ‘Magician, invoke your Lord for us by the contract He has made with you and we shall certainly follow the guidance.’ (43:49)

When Our Clear Signs are recited to them, those who reject say to the truth when it comes to them, ‘This is downright magic.’ (46:7)

But he (Pharaoh) turned away with his forces, saying, ‘A magician or a madman!’ (51:39)

Equally, no Messenger came to those before them without their saying, ‘A magician or a madman!’ (51:52)

So is this magic? Or is it that you do not see? (52:15)

And when ‘Isa son of Maryam said, ‘Tribe of Israel, I am the Messenger of Allah to you, confirming the Torah which came before me and giving you the good news of a Messenger after me whose name is Ahmad.’ When he brought them the Clear Signs, they said, ‘This is downright magic.’ (61:6)

He said, ‘This is nothing but magic from the past.’ (74:24)

MAHR (SEE DOWRY) 

MAHRAM (UNMARRIAGEABLE) OF WOMEN

Say to the believing women that they should lower their eyes and guard their chastity and not display their adornments–except for what normally shows–and draw their head-coverings across their breasts. They should only display their adornments to their husbands or their fathers or their husbands’ fathers, or their sons or their husbands’ sons or their brothers or their brothers’ sons or their sisters’ sons or their women or those they own as slaves or their male attendants who have no sexual desire or children who still have no awareness of women’s private parts. Nor should they stamp their feet so that their hidden ornaments are known. Turn to Allah every one of you, believers, so that hopefully you will have success. (24:31)

They incur no blame in respect of their fathers or their sons or their brothers or their brothers’ or sisters’ sons, or their women or any slaves they own. Have fear of Allah. Allah is witness of all things. (33:55)

MAIDEN

There will be dark-eyed maidens with them, with eyes reserved for them alone. (37:48)

And there will be dark-eyed maidens with them with eyes reserved for them alone. (38:52)

So it will be. We will marry them to dark-eyed maidens. (44:54)

They will recline on couches ranged in rows and We will marry them to dark-eyed maidens. (52:20)

In them are maidens with eyes for them alone, untouched before them by either man or jinn. (55:56)

In them are sweet, lovely maidens. (55:70)

Dark-eyed, secluded in cool pavilions. (55:72)

And dark-eyed maidens like hidden pearls. (56:22-23)

We have brought maidens into being. (56:35)

And (there are) nubile maidens of similar age (for those who guard against evil). (78:33)

MAINTAIN

It is not for the idolaters to maintain the mosques of Allah, bearing witness against themselves of their disbelief. They are the ones whose actions will come to nothing. They will be in the Fire timelessly, for ever. (9:17)

The mosques of Allah should only be maintained by those who believe in Allah and the Last Day and perform prayer and give the alms, and fear no one but Allah. They are the ones most likely to be guided. (9:18)

Do you make the giving of water to the pilgrims and looking after the Sacred Mosque (Masjid al-Haram) the same as believing in Allah and the Last Day and striving in the Way of Allah? They are not equal in the sight of Allah. Allah does not guide wrongdoing people. (9:19)

MAJORITY

What do you think about those who left their homes in thousands in fear of death? Allah said to them, ‘Die!’ and then brought them back to life. Allah shows great favour to mankind, but most people are not grateful. (2:243)

You are the best nation ever to be produced before mankind. You enjoin the right, forbid the wrong and believe in Allah. If the People of the Book were to believe, it would be better for them. Some of them are believers but most of them are deviators. (3:110)

They thought there would be no testing. They were blind and deaf. Then Allah turned towards them. Then many of them went blind and deaf again. Allah sees what they do. (5:71)

If you obeyed most of those on earth, they would misguide you from Allah’s Way. They follow nothing but conjecture. They are only guessing. (6:116)

Most of them follow nothing but conjecture. Conjecture is of no use whatsoever against the truth. Allah most certainly knows what they are doing. (10:36)

But as for those who have clear evidence from their Lord followed up by a witness from Him–and before it the Book of Musa came as a model and a mercy–such people believe in it. Any faction which rejects it is promised the Fire. Be in no doubt about it. It is the Truth from your Lord. But most people have no faith. (11:17)

They also said, ‘We have more wealth and children. We are not going to be punished.’ (34:35)

MAKING CLEAR

But if a man divorces his wife a third time, she is not lawful for him after that until she has married another husband. Then if he divorces her, there is nothing wrong in the original couple getting back together provided they think they will remain within Allah’s limits. These are Allah’s limits which he has made clear to people who know. (2:230)

What is the matter with you that you do not eat that over which the name of Allah has been mentioned, when He has made clear to you what He has made forbidden for you except when you are forced to eat it? Many people lead others astray through their whims and desires without having any knowledge. Your Lord knows best those who overstep the limits. (6:119)

Just as your Lord brought you out from your house with truth, even though a group of the believers disliked it, arguing with you about the Truth after it had been made clear as though they were being driven to their death with open eyes. (8:5-6)

It is so that He can make clear to them the things they differed about and so that those who disbelieved will know that they were liars. (16:39)

We have only ever sent before you men who were given Revelation–ask the People of the Reminder if you do not know–who brought Clear Signs and Revealed Books. And We have sent down the Reminder to you so that you can make clear to mankind what has been sent down to them so that hopefully they will reflect. (16:43-44)

We have only sent down the Book to you so that you can make clear to them the things about which they differ, and as a guidance and a mercy to people who believe. (16:64)

Do not be like a woman who spoils the thread she has spun by unravelling it after it is strong, by making your oaths a means of deceiving one another, merely because one community is bigger than another. Allah is only testing you by this. He will make clear to you on the Day of Rising the things about which you differed. (16:92)

Then when We decreed that he should die, nothing divulged his death to them except the worm which ate his staff; so that when he fell down it was made clear to the jinn that if they had truly had knowledge of the Unseen they need not have stayed there suffering humiliating punishment. (34:14)

If He did ask you for it and put you under pressure, you would be tight-fisted and it would bring out your malevolence. (47:37)

MAKKA (THE SAFE HAVEN)

If you do not help him, Allah did help him when those who disbelieved drove him out (of Makka) and there were two of them in the Cave. He said to his companion, ‘Do not be despondent, Allah is with us.’ Then Allah sent down His serenity upon him and reinforced him with troops you could not see. He made the word of those who disbelieved undermost. It is the word of Allah which is uppermost. Allah is Almighty, All-Wise. (9:40)

Do they not see that We have established a safe haven (Makka) while people all round them are violently dispossessed? So why do they believe in falsehood and reject the blessing of Allah? (29:67)

And (I swear by) this safe land, We created man in the finest mould. (95:3-4)

This is a Book We have sent down and blessed, confirming what came before it, so that you can warn the Mother of Cities (Makka) and the people around it. Those who believe in the hereafter believe in it and safeguard their prayer. (6:92)

It is He Who held their hands back from you, and your hands from them in the valley of Makka, after giving you the upper hand over them. Allah sees what you do. (48:24)

MAN - MEN

The Companions of the Ramparts will call out to men they recognise by their mark, saying, ‘What you amassed was of no use to you, nor was your arrogance.’ (7:48)

(Nuh said to his people,) ‘Or are you astonished that a reminder should come to you from your Lord by way of a man among you, to warn you and make you guard against evil so that hopefully you will gain mercy?’ (7:63)

(Hud said,) ‘Or are you astonished that a reminder should come to you from your Lord by way of a man among you in order to warn you? Remember when He appointed you successors to the people of Nuh, and increased you greatly in stature. Remember Allah’s blessings, so that hopefully you will be successful.’ (7:69)

Musa chose seventy men from his people for Our appointed time and when the earthquake seized them he said, ‘My Lord, if You had willed, You could have destroyed them previously and me as well. Would you destroy us for what the fools among us did? It was only a trial from You by which You misguided those You willed and guided those You willed. You are our Protector so forgive us and have mercy on us. You are the Best of Forgivers.’ (7:155)

Do not ever stand in it. A mosque founded on performing one’s duty from the first day has a greater right for you to stand in it. In it there are men who love to purify themselves. Allah loves those who purify themselves. (9:108)

Do people find it so surprising that We should reveal to a man among them: ‘Warn mankind and give good news to those who believe that they are on a sure footing with their Lord’? The disbelievers say, ‘This is downright magic!’ (10:2)

His people came running to him excitedly–they were long used to committing evil acts. He (Lut) said, ‘My people, here are my daughters. They are purer for you. So have fear of Allah and do not shame me with my guests. Is there not one rightly-guided man among you?’ (11:78)

We know how they listen when they listen to you, and when they confer together secretly, and when the wrongdoers say, ‘You are only following a man who is bewitched!’ (17:47)

When the young men took refuge in the cave and said, ‘Our Lord, give us mercy directly from You and open the way for us to right guidance in our situation.’ (18:10)

We will relate their story to you with truth. They were young men who believed in their Lord and We increased them in guidance. (18:13)

Make an example for them of two men. To one of them We gave two gardens of grape-vines and surrounded them with date-palms, putting between them some cultivated land. (18:32)

His companion, with whom he was debating, said to him, ‘Do you then disbelieve in Him Who created you from dust, then from a drop of sperm, and then formed you as a man?’ (18:37)

They said, ‘We heard a young man mentioning them. They call him Ibrahim.’ (21:60)

(The ruling circle of Nuh’s people said,) ‘He is nothing but a man possessed so wait a while and see what happens to him.’ (23:25)

(The ruling circle of his people said,) ‘What is he but a man who has invented a lie against Allah? We do not believe in him.’ (23:38)

In houses which Allah has permitted to be built and in which His name is remembered, there are men who proclaim His glory morning and evening, not distracted by trade or commerce from the remembrance of Allah and the performance of prayer and the giving of the alms; fearing a day when all hearts and eyes will be in turmoil. (24:36-37)

(The disbelievers say,) ‘Why has treasure not been showered down on him? Why does he not have a garden to give him food?’ The wrongdoers say, ‘You are merely following a man who is bewitched.’ (25:8)

He (Musa) entered the city at a time when its inhabitants were unaware and found two men fighting there–one from his party and the other from his enemy. The one from his party asked for his support against the other from his enemy. So Musa hit him, dealing him a fatal blow. He said, ‘This is part of Satan’s handiwork. He truly is an outright and misleading enemy.’ (28:15)

A man came running from the furthest part of the city, saying, ‘Musa, the Council are conspiring to kill you, so leave! I am someone who brings you good advice.’ (28:20)

Allah has not allotted to any man two hearts within his breast, nor has He made those of your wives you equate with your mothers your actual mothers, nor has He made your adopted sons your actual sons. These are just words coming out of your mouths. But Allah speaks the truth and He guides to the Way. (33:4)

Among the believers there are men who have been true to the contract they made with Allah. Some of them have fulfilled their pact by death and some are still waiting to do so, not having changed in any way at all. (33:23)

Those who disbelieve say, ‘Shall we show you to a man who will tell you that when you have completely disintegrated, you will then be recreated all anew? (34:7)

When Our Clear Signs are recited to them, they say, ‘This is nothing but a man who wants to debar you from what your fathers used to worship.’ They say, ‘This is nothing but an invented lie.’ Those who disbelieve say to the truth when it comes to them, ‘This is nothing but downright magic.’ (34:43)

A man came running from the far side of the city, saying, ‘My people! Follow the Messengers!’ (36:20)

They will say, ‘How is it that we do not see some men whom we used to count among the worst of people?’ (38:62)

Allah has made a metaphor for them of a man owned by several partners in dispute with one another and another man wholly owned by a single man. Are they the same? Praise be to Allah! The fact is that most of them do not know. (39:29)

A man among Pharaoh’s people who believed, but kept his faith concealed, said, ‘Are you going to kill a man for saying "My Lord is Allah" when he has brought you Clear Signs from your Lord? If he is telling a lie, be it on his own head. But if he is telling the truth, then some of what he is promising you will certainly happen to you. Allah does not guide any unbridled inveterate liar.’ (40:28)

They say, ‘Why was this Qur’an not sent down to one of the great men of the two cities?’ (43:31)

Certain men from among mankind used to seek refuge with certain men from among the jinn but they increased them in wickedness. (72:6)

MARK

If We wished, We would show them to you and you would know them by their mark and know them by their ambivalent speech. Allah knows your actions. (47:30)

The evildoers will be recognised by their mark and seized by their forelocks and their feet. (55:41)

MARKET-PLACE

They say, ‘What is the matter with this Messenger, that he eats food and walks in the market-place? Why has an angel not been sent down to him so that it can be a warner along with him?’ (25:7)

We never sent any Messengers before you who did not eat food and walk in the market-place. But We have made some of you a trial for others to see if you will be steadfast? Your Lord sees everything. (25:20)

MARRIAGE

Do not marry women of the idolaters until they believe. A slavegirl who is one of the believers is better for you than a woman of the idolaters, even though she may attract you. And do not marry men of the idolaters until they believe. A slave who is one of the believers is better for you than a man of the idolaters, even though he may attract you. Such people call you to the Fire whereas Allah calls you, with His permission, to the Garden and forgiveness. He makes His Signs clear to people so that hopefully they will pay heed. (2:221)

But if a man divorces his wife a third time, she is not lawful for him after that until she has married another husband. Then if he divorces her, there is nothing wrong in the original couple getting back together provided they think they will remain within Allah’s limits. These are Allah’s limits which he has made clear to people who know. (2:230)

When you divorce women and they are near the end of their waiting period, do not prevent them from marrying their first husbands if they have mutually agreed to it with correctness and courtesy. This is an admonition for those of you who believe in Allah and the Last Day. That is better and purer for you. Allah knows and you do not know. (2:232)

Nor is there anything wrong in any allusion to marriage you make to a woman, nor for any you keep to yourself. Allah knows that you will say things to them. But do not make secret arrangements with them, rather only speak with correctness and courtesy. Do not finally decide on the marriage contract until the prescribed period has come to its end. Know that Allah knows what is in your selves, so beware of Him! And know that Allah is Ever-Forgiving, All-Forbearing. (2:235)

If you divorce them before you have touched them but have already allotted them a dowry, they should have half the amount which you allotted, unless they forgo it or the one in charge of the marriage contract forgoes it. To forgo it is closer to heedfulness. Do not forget to show generosity to one another. Allah sees what you do. (2:237)

If you are afraid of not behaving justly towards orphans, then marry other permissible women, two, three or four. But if you are afraid of not treating them equally, then only one, or those you own as slaves. That makes it more likely that you will not be unfair. (4:3)

Keep a close check on orphans until they reach a marriageable age, then if you perceive that they have sound judgement hand over their property to them. Do not consume it extravagantly and precipitately before they come of age. Those who are wealthy should abstain from it altogether. Those who are poor should use it sensibly and correctly. When you hand over their property to them ensure that there are witnesses on their behalf. Allah suffices as a Reckoner. (4:6)

You who believe! It is not lawful for you to inherit women by force. Nor may you treat them harshly so that you can make off with part of what you have given them, unless they commit an act of flagrant indecency. Live together with them correctly and courteously. If you dislike them, it may well be that you dislike something in which Allah has placed a lot of good. (4:19)

Do not marry any women your fathers married–except for what may have already taken place. That is an indecent act, a loathsome thing and an evil path. (4:22)

Forbidden for you are: your mothers and your daughters and your sisters, your maternal aunts and your paternal aunts, your brothers’ daughters and your sisters’ daughters, your foster mothers who have suckled you, your foster sisters by suckling, your wives’ mothers, your stepdaughters who are under your protection: the daughters of your wives whom you have had sexual relations with (though if you have not had sexual relations with them there is nothing blameworthy for you in it then), the wives of your sons whom you have fathered, and marrying two sisters at the same time–except for what may have already taken place. Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (4:23)

And also married women, except for those you have taken in war as slaves. This is what Allah has prescribed for you. Apart from that He has made all other women lawful for you provided you seek them with your wealth in marriage and not in fornication. When you consummate your marriage with them give them their prescribed dowry. There is nothing wrong in any further agreement you might come to after the dowry has been given. Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise. (4:24)

If any of you do not have the means to marry free women who are believers, you may marry slavegirls who are believers. Allah knows best about your faith; you are all the same in that respect. Marry them with their owners’ permission and give them their dowries correctly and courteously as married women, not in fornication or taking them as lovers. When they are married, if they commit fornication they should receive half the punishment of free women. This is for those of you who are afraid of committing fornication. But being patient is better for you. Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (4:25)

Men have charge of women because Allah has preferred the one above the other and because they spend their wealth on them. Right-acting women are obedient (to Allah), guarding the unseen as Allah has guarded. If there are women whose disobedience you fear, you may admonish them, refuse to sleep with them, and then beat them. But if they obey you, do not look for a way to punish them. Allah is All-High, Most Great. (4:34)

If you fear a breach between a couple, send an arbiter from his people and an arbiter from her people. If the couple desire to put things right, Allah will bring about a reconciliation between them. Allah is All-Knowing, All-Aware. (4:35)

They request from you a ruling concerning women. Say, ‘Allah gives you a ruling about them; and also what is recited to you in the Book about orphan girls to whom you do not give the inheritance they are owed, while at the same time desiring to marry them; and also about young children who are denied their rights: that you should act justly with respect to orphans.’ Whatever good you do, Allah knows it. (4:127)

If a woman fears cruelty or aversion on her husband’s part, there is nothing wrong in the couple becoming reconciled. Reconciliation is better. But people are prone to selfish greed. If you do good and guard against evil, Allah is aware of what you do. (4:128)

You will not be able to be completely fair between your wives, however hard you try. But do not be completely partial so as to leave a wife, as it were, suspended in mid-air. And if you make amends and guard against evil, Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (4:129)

Today all good things have been made lawful for you. And the food of those given the Book is also lawful for you and your food is lawful for them. So are chaste women from among the believers and chaste women of those given the Book before you, once you have given them their dowries in marriage, not in fornication or taking them as lovers. But as for anyone who rejects faith, his actions will come to nothing and in the hereafter he will be among the losers. (5:15)

A man who has fornicated may only marry a woman who has fornicated or a woman of the idolaters. A woman who has fornicated may only marry a man who has fornicated or a man of the idolaters. Doing such a thing is forbidden for the believers. (24:3)

Marry off those among you who are unmarried and those of your slaves and slavegirls who are righteous. If they are poor, Allah will enrich them from His bounty. Allah is All-Encompassing, All-Knowing. (24:32)

Those who cannot find the means to marry should be abstinent until Allah enriches them from His bounty. If any slaves you own want to make a contract to free themselves, write it for them if you know of good in them and give them some of the wealth Allah has given you. Do not force your slavegirls to prostitute themselves if they desire to be virtuous women out of your desire for the goods of this world. If anyone forces them, then after they have been forced, Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (24:33)

As for women who are past child-bearing age and no longer have any hope of getting married, there is nothing wrong in their removing their outer clothes, provided they do not flaunt their adornments; but to refrain from doing so is better for them. Allah is All-Hearing, All-Knowing. (24:60)

And it is He Who created human beings from water and then gave them relations by blood and marriage. Your Lord is All-Powerful. (25:54)

He said, ‘I would like to marry you to one of these two daughters of mine on condition that you work for me for eight full years. If you complete ten, that is up to you. I do not want to be hard on you. You will find me, Allah willing, to be one of the righteous.’ (28:27)

When you said to him whom Allah has blessed and you yourself have greatly favoured, ‘Keep your wife to yourself and have fear of Allah,’ while concealing something in yourself which Allah wished to bring to light, you were fearing people when Allah has more right to your fear. Then when Zayd divorced her We married her to you so that there should be no restriction for the believers regarding the wives of their adopted sons when they have divorced them. Allah’s command is always carried out. (33:37)

You who believe! When you marry believing women and then divorce them before you have touched them, there is no waiting period for you to calculate for them, so give them a gift and let them go with kindness. (33:49)

O Prophet! We have made lawful for you: your wives to whom you have given dowries and any slavegirls you own from the booty Allah has allotted you and the daughters of your paternal uncles and the daughters of your paternal aunts and the daughters of your maternal uncles and the daughters of your maternal aunts who have migrated with you and any believing woman who gives herself to the Prophet if the Prophet desires to marry her: exclusively for you as opposed to the rest of the believers–We know very well what We have prescribed for them regarding their wives and any slavegirls they possess–in order that there be no restriction on you. Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (33:50)

After that no other women are lawful for you nor may you exchange them for other wives, even though their beauty might be pleasing to you, with the exception of any you own as slaves. Allah is watchful over all things. (33:52)

You who believe! Do not go into the Prophet’s rooms except when you are invited to come and eat. Do not wait there while the food is being cooked. However, when you are called, go in, and when you have eaten, disperse, not remaining there to chat with one another. Doing that causes annoyance to the Prophet though he is too reticent to tell you so. But Allah is not reticent with the truth. When you ask his wives for something, ask them from behind a screen. That is purer for your hearts and their hearts. It is not right for you to cause annoyance to the Messenger of Allah or ever to marry his wives after him. To do that would be a dreadful thing in Allah’s sight. (33: 53)

So it will be. We will marry them to dark-eyed maidens. (44:54)

They will recline on couches ranged in rows and We will marry them to dark-eyed maidens. (52:20)

You who believe! When women who believe come to you as emigrants, submit them to a test. Allah has best knowledge of their faith. If you know they are believers, do not return them to the disbelievers. They are not lawful for the disbelievers nor are the disbelievers lawful for them. Give the disbelievers whatever dowry they paid. And there is nothing wrong in your marrying them provided you pay them their due. Do not hold to any marriage ties with women who disbelieve. Ask for what you paid and let them ask for what they paid. That is Allah’s judgement. Allah will judge between them. Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise. (60:10)

Allah has made an example for those who disbelieve: the wife of Nuh and the wife of Lut. They were married to two of Our servants who were righteous but they betrayed them and were not helped at all against Allah. They were told, ‘Enter the Fire along with all who enter it.’ (66:10)

MARTYRDOM

Do not say that those who are killed in the Way of Allah are dead. On the contrary, they are alive but you are not aware of it. (2:154)

If you are killed in the Way of Allah or if you die, forgiveness and mercy from Allah are better than anything you can acquire. (3:157)

Do not suppose that those killed in the Way of Allah are dead. No indeed! They are alive and well provided for in the very presence of their Lord, delighting in the favour Allah has bestowed on them, rejoicing over those they left behind who have not yet joined them, feeling no fear and knowing no sorrow, rejoicing in blessings and favour from Allah and that Allah does not let the wage of the believers go to waste. (169-171)

Whoever obeys Allah and the Messenger will be with those whom Allah has blessed: the Prophets, the steadfast affirmers of truth, the martyrs and the righteous. What excellent company such people are! (4:69)

So let those who sell the life of this world for the hereafter fight in the Way of Allah. If someone fights in the Way of Allah, whether he is killed or is victorious, We will pay him an immense reward. (4:74)

Say: ‘What do you await for us except for one of the two best things (martyrdom or victory)? But what we await for you is for Allah to inflict a punishment on you either directly from Himself or at our hands. So wait, we are waiting with you!’ (9:52)

Those who migrate in the Way of Allah and then are killed or die, Allah will provide for them handsomely. Truly Allah is the best Provider. (22:58)

MARYAM (AS) (MARY)

We gave Musa the Book and sent a succession of Messengers after him. We gave ‘Isa, son of Maryam, the Clear Signs and reinforced him with the Purest Spirit. Why then, whenever a Messenger came to you with something your lower selves did not desire, did you grow arrogant, and deny some of them and murder others? (2:87)

These Messengers: We favoured some of them over others. Allah spoke directly to some of them and raised up some of them in rank. We gave Clear Signs to ‘Isa, son of Maryam, and reinforced him with the Purest Spirit. If Allah had willed, those who came after them would not have fought each other after the Clear Signs came to them, but they differed. Among them there are those who believe and among them there are those who disbelieve. If Allah had willed, they would not have fought each other. But Allah does whatever He desires. (2:253)

And when the angels said, ‘Maryam, Allah has chosen you and purified you. He has chosen you over all other women. Maryam, obey your Lord and prostrate and bow with those who bow.’ This is news from the Unseen which We reveal to you. You were not with them when they cast their reeds to see which of them would be the guardian of Maryam. You were not with them when they quarrelled. When the angels said, ‘Maryam, your Lord gives you good news of a Word from Him. His name is the Messiah, ‘Isa, son of Maryam, of high esteem in this world and the hereafter, and one of those brought near.’ (3:42-45)

And (We punished them) on account of their disbelief, and their utterance of a monstrous slander against Maryam, and their saying, ‘We killed the Messiah, ‘Isa son of Maryam, Messenger of Allah.’ They did not kill him and they did not crucify him but it was made to seem so to them. Those who argue about him are in doubt about it. They have no real knowledge of it, just conjecture. But they certainly did not kill him. (4:156-157)

People of the Book! Do not go to excess in your religion. Say nothing but the truth about Allah. The Messiah, ‘Isa son of Maryam, was only the Messenger of Allah and His Word, which He cast into Maryam, and a Spirit from Him. So believe in Allah and His Messengers. Do not say, ‘Three.’ It is better that you stop. Allah is only One God. He is too Glorious to have a son! Everything in the heavens and in the earth belongs to Him. Allah suffices as a Guardian. (4:171)

Those who say, ‘Allah is the Messiah, son of Maryam,’ disbelieve. Say: ‘Who possesses any power at all over Allah if He desires to destroy the Messiah, son of Maryam, and his mother, and everyone else on earth?’ The kingdom of the heavens and the earth and everything between them belongs to Allah. He creates whatever He wills. Allah has power over all things. (5:17)

And We sent ‘Isa son of Maryam following in their footsteps, confirming the Torah that came before him. We gave him the Gospel containing guidance and light, confirming the Torah that came before it, and as guidance and admonition for those who guard against evil. (5:46)

Those who say that the Messiah, son of Maryam, is Allah are disbelievers. The Messiah said, ‘Tribe of Israel! Worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord. If anyone associates anything with Allah, Allah has forbidden him the Garden and his refuge will be the Fire.’ The wrongdoers will have no helpers. (5:72)

The Messiah, the son of Maryam, was only a Messenger, before whom other Messengers came and went. His mother was a woman of truth. Both of them ate food. See how We make the Signs clear to them! Then see how they are perverted! (5:75)

Those among the tribe of Israel who disbelieved were cursed on the tongue of Dawud and that of ‘Isa, son of Maryam. That is because they rebelled and overstepped the limits. (5:78)

Remember when Allah said, ‘‘Isa, son of Maryam, remember My blessing to you and to your mother when I reinforced you with the Purest Spirit so that you could speak to people in the cradle and when you were fully grown; and when I taught you the Book and Wisdom, and the Torah and the Gospel; and when you created a bird-shape out of clay by My permission, and then breathed into it and it became a bird by My permission; and healed the blind and the leper by My permission; and when you brought forth the dead by My permission; and when I held back the tribe of Israel from you, when you brought them the Clear Signs and those of them who disbelieved said, "This is nothing but downright magic";’ (5:110)

And when the Disciples said, ‘‘Isa son of Maryam! Can your Lord send down a table to us out of heaven?’ He said, ‘Have fear of Allah if you are believers!’ (5:112)

‘Isa son of Maryam said, ‘Allah, our Lord, send down a table to us out of heaven to be a feast for us, for the first and last of us, and as a Sign from You. Provide for us! You are the Best of Providers!’ (5:114)

And when Allah says, ‘‘Isa son of Maryam! Did you say to people, "Take me and my mother as gods besides Allah?"’ he will say, ‘Glory be to You! It is not for me to say what I have no right to say! If I had said it, then You would have known it. You know what is in my self but I do not know what is in Your Self. You are the Knower of all unseen things.’ (5:116)

They have taken their rabbis and monks as lords besides Allah, and also the Messiah, son of Maryam. Yet they were commanded to worship only one God. There is no god but Him! Glory be to Him above anything they associate with Him! (9:31)

Mention Maryam in the Book, how she withdrew from her people to an eastern place. (19:16)

She brought him to her people, carrying him. They said, ‘Maryam! You have done an unthinkable thing! ’ (19:27)

That is ‘Isa, son of Maryam, the word of truth about which they are in doubt. (19:34)

And We made the son of Maryam and his mother a Sign and gave them shelter on a mountainside where there was a meadow and a flowing spring. (23:50)

When We made a covenant with all the Prophets–with you and with Nuh and Ibrahim and Musa and ‘Isa son of Maryam–We made a binding covenant with them. (33:7)

When an example is made of the son of Maryamyour people laugh uproariously. (43:57)

Then We sent Our Messengers following in their footsteps and sent ‘Isa son of Maryam after them, giving him the Gospel. We put compassion and mercy in the hearts of those who followed him. They invented monasticism–We did not prescribe it for them–purely out of desire to gain the pleasure of Allah, but even so they did not observe it as it should have been observed. To those of them who believed We gave their reward but many of them are deviators. (57:27)

And when ‘Isa son of Maryam said, ‘Tribe of Israel, I am the Messenger of Allah to you, confirming the Torah which came before me and giving you the good news of a Messenger after me whose name is Ahmad.’ When he brought them the Clear Signs, they said, ‘This is downright magic.’ (61:6)

You who believe! Be helpers of Allah as ‘Isa son of Maryam said to the Disciples, ‘Who will be my helpers to Allah?’ The Disciples said, ‘We will be the helpers of Allah.’ One faction of the tribe of Israel believed and the other disbelieved. So We supported those who believed against their enemy and they became victorious. ( 61:14)

And Maryam, the daughter of ‘Imran, who guarded her chastity–We breathed Our Spirit into her and she confirmed the Words of her Lord and His Book and was one of the obedient. (66:12)

Allah chose Adam and Nuh and the family of Ibrahim and the family of ‘Imran over all other beings–descendants one of the other. Allah is All-Hearing, All-Knowing. (3:33-34)

Remember when the wife of ‘Imran said, ‘My Lord, I have pledged to You what is in my womb, devoting it to Your service. Please accept my prayer. You are the All-Hearing, the All-Knowing.’ ( 3:35)

When she gave birth, she said, ‘My Lord! I have given birth to a girl’–and Allah knew very well what she had given birth to, male and female are not the same–‘and I have named her Maryam and placed her and her children in Your safekeeping from the accursed Satan.’ ( 3:36)

Her Lord accepted her with approval and made her grow in health and beauty. And Zakariyya became her guardian. Every time Zakariyya visited her in the Upper Room, he found food with her. He said, ‘Maryam, how did you come by this?’ She said, ‘It is from Allah. Allah provides for whoever He wills without any reckoning.’ (3: 37)

MASHA'LLAH (SEE "IT IS AS ALLAH WILLS")

MASJID (SEE MOSQUE)

MASJID AL-AQSA (SEE THE FURTHER MOSQUE)

MASTER

Allah does not impose on any self any more than it can stand. For it is what it has earned; against it, what it has brought upon itself. ‘Our Lord, do not take us to task if we forget or make a mistake! Our Lord, do not place on us a load like the one You placed on those before us! Our Lord, do not place on us a load we have not the strength to bear! And pardon us; and forgive us; and have mercy on us. You are our Master, so help us against the people of the disbelievers.’ (2:286)

Then they are returned to Allah, their Master, the Real. Jurisdiction belongs to Him alone and He is the Swiftest of Reckoners. (6:62)

But if they turn away, know that Allah is your Master, the Best of Masters, and the Best of Helpers! (8:40)

Say: ‘Nothing can happen to us except what Allah has ordained for us. He is Our Master. It is in Allah that the believers should put their trust.’ (9:51)

Then and there every self will be tried for what it did before. They will be returned to Allah, their Master, the Real, and what they invented will abandon them. (10:30)

Allah has made the expiation of your oaths obligatory for you. Allah is your Master–He is the All-Knowing, the All-Wise. (66:2)

MATE

O mankind! Have fear of your Lord Who created you from a single self and created its mate from it and then disseminated many men and women from the two of them. Have fear of Allah in Whose name you make demands on one another and also in respect of your families. Allah watches over you continually. (4:1)

He created you from a single self, then produced its mate from it, and sent down livestock to you–eight kinds in pairs. He creates you stage by stage in your mothers’ wombs in a threefold darkness. That is Allah, your Lord. Sovereignty is His. There is no god but Him. So what has made you deviate? (39:6)

The Bringer into Being of the heavens and the earth: He has given you mates from among yourselves, and given mates to the livestock, in that way multiplying you. Nothing is like Him. He is the All-Hearing, the All-Seeing. (42:11)

MATURITY

And that you do not go near the property of orphans before they reach maturity–except in a good way; that you give full measure and full weight with justice–We impose on no self any more than it can bear; that you are equitable when you speak–even if a near relative is concerned; and that you fulfil Allah’s contract. That is what He instructs you to do, so that hopefully you will pay heed. (6:152)

Do not go near the property of orphans before they reach maturity, except in a good way. Fulfil your contracts. Contracts will be asked about. (17:34)

Mankind! If you are in any doubt about the Rising, know that We created you from dust then from a drop of sperm then from a clot of blood then from a lump of flesh, formed yet unformed, so We may make things clear to you. We make whatever We want stay in the womb until a specified time and then We bring you out as children so that you can reach your full maturity. Some of you die and some of you revert to the lowest form of life so that, after having knowledge, they then know nothing at all. And you see the earth dead and barren; then when We send down water onto it it quivers and swells and sprouts with luxuriant plants of every kind. (22:5)

And when he (Musa) reached his full strength and maturity, We gave him judgement and knowledge. That is how We recompense good-doers. (28:14)

MEADOW

And We made the son of Maryam and his mother a Sign and gave them shelter on a mountainside where there was a meadow and a flowing spring. (23:50)

As for those who believed and did right actions, they will be made joyful in a verdant meadow. (30:15)

You will see the wrongdoers afraid of what they have earned, when it is about to land right on top of them, whereas those who believe and do right actions will be in the lush Meadows of the Gardens. They will have whatever they wish for with their Lord. That is the great favour. (42:22)

And (then We make) orchards and meadows (grow in it), for you and your livestock to enjoy. (80:31-32)

MEAL

But when she heard of their malicious talk, she sent for them and made a sumptuous meal and then she gave a knife to each of them. She said (to Yusuf), ‘Go out to them.’ When they saw him, they were amazed by him and cut their hands. They said, ‘Allah preserve us! This is no man. What can this be but a noble angel here!’ (12:31)

He (Yusuf) said, ‘No meal to feed you will arrive before I have informed you what they mean. That is part of what my Lord taught me. For I have left the religion of a people who clearly have no faith in Allah and who refuse to acknowledge the truth of the world to come.’ (12:37)

When they had gone a distance further on, he (Musa) said to his servant, ‘Bring us our morning meal. Truly this journey of ours has made us tired.’ (18:62)

MEANING

It is He Who sent down the Book to you from Him: verses containing clear judgements–they are the core of the Book–and others which are open to interpretation. Those with deviation in their hearts follow what is open to interpretation in it, desiring conflict, seeking its inner meaning. No one knows its inner meaning but Allah. Those firmly rooted in knowledge say, ‘We believe in it. All of it is from our Lord.’ But only people of intelligence pay heed. (3:7)

Some of the Jews distort the true meaning of words, saying, ‘We hear and disobey,’ and ‘Listen without listening,’ and ‘Listen to us!’ twisting them with their tongues, disparaging the religion. If they had said, ‘We hear and we obey,’ and ‘Listen,’ and, ‘Look at us!’ that would have been better for them and more upright. But Allah has cursed them for their disbelief. Very few of them believe. (4:46)

But because of their breaking of their covenant, We have cursed them and made their hearts hard. They distort the true meaning of words and have forgotten a good portion of what they were reminded of. You will never cease to come upon some act of treachery on their part, except for a few of them. Yet pardon them, and overlook. Allah loves good-doers. (5:13)

O Messenger! Do not be grieved by those who rush headlong into disbelief among those who say ‘We believe’ with their tongues when their hearts contain no faith. And among the Jews are those who listen to lies, listening to other people who have not come to you, distorting words from their proper meanings, saying, ‘If you are given this, then take it. If you are not given it, then beware!’ If Allah desires misguidance for someone, you cannot help him against Allah in any way. Those are the people whose hearts Allah does not want to purify. They will have disgrace in this world and in the hereafter they will have a terrible punishment. (5:41)

No, the fact is that they have denied something which their knowledge does not embrace and the meaning of which has not yet reached them. In the same way those before them also denied the truth. See the final fate of the wrongdoers! (10:39)

(Yusuf's father said,) ‘Accordingly your Lord will pick you out and teach you the true meaning of events and perfectly fulfil His blessing on you as well as on the family of Ya‘qub as He fulfilled it perfectly before upon your forebears, Ibrahim and Ishaq. Most certainly your Lord is Knowing, Wise.’ (12:6)

The Egyptian who had bought him told his wife, ‘Look after him with honour and respect. It’s possible he will be of use to us or perhaps we might adopt him as a son.’ And thus We established Yusuf in the land to teach him the true meaning of events. Allah is in control of His affair. However, most of mankind do not know. (12:21)

Two servants entered prison along with him. One said (to Yusuf), ‘I dreamt that I was pressing grapes.’ The other said, ‘I dreamt I carried bread upon my head and birds were eating it. Tell us the true meaning of these dreams. We see that you’re one of the righteous.’ (12:36)

The King declared, ‘I dreamt of seven fat cows which seven thin ones ate and seven green ears of wheat and seven others which were dry. O counsellors! Explain my dream to me if you are those who can interpret visions!’ They said, ‘A jumbled mass of mixed-up dreams! We do not know the meaning of such things.’ The one of them who had been saved then said, remembering after a period, ‘I will tell you what it signifies, so send me out.’ (12:43-45)

He (Yusuf) raised his parents up onto the throne. The others fell prostrate in front of him. He said, ‘My father, truly this is now the interpretation of the dream I had. My Lord has made it all come true; and He was kind to me by letting me out of prison and brought you from the desert when Satan had caused dissent between me and my brothers. My Lord is kind to anyone He wills. He is indeed All-Knowing and All-Wise. My Lord, You have granted power to me on earth and taught me the true meaning of events. Originator of the heavens and earth, You are my Friend in this world and the Next. So take me as a Muslim at my death and join me to the people who are righteous.’ (12:100-101)

MEASURE

And that you do not go near the property of orphans before they reach maturity–except in a good way; that you give full measure and full weight with justice–We impose on no self any more than it can bear; that you are equitable when you speak–even if a near relative is concerned; and that you fulfil Allah’s contract. That is what He instructs you to do, so that hopefully you will pay heed. (6:152)

And to Madyan We sent their brother Shu‘ayb who said, ‘My people, worship Allah! You have no other god than Him. A Clear Sign has come to you from your Lord. Give full measure and full weight. Do not diminish people’s goods. Do not cause corruption in the land after it has been put right. That is better for you if you are believers.’ (7:85)

And to Madyan their brother Shu‘ayb. He said, ‘My people, worship Allah! You have no god apart from Him. Do not give short measure and short weight. I see you prospering and I fear for you the punishment of an all-encompassing Day. My people! Give full measure and full weight with justice; do not diminish people's goods; and do not go about the earth, corrupting it.’ (11:84-85)

Then, having supplied their needs, he (Yusuf) said to them, ‘Bring me your brother, your father’s youngest son. Do you not see that I dispense full measure and am the most hospitable of hosts? (12:59)

(Yusuf said,) ‘But if you do not bring him here to me, your measure from me then will be denied and you will not come near to me at all.’ (12:60)

Then when they got back to their father’s house, they said, ‘Father! Our measure has been denied. Please send our brother with us so we may obtain our measure. We will take care of him.’ (12:63)

Then when they opened up their saddlebags and found their merchandise returned to them, they said, ‘Our father! What more could we ask! Here is our merchandise returned to us. We can provide our families with food, and guard our brother and get an extra load. That is an easy measure to obtain.’ (12:65)

So when they came into his presence, they said, ‘Your Eminence! Hardship has hit us and our families. We bring scant merchandise, but fill the measure for us generously. Allah always rewards a generous giver.’ (12:88)

Give full measure when you measure and weigh with a level balance. That is better and gives the best result. (17:35)

(Shu‘ayb said,) ‘Give full measure. Do not skimp.’ (26:181)

And (He will) provide for him from where he does not expect. Whoever puts his trust in Allah–He will be enough for him. Allah always achieves His aim. Allah has appointed a measure for all things. (65:3)

Vessels of silver and goblets of pure crystal will be passed round among them, crystalline silver–they have measured them very exactly. (76:15-16)

MEAT

We will supply them with any kind of fruit and meat that they desire. (52:22)

And (believers will have in Gardens of Delight) any bird-meat they desire. (56:21)

MENSTRUATION (HAYD)

They will ask you about menstruation. Say, ‘It is an impurity, so keep apart from women during menstruation and do not approach them until they have purified themselves. But once they have purified themselves, then go to them in the way that Allah has enjoined on you.’ Allah loves those who turn back from wrongdoing and He loves those who purify themselves. (2:222)

In the case of those of your wives who are past the age of menstruation, if you have any doubt, their waiting period should be three months, and that also applies to those who have not yet menstruated. The time for women who are pregnant is when they give birth. Whoever has fear of Allah–He will make matters easy for him. (65:4)

MERCY

Those are the people who will have blessings and mercy from their Lord; they are the ones who are guided. (2:157)

Your God is One God. There is no god but Him, the All-Merciful, the Most Merciful. (2:163)

He has only forbidden you carrion, blood and pork and what has been consecrated to other than Allah. But anyone who is forced to eat it–without desiring it or going to excess in it–commits no crime. Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (2:173)

You who believe! Retaliation is prescribed for you in the case of people killed: free man for free man, slave for slave, female for female. But if someone is absolved by his brother, blood-money should be claimed with correctness and paid with good will. That is an easement and a mercy from your Lord. Anyone who goes beyond the limits after this will receive a painful punishment. (2:178)

But if someone fears bias or wrongdoing on the part of the person making the will, and puts things right between the people involved, in that case he has not committed any crime. Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (2:182)

But if they cease, Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (2:192)

Obey Allah and the Messenger so that hopefully you will gain mercy. ( 3:132)

Anyone who does evil or wrongs himself and then asks Allah’s forgiveness will find Allah Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (4:110)

When they took full stock of what they had done and saw they had been misled, they said, ‘If our Lord does not have mercy on us and forgive us, we will certainly be among the lost.’ ( 7:149)

He (Musa) said, ‘My Lord, forgive me and my brother and admit us into Your mercy. You are the Most Merciful of the merciful.’ ( 7:151)

And among the desert arabs there are some who believe in Allah and the Last Day and regard what they give as something which will bring them nearer to Allah and to the prayers of the Messenger. It does indeed bring them near. Allah will admit them into His mercy. Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (9:99)

He (Nuh) said, ‘My Lord, I seek refuge with You from asking You for anything about which I have no knowledge. If You do not forgive me and have mercy on me, I will be among the lost.’ (11:47)

(Yusuf said,) ‘I do not say my self was free from blame. The self indeed commands to evil acts–except for those my Lord has mercy on. My Lord, He is Forgiving, Merciful.’ (12:53)

He (Yusuf) said, ‘No blame at all will fall on you. Today you have forgiveness from Allah. He is the Most Merciful of the merciful.’ (12:92)

They carry your loads to lands you would never reach except with great difficulty. Your Lord is All-Gentle, Most Merciful. (16:7)

Or (do they feel secure) that He will not seize them little by little? For your Lord is All-Compassionate, Most Merciful. (16:47)

But to those who migrated after they were persecuted and then strived and remained steadfast, to them your Lord is All-Compassionate, Most Merciful. (16:110)

(We decreed in the Book for the tribe of Israel:) ‘It may well be that your Lord will have mercy on you. But if you revert to what you did, We also will revert. We have made Hell a prison for the disbelievers.’ (17:8)

Your Lord knows you best. If He wills, He will have mercy on you, and, if He wills, He will punish you. We did not send you to be their guardian. (17:54)

Your Lord is He Who propels the ships on the sea for you so that you may seek His bounty. He is indeed Most Merciful to you. (17:66)

Your Lord is the Ever-Forgiving, the Possessor of Mercy. If He had taken them to task for what they have earned, He would have hastened their punishment. Instead, they have a promised appointment and they will not find any refuge from it. (18:58)

We endowed them with Our mercy and made them highly honoured. (19:50)

We endowed him (Musa) with Our mercy, making his brother Harun a Prophet. (19:53)

And Ayyub when he called out to his Lord, ‘Great harm has afflicted me and You are the Most Merciful of the merciful,’ (21:83)

Do you not see that Allah has made everything on the earth subservient to you and the ships running upon the sea by His command? He holds back the heaven, preventing it from falling to the earth–except by His permission. Allah is All-Compassionate to mankind, Most Merciful. (22:65)

If We did have mercy on them and removed the harm afflicting them, they would still obstinately persist in wandering blindly in their excessive insolence. (23:75)

There was a group of My servants who said, "Our Lord, we believe, so forgive us and have mercy on us. You are the Best of the Merciful." (23:109)

Say: ‘My Lord, forgive and be merciful! You are the Best of the Merciful.’ (23:118)

Truly your Lord is the Almighty, the Most Merciful. (26:9)

He punishes anyone He wills and has mercy on anyone He wills. You will be returned to Him. (29:21)

Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, and those who are with him are fierce to the disbelievers, merciful to one another. You see them bowing and prostrating, seeking Allah’s good favour and His pleasure. Their mark is on their faces, the traces of prostration. That is their likeness in the Torah. And their likeness in the Gospel is that of a seed which puts up a shoot and makes it strong so that it thickens and grows up straight upon its stalk, filling the sowers with delight–so that by them He may infuriate the disbelievers. Allah has promised those of them who believe and do right actions forgiveness and an immense reward. (48:29)

Then We sent Our Messengers following in their footsteps and sent ‘Isa son of Maryam after them, giving him the Gospel. We put compassion and mercy in the hearts of those who followed him. They invented monasticism–We did not prescribe it for them–purely out of desire to gain the pleasure of Allah, but even so they did not observe it as it should have been observed. To those of them who believed We gave their reward but many of them are deviators. (57:27)

(LORD’S) MESSAGE

He (Nuh) said, ‘My people, I am not in error at all but rather am a Messenger from the Lord of all the worlds, transmitting my Lord’s Message to you and giving you good counsel, and I know from Allah what you do not know.’ (7:61-62)

He (Hud) said, ‘My people, I am by no means a fool, but rather am a Messenger from the Lord of all the worlds, transmitting my Lord’s Message to you, and I am a faithful counsellor to you.’ (7:67-68)

He (Salih) turned away from them and said, ‘My people, I transmitted my Lord’s message to you and gave you good counsel. However, you do not like good counsellors!’ (7:79)

So he (Shu‘ayb) turned away from them and said, ‘My people, I transmitted My Lord’s message to you and gave you good counsel. Why should I grieve for a disbelieving people?’ (7:93)

He said, ‘Musa, I have chosen you over all mankind for My Message and My Word. Take what I have given you and be among the thankful.’ (7:144)

(Prophets are) those who conveyed Allah’s Message and had fear of Him, fearing no one except Allah. Allah suffices as a Reckoner. (33:39)

(It is) so that He may know that they have indeed transmitted the Messages of their Lord. He encompasses what is in their hands and has counted the exact number of everything. (72:28)

MESSENGER

We gave Musa the Book and sent a succession of Messengers after him. We gave ‘Isa, son of Maryam, the Clear Signs and reinforced him with the Purest Spirit. Why then, whenever a Messenger came to you with something your lower selves did not desire, did you grow arrogant, and deny some of them and murder others? (2:87)

These Messengers: We favoured some of them over others. Allah spoke directly to some of them and raised up some of them in rank. We gave Clear Signs to ‘Isa, son of Maryam, and reinforced him with the Purest Spirit. If Allah had willed, those who came after them would not have fought each other after the Clear Signs came to them, but they differed. Among them there are those who believe and among them there are those who disbelieve. If Allah had willed, they would not have fought each other. But Allah does whatever He desires. (2:253)

The Messenger believes in what has been sent down to him from his Lord, and so do the believers. Each one believes in Allah and His angels and His Books and His Messengers. We do not differentiate between any of His Messengers. They say, ‘We hear and we obey. Forgive us, our Lord! You are our journey’s end.’ (2:285)

Muhammad is only a Messenger and he has been preceded by other Messengers. If he were to die or be killed, would you turn on your heels? Those who turn on their heels do not harm Allah in any way. Allah will recompense the thankful. (3:144)

Allah will only leave the believers in the position you now are in so that He can sift out the rotten from the good. Allah has not given you access to the Unseen. But Allah chooses those of His Messengers whom He wills. So believe in Allah and His Messengers. If you believe and guard against evil you will have an immense reward. (3:179)

Those who say, ‘Allah has made a contract with us that we should not believe in any Messenger until he brings us a sacrifice consumed by fire.’ Say, ‘Messengers came to you before me with the Clear Signs and with what you say. So why did you kill them if you are telling the truth?’ (3:183)

If they deny you, Messengers before you were also denied, who brought the Clear Signs and written texts and the illuminating Book. (3:184)

(Those who remember Allah say,) ‘Our Lord, give us what You promised us through Your Messengers, and do not disgrace us on the Day of Rising. You do not break Your promise.’ (3:194)

You who believe! Believe in Allah and His Messenger and in the Book He sent down to His Messenger, and the Books He sent down before. Anyone who rejects Allah and His angels and His Books and His Messengers and the Last Day has gone very far astray. (4:136)

Those who believe in Allah and His Messengers and do not differentiate between any of them, We will pay them their wages. Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (4:152)

There are Messengers We have already told you about and Messengers We have not told you about; and Allah spoke directly to Musa. (4:164)

Messengers bringing good news and giving warning, so that people will have no argument against Allah after the coming of the Messengers. Allah is Almighty, All-Wise. (4:165)

People of the Book! Our Messenger has come to you, making things clear to you, after a period with no Messengers, lest you should say, ‘No one came to us bringing good news or warning.’ Someone has come to you bringing good news and a warning. Allah has power over all things. (5:19)

Then Allah sent a crow which scratched at the earth to show him how to conceal his brother’s corpse. He said, ‘Woe is me! Can I not even be like this crow and conceal my brother’s corpse?’ And he became one of those who suffer bitter remorse on account of that. So We decreed for the tribe of Israel that if someone kills another person–unless it is in retaliation for someone else or for causing corruption in the earth–it is as if he had murdered all mankind. And if anyone gives life to another person, it is as if he had given life to all mankind. Our Messengers came to them with Clear Signs but even after that many of them committed outrages in the earth. (5:31-32)

The Messiah, the son of Maryam, was only a Messenger, before whom other Messengers came and went. His mother was a woman of truth. Both of them ate food. See how We make the Signs clear to them! Then see how they are perverted! (5:75)

On the day Allah gathers the Messengers together and says, ‘What response did you receive?’ they will say, ‘We do not know. You are the Knower of unseen things.’ (5:109)

Messengers before you were also mocked, but those who jeered were engulfed by what they mocked. (6:10)

Messengers before you were also denied but they were steadfast in the face of the denial and injury they suffered until Our help arrived. There is no changing the Words of Allah. And news of other Messengers has come to you. (6:34)

When a Sign comes to them, they say, ‘We will not believe until we have been given the same as the Messengers of Allah were given.’ Allah knows best where to place His Message. Debasement in the sight of Allah and a severe punishment will strike those who did wrong for the plots that they concocted. (6:124)

Company of jinn and men! Did not Messengers come to you from among yourselves relating My Signs to you and warning you of the encounter of this Day of yours? They will say, ‘We testify against ourselves.’ The life of this world deluded them and they will testify against themselves that they were disbelievers. (6:130)

Children of Adam! If Messengers come to you from among yourselves, recounting My Signs to you, those who guard against evil and put things right, will feel no fear and will know no sorrow. (7:35)

We will strip away any rancour in their hearts. Rivers will flow under them and they will say, ‘Praise be to Allah Who has guided us to this! We would not have been guided, had Allah not guided us. The Messengers of our Lord came with the Truth.’ It will be proclaimed to them: ‘This is your Garden which you have inherited for what you did.’ (7:43)

What are they waiting for but its fulfilment? The Day its fulfilment occurs, those who forgot it before will say, ‘The Messengers of our Lord came with the Truth. Are there any intercessors to intercede for us, or can we be sent back so that we can do something other than what we did?’ They have lost their own selves and what they invented has forsaken them. (7:53)

These cities–We have given you news of them. Their Messengers came to them with Clear Signs, but they were never going to believe in what they had previously rejected. That is how Allah seals up the hearts of the disbelievers. (7:101)

Has the news of those who came before them not reached them the people of Nuh and ‘Ad and Thamud, and the people of Ibrahim and the inhabitants of Madyan and the overturned cities? Their Messengers brought them the Clear Signs. Allah did not wrong them; rather they wronged themselves. (9:70)

We destroyed generations before you when they did wrong. Their Messengers brought them the Clear Signs, but they were never going to believe. That is how We repay evildoers. (10:13)

Then after him We sent Messengers to their people, and they brought them the Clear Signs, but they were never going to believe in something which they had previously denied. That is how We seal up the hearts of those who overstep the limits. (10:74)

Then We will rescue Our Messengers and those who believe as well. It is incumbent upon Us to rescue the believers. (10:103)

That was ‘Ad. They denied the Signs of their Lord and disobeyed His Messengers and followed the command of every obdurate tyrant. (11:59)

We have given you all this news about the Messengers so We can make your heart firm by means of it. The truth has come to you in this and an admonishment and reminder to the believers. (11:120)

Then when the Messengers despaired and thought themselves denied, Our help came to them, and those We willed were saved. Our violent force cannot be averted from people who are evildoers. (12:110)

Messengers before you were mocked. I gave those who disbelieved a little more time and then I seized them. How terrible was My retribution! (13:32)

We sent Messengers before you and gave them wives and children. Nor was any Messenger able to bring a Sign except by Allah’s permission. There is a prescribed limit to every term. (13:38)

Has news not reached you of those who came before you, the peoples of Nuh and ‘Ad and Thamud, and those who came after them who are known to no one but Allah? Their Messengers came to them with Clear Signs, but they put their hands to their mouths, saying, ‘We reject what you have been sent with. We have grave doubts about what you are calling us to.’ (14:9)

Their Messengers said, ‘Is there any doubt about Allah, the Bringer into Being of the heavens and the earth? He summons you to forgive you for your wrong actions and to defer you until a specified time.’ They said, ‘You are nothing but human beings like ourselves who want to debar us from what our fathers worshipped; so bring us a clear authority.’ (14:10)

Their Messengers said to them, ‘We are nothing but human beings like yourselves. But Allah shows favour to any of His servants He wills. It is not for us to bring you an authority except by Allah’s permission. So let the believers put their trust in Allah.’ (14:11)

Those who disbelieved said to their Messengers, ‘We will drive you from our land unless you return to our religion.’ Their Lord revealed to them, ‘We will destroy those who do wrong.’ (14:13)

Warn mankind of the Day when the punishment will reach them. Those who did wrong will say, ‘Our Lord, reprieve us for a short time. We will respond to Your call and follow the Messengers.’ ‘But did you not swear to Me before that you would never meet your downfall?’ (14:44)

Do not imagine that Allah will break His promise to His Messengers. Allah is Almighty, Exactor of Revenge. (14:47)

The idolaters say, ‘If Allah had willed we would not have worshipped anything apart from Him, neither we nor our fathers, nor would we have forbidden anything without His say.’ Those before them said the same. Are the Messengers responsible for anything but clear transmission? (16:35)

That was the pattern with those We sent before you as Our Messengers. You will not find any changing of Our pattern. (17:77)

That is their repayment–Hell–because they disbelieved and made a mockery of My Signs and of My Messengers. (18:106)

Messengers before you were also mocked, but those who jeered were engulfed by what they mocked. (21:41)

Allah chooses Messengers from the angels and from mankind. Allah is All-Hearing, All-Seeing. (22:75)

Then We sent Our Messengers one after another, at intervals. Each time its Messenger came to a community they called him a liar so We made them follow one another too and turned them into myths and legends. Away with the people who have no faith! (23:44)

Messengers, eat of the good things and act rightly. I most certainly know what you do. (23:51)

And when the people of Nuh denied the Messengers, We drowned them and made them a Sign for all mankind. We have prepared a painful punishment for the wrongdoers. (25:37)

When Our messengers came with the good news to Ibrahim, they said, ‘We are going to destroy the people of this city. Truly its inhabitants are wrongdoers.’ (29:31)

When Our Messengers came to Lut, he was distressed on their account, feeling incapable of protecting them. They said, ‘Do not fear and do not grieve. We are going to rescue you and your family–except for your wife; she will be one of those who stay behind.’ (29:33)

Have they not travelled in the earth and seen the final fate of those before them? They had greater strength than them and cultivated the land and inhabited it in far greater numbers than they do. Their Messengers also came to them with the Clear Signs. Allah would never have wronged them; but they wronged themselves. (30:9)

Before you We sent other Messengers to their people, and they too brought them the Clear Signs. We took revenge on those who did evil; and it is Our duty to help the believers. (30:47)

Those before them also denied the truth but these people do not have even a tenth of what We gave to them. They denied My Messengers. And how complete was My denial! (34:45)

Praise be to Allah, the Bringer into Being of the heavens and earth, He Who made the angels messengers, with wings–two, three or four. He adds to creation in any way He wills. Allah has power over all things. (35:1)

If they deny you, Messengers before you were also denied. All matters return to Allah. (35:4)

If they deny you, those before them also denied the truth. Their Messengers came to them with Clear Signs, and psalms and the Illuminating Book. (35:25)

Each one of them denied the Messengers and so My punishment was justly carried out. (38:14)

Those who disbelieve will be driven to Hell in companies and when they arrive there and its gates are opened its custodians will say to them, ‘Did Messengers from yourselves not come to you, reciting your Lord’s Signs to you and warning you of the meeting on this Day of yours?’ They will say, ‘Indeed they did, but the decree of punishment is justly carried out against the disbelievers.’ (39:71)

That was because their Messengers brought them the Clear Signs but they remained disbelievers. So Allah seized them. He is Most Strong, Severe in Retribution. (40:22)

They (custodians of Hell) will ask, ‘Did your Messengers not bring you the Clear Signs?’ They will answer, ‘Yes.’ They will say, ‘Then you call!’ But the calling of the disbelievers only goes astray. (40:50)

We will certainly help Our Messengers and those who believe both in the life of this world and on the Day the witnesses appear. (40:51)

Those who deny the Book and that with which We sent Our Messengers will certainly come to know. (40:70)

We sent Messengers before you. Some of them We have told you about and others We have not told you about. No Messenger can bring a Sign except with Allah’s permission. But when Allah’s command comes the matter will be decided with truth and then and there the liars will be lost. (40:78)

When their Messengers brought them the Clear Signs, they exulted in the knowledge they had and then were engulfed by the very things they mocked. (40:83)

When the Messengers came to them from in front and from behind, saying, ‘Do not worship anyone but Allah’, they said, ‘If our Lord had willed, He could have sent angels down, so we reject the Message you have been sent with.’ (41:14)

Nothing has been said to you that was not said to the Messengers before you. Your Lord is the Possessor of forgiveness but also of painful retribution. (41:43)

Ask those We sent before you as Our Messengers: Have We ever designated any gods to be worshipped besides the All-Merciful? (43:45)

Say: ‘I am nothing new among the Messengers. I have no idea what will be done with me or you. I only follow what has been revealed to me. I am only a clear warner.’ (46:9)

So be steadfast as the Messengers with firm resolve were also steadfast. And do not seek to hasten it for them. On the Day they see what they were promised, it will be as if they had only tarried for just one hour of a single day. It has been transmitted! Will any be destroyed except for deviant people? (46:35)

Those who believe in Allah and His Messengers–such people are the truly sincere–and the martyrs who are with their Lord will receive their wages and their light. But those who disbelieve and deny Our Signs, will be Companions of the Blazing Fire. (57:19)

Race each other to forgiveness from your Lord and to a Garden, whose breadth is like that of heaven and earth combined, made ready for those who believe in Allah and His Messengers. That is Allah’s favour which He gives to those He wills. Allah’s favour is indeed immense. (57:21)

We sent Our Messengers with the Clear Signs and sent down the Book and the Balance with them so that mankind might establish justice. And We sent down iron in which there lies great force and which has many uses for mankind, so that Allah might know those who help Him and His Messengers in the Unseen. Allah is All-Strong, Almighty. (57:25)

Then We sent Our Messengers following in their footsteps and sent ‘Isa son of Maryam after them, giving him the Gospel. We put compassion and mercy in the hearts of those who followed him. They invented monasticism–We did not prescribe it for them–purely out of desire to gain the pleasure of Allah, but even so they did not observe it as it should have been observed. To those of them who believed We gave their reward but many of them are deviators. (57:27)

Allah has written, ‘I will be victorious, I and My Messengers.’ Allah is Most Strong, Almighty. (58:21)

Whatever booty from them Allah has given to His Messenger–and you spurred on neither horse nor camel in its acquisition, but Allah gives power to His Messengers over anyone He wills, Allah has power over all things. (59:6)

How many cities spurned their Lord’s command and His Messengers! And so We called them harshly to account and punished them with a terrible punishment. (65:8)

MESSIAH

When the angels said, ‘Maryam, your Lord gives you good news of a Word from Him. His name is the Messiah, ‘Isa, son of Maryam, of high esteem in this world and the hereafter, and one of those brought near.’ (3:45)

And (We punished them) on account of their disbelief, and their utterance of a monstrous slander against Maryam, and their saying, ‘We killed the Messiah, ‘Isa son of Maryam, Messenger of Allah.’ They did not kill him and they did not crucify him but it was made to seem so to them. Those who argue about him are in doubt about it. They have no real knowledge of it, just conjecture. But they certainly did not kill him. (4:156-157)

People of the Book! Do not go to excess in your religion. Say nothing but the truth about Allah. The Messiah, ‘Isa son of Maryam, was only the Messenger of Allah and His Word, which He cast into Maryam, and a Spirit from Him. So believe in Allah and His Messengers. Do not say, ‘Three.’ It is better that you stop. Allah is only One God. He is too Glorious to have a son! Everything in the heavens and in the earth belongs to Him. Allah suffices as a Guardian. (4:171)

The Messiah would never disdain to be a servant to Allah nor would the angels near to Him. If any do disdain to worship Him, and grow arrogant, He will in any case gather them all to Him. (4:172)

Those who say, ‘Allah is the Messiah, son of Maryam,’ disbelieve. Say: ‘Who possesses any power at all over Allah if He desires to destroy the Messiah, son of Maryam, and his mother, and everyone else on earth?’ The kingdom of the heavens and the earth and everything between them belongs to Allah. He creates whatever He wills. Allah has power over all things. (5:17)

Those who say that the Messiah, son of Maryam, is Allah are disbelievers. The Messiah said, ‘Tribe of Israel! Worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord. If anyone associates anything with Allah, Allah has forbidden him the Garden and his refuge will be the Fire.’ The wrongdoers will have no helpers. (5:72)

The Messiah, the son of Maryam, was only a Messenger, before whom other Messengers came and went. His mother was a woman of truth. Both of them ate food. See how We make the Signs clear to them! Then see how they are perverted! (5:75)

The Jews say, ‘‘Uzayr is the son of Allah,’ and the Christians say, ‘The Messiah is the son of Allah.’ That is what they say with their mouths, copying the words of those who disbelieved before. Allah fight them! How perverted they are! (9:30)

They have taken their rabbis and monks as lords besides Allah, and also the Messiah, son of Maryam. Yet they were commanded to worship only one God. There is no god but Him! Glory be to Him above anything they associate with Him!  (9:31)

METEOR

(Say: ‘It has been revealed to me that a band of the jinn listened and said,) "We tried, as usual, to travel to heaven in search of news but found it filled with fierce guards and meteors. We used to sit there on special seats to listen in. But anyone listening now finds a fiery meteor in wait for him." (72:8-9)

MICHAEL (MIKA’IL)

(Say,) ‘Anyone who is the enemy of Allah and of His angels, and of His Messengers and of Gabriel and Michael, should know that Allah is the enemy of the disbelievers.’ (2:98)

MIDDLE

In this way We have made you a middlemost community, so that you may act as witnesses against mankind and the Messenger as a witness against you. We only appointed the direction you used to face in order to know those who follow the Messenger from those who turn round on their heels. Though in truth it is a very hard thing–except for those Allah has guided. Allah would never let your faith go to waste. Allah is All-Gentle, Most Merciful to mankind. (2:143)

So he will look down and see him in the midst of the Blazing Fire. (37:55)

By the charging horses panting hard, striking sparks from their flashing hooves, raiding at full gallop in the early dawn, leaving a trailing dust-cloud in their wake, cleaving through the middle of the foe, truly man is ungrateful to his Lord. (100:1-6)

(Believers are) those who, when they spend, are neither extravagant nor mean, but take a stance mid way between the two. (25:67)

MIGHT

Do not be grieved by what they say. All might belongs to Allah. He is the All-Hearing, the All-Knowing. (10:65)

They (the magicians) threw down their ropes and staffs and said, ‘By the might of Pharaoh we are the winners.’ (26:44)

He (Satan) said, ‘By Your might, I will mislead all of them.’ (38:82)

They say, ‘If we return to Madina, the mightier will drive out the inferior.’ But all might belongs to Allah and to His Messenger and the believers. But the hypocrites do not know this. (63:8)

MIGRANTS (MUHAJIRUN)

The forerunners–the first of the Migrants (Muhajirun) and the Supporters (Ansar)–and those who have followed them in doing good: Allah is pleased with them and they are pleased with Him. He has prepared Gardens for them with rivers flowing under them, remaining in them timelessly, for ever and ever. That is the great victory. (9:100)

Allah has turned towards the Prophet, and the Migrants (Muhajirun) and the Supporters (Ansar), those who followed him at the ‘time of difficulty’, after the hearts of a group of them had almost deviated. Then He turned towards them–He is All-Gentle, Most Merciful to them. (9:117)

The Prophet is closer to the believers than their own selves, and his wives are their mothers. But blood-relations have closer ties to one another in the Book of Allah than other believers and the emigrants, except that you should act in a proper manner towards your close associates. That is inscribed in the Book. (33:6)

MIGRATION (HIJRA)

Those who believe and migrate and strive in the Way of Allah can expect Allah’s mercy. Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (2:218)      

Their Lord responds to them: ‘I will not let the deeds of any doer among you go to waste, male or female–you are both the same in that respect. Those who migrated and were driven from their homes and suffered harm in My Way and fought and were killed, I will erase their bad actions from them and admit them into Gardens with rivers flowing under them, as a reward from Allah. The best of all rewards is with Allah.’ (3:195)

They would like you to disbelieve as they disbelieve so that you will all be the same. Do not take any of them as friends until they have migrated in the Way of Allah. But if they run away then seize them and kill them wherever you find them. Do not take any of them as either a friend or helper. (4:89)

The angels ask those they take while they are wronging themselves, ‘What were your circumstances?’ They reply, ‘We were oppressed on earth.’ They say, ‘Was Allah’s earth not wide enough for you to have migrated elsewhere in it?’ The shelter of such people will be Hell. What an evil destination! (4:97)

Those who migrate in the Way of Allah will find many places of refuge on the earth and ample sustenance. If anyone leaves his home, migrating to Allah and His Messenger, and death catches up with him, it is Allah Who will reward him. Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (4:100) 

Those who believe and have migrated and strived with their wealth and themselves in the Way of Allah, and those who have given refuge and help, they are the friends and protectors of one another. But as for those who believe but have not migrated, you are not in any way responsible for their protection until they migrate. But if they ask you for help in respect of the religion, it is your duty to help them, except against people you have a treaty with. Allah sees what you do. (8:72)

Those who believe and have migrated and strived in the Way of Allah and those who have given refuge and help, they are the true believers. They will have forgiveness and generous provision. (8:74)

Those who believe and migrate later on and accompany you in striving, they also are of your number. But blood relations are closer to one another in the Book of Allah. Allah has knowledge of all things. (8:75)

Those who believe and migrate and strive in the Way of Allah with their wealth and themselves have a higher rank with Allah. They are the ones who are victorious. (9:20)

As for those who migrate for Allah’s sake after being wronged, We shall give them good lodging in this world, and the reward of the hereafter is greater still if they only knew. (16:41)

But to those who migrated after they were persecuted and then strived and remained steadfast, to them your Lord is All-Compassionate, Most Merciful. (16:110)

Those who migrate in the Way of Allah and then are killed or die, Allah will provide for them handsomely. Truly Allah is the best Provider. (22:58)

Those of you possessing affluence and ample wealth should not make oaths that they will not give to their relatives and the very poor and those who have migrated in the way of Allah. They should rather pardon and overlook. Would you not love Allah to forgive you? Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (24:22)   

And Lut believed in him. He said, ‘I am leaving this place to follow the pleasure of my Lord. He is the Almighty, the All Wise.’ (29:26)        

O Prophet! We have made lawful for you: your wives to whom you have given dowries and any slavegirls you own from the booty Allah has allotted you and the daughters of your paternal uncles and the daughters of your paternal aunts and the daughters of your maternal uncles and the daughters of your maternal aunts who have migrated with you and any believing woman who gives herself to the Prophet if the Prophet desires to marry her: exclusively for you as opposed to the rest of the believers–We know very well what We have prescribed for them regarding their wives and any slavegirls they possess–in order that there be no restriction on you. Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (33:50)

Those who were already settled in the abode, and in faith, before they came, love those who have migrated to them and do not find in their hearts any need for what they have been given and prefer them to themselves even if they themselves are needy. It is the people who are safe-guarded from the avarice of their own selves who are successful. (59:9)

You who believe! When women who believe come to you as emigrants, submit them to a test. Allah has best knowledge of their faith. If you know they are believers, do not return them to the disbelievers. They are not lawful for the disbelievers nor are the disbelievers lawful for them. Give the disbelievers whatever dowry they paid. And there is nothing wrong in your marrying them provided you pay them their due. Do not hold to any marriage ties with women who disbelieve. Ask for what you paid and let them ask for what they paid. That is Allah’s judgement. Allah will judge between them. Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise. (60:10)   

MIKA’IL (SEE MICHAEL)

MILK

There is instruction for you in cattle. From the contents of their bellies, from between the dung and blood, We give you pure milk to drink, easy for drinkers to swallow. (16:66)

An image of the Garden which is promised to those who guard against evil: in it there are rivers of water which will never spoil and rivers of milk whose taste will never change and rivers of wine, delightful to all who drink it, and rivers of honey of undiluted purity; in it they will have fruit of every kind and forgiveness from their Lord. Is that like those who will be in the Fire timelessly, for ever, with boiling water to drink which lacerates their bowels? (47:15)

MISERABLE

We did not send down the Qur’an to you to make you miserable. (20:2)

We said, ‘Adam, this is an enemy for you and your wife, so do not let him expel you from the Garden and thus make you miserable.’ (20:117)

He said, ‘Go down from it, all of you, as enemies to one another! But when guidance comes to you from Me, all those who follow My guidance will not go astray and will not be miserable.’ (20:123)

They will say, ‘Our Lord, our miserable destiny overpowered us. We were misguided people.’ (23:106)

He who has fear will be reminded; but the most miserable will shun it. (87:10-11)

MISGUIDANCE

Those are the people who have sold guidance for misguidance. Their trade has brought no profit; they are not guided. (2:16)

Those are the ones who have sold guidance for misguidance and forgiveness for punishment. How steadfastly they will endure the Fire! (2:175)

Those who disbelieve after believing and then increase in their disbelief, their repentance will not be accepted. They are the misguided. (3:90)

Allah showed great kindness to the believers when He sent a Messenger to them from among themselves to recite His Signs to them and purify them and teach them the Book and Wisdom, even though before that they were clearly misguided. (3:164)

Do you not see those who were given a portion of the Book trading in misguidance and wanting you to be misguided from the way? (4:44)

Do you not see those who claim that they believe in what has been sent down to you and what was sent down before you, still desiring to turn to a satanic source for judgement in spite of being ordered to reject it? Satan wants to misguide them far away. (4:60)

Remember when Ibrahim said to his father, Azar, ‘Do you take idols as gods? I see that you and your people are clearly misguided.’ (6:74)

One group He guided; but another group got the misguidance they deserved. They took the Satans as friends instead of Allah and thought that they were guided. (7:30)

Allah would never misguide a people after guiding them until He had made it clear to them how to guard against evil. Allah has knowledge of all things. (9:115)

That is Allah, your Lord, the Truth, and what is there after truth except misguidance? So how have you been distracted? (10:32)

Those who prefer the life of this world to the hereafter, and bar access to the way of Allah, wanting to make it crooked; they are greatly misguided. (14:3)

The metaphor of those who reject their Lord is that their actions are like ashes scattered by strong winds on a stormy day. They have no power at all over anything they have earned. That is extreme misguidance. (14:18)

We sent a Messenger among every people saying: ‘Worship Allah and keep clear of all false gods.’ Among them were some whom Allah guided but others received the misguidance they deserved. Travel about the earth and see the final fate of the deniers. (16:36)

How clear will be their hearing, how perfect their sight, on the Day they come to Us; whereas today the wrongdoers are clearly misguided. (19:38)

He (Ibrahim) said, ‘You and your fathers are clearly misguided.’ (21:54)

Instead of Allah, he calls on something which cannot harm him or help him. That is extreme misguidance. (22:12)

When they see you they only make a mockery of you: ‘Is this the one Allah has sent as a Messenger? He might almost have misled us from our gods had we not stuck to them steadfastly!’ They will soon know, when they see the punishment, whose way is the most misguided. (25:41-42)

(They will say,) ‘By Allah, we were plainly misguided when We equated you with the Lord of all the worlds.’ (26:97-98)

He Who has imposed the Qur’an upon you will most certainly bring you back home again. Say: ‘My Lord knows best who has brought true guidance and who is plainly misguided.’ (28:85)

You will not guide blind men from their misguidance. You will not make anyone hear except for those who believe in Our Signs and so are Muslims. (30:53)

This is Allah’s creation. Show me then what those besides Him have created! The wrongdoers are clearly misguided. (31:11)

When Allah and His Messenger have decided something it is not for any man or woman of the believers to have a choice about it. Anyone who disobeys Allah and His Messenger is clearly misguided. (33:36)

Has he invented a lie against Allah or is he possessed?’ No indeed! Those who do not believe in the hereafter are in punishment and deeply misguided. (34:8)

(A man from far side of the city said,) ‘Am I to take as gods instead of Him those whose intercession, if the All-Merciful desires harm for me, will not help me at all and cannot save me? In that case I would clearly be misguided.’ (36:23-24)

They found their fathers misguided. (37:69)

Is he whose breast is opened to Islam, and who is therefore illuminated by his Lord...? Woe to those whose hearts are hardened against the remembrance of Allah! Such people are clearly misguided. (39:22)

Say: ‘What do you think? If it is from Allah and you reject it, who could be more misguided than someone entrenched in hostility to it?’ (41:52)

Those who do not believe in it try to hasten it. But those who believe in it are afraid of it. They know it is the truth. Those who doubt the Hour are greatly misguided. (42:18)

Can you make the deaf hear or guide the blind and those who are patently misguided? (43:40)

(A group of jinn said,) ‘Those who do not respond to Allah’s caller cannot thwart Allah on earth and have no protectors apart from Him. Such people are clearly misguided.’ (46:32)

They said, ‘Are we to follow a human being, one of us? Then we would truly be misguided, quite insane!’ (54:24)

Then you, you misguided, you deniers will eat from the tree of Zaqqum, (56:51-52)

And if he is one of the misguided deniers, there is hospitality of scalding water. (56:92-93)

It is He Who raised up among the unlettered people a Messenger from them to recite His Signs to them and purify them and teach them the Book and Wisdom, even though before that they were clearly misguided. (62:2)

(Nuh said, ‘My Lord!) They have misguided many people. Do not increase the wrongdoers in anything but misguidance!’ (71:24)

MISTAKE

Remember when We said, ‘Go into this town and eat from it wherever you like, freely. Enter the gate prostrating and say, "Relieve us of our burdens!" Your mistakes will be forgiven. We will grant increase to all good-doers.’ (2:58)

No indeed! Those who accumulate bad actions and are surrounded by their mistakes, such people are the Companions of the Fire, remaining in it timelessly, for ever. (2:81)

Allah does not impose on any self any more than it can stand. For it is what it has earned; against it, what it has brought upon itself. ‘Our Lord, do not take us to task if we forget or make a mistake! Our Lord, do not place on us a load like the one You placed on those before us! Our Lord, do not place on us a load we have not the strength to bear! And pardon us; and forgive us; and have mercy on us. You are our Master, so help us against the people of the disbelievers.’ (2:286)

A believer should never kill another believer unless it is by mistake. Anyone who kills a believer by mistake should free a believing slave and pay blood-money to his family unless they forgo it as a charity. If he is from a people who are your enemies and is a believer, you should free a believing slave. If he is from a people you have a treaty with, blood money should be paid to his family and you should free a believing slave. Anyone who cannot find the means should fast two consecutive months. This is a concession from Allah. Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise. (4: 92)

When they were told: ‘Live in this town and eat of it wherever you like and say, "Relieve us of our burdens!" and enter the gate prostrating. Your mistakes will be forgiven you. We will grant increase to good-doers.’ (7:161)

When they declared, ‘Why! Yusuf and his brother are dearer to our father than we are although we constitute a powerful group. Our father is clearly making a mistake.’ (12:8)

They said, ‘Our father, may we be forgiven for all the many wrongs that we have done. We were indeed greatly mistaken men.’ (12:97)

Do not kill your children out of fear of being poor. We will provide for them and you. Killing them is a terrible mistake. (17:31)

(Magicians said to Pharaoh,) ‘We have believed in our Lord so that He may forgive us for our mistakes and for the magic which you forced us to perform. Allah is better and longer lasting.’ (20:73)

(Magicians said,) ‘We remain hopeful that our Lord will forgive us our mistakes for being the first of the believers.’ (26:51)

(Ibrahim said,) ‘He Who I sincerely hope will forgive my mistakes on the Day of Reckoning.’ (26:82)

Those who disbelieve say to those who believe, ‘Follow our way and we will bear the weight of your mistakes.’ They will not bear the weight of a single one of their mistakes. Truly they are liars. (29:12)

Call them after their fathers. That is closer to justice in Allah’s sight. And if you do not know who their fathers were then they are your brothers in the religion and people under your patronage. You are not to blame for any honest mistake you make but only for what your hearts premeditate. Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (33:5)

Pharaoh and those before him and the Overturned Cities made a great mistake. (69:9)

MOCKERY

When they meet those who believe, they say, ‘We believe.’ But then when they go apart with their Satans, they say, ‘We are really with you. We were only mocking.’ (2:14)

But Allah is mocking them, and drawing them on, as they wander blindly in their excessive insolence. (2:15)

And when Musa said to his people, ‘Allah commands you to sacrifice a cow,’ they said, ‘What! Are you making a mockery of us?’ He said, ‘I seek refuge with Allah from being one of the ignorant!’ (2:67)

When you divorce women and they are near the end of their waiting period, then either retain them with correctness and courtesy or release them with correctness and courtesy. Do not retain them by force, thus overstepping the limits. Anyone who does that has wronged himself. Do not make a mockery of Allah’s Signs. Remember Allah’s blessing to you and the Book and Wisdom He has sent down to you to admonish you. Have fear of Allah and know that Allah has knowledge of all things. (2:231)

It has been sent down to you in the Book that when you hear Allah’s Signs being rejected and mocked at by people, you must not sit with them till they start talking of other things. If you do you are just the same as them. Allah will gather all the hypocrites and disbelievers into Hell. (4:140)

You who believe! Do not take as friends any of those who who make a mockery and a game out of your religion among the ones who were given the Book before you or the disbelievers. Have fear of Allah if you are believers. (5:57)

When you call to prayer they make a mockery and a game of it. That is because they are people who do not use their intellect. (5:58)

They deny the truth each time it comes to them but news of what they were mocking will certainly reach them. (6:5)

Messengers before you were also mocked, but those who jeered were engulfed by what they mocked. (6:10)

When you see people engrossed in mockery of Our Signs, turn from them until they start to talk of other things. And if Satan should ever cause you to forget, once you remember, do not stay sitting with the wrongdoers. (6:68)

The hypocrites are afraid that a sura may be sent down about them, informing them of what is in their hearts. Say: ‘Go on mocking! Allah will expose everything you are afraid of.’ (9:64)

If you ask them they will say, ‘We were only joking and playing around.’ Say: ‘Would you make a mockery of Allah and of His Signs and of His Messenger?’ (9:65)

As for the people who find fault with those believers who give charity spontaneously, and with those who can find nothing to give but their own effort, and deride them, Allah derides them. They will have a painful punishment. (9:79)

If We postpone the punishment for them for a limited time, they will say, ‘What is holding it back?’ No, indeed! The day it reaches them it will not be averted from them and the things they mocked at will encompass them. (11:8)

Messengers before you were mocked. I gave those who disbelieved a little more time and then I seized them. How terrible was My retribution! (13:32)

No Messenger came to them without their mocking him. (15:11)

We are enough for you against the mockers. (15:95)

The evil actions they did assailed them. They were engulfed by what they mocked. (16:34)

We only send the Messengers to bring good news and to give warning. Those who disbelieve use fallacious arguments to deny the truth. They make a mockery of My Signs and also of the warning they were given. (18:56)

That is their repayment–Hell–because they disbelieved and made a mockery of My Signs and of My Messengers. (18:106)

When those who disbelieve see you, they only make a mockery out of you: ‘Is this the one who makes mention of your gods?’ Yet they disown any mention of the All-Merciful. (21:36)

Messengers before you were also mocked, but those who jeered were engulfed by what they mocked. (21:41)

(Their Lord will say,) ‘But you made a mockery of them so that they made you forget to remember Me while you were laughing at them.’ (23:110)

When they see you they only make a mockery of you: ‘Is this the one Allah has sent as a Messenger?’ (25:41)

They have denied the truth, but the news of what they mocked will certainly come to them. (26:6)

Then the final fate of those who did evil will be the Worst because they denied Allah’s Signs and mocked at them. (30:10)

But there are some people who trade in distracting tales to misguide people from Allah’s Way knowing nothing about it and to make a mockery of it. Such people will have a humiliating punishment. (31:6)

Alas for My servants! No Messenger comes to them without their mocking him. (36:30)

What confronts them will be the evil actions which they earned and what they used to mock at will engulf them. (39:48)

When their Messengers brought them the Clear Signs, they exulted in the knowledge they had and then were engulfed by the very things they mocked. (40:83)

But no Prophet came to them without their mocking him. (43:7)

When he does learn something of Our Signs, he makes a mockery of them. Such people will have a humiliating punishment. (45:9)

The evil deeds they did will appear before them and the things they mocked at will engulf them. (45:33)

(Disbelievers will be told,) ‘That is because you made a mockery of Allah’s Signs and the life of this world deluded you.’ Therefore, today they will not get out of it. They will not be able to appease Allah. (45:35)

We established them far more firmly than We have established you and gave them hearing, sight and hearts. But their hearing, sight and hearts were of no use to them at all when they renounced Allah’s Signs and what they mocked at engulfed them. (46:26)

You who believe! People should not ridicule others who may be better than themselves; nor should any women ridicule other women who may be better than themselves. And do not find fault with one another or insult each other with derogatory nicknames. How evil it is to have a name for evil conduct after coming to faith! Those people who do not turn from it are wrongdoers. (49:11)

MOHAMMED (SEE MUHAMMAD (SAAS))

MONASTICISM

Then We sent Our Messengers following in their footsteps and sent ‘Isa son of Maryam after them, giving him the Gospel. We put compassion and mercy in the hearts of those who followed him. They invented monasticism–We did not prescribe it for them–purely out of desire to gain the pleasure of Allah, but even so they did not observe it as it should have been observed. To those of them who believed We gave their reward but many of them are deviators. (57:27)

MONASTERY

If Allah had not driven some people back by means of others, monasteries, churches, synagogues and mosques, where Allah’s name is mentioned much, would have been pulled down and destroyed. Allah will certainly help those who help Him–Allah is All-Strong, Almighty. (22:39-40)

MONK

You will find that the people most hostile to those who believe are the Jews and the idolaters. You will find the people most affectionate to those who believe are those who say, ‘We are Christians.’ That is because some of them are priests and monks and because they are not arrogant. (5:82)

They have taken their rabbis and monks as lords besides Allah, and also the Messiah, son of Maryam. Yet they were commanded to worship only one God. There is no god but Him! Glory be to Him above anything they associate with Him! (9:31)

You who believe! Many of the rabbis and monks devour people’s property under false pretences and bar people from access to the Way of Allah. As for those who hoard up gold and silver and do not spend it in the Way of Allah, give them the news of a painful punishment (9:34)

MOON

They will ask you about the crescent moons. Say, ‘They are set times for mankind and for the pilgrimage.’ It is not devoutness for you to enter houses by the back. Rather devoutness is possessed by those who guard against evil. So come to houses by their doors and have fear of Allah, so that hopefully you will be successful. (2:189)

Then when he (Ibrahim) saw the moon come up he said, ‘This is my Lord!’ Then when it set he said, ‘If my Lord does not guide me, I will be one of the misguided people.’ (6:77)

It is He Who splits the sky at dawn, and appoints the night as a time of stillness and the sun and moon as a means of reckoning. That is what the Almighty, the All-Knowing has ordained. (6:96)

Your Lord is Allah, Who created the heavens and the earth in six days and then settled Himself firmly on the Throne. He covers the day with the night, each pursuing the other urgently; and the sun and moon and stars are subservient to His command. Both creation and command belong to Him. Blessed be Allah, the Lord of all the worlds. (7:54)

It is He Who appointed the sun to give radiance, and the moon to give light, assigning it phases so you would know the number of years and the reckoning of time. Allah did not create these things except with truth. We make the Signs clear for people who know. (10:5)

When Yusuf told his father, ‘Father! I saw eleven bright stars, and the sun and moon as well. I saw them all prostrate in front of me.’ (12:4)

Allah is He Who raised up the heavens without any support–you can see that–and then established Himself firmly on the Throne. He made the sun and moon subservient, each running for a specified term. He directs the whole affair. He makes the Signs clear so that hopefully you will be certain about the meeting with your Lord. (13:2)

And He has made the sun and moon subservient to you holding steady to their courses, and He has made the night and day subservient to you. (14:33)

He has made night and day subservient to you, and the sun and moon and stars, all subject to His command. There are certainly Signs in that for people who use their intellect. (16:12)

It is He Who created night and day and the sun and moon, each one swimming in a sphere. (21:33)

Do you not see that everyone in the heavens and everyone on the earth prostrates to Allah, and the sun and moon and stars and the mountains, trees and beasts and many of mankind? But many of them inevitably merit punishment. Those Allah humiliates will have no one to honour them. Allah does whatever He wills. (22:18)

Blessed be He Who placed constellations in the sky and put a blazing lamp and shining moon among them. (25:61)

If you ask them, ‘Who created the heavens and the earth and made the sun and moon subservient?’ they will say, ‘Allah.’ So how have they been perverted? (29:61)

Do you not see that Allah makes night merge into day and day merge into night, and that He has made the sun and moon subservient, each one running for a specified time, and that Allah is aware of what you do? That is because Allah–He is the Truth, and what you call upon besides Him is falsehood. Allah is the All-High, the Most Great. (31:29-30)

He makes night merge into day and day merge into night, and He has made the sun and moon subservient, each one running until a specified time. That is Allah, your Lord. The Kingdom is His. Those you call on besides Him have no power over even the smallest speck. (35:13)

And We have decreed set phases for the moon, until it ends up looking like an old palm spathe. It is not for the sun to overtake the moon nor for the night to outstrip the day; each one is swimming in a sphere. (36:39-40)

He created the heavens and the earth with truth. He wraps the night around the day and wraps the day around the night, and has made the sun and moon subservient, each one running for a specified term. Is He not indeed the Almighty, the Endlessly Forgiving? (39:5)

Among His Signs are the night and day and the sun and moon. Do not prostrate to the sun nor to the moon. Prostrate to Allah Who created them, if you worship Him. (41:37)

The Hour has drawn near and the moon has split. (54:1)

The sun and the moon both run with precision. (55:5)

Do you not see how He created seven heavens in layers, and placed the moon as a light in them and made the sun a blazing lamp? (71:15-16)

No indeed! (I swear) by the moon. (74:32)

But when the eyesight is dazzled, and the moon is eclipsed, and the sun and moon are fused together, on that Day man will say, ‘Where can I run?’ (75:7-10)

And (I swear by) the moon when it is full. (84:18)

(I swear) by the sun and its morning brightness, and the moon when it follows it. (91:1-2)

MORNING

Do not chase away those who call on their Lord morning and evening, seeking His Face. Their reckoning is in no way your responsibility and your reckoning is in no way their responsibility. Indeed if you did chase them away, you would be among the wrongdoers. (6:52)

So the earthquake seized them and morning found them lying flattened in their homes. (7:91)

Remember your Lord in yourself humbly and fearfully, without loudness of voice, morning and evening. Do not be one of the unaware. (7:205)

The Great Blast seized hold of those who did wrong and morning found them lying flattened in their homes. (11:67)

They said, ‘Lut, we are messengers from your Lord. They will not be able to get at you. Set out with your family–except for your wife–in the middle of the night and none of you should look back. What strikes them will strike her as well. Their promised appointment is the morning. Is the morning not close at hand?’ (11:81)

When Our command came, We rescued Shu‘ayb and those who believed along with him by a mercy from Us. The Great Blast seized hold of those who did wrong and morning found them lying flattened in their homes. (11:94)

Everyone in heaven and earth prostrates to Allah willingly or unwillingly, as do their shadows in the morning and the evening. (13:15)

We revealed to him the command We had decreed: that on the following morning the last remnant of those people would be cut off. (15:66)

But the Great Blast seized hold of them in the morning, (15:83)

And there is beauty in them (livestock) for you in the evening when you bring them home and in the morning when you drive them out to graze. (16:6)

Restrain yourself patiently with those who call on their Lord morning and evening, desiring His face. Do not turn your eyes from them, desiring the attractions of this world. And do not obey someone whose heart We have made neglectful of Our remembrance and who follows his own whims and desires and whose life has transgressed all bounds. (18:28)

He (Zakariyya) came out to his people from the Upper Room and gestured to them to glorify Allah in the morning and the evening. (19:11)

They will not hear any prattling there–nothing but ‘Peace’. They will receive their provision there morning and night. (19:62)

He (Musa) said, ‘Your time is the day of the Festival. The people should gather in the morning.’ (20:59)

In houses which Allah has permitted to be built and in which His name is remembered, there are men who proclaim His glory morning and evening. (24:36)

They say, ‘It is myths of previous peoples which he has had transcribed and which are read out to him in the morning and the evening.’ (25:5)

Morning found him in the city, fearful and on his guard. Then suddenly the man who had sought his help the day before, shouted for help from him again. Musa said to him, ‘You are clearly a misguided man.’ (28:18)

But they denied him so the earthquake seized them and morning found them lying flattened in their homes. (29:37)

So glory be to Allah when you start the night and when you greet the day. (30:17)

And glorify Him in the morning and the evening. (33:42)

And We gave Sulayman power over the wind–a month’s journey in the morning and a month in the afternoon. And We made a fount of molten brass flow out for him. And some of the jinn worked in front of him by his Lord’s permission. And if a single one of them deviates at all from Our command, We let him taste the punishment of the Searing Blaze. (34:12)

When it descends in their courtyard–how evil will be the morning of those who were warned! (37:177)

We subjected the mountains to glorify with him in the evening and at sunrise. (38:18)

The Fire, morning and night, to which they are exposed; and on the Day the Hour takes place: ‘Admit Pharaoh’s people to the harshest punishment!’ (40:46)

So remain steadfast. Allah’s promise is true. Ask forgiveness for your wrong action and glorify your Lord with praise in the evening and the early morning. (40:55)

(It is) so that you might all believe in Allah and His Messenger and honour Him and respect Him and glorify Him in the morning and the evening. (48:9)

Early morning brought them enduring punishment: (54:38)

We have tried them as We tried the owners of the garden when they swore that they would harvest in the morning. (68:17)

In the morning they called out to one another, ‘Leave early for your land if you want to pick the fruit.’ (68:21-22)

Remember the Name of your Lord in the morning and the evening. (76:25)

On the Day they see it, it will be as if they had only lingered for the evening or the morning of a single day. (79:46)

(I swear) by the morning brightness... (93:1)

Say: ‘I seek refuge with the Lord of Daybreak, from the evil of what He has created and from the evil of the darkness when it gathers and from the evil of women who blow on knots and from the evil of an envier when he envies.’ (113:1-5)

MOSES (SEE MUSA (AS))

MOSQUE (MASJID)

On the night of the fast it is lawful for you to have sexual relations with your wives. They are clothing for you and you for them. Allah knows that you have been betraying yourselves and He has turned towards you and excused you. Now you may have sexual intercourse with them and seek what Allah has written for you. Eat and drink until you can clearly discern the white thread from the black thread of the dawn, then fulfil the fast until the night appears. But do not have sexual intercourse with them while you are in retreat in the mosques. These are Allah’s limits, so do not go near them. In this way does Allah make His Signs clear to people so that hopefully they will guard against evil. (2:187)

Say: ‘My Lord has commanded justice. Stand and face Him in every mosque and call on Him, making your religion sincerely His. As He originated you, so you will return.’ (7:29)

Children of Adam! Wear fine clothing in every mosque and eat and drink but do not be profligate. He does not love the profligate. (7:31)

It is not for the idolaters to maintain the mosques of Allah, bearing witness against themselves of their disbelief. They are the ones whose actions will come to nothing. They will be in the Fire timelessly, for ever. (9:17)

The mosques of Allah should only be maintained by those who believe in Allah and the Last Day and perform prayer and give the alms, and fear no one but Allah. They are the ones most likely to be guided. (9:18)

As for those who have set up a mosque, causing harm and out of disbelief, to create division between the believers, and in readiness for those who previously made war on Allah and His Messenger, they will swear, ‘We only desired the best.’ But Allah bears witness that they are truly liars. (9:107)

Do not ever stand in it. A mosque founded on performing one’s duty from the first day has a greater right for you to stand in it. In it there are men who love to purify themselves. Allah loves those who purify themselves. (9:108)

Glory be to Him Who took His servant on a journey by night from the Sacred Mosque (Masjid al-Haram) to the Further Mosque (Masjid al-Aqsa), whose surroundings We have blessed, in order to show him some of Our Signs. He is the All-Hearing, the All-Seeing. (17:1)

If you do good, you do it to yourselves. If you do evil, you do it to your detriment. When the next promised time arrived, it was so that they could injure you and enter the Temple as they had entered it the first time, and in order to completely destroy what they had conquered. (17:7)

Accordingly We made them chance upon them unexpectedly so they might know that Allah’s promise is true and that there is no doubt about the Hour. When they were arguing among themselves about the matter, they said, ‘Wall up their cave, their Lord knows best about them.’ But those who got the better of the argument concerning them said, ‘We will build a place of worship over them.’ (18:21)

... if Allah had not driven some people back by means of others, monasteries, churches, synagogues and mosques, where Allah’s name is mentioned much, would have been pulled down and destroyed. Allah will certainly help those who help Him–Allah is All-Strong, Almighty. (22:40)

All mosques belong to Allah so do not call on anyone else besides Allah. (72:18)

MOSQUITO

Allah is not ashamed to make an example of a mosquito or of an even smaller thing. As for those who believe, they know it is the truth from their Lord. But as for those who disbelieve, they say, ‘What does Allah mean by this example?’ He misguides many by it and guides many by it. But He only misguides the deviators. (2:26)

MOTHER OF THE BOOK, THE (SEE LAWH MAHFUZ)

MOUNT AL-JUDI

It was said, ‘Earth, swallow up your water!’ and, ‘Heaven, hold back your rain!’ And the water subsided and the affair was concluded and the Ark came to land on al-Judi. And it was said, ‘Away with the people of the wrongdoers!’ (11:44)

MOUNT, THE

Remember when We made the covenant with you and lifted up the Mount above your heads: ‘Take hold vigorously of what We have given you and pay heed to what is in it, so that hopefully you will guard against evil.’ (2:63)

Remember when We made a covenant with you and lifted up the Mount above your heads: ‘Take hold vigorously of what We have given you and listen.’ They said, ‘We hear and disobey.’ They were made to drink the Calf into their hearts because of their disbelief. Say, ‘If you are believers, what an evil thing your faith has made you do.’ (2:93)

We lifted up the Mount above their heads in accordance with the covenant they had made, and We said to them, ‘Enter the gate prostrating,’ and We said to them, ‘Do not break the Sabbath,’ and We made a binding covenant with them. (4:154)

We called out to him from the right hand side of the Mount and We brought him near in close communication. (19:52)

Tribe of Israel! We rescued you from your enemy and made an appointment with you on the right hand side of the Mount and sent down manna and quails for you. (20:80)

By means of it (water) We produce gardens of dates and grapes for you, in which there are many fruits for you and from which you eat, and a tree springing forth from Mount Sinai yielding oil and a seasoning to those who eat. (23:19-20)

When Musa had fulfilled the appointed term and had set off with his family, he noticed a fire from one side of the Mount. He said to his family, ‘Stay here, I can see a fire. Hopefully I will bring you back some news from it or a burning branch from the fire so that you will be able to warm yourselves.’ (28:29)

You were not on the western side (of the Mount) when We gave Musa the command. You were not a witness. (28:44)

Nor were you on the side of the Mount when We called, yet it is a mercy from your Lord so that you can warn a people to whom no warner came before, so that hopefully they will pay heed. (28:46)

By the Mount (52:1)

MOUNT SINAI

By the fig and the olive and Mount Sinai and this safe land, We created man in the finest mould. (95:1-4)

MOUNTAIN

When Ibrahim said, ‘My Lord, show me how You bring the dead to life.’ He asked, ‘Do you not then believe?’ He replied, ‘Indeed I do! But so that my heart may be at peace.’ He said, ‘Take four birds and train them to yourself. Then put a part of them on each mountain and call to them; they will come rushing to you. Know that Allah is Almighty, All-Wise.’ (2:260)

(Salih said to his people,) ‘Remember when He appointed you successors to ‘Ad and settled you in the land. You built palaces on its plains and carved out houses from the mountains. Remember Allah’s blessings and do not go about the earth, corrupting it.’ (7:74)

When Musa came to Our appointed time and his Lord spoke to him, he said, ‘My Lord, show me Yourself so that I may look at You!’ He said, ‘You will not see Me, but look at the mountain. If it remains firm in its place, then you will see Me.’ But when His Lord manifested Himself to the mountain, He crushed it flat and Musa fell unconscious to the ground. When he regained consciousness he said, ‘Glory be to You! I repent to You and I am the first of the believers!’ (7:143)

When We uprooted the mountain, lifting it above them like a canopy, and they thought it was about to fall on them: ‘Seize hold vigorously of what We have given you and remember what is in it, so that hopefully you will guard against evil.’ (7:171)

It sailed with them through mountainous waves, and Nuh called out to his son, who had kept himself apart, ‘My son! Come on board with us. Do not stay with the disbelievers!’ He said, ‘I will take refuge on a mountain; it will protect me from the flood.’ He said, ‘There is no protection from Allah’s command today except for those He has mercy on.’ The waves surged in between them and he was among the drowned. (11:42-43)

It is He Who stretched out the earth and placed firmly embedded mountains and rivers in it and made two types of every kind of fruit. He covers over day with night. There are Signs in that for people who reflect. (13:3)

Even if there was a Qur’an which moved mountains, or split the earth open or spoke to the dead...! On the contrary! The affair is Allah’s altogether. Do those who believe not know that if Allah had wanted to He could have guided all mankind? Those who disbelieve will not cease to be struck by disaster for what they have done–or a disaster will happen close to their homes–until Allah’s promise is fulfilled. Allah will not fail to keep His promise. (13:31)

They concocted their plots, but their plots were with Allah, even if they were such as to make the mountains vanish. (14:46)

As for the earth, We stretched it out and cast firmly embedded mountains in it and made everything grow in due proportion on it. (15:19)

They carved out houses from the mountains, feeling safe. (15:82)

He cast firmly embedded mountains on the earth so it would not move under you, and rivers and pathways so that hopefully you would be guided. (16:15)

Your Lord revealed to the bees: ‘Build dwellings in the mountains and the trees, and also in the structures which men erect.’ (16:68)

Allah has made shaded places for you in what He has created and He has made shelters for you in the mountains and He has made shirts for you to protect you from the heat and shirts to protect you from each other’s violence. In that way He perfects His blessing on you so that hopefully you will become Muslims. (16:81)

Do not strut arrogantly about the earth. You will certainly never split the earth apart nor will you ever rival the mountains in height. (17:37)

On the Day We make the mountains move and you see the earth laid bare and We gather them together, not leaving out a single one of them. (18:47)

Then he (Dhu’l-Qarnayn) followed a path until he arrived between the two mountains where he found a people scarcely able to understand speech. (18:92-93)

(Dhu’l-Qarnayn said,) ‘Bring me ingots of iron!’ Then, when he had made it level between the two high mountain-sides, he said, ‘Blow!’ and when he had made it a red hot fire, he said, ‘Bring me molten brass to pour over it.’ (18:96)

The heavens are all but rent apart and the earth split open and the mountains brought crashing down. (19:90)

They will ask you about the mountains. Say: ‘My Lord will scatter them as dust.’ (20:105)

We placed firmly embedded mountains on the earth, so it would not move under them, and We put broad valleys as roadways in it, so that perhaps they might be guided. (21:31)

We gave Sulayman understanding of it. We gave each of them judgement and knowledge. We subjected the mountains to Dawud, glorifying, and the birds as well. This is something We are well able to do. (21:79)

Do you not see that everyone in the heavens and everyone on the earth prostrates to Allah, and the sun and moon and stars and the mountains, trees and beasts and many of mankind? But many of them inevitably merit punishment. Those Allah humiliates will have no one to honour them. Allah does whatever He wills. (22:18)

And We made the son of Maryam and his mother a Sign and gave them shelter on a mountainside where there was a meadow and a flowing spring. (23:50)

Do you not see that Allah propels the clouds then makes them coalesce then heaps them up, and then you see the rain come pouring out of the middle of them? And He sends down mountains from the sky with hail inside them, striking with it anyone He wills and averting it from anyone He wills. The brightness of His lightning almost blinds the sight. (24:43)

Will you continue hewing houses from the mountains with exultant skill? (26:149)

He Who made the earth a stable dwelling place and appointed rivers flowing through its midst and placed firmly embedded mountains on it and set a barrier between the two seas. Is there another god besides Allah? No indeed, but most of them do not know it! (27:61)

You will see the mountains you reckoned to be solid going past like clouds–the handiwork of Allah Who gives to everything its solidity. He is aware of what you do. (27:88)

It is Allah Who created the heavens with no support–you can see them–and cast firmly embedded mountains on the earth so that it would not move under you, and scattered about in it creatures of every kind. And We send down water from the sky and make every generous species grow in it. (31:10)

We offered the Trust to the heavens, the earth and the mountains but they refused to take it on and shrank from it. But man took it on. He is indeed wrongdoing and ignorant. (33:72)

We gave Dawud great favour from Us: ‘O mountains and birds! Echo with him in his praise!’ And We made iron malleable for him. (34:10)

Do you not see that Allah sends down water from the sky and by it We bring forth fruits of varying colours? And in the mountains there are streaks of white and red, of varying shades, and rocks of deep jet black. (35:27)

We subjected the mountains to glorify with him in the evening and at sunrise. (38:18)

He placed firmly embedded mountains on it, towering over it, and blessed it and measured out its nourishment in it, laid out for those who seek it–all in four days. (41:10)

Among His Signs are the tall ships sailing like mountains through the sea. (42:32)

And the earth: how We stretched it out and cast firmly embedded mountains onto it and caused luxuriant plants of every kind to grow in it. (50:7)

On the Day when heaven sways to and fro and the mountains shift about. (52:9-10)

His, too, are the ships sailing like mountain peaks on the sea. (55:24)

When the earth is convulsed and the mountains are crushed. (56:4-5)

If We Had sent down this Qur’an onto a mountain, you would have seen it humbled, crushed to pieces out of fear of Allah. We make such examples for people so that hopefully they will reflect. (59:21)

So when the Trumpet is blown with a single blast, and the earth and the mountains are lifted and crushed with a single blow. (69:13-14)

On the Day the sky is like molten brass and the mountains like tufts of coloured wool. (70:8-9)

On the Day the earth and mountains shake and the mountains become like shifting dunes. (73:14)

When the mountains are pulverised. (77:10)

Did We not place firmly embedded mountains in it, soaring high into the air, and give you sweet fresh water to drink? (77:27)

Have We not made the earth a flat carpet and the mountains its pegs? (78:6-7)

The Day the Trumpet is blown and you come in droves, and heaven is opened and becomes doorways, and the mountains are shifted and become a mirage. (78:18-20)

And (He) made the mountains firm. (79:32)

When the mountains are set in motion. (81:3)

And (have they not looked) at the mountains–how they were embedded? (88:19)

It is the Day when mankind will be like scattered moths and the mountains like tufts of coloured wool. (101:4-5)

MUHAJIRUN (SEE MIGRANTS)

MUHAMMAD (SAAS) (PROPHETHOOD OF)

We have sent you with the Truth (the Qur'an), bringing good news and giving warning. Do not ask about the inhabitants of the Blazing Fire. (2:119)

Those are Allah’s Signs which We recite to you with truth. You are indeed one of the Messengers. (2:252)

We have sent down the Book to you with the truth so that you can judge between people according to what Allah has shown to you. But do not be an advocate for the treacherous. (4:105)

O Messenger! Transmit what has been sent down to you from your Lord. If you do not do it you will not have transmitted His Message. Allah will protect you from people. Allah does not guide the people of the disbelievers. (5:67)

Say: ‘Mankind! I am the Messenger of Allah to you all, of Him to Whom the kingdom of the heavens and earth belongs. There is no god but Him. He gives life and causes to die.’ So believe in Allah and His Messenger, the Ummi, who believes in Allah and His words, and follow him so that hopefully you will be guided. (7:158)

We do not send the Messengers except to bring good news and to give warning. As for those who believe and put things right, they will feel no fear and will know no sorrow. (6:48)

Say: ‘Am I to take anyone other than Allah as my protector, the Bringer into Being of the heavens and the earth, He Who feeds and is not fed?’ Say: ‘I am commanded to be the first of the Muslims,’ and, ‘Do not be among the idolaters.’ (6:14)

‘Do not worship anyone but Allah! I am a warner and bringer of good news to you from Him.’  (11:2)

Those who disbelieve say, ‘If only a Sign could be sent down to him from his Lord!’ You are only a warner and to every people a guide. (13:7)

On that Day We will raise up among every community a witness against them from amongst themselves, and bring you as a witness against them. We have sent down the Book to you making all things clear and as guidance and mercy and good news for the Muslims. (16:89)

Your Lord knows you best. If He wills, He will have mercy on you, and, if He wills, He will punish you. We did not send you to be their guardian. (17:54)

Say: ‘I am only a human being like yourselves. It is revealed to me that your god is One God. So let him who hopes to meet his Lord act rightly and not associate anyone in the worship of his Lord.’ (18:110)

We have only sent you as a mercy to all the worlds. (21:107)

Say: ‘Mankind, I am only a clear warner to you.’ (22:49)

We sent you only to bring good news and to give warning. (25:56)

(Say:) ‘I have simply been ordered to worship the Lord of this land which He has declared sacred–everything belongs to Him–and I have been ordered to be one of the Muslims and to recite the Qur’an.’ Whoever is guided is only guided to his own good; if someone is misguided just say, ‘I am only a warner.’ (27:91-92)

Muhammad is not the father of any of your men, but the Messenger of Allah and the Final Seal of the Prophets. Allah has knowledge of all things. (33:40)

O Prophet! We have sent you as a witness, and a bringer of good news and a warner, and a caller to Allah by His permission and a light-giving lamp. Give good news to the believers that they will receive immense favour from Allah. (33:45-47)

We only sent you for the whole of mankind, bringing good news and giving warning. But most of mankind do not know it. (34:28)

We have sent you with the truth bringing good news and giving warning. There is no community to which a warner has not come. (35:24)

(I swear) by the Wise Qur’an. Truly you are one of the Messengers on a Straight Path. The revelation of the Almighty, the Most Merciful so that you may warn a people whose fathers were not warned and who are therefore unaware. (36:2-6)

We did not teach him poetry nor would it be right for him. It is simply a reminder and a clear Qur’an. (36:69)

Say: ‘I am only a warner. There is no god except Allah, the One, the All-Conquering, Lord of the heavens and the earth and everything between them, the Almighty, the Endlessly Forgiving.’ Say: ‘This is momentous news yet you ignore it! I knew nothing of the Highest Assembly when they debated. It is only revealed to me that I am a clear warner.’ (38:65-70)

As for those who take others besides Him as protectors, Allah takes care of them. You are not set over them as a guardian. (42:6)

Say: ‘I am nothing new among the Messengers. I have no idea what will be done with me or you. I only follow what has been revealed to me. I am only a clear warner.’ (46:9)

We have sent you bearing witness, bringing good news and giving warning so that you might all believe in Allah and His Messenger and honour Him and respect Him and glorify Him in the morning and the evening. (48:8-9)

MUHKAM VERSES (SEE VERSES THAT ARE THE CORE OF THE BOOK)

MULE

And horses, mules and donkeys both to ride and for adornment. And He creates other things you do not know. (16:8)

MU'MINUN (SEE BELIEVERS)

MUNAFIQUN (SEE HYPOCRITES)

MUSA (AS) (MOSES)

And when We allotted to Musa forty nights. Then you adopted the Calf when he had gone and you were wrongdoers. (2:51)

Then We pardoned you after that so that perhaps you would show thanks. (2:52)

Remember when We gave Musa the Book and discrimination so that perhaps you would be guided. (2:53)

And when Musa said to his people, ‘My people, You wronged yourselves by adopting the Calf so turn towards your Maker and kill yourselves. That is the best thing for you in your Maker’s sight.’ And He turned towards you. He is the Ever-Returning, the Most Merciful. (2:54)

And when you said, ‘Musa, we will not believe in you until we see Allah with our own eyes.’ So the thunder-bolt struck you dead while you were looking. (2:55)

Then We brought you back to life after your death, so that perhaps you would show thanks. (2:56)

And We shaded you with clouds and sent down manna and quails to you: ‘Eat of the good things We have provided for you.’ They did not wrong Us; rather it was themselves they were wronging. (2:57)

Remember when We said, ‘Go into this town and eat from it wherever you like, freely. Enter the gate prostrating and say, "Relieve us of our burdens!" Your mistakes will be forgiven. We will grant increase to all good-doers.’ (2:58)

But those who did wrong substituted words other than those they had been given. So We sent down a plague from heaven on those who did wrong because they were deviators. (2:59)

And when Musa was looking for water for his people, We said, ‘Strike the rock with your staff.’ Then twelve fountains gushed out from it and all the people knew their drinking place. ‘Eat and drink of Allah's provision and do not go about the earth corrupting it.’ (2:60)

And when you said, ‘Musa, we will not put up with just one kind of food so ask your Lord to supply to us some of what the earth produces–its green vegetables, cucumbers, grains, lentils and onions,’ he said, ‘Do you want to replace what is better with what is inferior? Go back to Egypt, then you will have what you are asking for.’ Abasement and destitution were stamped upon them. They brought down anger from Allah upon themselves. That was because they rejected Allah’s Signs and killed the Prophets without any right to do so. That was because they rebelled and went beyond the limits. (2:61)

Remember when We made the covenant with you and lifted up the Mount above your heads: ‘Take hold vigorously of what We have given you and pay heed to what is in it, so that hopefully you will guard against evil.’ (2:63)

Then after that you turned away, and were it not for Allah's favour to you and His mercy, you would have been among the lost. (2:64)

And when Musa said to his people, ‘Allah commands you to sacrifice a cow,’ they said, ‘What! Are you making a mockery of us?’ He said, ‘I seek refuge with Allah from being one of the ignorant!’ (2:67)

They said, ‘Ask your Lord to make it clear to us what it should be like.’ He said, ‘He says it should be a cow, not old or virgin, but somewhere between the two. So do as you have been told.’ (2:68)

They said, ‘Ask your Lord to make it clear to us what colour it should be.’ He said, ‘He says it should be a yellow cow, a pleasure to all who look.’ (2:69)

They said, ‘Ask your Lord to make it clear to us what it should be like. Cows are all much the same to us. Then, if Allah wills, we will be guided.’ (2:70)

He said, ‘He says it should be a cow not trained to plough or irrigate the fields–completely sound, without a blemish on it.’ They said, ‘Now you have brought the truth.’ So they sacrificed it–but they almost did not do it. (2:71)

We gave Musa the Book and sent a succession of Messengers after him. We gave ‘Isa, son of Maryam, the Clear Signs and reinforced him with the Purest Spirit. Why then, whenever a Messenger came to you with something your lower selves did not desire, did you grow arrogant, and deny some of them and murder others? (2:87)

They say, ‘Our hearts are uncircumcised.’ Rather, Allah has cursed them for their disbelief. Very few of them believe! (2:88)

Musa brought you the Clear Signs; then, after he left, you adopted the Calf and were wrongdoers. (2:92)

Remember when We made a covenant with you and lifted up the Mount above your heads: ‘Take hold vigorously of what We have given you and listen.’ They said, ‘We hear and disobey.’ They were made to drink the Calf into their hearts because of their disbelief. Say, ‘If you are believers, what an evil thing your faith has made you do.’ (2:93)

Or do you want to question your Messenger as Musa was questioned before? Anyone who exchanges faith for disbelief has definitely gone astray from the level way. (2:108)

Say, ‘We believe in Allah and what has been sent down to us and what was sent down to Ibrahim and Isma‘il and Ishaq and Ya‘qub and the Tribes, and what Musa and ‘Isa were given, and what all the Prophets were given by their Lord. We do not differentiate between any of them. We are Muslims submitted to Him.’ (2:136)

What do you think about the council of the tribe of Israel after Musa’s time when they said to one of their Prophets, ‘Give us a king and we will fight in the Way of Allah!’? He said, ‘Is it not possible that if fighting were prescribed for you, you would not fight?’ They said, ‘How could we not fight in the way of Allah when we have been driven from our homes and children?’ But then when fighting was prescribed for them, they turned their backs–except for a few of them. Allah knows the wrongdoers. (2:246)

The People of the Book will ask you to bring down a Book from heaven to them. They asked Musa for even more than that. They said, ‘Let us see Allah with our own eyes.’ So the lightning-bolt struck them down for their wrongdoing. Then they adopted the Calf after the Clear Signs had come to them, but We pardoned them for that and gave Musa clear authority. (4:153)

There are Messengers We have already told you about and Messengers We have not told you about; and Allah spoke directly to Musa. (4:164)

Remember when Musa said to his people, ‘My people! Remember Allah’s blessing to you when He appointed Prophets among you and appointed kings for you, and gave you what He had not given to anyone else in all the worlds! My people! Enter the Holy Land which Allah has ordained for you. Do not turn back in your tracks and so become transformed into losers.’ (5:20-21)

They said, ‘There are tyrants in it, Musa. We will not enter it until they leave. If they leave it, then we will go in.’ (5:22)

Two men among those who were afraid, but whom Allah had blessed, said, ‘Enter the gate against them! Once you have entered it, you will be victorious. Put your trust in Allah if you are believers.’ (5:23)

They said, ‘We will never enter it, Musa, as long as they are there. So you and your Lord go and fight. We will stay sitting here.’ (5:24)

He (Musa) said, ‘My Lord, I have no control over anyone but myself and my brother, so make a clear distinction between us and this deviant people.’ (5:25)

He said, ‘The land will be forbidden to them for forty years during which they will wander aimlessly about the earth. Do not waste grief on this deviant people.’ (5:26)

We gave him Ishaq and Ya‘qub, each of whom We guided. And before him We had guided Nuh. And among his descendants were Dawud and Sulayman, and Ayyub, Yusuf, Musa and Harun. That is how We recompense the good-doers.  (6:84)

They do not measure Allah with His true measure when they say, ‘Allah would not send down anything to a mere human being.’ Say: ‘Who, then, sent down the Book which Musa brought as a Light and Guidance for the people?’ You put it down on sheets of paper to display it while concealing much. You were taught things you did not know, neither you nor your forefathers. Say: ‘Allah!’ Then leave them engrossed in playing their games. (6:91)

Then We gave Musa the Book, complete and perfect for him who does good, elucidating everything, and a guidance and a mercy, so that hopefully they will believe in their encounter with their Lord. (6:154)

And then, after them, We sent Musa with Our Signs to Pharaoh and his ruling circle but they wrongfully rejected them. See the final fate of the corrupters! (7:103)

Musa said, ‘Pharaoh! I am truly a Messenger from the Lord of all the worlds, duty bound to say nothing about Allah except the truth. I have come to you with a Clear Sign from your Lord. So send the tribe of Israel away with me.’ (7:104-105)

He (Pharaoh) said, ‘If you have come with a Clear Sign produce it if you are telling the truth.’ (7:106)

So He threw down his staff and there it was, unmistakably a snake. (7:107)

The ruling circle of Pharaoh’s people said, ‘This is certainly a skilled magician who desires to expel you from your land, so what do you recommend?’ (7:109-110)

They said, ‘Detain him and his brother and send out marshals to the cities, to bring you all the skilled magicians.’ (7:111-112)

The magicians came to Pharaoh and they asked, ‘Will we receive a reward if we are the winners?’ (7:113)

He said, ‘Yes, and you will be among those brought near.’ (7:114)

They said, ‘Musa, will you throw first or shall we be the ones to throw?’ (7:115)

He (Musa) said, ‘You throw.’ And when they threw, they cast a spell on the people's eyes and caused them to feel great fear of them. They produced an extremely powerful magic. (7:116)

We revealed to Musa, ‘Throw down your staff.’ And it immediately swallowed up what they had forged. (7:117)

So the Truth took place and what they did was shown to be false. (7:118)

They were defeated then and there, transformed into humbled men. (7:119)

The magicians threw themselves down in prostration. (7:120)

They said, ‘We believe in the Lord of all the worlds, the Lord of Musa and Harun.’ (7:121-122)

Pharaoh said, ‘Have you believed in him before I authorised you to do so? This is just some plot you have concocted in the city to drive its people from it. I will cut off your alternate hands and feet and then I will crucify every one of you.’ (7:123-124)

They said, ‘We are returning to our Lord. You are only avenging yourself on us because we believed in our Lord’s Signs when they came to us. Our Lord, pour down steadfastness upon us and take us back to You as Muslims.’ (7:125-126)

The ruling circle of Pharaoh’s people said, ‘Are you going to leave Musa and his people to cause corruption in the earth and abandon you and your gods?’ He said, ‘We will kill their sons and let their women live. We have absolute power over them!’ (7:127)

Musa said to his people, ‘Seek help in Allah and be steadfast. The earth belongs to Allah. He bequeathes it to any of His servants He wills. The successful outcome is for those who guard against evil.’ (7:128)

They said, ‘We suffered harm before you came to us and after you came to us.’ He said, ‘It may well be that your Lord is going to destroy your enemy and make you the successors in the land so that He can see how you behave.’ (7:129)

We seized Pharaoh’s people with years of drought and scarcity of fruits so that hopefully they would pay heed. (7:130)

Whenever a good thing came to them, they said, ‘This is our due.’ But if anything bad happened to them, they would blame their ill fortune on Musa and those with him. No indeed! The ill fortune is theirs in Allah's sight. But most of them did not know. (7:131)

They said, ‘No matter what kind of Sign you bring us to bewitch us, we will not believe in you.’ (7:132)

So We sent down on them floods, locusts, lice, frogs and blood, Signs, clear and distinct, but they proved arrogant and were an evildoing people. (7:133)

Whenever the plague came down on them they said, ‘Musa, pray to your Lord for us by the contract He has with you. If you remove the plague from us, we will definitely believe in you and send the tribe of Israel away with you.’ (7:134)

But when We removed the plague from them–for a fixed term which they fulfilled–they broke their word. (7:135)

Then We took revenge on them and drowned them in the sea because they denied Our Signs and paid no attention to them. (7:136)

And We bequeathed to the people who had been oppressed the easternmost part of the land We had blessed, and its westernmost part as well. The most excellent Word of your Lord was fulfilled for the tribe of Israel on account of their steadfastness. And We utterly destroyed what Pharaoh and his people made and the buildings they constructed. (7:137)

We conveyed the tribe of Israel across the sea and they came upon some people who were devoting themselves to some idols which they had. They said, ‘Musa, give us a god just as these people have gods.’ He said, ‘You are indeed an ignorant people. What these people are doing is destined for destruction. What they are doing is purposeless.’ (7:138-139)

He said, ‘Should I seek something other than Allah as a god for you when He has favoured you over all other beings?’ (7:140)

Remember when We rescued you from Pharaoh’s people who were inflicting an evil punishment on you, killing your sons and letting your women live. In that there was a terrible trial from your Lord. (7:141)

We set aside thirty nights for Musa and then completed them with ten, so the appointed time of his Lord was forty nights in all. Musa said to his brother Harun, ‘Take my place among my people. Keep order and do not follow the way of the corrupters.’ (7:142)

When Musa came to Our appointed time and his Lord spoke to him, he said, ‘My Lord, show me Yourself so that I may look at You!’ He said, ‘You will not see Me, but look at the mountain. If it remains firm in its place, then you will see Me.’ But when His Lord manifested Himself to the mountain, He crushed it flat and Musa fell unconscious to the ground. When he regained consciousness he said, ‘Glory be to You! I repent to You and I am the first of the believers!’ (7:143)

He said, ‘Musa, I have chosen you over all mankind for My Message and My Word. Take what I have given you and be among the thankful.’ (7:144)

We wrote about everything for him on the Tablets as an admonition and making all things clear. ‘Seize hold of it vigorously and command your people to adopt the best in it. I will show you the home of the deviators!’ (7:145)

After he left, Musa’s people adopted a calf made from their ornaments, a form which made a lowing sound. Did they not see that it could not speak to them or guide them to any way? They adopted it and so they were wrongdoers. (7:148)

When they took full stock of what they had done and saw they had been misled, they said, ‘If our Lord does not have mercy on us and forgive us, we will certainly be among the lost.’ (7:149)

When Musa returned to his people in anger and great sorrow, he said, ‘What an evil thing you did in my absence after I left! Did you want to hasten your Lord’s command?’ He threw down the Tablets and seized hold of his brother’s head, dragging him towards him. Harun said, ‘Son of my mother, The people oppressed me and almost killed me. Do not give my enemies cause to gloat over me. Do not include me with the wrongdoing people.’ (7:150)

He (Musa) said, ‘My Lord, forgive me and my brother and admit us into Your mercy. You are the Most Merciful of the merciful.’ (7:151)

As for those who adopted the Calf, anger from their Lord will overtake them together with abasement in the life of this world. That is how We repay the purveyors of falsehood. (7:152)

But as for those who do evil actions and then subsequently repent and believe, in that case your Lord is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (7:153)

When Musa’s anger abated he picked up the Tablets and in their inscription was guidance and mercy for all of them who feared their Lord. (7:154)

Musa chose seventy men from his people for Our appointed time and when the earthquake seized them he said, ‘My Lord, if You had willed, You could have destroyed them previously and me as well. Would you destroy us for what the fools among us did? It was only a trial from You by which You misguided those You willed and guided those You willed. You are our Protector so forgive us and have mercy on us. You are the Best of Forgivers. Prescribe good for us in this world and the hereafter. We have truly turned to You.’ He said, ‘As for My punishment, I strike with it anyone I will. My mercy extends to all things but I will prescribe it for those who guard against evil and give the alms, and those who believe in Our Signs: those who follow the Messenger, the Ummi, whom they find written down with them in the Torah and the Gospel, commanding them to do right and forbidding them to do wrong, making good things lawful for them and bad things forbidden for them, relieving them of their heavy loads and the chains which were around them. Those who believe in him and honour him and help him, and follow the Light that has been sent down with him, they are the ones who are successful.’ (7:155-157)

Say: ‘Mankind! I am the Messenger of Allah to you all, of Him to Whom the kingdom of the heavens and earth belongs. There is no god but Him. He gives life and causes to die.’ So believe in Allah and His Messenger, the Ummi, who believes in Allah and His words, and follow him so that hopefully you will be guided. (7:158)

Among the people of Musa there is a group who guide by the truth and act justly in accordance with it. (7:159)

We divided them up into twelve tribes–communities. We revealed to Musa, when his people asked him for water: ‘Strike the rock with your staff.’ Twelve fountains flowed out from it and all the people knew their drinking place. And We shaded them with clouds and sent down manna and quails to them: ‘Eat of the good things We have provided you with.’ They did not wrong Us; rather it was themselves they wronged. (7:160)

When they were told: ‘Live in this town and eat of it wherever you like and say, "Relieve us of our burdens!" and enter the gate prostrating. Your mistakes will be forgiven you. We will grant increase to good-doers.’ (7:161)

But those of them who did wrong substituted words other than those they had been given. So We sent a plague on them from heaven for their wrongdoing. (7:162)

Then after them We sent Musa and Harun with Our Signs to Pharaoh and his ruling circle, but they were arrogant and were a people of evildoers. (10:75)

When the truth came to them from Us, they said, ‘This is downright magic!’ (10:76)

Musa said, ‘Do you say to the truth when it comes to you, "This is magic"? Magicians are not successful.’ (10:77)

They said, ‘Have you come to us to turn us from what we found our fathers doing, and to gain greatness in the land? We do not believe you.’ (10:78)

Pharaoh said, ‘Bring me every knowledgeable magician.’ (10:79)

When the magicians came, Musa said to them, ‘Throw whatever you have to throw!’ (10:80)

When they had thrown, Musa said, ‘What you have brought is magic. Allah will certainly prove it false. Allah does not uphold the actions of corrupters.’ (10:81)

Allah confirms the Truth by His words, even though the evildoers hate it. (10:82)

No one believed in Musa except for a few of his people out of fear that Pharaoh, and the elders, would persecute them. Pharaoh was high and mighty in the land. He was one of the profligate. (10:83)

Musa said, ‘My people! If you believe in Allah, then put your trust in Him, if you are Muslims.’ (10:84)

They said, ‘We have put our trust in Allah. Our Lord, Do not make us a target for this wrongdoing people, and rescue us, by Your mercy, from this disbelieving people!’ (10:85-86)

We revealed to Musa and his brother: ‘Settle your people in houses in Egypt and make your houses places of worship and perform prayer and give good news to the believers.’ (10:87)

Musa said, ‘Our Lord, You have given Pharaoh and his ruling circle finery and wealth in the life of this world, Our Lord, so that they may be misguided from Your Way. Our Lord, obliterate their wealth and harden their hearts so that they do not believe until they see the painful punishment.’ (10:88)

He said, ‘Your request is answered, so go straight and do not follow the way of those who have no knowledge.’ (10:89)

We brought the tribe of Israel across the sea and Pharaoh and his troops pursued them out of tyranny and enmity. Then, when he was on the point of drowning, he said, ‘I believe that there is no god but Him in Whom the tribe of Israel believe. I am one of the Muslims.’ (10:90)

‘What, now! When previously you rebelled and were one of the corrupters? Today We will preserve your body so you can be a Sign for people who come after you. Surely many people are heedless of Our Signs.’ (10:91-92)

We settled the tribe of Israel in a noble place and gave them good things as provision. They did not differ until knowledge came to them. Your Lord will decide between them on the Day of Rising regarding the things about which they differed. (10:93)

We sent Musa with Our Signs and clear authority. (11:96)

We gave Musa the Book and people differed concerning it and had it not been for a prior Word from your Lord, it would already have been decided between them. They are indeed in grave doubt about it. (11:110)

We sent Musa with Our Signs: ‘Bring your people from the darkness to the light and remind them of the Days of Allah.’ There are certainly Signs in that for everyone who is steadfast, thankful. (14:5)

Remember when Musa said to his people, ‘Remember Allah’s blessing to you when He rescued you from the people of Pharaoh. They were inflicting an evil punishment on you, slaughtering your sons and letting your women live. In that there was a terrible trial from your Lord. And when your Lord announced: "If you are grateful, I will certainly give you increase, but if you are ungrateful, My punishment is severe."’ (14:6-7)

Musa said, ‘If you were to be ungrateful, you and everyone on the earth, Allah is Rich Beyond Need, Praiseworthy.’ (14:8)

We gave Musa the Book and made it guidance for the tribe of Israel: ‘Do not take anyone besides Me as a guardian.’ (17:2)

We gave Musa nine Clear Signs. Ask the tribe of Israel about when he came to them and Pharaoh said to him, ‘Musa, I think you are bewitched.’ (17:101)

He said, ‘You know that no one sent these down but the Lord of the heavens and earth to be clear proofs. Pharaoh, I think you are destroyed.’ (17:102)

He wanted to scare them from the land but We drowned him and every one of those with him. (17:103)

We said to the tribe of Israel after that, ‘Inhabit the land and, when the promise of the hereafter comes, We will produce you as a motley crowd.’ (17:104)

Remember when Musa said to his servant, ‘I will not give up until I reach the meeting-place of the two seas, even if I must press on for many years.’ (18:60)

But when they reached their meeting-place, they forgot their fish which quickly burrowed its way into the sea. (18:61)

When they had gone a distance further on, he said to his servant, ‘Bring us our morning meal. Truly this journey of ours has made us tired.’ (18:62)

He said, ‘Do you see what has happened? When we went to find shelter at the rock, I forgot the fish. No one made me forget to remember it except Satan. It found its way into the sea in an amazing way.’ (18:63)

He said, ‘That is the very thing that we were looking for!’ So, following their footsteps, they retraced their route. (18:64)

They found a servant of Ours whom We had granted mercy from Us and whom We had also given knowledge direct from Us. (18:65)

Musa said to him, ‘May I follow you on condition that you teach me some of the right guidance you have been taught?’ (18:66)

He said, ‘You will not be able to bear with me. How indeed could you bear with patience something you have not encompassed in your knowledge?’ (18:67-68)

Musa said, ‘You will find me patient, if Allah wills, and I will not disobey you in any matter.’ (18:69)

He said, ‘Then if you follow me, do not question me about anything until I myself make mention of it to you.’ (18:70)

They continued until they boarded a boat and he scuppered it. Then Musa said, ‘Did you scupper it so that its owners would be drowned? This is truly a dreadful thing that you have done!’ (18:71)

He said, ‘Did I not say that you would not be able to bear with me?’ (18:72)

Musa said, ‘Do not take me to task because I forgot. Do not demand of me something which is too difficult.’ (18:73)

So they went on until they met a youngster whom he killed. Musa said, ‘Have you killed a boy who has done no wrong, without it being in retaliation for someone else? This is truly an appalling thing that you have done!’ (18:74)

He said, ‘Did I not tell you that you would not be able to bear with me?’ (18:75)

Musa said, ‘If I ask you about anything after this, then you should no longer keep me company. I will have given you excuse enough.’ (18:76)

So they went on until they reached the inhabitants of a town. They asked them for food but they refused them hospitality. They found there a wall about to fall down and he built it up. Musa said, ‘If you had wanted, you could have taken a wage for doing that.’ (18:77)

He said, ‘This is where you and I part company. I will let you know the explanation of those things about which you were not able to restrain yourself. As for the boat, it belonged to some poor people who worked on the sea. I wanted to damage it because a king was coming behind them, commandeering every boat. As for the boy, his parents were believers and we feared that he would darken their days with excessive insolence and disbelief. We wanted their Lord to give them in exchange a purer son than him, one more compassionate. As for the wall, it belonged to two young orphans in the town and there was a treasure underneath it, belonging to them. Their father was one of the righteous and your Lord wanted them to come of age and then to unearth their treasure as a mercy from Him. I did not do it of my own volition. That is the explanation of the things about which you were not able to restrain yourself.’ (18:78-82)

Mention Musa in the Book. He was truly sincere and was a Messenger and a Prophet. (19:51)

Has the story of Musa not reached you? (20:9)

When he saw a fire and said to his family, ‘Wait here. I can make out a fire. Maybe I will bring you a brand from it, or will find guidance there.’ (20:10)

Then when he reached it, a voice called out, ‘Musa! I am your Lord. Take off your sandals. You are in the holy valley of Tuwa. I have chosen you, so listen well to what is revealed. I am Allah. There is no god but Me, so worship Me and perform prayer to remember Me. The Hour is coming but I have concealed it so that every self can be repaid for its efforts. Do not let those who have no faith in it and follow their whims and desires debar you from it or you will be destroyed. What is that in your right hand, Musa?’ (20:11-17)

He said, ‘It is my staff. I lean on it and beat down leaves for my sheep with it and have other uses for it.’ (20:18)

He said, ‘Throw it down, Musa.’ (20:19)

He threw it down and suddenly it was a slithering snake. (20:20)

He said, ‘Take hold of it and have no fear. We will return it to its original form. Put your hand under your arm and press it to your side. It will emerge pure white yet quite unharmed, another Sign. In this way We show you some of Our greatest Signs. Go to Pharaoh. He has overstepped the bounds.’ (20:21-24)

He said, ‘O Lord, expand my breast for me and make my task easy for me. Loosen the knot in my tongue so that they will understand my words. Assign me a helper from my family, my brother Harun. Strengthen my back by him and let him share in my task, so that we can glorify You much and remember You much, for You are watching us.’ (20:25-35)

He said, ‘Your request has been granted, Musa. We were gracious to you another time when We revealed to your mother: "Place him into the box and throw it into the sea and the sea will wash it up on the shore, where an enemy of Mine and his will pick it up." I showered you with love from Me so that you would be brought up under My supervision. When your sister went and said, "Shall I direct you to someone who will take care of him?", that was how We returned you to your mother so that she might delight her eyes and not be grieved. You killed a man and We rescued you from trouble and tested you with many trials. You stayed some years among the people of Madyan. Then you arrived at the pre-ordained time, Musa! I have chosen you for Myself. Go, you and your brother, with My Signs and do not slacken in remembering Me. Go to Pharaoh; he has overstepped the bounds. But speak to him with gentle words so that hopefully he will pay heed or show some fear.’ (20:36-44)

They said, ‘Our Lord, we are afraid that he might persecute us or overstep the bounds.’ (20:45)

He said, ‘Have no fear. I will be with you, All-Hearing and All-Seeing. Go to him and say, "We are your Lord’s Messengers so send the tribe of Israel away with us and do not punish them. We have brought you a Sign from your Lord. Peace be upon those who follow the guidance. It has been revealed to us that punishment is for him who denies the truth and turns away."’ (20:46-48)

Pharaoh said, ‘Who then is your Lord, Musa?’ (20:49)

He said, ‘Our Lord is He Who gives each thing its created form and then guides it.’ (20:50)

He (Pharaoh) said, ‘What about the previous generations?’ (20:51)

He said, ‘Knowledge of them is with my Lord in a Book. My Lord does not misplace nor does He forget.’ (20:52)

It is He Who made the earth a cradle for you and threaded pathways for you through it and sent down water from the sky by which We have brought forth various different types of plants. (20:53)

Eat and pasture your cattle. Certainly there are Signs in that for people of sound intellect. (20:54)

From it We created you, to it We will return you, and from it We will bring you forth a second time. (20:55)

We showed him all of Our Signs, but he denied and spurned them. (20:56)

He said, ‘Have you come to us to expel us from our land by means of your magic, Musa? We will bring you magic to match it. So fix a time between us and you which neither we nor you will fail to keep at a place where we can meet halfway.’ (20:57-58)

He (Musa) said, ‘Your time is the day of the Festival. The people should gather in the morning.’ (20:59)

So Pharaoh went away and concocted his scheme and then he arrived. (20:60)

Musa said to them, ‘Woe to you! Do not fabricate lies against Allah or He will annihilate you with His punishment. Fabricators of lies are bound to fail.’ (20:61)

They argued among themselves about the matter and had a secret conference. (20:62)

They said, ‘These two magicians desire by their magic to expel you from your land and abolish your most excellent way of life, so decide on your scheme and then arrive together in force. He who gains the upper hand today will definitely prosper.’ (20:63-64)

They said, ‘Musa, will you throw or shall we be the first to throw?’ (20:65)

He (Musa) said, ‘No, you throw!’ And suddenly their ropes and staffs appeared to him, by their magic, to be slithering about. (20:66)

Musa experienced in himself a feeling of alarm. (20:67)

We said, ‘Have no fear. You will have the upper hand. Throw down what is in your right hand. It will swallow up their handiwork. Their handiwork is just a magician’s trick. Magicians do not prosper wherever they go.’ (20:68-69)

The magicians threw themselves down in prostration. They said, ‘We believe in the Lord of Harun and Musa.’ (20:70)

Pharaoh said, ‘Do you believe in him before I have authorised you? He is your chief, the one who taught you magic. I will cut off your hands and feet alternately and have you crucified on palm trunks. Then you will know for certain which of us has the harsher and longer lasting punishment.’ (20:71)

They said, ‘We will never prefer you to the Clear Signs which have come to us nor to Him Who brought us into being. Decide on any judgment you like. Your jurisdiction only covers the life of this world. We have believed in our Lord so that He may forgive us for our mistakes and for the magic which you forced us to perform. Allah is better and longer lasting.’ (20:72-73)

As for those who come to their Lord as evildoers, they will have Hell where they will neither die nor stay alive. (20:74)

But as for those who come to Him as believers, having done right actions, they will have the highest ranks: Gardens of Eden with rivers flowing under them, remaining in them timelessly, for ever. That is the reward of those who purify themselves. (20:75-76)

We revealed to Musa, ‘Travel with My servants by night. Strike a dry path for them through the sea. Have no fear of being overtaken and do not be afraid.’ (20:77)

Pharaoh pursued them with his troops and the sea overwhelmed them utterly. (20:78)

Pharaoh misguided his people. He was no guide. (20:79)

Tribe of Israel! We rescued you from your enemy and made an appointment with you on the right hand side of the Mount and sent down manna and quails for you. (20:80)

Eat of the good things We have provided for you but do not go to excess in it or My anger will be unleashed on you. Anyone who has My anger unleashed on him has plunged to his ruin. (20:81)

But I am Ever-Forgiving to anyone who repents and believes and acts rightly and then is guided. (20:82)

‘Why have you hurried on ahead of your people, Musa?’ (20:83)

He (Musa) said, ‘They are following in my tracks. I have hurried on ahead to you, My Lord, to gain Your good pleasure.’ (20:84)

He said, ‘We tried your people after you left and the Samaritan has misguided them.’ (20:85)

Musa returned to his people in anger and great sorrow. He said, ‘My people, did not your Lord make you a handsome promise? Did the fulfilment of the contract seem too long to you or did you want to unleash your Lord’s anger upon yourselves, so you broke your promise to me?’ (20:86)

They said, ‘We did not break our promise to you of our own volition. But we were weighed down with the heavy loads of the people’s jewelry and we threw them in, for that is what the Samaritan did.’ (20:87)

Then he produced a calf for them, a physical form which made a lowing sound. So they said, ‘This is your god–and Musa’s god as well, but he forgot.’ (20:88)

Could they not see that it did not reply to them and that it possessed no power to either harm or benefit them? (20:89)

Harun had earlier said to them, ‘My people! It is just a trial for you. Your Lord is the All-Merciful, so follow me and obey my command!’ (20:90)

They said, ‘We will not stop devoting ourselves to it until Musa returns to us.’ (20:91)

He (Musa) said, ‘What prevented you following me, Harun, when you saw that they had gone astray? Did you too, then, disobey my command?’ (20:92-93)

He (Harun) said, ‘Son of my mother! Do not seize me by the beard or by the hair. I was afraid that you would say, "You have caused division in the tribe of Israel and taken no notice to anything I said."’ (20:94)

He (Musa) said, ‘What do you think you were doing, Samaritan?’ (20:95)

He (Samaritan) said, ‘I saw what they did not see. So I gathered up a handful from the Messenger’s footprints and threw it in. That is what my inner self urged me to do.’ (20:96)

He (Musa) said, ‘Go! In this world you will have to say, "Untouchable!" And you have an appointment which you will not fail to keep. Look at your god to which you devoted so much time. We will burn it up and then scatter it as dust into the sea. Your god is Allah alone, there is no god but Him. He encompasses all things in His knowledge.’ (20:97-98)

We gave to Musa and Harun the Discrimination and a Shining Light and a Reminder for the heedful. (21:48)

Then We sent Musa and his brother Harun with Our Signs and clear authority to Pharaoh and his ruling circle. But they were proud and were a haughty people. (23:45-46)

They said, ‘What! Should we believe in two human beings like ourselves when their people are our slaves?’ (23:47)

They denied them and so they were destroyed. (23:48)

We gave Musa the Book so that perhaps they would be guided. (23:49)

We said, ‘Go to the people who have denied Our Signs,’ and We annihilated them completely. (25:36)

When your Lord called out to Musa: ‘Go to the wrongdoing people, the people of Pharaoh. Will they not guard against evil?’ (26:10-11)

He said, ‘My Lord, I fear they will deny me and that my breast will be constricted and that my tongue will not be free, so send Harun as a Messenger as well. They hold a wrong action against me and I fear that they may kill me.’ (26:12-14)

He said, ‘By no means! Go, both of you, with Our Signs. We will certainly be together with you, listening. Go to Pharaoh and say, "We are the Messenger of the Lord of all the worlds to tell you to send the tribe of Israel away with us."’ (26:15-17)

He (Pharaoh) said, ‘Did we not bring you up among us as a child and did you not spend many years of your life among us? Yet you did the deed you did and were ungrateful.’ (26:18-19)

He (Musa) said, ‘At the time I did it I was one of the misguided and so I fled from you when I was in fear of you but my Lord gave me right judgement and made me one of the Messengers. And anyway you can only reproach me with this favour because you made the tribe of Israel into slaves!’ (26:20-22)

Pharaoh said, ‘What is the Lord of all the worlds?’ (26:23)

He said, ‘The Lord of the heavens and the earth and everything between them if you knew for sure.’ (26:24)

He said to those around him, ‘Are you listening?’ (26:25)

He (Musa) said, ‘Your Lord and the Lord of your forefathers, the previous peoples.’ (26:26)

He (Pharaoh) said, ‘This Messenger, who has been sent to you, is mad.’ (26:27)

He (Musa) said, ‘The Lord of the East and the West and everything between them if you used your intellect.’ (26:28)

He (Pharaoh) said, ‘If you take any god other than me, I will certainly throw you into prison.’ (26:29)

He (Musa) said, ‘Even if I were to bring you something undeniable?’ (26:30)

He (Pharaoh) said, ‘Produce it then if you are someone telling the truth.’ (26:31)

So He threw down his staff and there it was, unmistakably a snake. (26:32)

And he drew out his hand and there it was, pure white to those who looked. (26:33)

He (Pharaoh) said to the High Council round about him, ‘This certainly is a skilled magician who desires by his magic to expel you from your land, so what do you recommend?’ (26:34-35)

They said, ‘Detain him and his brother and send out marshals to the cities, to bring you all the skilled magicians.’ (26:36-37)

So the magicians were assembled for a meeting on a specified day. (26:38)

The people were asked, ‘Are you all assembled so we can follow the magicians if they are the winners?’ (26:39-40)

When the magicians came, they said to Pharaoh, ‘Will we be rewarded if we are the winners?’ (26:41)

He said, ‘Yes, and in that case you will be among those brought near.’ (26:42)

Musa said to them, ‘Throw whatever it is you are going to throw!’ (26:43)

They threw down their ropes and staffs and said, ‘By the might of Pharaoh we are the winners.’  (26:44)

But Musa threw down his staff and at once it swallowed up what they had fabricated. (26:45)

The magicians threw themselves down, prostrating. (26:46)

They said, ‘We believe in the Lord of all the worlds, the Lord of Musa and Harun.’ (26:47-48)

He (Pharaoh) said, ‘Have you believed in him before I authorised you? He is your chief who taught you magic. But you will soon know! I will cut off your alternate hands and feet and I will crucify every one of you.’ (26:49)

They said, ‘We do not care! We are returning to our Lord. We remain hopeful that our Lord will forgive us our mistakes for being the first of the believers.’ (26:50-51)

We revealed to Musa: ‘Travel with Our servants by night. You will certainly be pursued.’ (26:52)

Pharaoh sent marshals into the cities: ‘These people are a small group and they are raging furiously against us and we constitute a vigilant majority.’ (26:53-56)

We expelled them from gardens and springs, from treasures and a splendid situation. (26:57-58)

So it was! And We bequeathed them to the tribe of Israel. (26:59)

So they (Pharaoh and his troops) pursued them towards the east. (26:60)

And when the two hosts came into sight of one another, Musa’s companions said, ‘We will surely be overtaken!’ (26:61)

He (Musa) said, ‘Never! My Lord is with me and He will guide me.’ (26:62)

So We revealed to Musa, ‘Strike the sea with your staff.’ And it split in two, each part like a towering cliff. (26:63)

And We brought the others right up to it. (26:64)

We rescued Musa and all those who were with him. (26:65)

Then We drowned the rest. (26:66)

There is certainly a Sign in that yet most of them are not believers. (26:67)

When Musa said to his people, ‘I can make out a fire. I will bring you news from it or at least a burning brand so that hopefully you will be able to warm yourselves.’ (27:7)

But when he reached it, a voice called out to him, ‘Blessed be Him who is in the Fire and all who are around it. Glory be to Allah, the Lord of all the worlds! Musa, I am Allah, the Almighty, the All-Wise. Throw down your staff.’ Then when he saw it slithering like a snake he turned and fled and did not turn back again. ‘Have no fear, Musa. In My Presence the Messengers have no fear–except for one who did wrong; and if he then changes evil into good, I am Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. Put your hand inside your shirt front. It will emerge pure white, yet quite unharmed–one of nine Signs to Pharaoh and his people. They are a people of deviators.’ (27:8-12)

When Our Signs came to them in all their clarity, they said, ‘This is downright magic,’ and they repudiated them wrongly and haughtily, in spite of their own certainty about them. See the final fate of the corrupters. (27:13-14)

We recite to you with truth some news of Musa and Pharaoh for people who believe. (28:3)

Pharaoh exalted himself arrogantly in the land and divided its people into camps, oppressing one group of them by slaughtering their sons and letting their women live. He was one of the corrupters. (28:4)

We desired to show kindness to those who were oppressed in the land and to make them leaders and make them inheritors and establish them firmly in the land and to show Pharaoh and Haman and their troops the very thing that they were fearing from them. (28:5-6)

We revealed to Musa’s mother, ‘Suckle him and then when you fear for him cast him into the sea. Do not fear or grieve; We will return him to you and make him one of the Messengers.’ (28:7)

The family of Pharaoh picked him up so that he might be an enemy and a source of grief to them. Certainly Pharaoh and Haman and their troops were in the wrong. (28:8)

The wife of Pharaoh said, ‘A source of delight for me and for you; do not kill him. It may well be that he will be of use to us or perhaps we could adopt him as a son.’ They were not aware. (28:9)

Musa’s mother felt a great emptiness in her heart and she almost gave him away; only We fortified her heart so that she would be one of the believers. (28:10)

She said to his sister, ‘Go after him.’ And she kept an eye on him from afar and they were not aware. (28:11)

We first made wet-nurses forbidden for him, so she said, ‘Shall I show you to a household who will feed him for you and be good to him?’ (28:12)

That is how We returned him to his mother so that she might delight her eyes and feel no grief and so that she would know that Allah’s promise is true. But most of them do not know this. (28:13)

And when he reached his full strength and maturity, We gave him judgement and knowledge. That is how We recompense good-doers. (28:14)

He (Musa) entered the city at a time when its inhabitants were unaware and found two men fighting there–one from his party and the other from his enemy. The one from his party asked for his support against the other from his enemy. So Musa hit him, dealing him a fatal blow. He said, ‘This is part of Satan’s handiwork. He truly is an outright and misleading enemy.’ (28:15)

He said, ‘My Lord, I have wronged myself. Forgive me.’ So He forgave him. He is the Ever-Forgiving, the Most Merciful. (28:16)

He said, ‘My Lord, because of Your blessing to me, I will never be a supporter of evildoers.’  (28:17)

Morning found him in the city, fearful and on his guard. Then suddenly the man who had sought his help the day before, shouted for help from him again. Musa said to him, ‘You are clearly a misguided man.’ (28:18)

But when he was about to grab the man who was their common enemy, he said, ‘Musa! Do you want to kill me just as you killed a person yesterday? You only want to be a tyrant in the land; you do not want to be a reformer.’ (28:19)

A man came running from the furthest part of the city, saying, ‘Musa, the Council are conspiring to kill you, so leave! I am someone who brings you good advice.’ (28:20)

So he left there fearful and on his guard, saying, ‘My Lord, rescue me from the people of the wrongdoers!’ (28:21)

When turned his face in the direction of Madyan, he said, ‘Hopefully my Lord will guide me to the right way.’ (28:22)

When he arrived at the water of Madyan, he found a crowd of people drawing water there. Standing apart from them, he found two women, holding back their sheep. He said, ‘What are you two doing here?’ They said, ‘We cannot draw water until the shepherds have driven off their sheep. You see our father is a very old man.’ (28:23)

So he drew water for them and then withdrew into the shade and said, ‘My Lord, I am truly in need of any good You have in store for me.’ (28:24)

One of them came walking shyly up to him and said, ‘My father invites you so that he can pay you your wage for drawing water for us.’ When he came to him and told him the whole story he said, ‘Have no fear, you have escaped from wrongdoing people.’ (28:25)

One of them said, ‘Hire him, father. The best person to hire is someone strong and trustworthy.’ (28:26)

He (their father) said, ‘I would like to marry you to one of these two daughters of mine on condition that you work for me for eight full years. If you complete ten, that is up to you. I do not want to be hard on you. You will find me, Allah willing, to be one of the righteous.’ (28:27)

He (Musa) said, ‘That is agreed between me and you. Whichever of the two terms I fulfil, there should be no bad feeling towards me. Allah is Guardian over what we say.’ (28:28)

When Musa had fulfilled the appointed term and had set off with his family, he noticed a fire from one side of the Mount. He said to his family, ‘Stay here, I can see a fire. Hopefully I will bring you back some news from it or a burning branch from the fire so that you will be able to warm yourselves.’ (28:29)

But when he reached it a voice called out to him from the right hand side of the valley in the part which was full of blessing, from out of the bush: ‘Musa, I am Allah, the Lord of all the worlds. Throw down your staff!’ Then when he saw it slithering like a snake he turned and fled and did not turn back again. ‘Musa, approach and have no fear! You are one of those who are secure. Put your hand inside your shirt front. It will emerge pure white yet quite unharmed. And hug your arms to your sides to still your fear. These are two proofs from your Lord for Pharaoh and his ruling circle. They are a deviant people.’ (28:30-32)

He said, ‘My Lord, I killed one of them and I am afraid they will kill me; and my brother Harun is more eloquent than me so send him with me to support me and back me up. I am afraid they will call me a liar.’ (28:33-34)

He said, ‘We will reinforce you with your brother and by Our Signs will give you both authority, so that they will not be able to lay a hand on you. You and those who follow you will be the victors.’ (28:35)

But when Musa brought them Our Clear Signs they said, ‘This is nothing but trumped-up magic. We never heard anything like this among our earlier forefathers.’ (28:36)

Musa said, ‘My Lord knows best who has come with guidance from Him and who will have the best Home in the end. The wrongdoers will certainly not be successful.’ (28:37)

Pharaoh said, ‘Council, I do not know of any other god for you apart from Me. Haman, kindle a fire for me over the clay and build me a lofty tower so that perhaps I may be able to climb up to Musa’s god! I consider him a blatant liar.’ (28:38)

He and his troops were arrogant in the land without any right. They thought that they would not return to Us. (28:39)

So We seized him and his troops and flung them into the sea. See the final fate of the wrongdoers! (28:40)

We made them leaders, summoning to the Fire, and on the Day of Rising they will not be helped. (28:41)

We pursued them with a curse in this world and on the Day of Rising they will be hideous and spurned. (28:42)

We gave Musa the Book after destroying the earlier nations, to awaken people’s hearts and as a guidance and a mercy so that hopefully they would pay heed. (28:43)

You were not on the western side when We gave Musa the command. You were not a witness. (28:44)

Yet We produced further generations and ages passed. Nor did you live among the people of Madyan and recite Our Signs to them, yet We have sent you news of them. (28:45)

Nor were you on the side of the Mount when We called, yet it is a mercy from your Lord so that you can warn a people to whom no warner came before, so that hopefully they will pay heed. (28:46)

If a disaster had struck them because of what they had already done, they would have said, ‘Our Lord, why did You not send us a Messenger so that we could have followed Your Signs and been believers?’ (28:47)

But when the truth did come to them from Us they said, ‘Why has he not been given the same as Musa was given?’ But did they not previously reject what Musa was given? They say, ‘Two magicians who back each other up.’ And they say, ‘We reject both of them.’ (28:48)

Qarun was one of the people of Musa but he lorded it over them. We gave him treasures, the keys alone to which were a heavy weight for a party of strong men. When his people said to him, ‘Do not gloat. Allah does not love people who gloat.’ (28:76)

And Qarun and Pharaoh and Haman–Musa came with the Clear Signs to them, but they were arrogant on the earth. They could not outstrip Us.  (29:39)

We gave Musa the Book–be in no doubt about the meeting with him–and made it a guidance for the tribe of Israel. (32:23)

When We made a covenant with all the Prophets–with you and with Nuh and Ibrahim and Musa and ‘Isa son of Maryam–We made a binding covenant with them. (33:7)

You who believe! Do not be like those who abused Musa. Allah absolved him of what they said and he was highly honoured with Allah. (33:69)

We showed great kindness to Musa and Harun. (37:114)

We rescued them and their people from their terrible plight. (37:115)

We supported them and so they were the victors. (37:116)

We gave them the clarifying Book and guided them on the Straight Path, and left the later people saying of them, ‘Peace be upon Musa and Harun!’ (37:117-120)

That is how We recompense good-doers. (37:121)

They truly were among Our servants who are believers. (37:122)

We sent Musa with Our Signs and clear authority to Pharaoh, Haman and Qarun. But they said, ‘A lying magician.’ (40:23-24)

When he brought them the truth from Us they said, ‘Slaughter the sons of those who believe with him but let their women live.’ The stratagems of the disbelievers are nothing but errors. (40:25)

Pharaoh said, ‘Let me kill Musa and let him call upon his Lord! I am afraid that he may change your religion and bring about corruption in the land.’ (40:26)

Musa said, ‘I seek refuge in my Lord and your Lord from every proud man who does not believe in the Day of Reckoning.’ (40:27)

A man among Pharaoh’s people who believed, but kept his faith concealed, said, ‘Are you going to kill a man for saying "My Lord is Allah" when he has brought you Clear Signs from your Lord? If he is telling a lie, be it on his own head. But if he is telling the truth, then some of what he is promising you will certainly happen to you. Allah does not guide any unbridled inveterate liar. My people! The kingdom is yours today, as masters in the land, but who will help us against Allah’s violent force, if it comes upon us?’ Pharaoh said, ‘I only show you what I see myself and I only guide you to the path of rectitude.’ (40:28-29)

The man who believed said, ‘My people! I fear for you a day like that of the Confederates, the same as happened to the people of Nuh and ‘Ad and Thamud and those who followed after them. Allah does not want any injustice for His servants. My people! I fear for you the Day of Calling Out, the Day when you will turn your backs in flight, having no one to protect you from Allah. Whoever Allah misguides will have no guide. Yusuf brought you the Clear Signs before, but you never stopped doubting what he brought to you to the extent that when he died, you said, "Allah will never send another Messenger after him." That is how Allah misguides those who are unbridled and full of doubt.’ (40:30-34)

Those who argue about the Signs of Allah without any authority coming to them do something hateful in the sight of Allah and in the sight of the people who believe. That is how Allah seals up the heart of every arrogant oppressor. (40:35)

Pharaoh said, ‘Haman, build me a tower so that perhaps I may gain means of access, access to the heavens, so that I can look on Musa’s God. Truly I think he is a liar.’ That is how Pharaoh’s evil actions were made attractive to him and he debarred others from the Path. Pharaoh’s scheming led to nothing but ruin. (40:36-37)

The man who believed said, ‘My people! Follow me and I will guide you to the path of rectitude. My people! The life of this world is only fleeting enjoyment. It is the hereafter which is the abode of permanence. Whoever does an evil act will only be repaid with its equivalent. But whoever acts rightly, male or female, being a believer, such a person will enter the Garden, provided for in it without any reckoning. My people! How is it that I call you to salvation while you call me to the Fire? You call me to reject Allah and to associate something with Him about which I have no knowledge, while I call you to the Almighty, the Endlessly Forgiving. There is no question that what you call me to has no foundation either in this world or the hereafter, that our return is to Allah, and that the profligate will be Companions of the Fire. You will remember what I say to you. I consign my affair completely to Allah. Truly Allah sees His servants.’ (40:38-44)

So Allah safeguarded him from the evil things they plotted and a most evil torment engulfed Pharaoh’s people–the Fire, morning and night, to which they are exposed; and on the Day the Hour takes place: ‘Admit Pharaoh’s people to the harshest punishment!’ (40:45-46)

We gave Musa the guidance and bequeathed the Book to the tribe of Israel. (40:53)

We gave Musa the Book but there was disagreement about it. And had it not been for a prior Word from your Lord, the judgement between them would already have been made. They are indeed in grave doubt about it. (41:45)

He has laid down the same religion for you as He enjoined on Nuh: that which We have revealed to you and which We enjoined on Ibrahim, Musa and ‘Isa: ‘Establish the religion and do not make divisions in it.’ What you call the idolaters to follow is very hard for them. Allah chooses for Himself anyone He wills and guides to Himself those who turn to Him. (42:13)

We sent Musa with Our Signs to Pharaoh and his nobles. He said, ‘I am the Messenger of the Lord of the worlds.’ But when he came to them with Our Signs, they merely laughed at them. We showed them no Sign which was not greater than the one before it. We seized them with punishment so that hopefully they would turn back. They said, ‘Magician, invoke your Lord for us by the contract He has made with you and we shall certainly follow the guidance.’ But when We removed the punishment from them, they immediately broke their word. Pharaoh called to his people, saying, ‘My people, does the kingdom of Egypt not belong to me? Do not all these rivers flow under my control? Do you not then see? Am I not better than this man who is contemptible and can scarcely make anything clear? Why have gold bracelets not been put upon his arms and why is there not a train of angels accompanying him?’ In that way he swayed his people and they succumbed to him. They were a people of deviators. Then when they had provoked Our wrath, We took revenge on them and drowned every one of them. We made them a thing of the past, an example for later peoples. (43:46-56)

But before it there was the Book of Musa as a model and a mercy. And this is a corroborating Book in the Arabic tongue so that you may warn those who do wrong, and as good news for the good-doers. (46:12)

They said, ‘Our people, we have heard a Book which was sent down after Musa, confirming what came before it, guiding to the truth and to a straight path.’ (46:30)

And also in Musa when We sent him to Pharaoh with clear authority. But he turned away with his forces, saying, ‘A magician or a madman!’ So We seized him and his armies and hurled them into the sea, and he was to blame. (51:38-40)

Or has he not been informed what is in the texts of Musa? (53:36)

Remember when Musa said to his people, ‘My people, why do you mistreat me when you know that I am the Messenger of Allah to you?’ So when they deviated, Allah made their hearts deviate. Allah does not guide people who are deviators. (61:5)

Has the story of Musa reached you: when his Lord called out to him in the holy valley of Tuwa? ‘Go to Pharaoh–he has overstepped the limits–and say: "Do you resolve to purify yourself. I will guide you to your Lord so that you may fear Him?"’ Then he showed him the Great Sign. But he denied it and disobeyed, and then he hastily backed away. But then he rallied and called out, saying, ‘I am your Lord Most High!’ So Allah made an example of him seizing him with punishment in this world and the hereafter. There is certainly instruction in that for those who fear. (79:15-26)

This is certainly in the earlier texts, the texts of Ibrahim and Musa. (87:18-19)

MUSHRIQUN (SEE IDOLATERS)

MUTASHABIH VERSES (SEE VERSES THAT ARE OPEN TO INTERPRETATION)

MYTH

When Our Signs are recited to them, they say, ‘We have already heard all this. If we wanted, we could say the same thing. This is nothing but the myths of previous peoples.’ (8:31)

When they are asked, ‘What has your Lord sent down?’ they say, ‘Myths and legends of previous peoples.’ (16:24)

Then We sent Our Messengers one after another, at intervals. Each time its Messenger came to a community they called him a liar so We made them follow one another too and turned them into myths and legends. Away with the people who have no faith! (23:44)

Those who disbelieve say, ‘When we and our fathers are turned to dust will we then be brought forth again? We have been promised this before, we and our fathers. This is nothing but myths and legends of previous peoples.’ (27:67-68)

They said, ‘Our Lord, put more distance between our staging posts.’ They wronged themselves so We made legends of them and scattered them without a trace. There are certainly Signs in that for everyone who is steadfast and thankful. (34:19)

When Our Signs are recited to him, he says, ‘Just myths and legends of the previous peoples!’ (83:13)

 

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