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RABBI

We sent down the Torah containing guidance and light, and the Prophets who had submitted themselves gave judgement by it for the Jews–as did their scholars and their rabbis–by what they had been allowed to preserve of Allah’s Book to which they were witnesses. Do not be afraid of people, be afraid of Me. And do not sell My Signs for a paltry price. Those who do not judge by what Allah has sent down, such people are disbelievers. (5:44)

Why do their scholars and rabbis not prohibit them from evil speech and acquiring ill-gotten gains? What an evil thing they invent! (5:63)

They have taken their rabbis and monks as lords besides Allah, and also the Messiah, son of Maryam. Yet they were commanded to worship only one God. There is no god but Him! Glory be to Him above anything they associate with Him! (9:31)

You who believe! Many of the rabbis and monks devour people’s property under false pretences and bar people from access to the Way of Allah. As for those who hoard up gold and silver and do not spend it in the Way of Allah, give them the news of a painful punishment (9:34)

RACE

Each person faces a particular direction so race each other to the good. Wherever you are, Allah will bring you all together. Truly Allah has power over all things. (2:148)

Race each other to forgiveness from your Lord and a Garden as wide as the heavens and the earth, prepared for the people who guard against evil. (3:133)

That night they (Yusuf's brothers) came back to their father in tears, saying, ‘Father, we went out to run a race and left Yusuf together with our things and then a wolf appeared and ate him up but you are never going to believe us now, not even though we really tell the truth.’ (12:16-17)

They raced to the door. She tore his (Yusuf's) shirt at the back. They met her husband by the door. She said, ‘How should a man whose intention was to harm your family be punished for what he did except with prison or painful punishment?’ (12:25)

Such people are truly racing towards good things, and they are the first to reach them. (23:61)

If We wished, We could put out their eyes. Then, though they might race for the path, how would they see? (36:66)

RAGE

Those who give in times of both ease and hardship, those who control their rage and pardon other people–Allah loves the good-doers. (3:134)

He will remove the rage from their hearts. Allah turns to anyone He wills. Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise. (9:15)

Anyone who thinks that Allah will not help him in this world and the hereafter should stretch a rope up to the ceiling and then cut (it) off. Let him see whether his stratagem gets rid of what enrages him! (22:15)

Allah sent back those who disbelieved in their rage without their achieving any good at all. Allah made it unnecessary for the believers to fight. Allah is Most Strong, Almighty. (33:25)

Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, and those who are with him are fierce to the disbelievers, merciful to one another. You see them bowing and prostrating, seeking Allah’s good favour and His pleasure. Their mark is on their faces, the traces of prostration. That is their likeness in the Torah. And their likeness in the Gospel is that of a seed which puts up a shoot and makes it strong so that it thickens and grows up straight upon its stalk, filling the sowers with delight–so that by them He may infuriate the disbelievers. Allah has promised those of them who believe and do right actions forgiveness and an immense reward. (48:29)

There you are, loving them when they do not love you, even though you believe in all the Books. When they meet you, they say, ‘We believe.’ But when they leave they bite their fingers out of rage against you. Say, ‘Die in your rage.’ Allah knows what your hearts contain. (3:119)

It was not for people of Madina, and the desert arabs around them, to remain behind the Messenger of Allah nor to prefer themselves to him. That is because no thirst or weariness or hunger will afflict them in the Way of Allah, nor will they take a single step to infuriate the disbelievers, nor secure any gain from the enemy, without a right action being written down for them because of it. Allah does not let the wage of the good-doers go to waste. (9:120)

When one of them is given the good news of a baby girl, his face darkens and he is furious. (16:58)

Those who disbelieve filled their hearts with fanatical rage–the fanatical rage of the Time of Ignorance–and Allah sent down serenity to His Messenger and to the believers, and bound them to the expression of heedfulness which they had most right to and were most entitled to. Allah has knowledge of all things. (48:26)

It all but bursts with rage. Each time a group is flung into it its custodians will question them: ‘Did no warner come to you?’ (67:8)

RAIN

It is He Who made the earth a couch for you, and the sky a dome. He sends down water from the sky and by it brings forth fruits for your provision. Do not, then, knowingly make others equal to Allah. (2:22)

You who believe! Do not nullify your charity by demands for gratitude or insulting words, like him who spends his wealth, showing off to people and not believing in Allah and the Last Day. His likeness is that of a smooth rock coated with soil, which, when heavy rain falls on it, is left stripped bare. They have no power over anything they have earned. Allah does not guide disbelieving people. (2:264)

The metaphor of those who spend their wealth, desiring the pleasure of Allah and firmness for themselves, is that of a garden on a hillside. When heavy rain falls on it, it doubles its produce; and if heavy rain does not fall, there is dew. Allah sees what you do. (2:265)

When you are with them and leading them in prayer, a group of them should stand with you, keeping hold of their weapons. When they prostrate, the others should guard your backs. Then the other group who have not yet prayed should come and pray with you. They too should be careful and keep hold of their weapons. Those who disbelieve would like you to be negligent of your arms and equipment so that they can swoop down on you once and for all. There is nothing wrong, if you are bothered by rain or you are ill, in laying your weapons down; but take every precaution. Allah has prepared a humiliating punishment for the disbelievers. (4:102)

Have they not seen how many generations We destroyed before them which We had established on the earth far more firmly than We have established you? We sent down heaven upon them in abundant rain and made rivers flow under them. But We destroyed them for their wrong actions and raised up further generations after them. (6:6)

(Yusuf said,) ‘Then after that another year will come in which the people will be helped by rain in plenty and when they once more will press.’ (12:49)

Do you not see that Allah propels the clouds then makes them coalesce then heaps them up, and then you see the rain come pouring out of the middle of them? And He sends down mountains from the sky with hail inside them, striking with it anyone He wills and averting it from anyone He wills. The brightness of His lightning almost blinds the sight. (24:43)

They themselves have come across the city which was rained on by an evil rain. Did they not then see it? But they do not expect to rise again. (25:40)

Then We utterly destroyed the rest and made a Rain come pouring down upon them. How evil is the rain of those who are warned! (26:172-173)

We rained down a rain upon them. How evil is the rain of those who are warned! (27:58)

It is Allah Who sends the winds which stir up clouds which He spreads about the sky however He wills. He forms them into dark clumps and you see the rain come pouring out from the middle of them. When He makes it fall on those of His servants He wills, they rejoice. (30:48)

Truly Allah has knowledge of the Hour and sends down abundant rain and knows what is in the womb. And no self knows what it will earn tomorrow and no self knows in what land it will die. Allah is All-Knowing, All-Aware. (31:34)

It is He Who sends down abundant rain, after they have lost all hope, and unfolds His mercy. He is the Protector, the Praiseworthy. (42:28)

When they saw it as a storm cloud advancing on their valleys they said, ‘This is a storm cloud which will give us rain.’ No, rather it is what you desired to hasten–a wind containing painful punishment. (46:24)

Know that the life of this world is merely a game and a diversion and ostentation and a cause of boasting among yourselves and trying to outdo one another in wealth and children: like the plant-growth after rain which delights the cultivators, but then it withers and you see it turning yellow, and then it becomes broken stubble. In the hereafter there is terrible punishment but also forgiveness from Allah and His good pleasure. The life of this world is nothing but the enjoyment of delusion. (57:20)

He will send heaven down on you in abundant rain. (71:11)

RAMADAN

The month of Ramadan is the one in which the Qur’an was sent down as guidance for mankind, with Clear Signs containing guidance and discrimination. Any of you who are resident for the month should fast it. But any of you who are ill or on a journey should fast a number of other days. Allah desires ease for you; He does not desire difficulty for you. You should complete the number of days and proclaim Allah’s greatness for the guidance He has given you so that hopefully you will be thankful. (2:185)

RAMPART

There will be a dividing wall between them and on the ramparts there will be men who recognise everyone by their mark. They will call out to the people of the Garden: ‘Peace be upon you!’ They will not enter it for all their ardent desire to do so. (7:46)

The Companions of the Ramparts will call out to men they recognise by their mark, saying, ‘What you amassed was of no use to you, nor was your arrogance. (7:48)

RANSOM

Have fear of a Day when no self will be able to compensate for another in any way. No intercession will be accepted from it, no ransom taken from it, and they will not be helped. (2:48)

Then you are the people who are killing one another and expelling a group among you from their homes, ganging up against them in wrongdoing and enmity. Yet if they are brought to you as captives, you ransom them, when it was forbidden for you to expel them in the first place! Do you, then, believe in one part of the Book and reject the other? What repayment will there be for any of you who do that except disgrace in this world? And on the Day of Rising, they will be returned to the harshest of punishments. Allah is not unaware of what you do. (2:85)

Have fear of a Day when no self will be able to compensate for another in any way, and no ransom will be accepted from it, and no intercession benefit it, and they will not be helped. (2:123)

Divorce can be pronounced two times; in which case wives may be retained with correctness and courtesy or released with good will. It is not lawful for you to keep anything you have given them unless a couple fear that they will not remain within Allah’s limits. If you fear that they will not remain within Allah’s limits, there is nothing wrong in the wife ransoming herself with some of what she received. These are Allah’s limits, so do not overstep them. Those who overstep Allah’s limits are wrongdoers. (2:229)

As for those who disbelieve and die while they are disbelievers, the whole earth filled with gold would not be accepted from any of them if they were to offer it as a ransom. They will have a painful punishment. They will have no helpers. (3:91)

As for those who disbelieve, if they had everything on the earth and the same again with it to ransom themselves from the punishment of the Day of Rising, it would not be accepted from them. They will have a painful punishment. (5:36)  

If every self that did wrong possessed everything on earth, it would offer it as a ransom. They will show remorse when they see the punishment. Everything will be decided between them justly. They will not be wronged. (10:54)

Those who respond to their Lord will receive the best. But as for those who do not respond to Him, even if they owned everything on the earth and the same again with it, they would offer it as a ransom. They will receive an evil Reckoning. Their shelter will be Hell. What an evil resting-place! (13:18)

We ransomed him (Ibrahim) with a mighty sacrifice. (37:107)

If those who did wrong owned everything on earth, and the same again with it, they would offer it as a ransom to save themselves from the evil of the punishment on the Day of Rising. What confronts them from Allah will be something they did not reckon with. (39:47)

Therefore when you meet those who disbelieve strike their necks. Then when you have decimated them, tie their bonds tightly and set them free or ransom them, until the war is finally over. That is how it is to be. If Allah willed, He could avenge Himself on them. But it is so that He can test some of you by means of others. As for those who fight in the Way of Allah, He will not let their actions go astray. (47:4)

So today no ransom will be accepted from you or from those who disbelieved. Your refuge is the Fire. It is your master. What an evil destination!’ (57:15 )

(On that Day) no good friend will ask about his friend even though they can see each other. An evildoer will wish he could ransom himself from the punishment of that Day, by means of his sons, or his wife or his brother or his family who sheltered him or everyone else on earth, if that only meant that he could save himself. (70:10-14)

RASUL (SEE MESSENGER)

RECOMPENSATION

Muhammad is only a Messenger and he has been preceded by other Messengers. If he were to die or be killed, would you turn on your heels? Those who turn on their heels do not harm Allah in any way. Allah will recompense the thankful. (3:144)

No self can die except with Allah’s permission, at a predetermined time. If anyone desires the reward of this world, We will give him some of it. If anyone desires the reward of the hereafter, We will give him some of it. We will recompense the thankful. (3:145)

We gave him Ishaq and Ya‘qub, each of whom We guided. And before him We had guided Nuh. And among his descendants were Dawud and Sulayman, and Ayyub, Yusuf, Musa and Harun. That is how We recompense the good-doers. (6:84)

Say: ‘Is that better, or the Garden of Eternal Life which has been promised to those who guard against evil? That is their recompense and destination.’ (25:15)

And when he reached his full strength and maturity, We gave him judgement and knowledge. That is how We recompense good-doers. (28:14)

So that Allah might recompense the truthful for their truth and punish the hypocrites, if He wills, or turn towards them. Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (33:24)

This is so that He may recompense those who believe and do right actions. They will have forgiveness and generous provision. (34:4)

It is not your wealth or your children that will bring you near to Us–only in the case of people who believe and act rightly; such people will have a double recompense for what they did. They will be safe from all harm in the High Halls of Paradise. (34:37)

That is how we recompense the good-doers. (37:80)

We called out to him, ‘Ibrahim! You have discharged your vision.’ That is how We recompense good-doers. (37:104-105)

That is how We recompense good-doers. (37:110)

That is how We recompense good-doers. (37:121,131)

They will have anything they wish for with their Lord. That is the recompense of the good-doers. (39:34)

It was a blessing direct from Our presence. That is how We recompense those who give thanks. (54:35)

Gardens and grape vines, and nubile maidens of similar age, and an overflowing cup, where they will hear no prattle and no denial, a recompense from your Lord, a commensurate gift. (78:32-36)

RECONCILIATION

Divorced women should wait by themselves for three menstrual cycles; and it is not lawful for them to conceal what Allah has created in their wombs if they believe in Allah and the Last Day. Their husbands have the right to take them back within that time, if they desire to be reconciled. Women possess rights similar to those held over them to be honoured with fairness; but men have a degree above them. Allah is Almighty, All-Wise. (2:228)

If you fear a breach between a couple, send an arbiter from his people and an arbiter from her people. If the couple desire to put things right, Allah will bring about a reconciliation between them. Allah is All-Knowing, All-Aware. (4:35)

How will it be when a disaster strikes them because of what they have done, and then they come to you swearing by Allah: ‘We desired nothing but good and reconciliation’? (4:62)

If a woman fears cruelty or aversion on her husband’s part, there is nothing wrong in the couple becoming reconciled. Reconciliation is better. But people are prone to selfish greed. If you do good and guard against evil, Allah is aware of what you do. (4:128)

The alms are for: the poor, the destitute, those who collect it, reconciling people’s hearts, freeing slaves, those in debt, spending in the Way of Allah, and travellers. It is a legal obligation from Allah. Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise. (9:60)

RECORDING ANGELS

And the two recording angels are recording, sitting on the right and on the left. (50:17)

Standing over you are guardians, noble, recording, who know what you do. (82:10-12)

REFLECT (TAFAKKUR)

They will ask you about alcoholic drinks and gambling. Say, ‘There is great wrong in both of them and also certain benefits for mankind. But the wrong in them is greater than the benefit.’ They will ask you what they should give away. Say, ‘Whatever is surplus to your needs.’ In this way Allah makes the Signs clear to you, so that hopefully you will reflect. (2:219)

Would any of you like to have a garden of dates and grapes, with rivers flowing underneath and containing all kinds of fruits, then to be stricken with old age and have children who are weak, and then for a fierce whirlwind containing fire to come and strike it so that it goes up in flames? In this way Allah makes His Signs clear to you, so that hopefully you will reflect. (2:266)

(People with intelligence are) those who remember Allah, standing, sitting and lying on their sides, and reflect on the creation of the heavens and the earth: ‘Our Lord, You have not created this for nothing. Glory be to You! So safeguard us from the punishment of the Fire.’ (3:191)

Say: ‘I do not say to you that I possess the treasuries of Allah, nor do I know the Unseen, nor do I say to you that I am an angel. I only follow what has been revealed to me.’ Say: ‘Are the blind the same as those who can see? So will you not reflect?’ (6:50)

If We had wanted to, We would have raised him up by them. But he gravitated towards the earth and pursued his whims and base desires. His metaphor is that of a dog: if you chase it away, it lolls out its tongue and pants, and if you leave it alone, it lolls out its tongue and pants. That is the metaphor of those who deny Our Signs. So tell the story so that hopefully they will reflect. (7:176)

Have they not reflected? Their companion is not mad. He is only a clear warner. (7:184)

The metaphor of the life of this world is that of water which We send down from the sky, and which then mingles with the plants of the earth to provide food for both people and animals. Then, when the earth is at its loveliest and takes on its fairest guise and its people think they have it under their control, Our command comes upon it by night or day and We reduce it to dried-out stubble, as though it had not been flourishing just the day before! In this way We make Our Signs clear for people who reflect. (10:24)

It is He Who stretched out the earth and placed firmly embedded mountains and rivers in it and made two types of every kind of fruit. He covers over day with night. There are Signs in that for people who reflect. (13:3)

And by it He makes crops grow for you and olives and dates and grapes and fruit of every kind. There is certainly a Sign in that for people who reflect. (16:11)

We have only ever sent before you men who were given Revelation–ask the People of the Reminder if you do not know–who brought Clear Signs and Revealed Books. And We have sent down the Reminder to you so that you can make clear to mankind what has been sent down to them so that hopefully they will reflect. (16:43-44)

(Your Lord revealed to the bees:) ‘Then eat from every kind of fruit and travel the paths of your Lord, which have been made easy for you to follow.’ From inside them comes a drink of varying colours, containing healing for mankind. There is certainly a Sign in that for people who reflect. (16:69)

Have they not reflected within themselves? Allah did not create the heavens and the earth and everything between them except with truth and for a fixed term. Yet many people reject the meeting with their Lord. (30:8)

Among His Signs is that He created spouses for you of your own kind so that you might find tranquillity in them. And He has placed affection and compassion between you. There are certainly Signs in that for people who reflect. (30:21)

Say: ‘I exhort you to do one thing alone: to stand before Allah in pairs and on your own and then reflect. Your companion is not possessed. He is only a warner come to you ahead of a terrible punishment.’ (34:46)

Allah takes back people’s selves when their death arrives and those who have not yet died, while they are asleep. He keeps hold of those whose death has been decreed and sends the others back for a specified term. There are certainly Signs in that for people who reflect. (39:42)

And He has made everything in the heavens and everything on the earth subservient to you. It is all from Him. There are certainly Signs in that for people who reflect. (45:13)

If We Had sent down this Qur’an onto a mountain, you would have seen it humbled, crushed to pieces out of fear of Allah. We make such examples for people so that hopefully they will reflect. (59:21)

REGION

In the earth there are diverse regions side by side and gardens of grapes and cultivated fields, and palm-trees sharing one root and others with individual roots, all watered with the same water. And We make some things better to eat than others. There are Signs in that for people who use their intellect. (13:4)

REGRET

Yet you see those with sickness in their hearts rushing to them, saying, ‘We fear the wheel of fate may turn against us.’ But it may well be that Allah will bring about victory or some other contingency from Him. Then they will deeply regret their secret thoughts. (5:52)

Those who disbelieve spend their wealth barring access to the Way of Allah. They will spend it; then they will regret it; then they will be overthrown. Those who disbelieve will be gathered into Hell. (8:36)

He said, ‘In a short while they will be full of regret.’ (23:40)

You who believe! If a deviator brings you a report, scrutinize it carefully in case you attack people in ignorance and so come to greatly regret what you have done. (49:6)

REJOICE

Do not suppose that those killed in the Way of Allah are dead. No indeed! They are alive and well provided for in the very presence of their Lord, delighting in the favour Allah has bestowed on them, rejoicing over those they left behind who have not yet joined them, feeling no fear and knowing no sorrow. (3:169-170)

If good happens to you it galls them. If a mishap occurs to you, they say, ‘We made our preparations in advance,’ and they turn away rejoicing. (9:50)

Each time a sura is sent down there are some among them who say, ‘Which of you has this increased in faith?’ As for those who believe, it increases them in faith and they rejoice at it. (9:124)

Allah expands provision to anyone He wills and restricts it. They rejoice in the life of this world. Yet the life of this world, compared to the hereafter, is only fleeting enjoyment. (13:26)

Those to whom We gave the Book rejoice at what has been sent down to you but some of the parties refuse to acknowledge part of it. Say: ‘I have only been ordered to worship Allah and not to associate anything with Him. I summon to Him and to Him I will return.’ (13:36)

The Romans have been defeated in the land nearby, but after their defeat they will themselves be victorious in a few years’ time. The affair is Allah’s from beginning to end. On that day, the believers will rejoice in Allah’s help. He grants victory to whoever He wills. He is the Almighty, the Most Merciful. (30:2-5)

When We give people a taste of mercy, they rejoice in it, but when something bad happens to them because of what they themselves have done, they immediately lose all hope. (30:36)

It is Allah Who sends the winds which stir up clouds which He spreads about the sky however He wills. He forms them into dark clumps and you see the rain come pouring out from the middle of them. When He makes it fall on those of His servants He wills, they rejoice, even though before He sent it down on them they were in despair. (30:48-49)

The angels descend on those who say, ‘Our Lord is Allah,’ and then go straight: ‘Do not fear and do not grieve but rejoice in the Garden you have been promised. (41:30)

That Day some faces will be radiant, laughing, rejoicing. (80:38-39)

RELATIVE

Remember when We made a covenant with the tribe of Israel: ‘Worship none but Allah and be good to your parents and to relatives and orphans and the very poor. And speak good words to people. And perform prayer and give the alms.’ But then you turned away–except a few of you–you turned aside. (2:83)

It is not devoutness to turn your faces to the East or to the West. Rather, those with true devoutness are those who believe in Allah and the Last Day, the Angels, the Book and the Prophets, and who, despite their love for it, give away their wealth to their relatives and to orphans and the very poor, and to travellers and beggars and to set slaves free, and who perform prayer and give the alms; those who honour their contracts when they make them, and are steadfast in poverty and illness and in battle. Those are the people who are true. They are the people who guard against evil. (2:177)

It is prescribed for you, when death approaches one of you and if he has some goods to leave, to make a will in favour of his parents and relatives, correctly and fairly: a duty for all those who guard against evil. (2:180)

They will ask you what they should give away. Say, ‘Any wealth you give away should go to your parents and relatives and to orphans and the very poor and travellers.’ Whatever good you do, Allah knows it.’ (2:215)

Men receive a share of what their parents and relatives leave and women receive a share of what their parents and relatives leave, a fixed share, no matter whether it is a little or a lot. (4:7)

If other relatives or orphans or poor people attend the sharing-out, provide for them out of it and speak to them correctly and courteously. (4:8)

Allah instructs you regarding your children: A male receives the same as the share of two females. If there are more than two daughters they receive two-thirds of what you leave. If she is one on her own she receives a half. Each of your parents receives a sixth of what you leave if you have children. If you are childless and your heirs are your parents your mother receives a third. If you have brothers or sisters your mother receives a sixth, after any bequest you make or any debts. With regard to your fathers and your sons, you do not know which of them is going to benefit you more. These are obligatory shares from Allah. Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise. (4:11)

We have appointed heirs for everything that parents and relatives leave. If you have a bond with people, give them their share. Allah is a witness of all things. (4:33)

Worship Allah and do not associate anything with Him. Be good to your parents and relatives and to orphans and the very poor, and to neighbours who are related to you and neighbours who are not related to you, and to companions and travellers and your slaves. Allah does not love anyone vain or boastful. (4:36)

You who believe! Be upholders of justice, bearing witness for Allah alone, even against yourselves or your parents and relatives. Whether they are rich or poor, Allah is well able to look after them. Do not follow your own desires and deviate from the truth. If you twist or turn away, Allah is aware of what you do. (4:135)

You who believe! When one of you is near to death and makes a will, two just men from among you should act as witnesses; or, if you are travelling when the misfortune of death occurs, two men who are strangers to you. You should detain them after prayer and, if you are doubtful, they should swear by Allah: ‘We will not sell it for any price, even to a near relative, and we will not conceal the testimony of Allah. If we did we would indeed be wrongdoers.’ (5:106)

Say: ‘Come and I will recite to you what your Lord has made forbidden for you’: that you do not associate anything with Him; that you are good to your parents; that you do not kill your children because of poverty–We will provide for you and them; that you do not approach indecency–outward or inward; that you do not kill any person Allah has made inviolate–except with the right to do so. That is what He instructs you to do so that hopefully you will use your intellect. And that you do not go near the property of orphans before they reach maturity–except in a good way; that you give full measure and full weight with justice–We impose on no self any more than it can bear; that you are equitable when you speak–even if a near relative is concerned; and that you fulfil Allah’s contract. That is what He instructs you to do, so that hopefully you will pay heed. (6:151-152)

Know that when you take any booty a fifth of it belongs to Allah, and to the Messenger, and to close relatives, orphans, the very poor and travellers, if you believe in Allah and in what We sent down to Our servant on the Day of Discrimination, the day the two groups met–Allah has power over all things. (8:41)

Those who believe and migrate later on and accompany you in striving, they also are of your number. But blood relations are closer to one another in the Book of Allah. Allah has knowledge of all things. (8:75)

It is not right for the Prophet and those who believe to ask forgiveness for the idolaters–even if they are close relatives–after it has become clear to them that they are the Companions of the Blazing Fire. (9:113)

We sent Messengers before you and gave them wives and children. Nor was any Messenger able to bring a Sign except by Allah’s permission. There is a prescribed limit to every term. (13:38)

Allah commands justice and doing good and giving to relatives. And He forbids indecency and doing wrong and tyranny. He warns you so that hopefully you will pay heed. (16:90)

Your Lord has decreed that you should worship none but Him, and that you should show kindness to your parents. Whether one or both of them reach old age with you, do not say ‘Ugh!’ to them out of irritation and do not be harsh with them but speak to them with gentleness and generosity. Take them under your wing, out of mercy, with due humility and say: ‘Lord, show mercy to them as they did in looking after me when I was small.’ Your Lord knows best what is in your selves. If you are righteous, He is Ever-Forgiving to the remorseful. Give your relatives their due, and the very poor and travellers but do not squander what you have. (17:23 - 26)

(Zakariyya said,) ‘My Lord, I fear my relatives when I am gone and my wife is barren, so give me an heir from You.’ (19:5)

Those of you possessing affluence and ample wealth should not make oaths that they will not give to their relatives and the very poor and those who have migrated in the way of Allah. They should rather pardon and overlook. Would you not love Allah to forgive you? Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (24:22)

Warn your near relatives. (26:214)

When Our Messengers came to Lut, he was distressed on their account, feeling incapable of protecting them. They said, ‘Do not fear and do not grieve. We are going to rescue you and your family–except for your wife; she will be one of those who stay behind.’ (29:33)

Give relatives their due, and the poor and travellers. That is best for those who seek the pleasure of Allah. They are the ones who are successful. (30:38)

The Prophet is closer to the believers than their own selves, and his wives are their mothers. But blood-relations have closer ties to one another in the Book of Allah than the believers and the emigrants, except that you should act in a proper manner towards your close associates. That is inscribed in the Book. (33:6)

Whatever booty Allah gives to His Messenger from city dwellers belongs to Allah and to the Messenger and to near relatives and orphans and the very poor and travellers, so that it does not become something which merely revolves between the rich among you. Whatever the Messenger gives you you should accept and whatever he forbids you you should forgo. Have fear of Allah–Allah is severe in retribution. (59:7)

Neither your blood relations nor your children will be of any use to you. On the Day of Rising He will differentiate between you. Allah sees what you do. (60:3)

You who believe! Some of your wives and children are an enemy to you, so be wary of them. But if you pardon and exonerate and forgive, Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (64:14)

Your wealth and children are a trial. But with Allah there is an immense reward. (64:15)

It (the steep ascent) is freeing a slave or feeding on a day of hunger an orphaned relative. (90:13-15)

RELATIVITY OF TIME

The angels and the Spirit ascend to Him in a day whose length is fifty thousand years. (70:4)

He directs the whole affair from heaven to earth. Then it will again ascend to Him on a Day whose length is a thousand years by the way you measure. (32:5)

They ask you to hasten the punishment. Allah will not break His promise. A day with your Lord is equivalent to a thousand years in the way you count. (22:47)

RELIGION (DEEN)

The Jews and the Christians will never be pleased with you until you follow their religion. Say, ‘Allah’s guidance is the true guidance.’ If you were to follow their whims and desires, after the knowledge that has come to you, you would find no protector or helper against Allah. (2:120)

Who would deliberately renounce the religion of Ibrahim except someone who reveals himself to be a fool? We chose him in this world and in the hereafter he will be one of the righteous. (2:130)

They say, ‘Be Jews or Christians and you will be guided.’ Say, ‘Rather adopt the religion of Ibrahim, a man of natural pure belief. He was not one of the idolaters.’ (2:135)

There is no compulsion where the religion is concerned. Right guidance has become clearly distinct from error. Anyone who rejects false gods and believes in Allah has grasped the Firmest Handhold, which will never give way. Allah is All-Hearing, All-Knowing. (2:256)

The religion with Allah is Islam. Those given the Book only differed after knowledge had come to them, envying one another. As for those who reject Allah’s Signs, Allah is swift at reckoning. (3:19)

Is it other than the religion of Allah that you desire, when everything in the heavens and earth, willingly or unwillingly, submits to Him and to Him you will be returned? (3:83)

If anyone desires anything other than Islam as a religion, it will not be accepted from him, and in the hereafter he will be among the losers. (3:85)

Say, ‘Allah speaks the truth, so follow the religion of Ibrahim, a man of pure natural belief. He was not one of the idolaters.’ (3:95)

Some of the Jews distort the true meaning of words, saying, ‘We hear and disobey,’ and ‘Listen without listening,’ and ‘Listen to us!’ twisting them with their tongues, disparaging the religion. If they had said, ‘We hear and we obey,’ and ‘Listen,’ and, ‘Look at us!’ that would have been better for them and more upright. But Allah has cursed them for their disbelief. Very few of them believe. (4:46)

Who could have a better religion than someone who submits himself completely to Allah and is a good-doer, and follows the religion of Ibrahim, a man of pure natural belief? Allah took Ibrahim as an intimate friend. (4:125)

People of the Book! Do not go to excess in your religion. Say nothing but the truth about Allah. The Messiah, ‘Isa son of Maryam, was only the Messenger of Allah and His Word, which He cast into Maryam, and a Spirit from Him. So believe in Allah and His Messengers. Do not say, ‘Three.’ It is better that you stop. Allah is only One God. He is too Glorious to have a son! Everything in the heavens and in the earth belongs to Him. Allah suffices as a Guardian. (4:171)

Forbidden for you are carrion, blood and pork, and what has been consecrated to other than Allah, and animals which have been strangled, and animals which have been killed by a blow, and animals which have fallen to their death, and animals which have been gored, and animals which wild beasts have eaten–except those you are able to slaughter properly–and animals which have been sacrificed on altars, and deciding things by means of divining arrows–that is deviance. Today those who disbelieve have despaired of overcoming your religion. So do not be afraid of them but be afraid of Me. Today I have perfected your religion for you and completed My blessing upon you and I am pleased with Islam as a religion for you. But if anyone is forced by hunger, not intending any wrongdoing, Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (5:3)

You who believe! If any of you renounce your religion, Allah will bring forward a people whom He loves and who love Him, humble to the believers, fierce to the disbelievers, who strive in the Way of Allah and do not fear the blame of any censurer. That is the unbounded favour of Allah which He gives to whoever He wills. Allah is Boundless, All-Knowing. (5:54)

You who believe! Do not take as friends any of those who who make a mockery and a game out of your religion among the ones who were given the Book before you or the disbelievers. Have fear of Allah if you are believers. (5:57)

Abandon those who have turned their religion into a game and a diversion and who have been deluded by the life of this world. Remind by it lest a person is delivered up to destruction for what he has earned with no protector or intercessor besides Allah. Were he to offer every kind of compensation, it would not be accepted from him. Such people are delivered up to destruction for what they have earned. They will have scalding water to drink and a painful punishment because they disbelieved. (6:70)

Say: ‘My Lord has guided me to a straight path, a well-founded religion, the religion of Ibrahim, a man of pure natural belief. He was not one of the idolaters.’ (6:161)

In the same way their idols have made killing their children appear good to many of the idolaters, in order to destroy them and confuse them in their religion. If Allah had willed, they would not have done it; so abandon them and what they fabricate. (6:137)

As for those who divide up their religion and form into sects, you have nothing whatsoever to do with them. Their affair will go back to Allah and then He will inform them about what they did. (6:159)

(Believers will say, ‘Disbelievers are) those who took their religion as a diversion and a game, and were deluded by the life of this world.’ Today We will forget them just as they forgot the encounter of this Day and denied Our Signs. (7:51)

The ruling circle of those of his people who were arrogant said, ‘We will drive you out of our city, Shu‘ayb, you and those who believe along with you, unless you return to our religion.’ He said, ‘What, even though we detest it? We would be inventing lies against Allah if we returned to your religion after Allah has saved us from it. We could never return to it unless Allah our Lord so willed. Our Lord encompasses everything in His knowledge. We have put our trust in Allah. Our Lord, judge between us and our people with truth. You are the best of judges.’ (7:88-89)

Fight them until there is no more discord and the religion is Allah’s alone. If they stop, Allah sees what they do. (8:39)

And when the hypocrites and those with sickness in their hearts said, ‘These people have been deluded by their religion.’ But those who put their trust in Allah will find Allah to be Almighty, All-Wise. (8:49)

Those who believe and have migrated and strived with their wealth and themselves in the Way of Allah, and those who have given refuge and help, they are the friends and protectors of one another. But as for those who believe but have not migrated, you are not in any way responsible for their protection until they migrate. But if they ask you for help in respect of the religion, it is your duty to help them, except against people you have a treaty with. Allah sees what you do. (8:72)

But if they repent and perform prayer and give the alms, they are your brothers in the religion. We make the Signs clear for people who have knowledge. (9:11)

If they break their oaths after making their treaty and defame your religion, then fight the leaders of disbelief–they have no binding oaths–so that hopefully they will stop. (9:12)

Fight those of the people who were given the Book who do not believe in Allah and the Last Day and who do not make forbidden what Allah and His Messenger have made forbidden and do not take as their religion the religion of Truth, until they pay the poll tax with their own hands in a state of complete abasement. (9:29)

It is He Who sent His Messenger with guidance and the Religion of Truth to exalt it over every other religion, even though the idolaters detest it. (9:33)

There have been twelve months with Allah in the Book of Allah, from the day He first created the heavens and earth. Four of them are forbidden. That is the True Religion. So do not wrong one another during them. However, fight the idolaters totally just as they fight you totally, and know that Allah is with those who guard against evil. (9:36)

It is not necessary for the believers to go out all together. If a party from each group of them were to go out so they could increase their knowledge of the religion they would be able to notify their people when they returned to them so that hopefully they would take warning! (9:122)

It is He Who conveys you on both land and sea so that when some of you are on a boat, running before a fair wind, rejoicing at it, and then a violent squall comes upon them and the waves come at them from every side and they realise there is no way of escape, they call on Allah, making their religion sincerely His: ‘If You rescue us from this, we will truly be among the thankful.’ (10:22)

Say: ‘Mankind! If you are in any doubt about my religion, I do not worship those you worship besides Allah. Rather I worship Allah Who will take you back to Him and I am commanded to be one of the believers: Turn your face towards the religion in pure natural faith, and on no account be among the idolaters.’ (10:104-105)

He (Yusuf) said, ‘No meal to feed you will arrive before I have informed you what they mean. That is part of what my Lord taught me. For I have left the religion of a people who clearly have no faith in Allah and who refuse to acknowledge the truth of the world to come.’ (12:37)

(Yusuf said,) ‘What you serve apart from Him are only names which you and your forefathers have made up. There is no mandate for them from Allah. Allah alone is qualified to judge. His order is to worship none but Him. That is in truth the straight and upright religion, but most of mankind simply do not know.’ (12:40)

Those who disbelieved said to their Messengers, ‘We will drive you from our land unless you return to our religion.’ Their Lord revealed to them, ‘We will destroy those who do wrong.’ (14:13)

Everything in the heavens and earth belongs to Him, and the religion belongs to Him, firmly and for ever. So why do you fear anyone other than Allah? (16:52)

Then We revealed to you: ‘Follow the religion of Ibrahim, a man of pure natural belief. He was not one of the idolaters.’ (16:123)

That was the situation when we woke them up so they could question one another. One of them asked, ‘How long have you been here?’ They replied, ‘We have been here for a day or part of a day.’ They said, ‘Your Lord knows best how long you have been here. Send one of your number into the city with this silver you have, so he can see which food is purest and bring you some of it to eat. But he should go about with caution so that no one is aware of you, for if they find out about you they will stone you or make you revert to their religion and then you will never have success.’ (18:19-20)

Strive for Allah with the striving due to Him. He has selected you and not placed any constraint upon you in the religion–the religion of your forefather Ibrahim. He named you Muslims before and also in this, so that the Messenger could be witness against you and you could be witnesses against all mankind. So perform prayer and give the alms and hold fast to Allah. He is your Protector–the Best Protector, the Best Helper. (22:78)

A woman and a man who commit fornication: flog both of them with one hundred lashes and do not let compassion for either of them possess you where Allah’s religion is concerned, if you believe in Allah and the Last Day. A number of believers should witness their punishment. (24:2)

Allah has promised those of you who believe and do right actions that He will make them successors in the land as He made those before them successors, and will firmly establish for them their religion with which He is pleased and give them, in place of their fear, security. ‘They worship Me, not associating anything with Me.’ Any who disbelieve after that, such people are deviators. (24:55)

When they embark in ships, they call on Allah, making their religion sincerely His, but then when He delivers them safely to the land, they associate others with Him. (29:65)

So set your face firmly towards the Religion, as a pure natural believer, Allah’s natural pattern on which He made mankind. There is no changing Allah’s creation. That is the true Religion–but most people do not know it–turning towards Him. Have fear of Him and perform prayer. Do not be among the idolaters: those who split up their religion, and form into sects, each faction exulting in what they have. (30:30-32)

So set your face firmly towards the True Religion, before a Day comes from Allah which cannot be turned back. On that Day they will be split up. (30:43)

When the waves hang over them like canopies, they call on Allah, making their religion sincerely His. But then when He delivers them safely to the land, some of them are ambivalent. None but a treacherous, thankless man denies Our Signs. (31:32)

Call them after their fathers. That is closer to justice in Allah’s sight. And if you do not know who their fathers were then they are your brothers in the religion and people under your patronage. You are not to blame for any honest mistake you make but only for what your hearts premeditate. Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (33:5)

(Their leaders went off saying,) ‘We have not heard of this in the old religion. This is merely something contrived.’ (38:7)

We have sent down the Book to you with truth. So worship Allah, making your religion sincerely His. (39:2)

Indeed is the sincere religion not Allah’s alone? If people take protectors besides Him–‘We only worship them so that they may bring us nearer to Allah’–Allah will judge between them regarding the things about which they differed. Allah does not guide anyone who is an ungrateful liar. (39:3)

Say: ‘I am commanded to worship Allah, making my religion sincerely His.’ (39:11)

Say: ‘It is Allah I worship, making my religion sincerely His.’ (39:14)

So call upon Allah, making your religion sincerely His, even though the disbelievers detest it. (40:14)

Pharaoh said, ‘Let me kill Musa and let him call upon his Lord! I am afraid that he may change your religion and bring about corruption in the land.’ (40:26)

He is the Living–there is no god but Him–so call on Him, making your religion sincerely His. Praise be to Allah, the Lord of all the worlds. (40:65)

He has laid down the same religion for you as He enjoined on Nuh: that which We have revealed to you and which We enjoined on Ibrahim, Musa and ‘Isa: ‘Establish the religion and do not make divisions in it.’ What you call the idolaters to follow is very hard for them. Allah chooses for Himself anyone He wills and guides to Himself those who turn to Him. (42:13)

Or do they have partners who have laid down a religion for them for which Allah has not given any authority? Were it not for the prior Word of Decision, the judgement between them would already have been made. The wrongdoers will have a painful punishment. (42:21)

No, in fact they say, ‘We found our fathers following a religion and we are simply guided in their footsteps.’ (43:22)

Similarly We never sent any warner before you to any city without the affluent among them saying, ‘We found our fathers following a religion and we are simply following in their footsteps.’ (43:23)

It is He Who sent His Messenger with the Guidance and the Religion of Truth to exalt it over every other religion and Allah suffices as a witness. (48:28)

Say: ‘Do you presume to teach Allah your religion when Allah knows everything in the heavens and everything in the earth? Allah has knowledge of all things.’ (49:16)

Allah does not forbid you from being good to those who have not fought you in the religion or driven you from your homes, or from being just towards them. Allah loves those who are just. (60:8)

Allah merely forbids you from taking as friends those who have fought you in the religion and driven you from your homes and who supported your expulsion. Any who take them as friends are wrongdoers. (60:9)

It is He Who sent His Messenger with guidance and the Religion of Truth to exalt it over every other religion, though the idolaters hate it. (61:9)

They were only ordered to worship Allah, making their religion sincerely His as people of pure natural belief, and to perform prayer and give the alms–that is the religion of the correct. (98:5)

Have you seen him who denies the religion? (107:1)

(Say: ‘Disbelievers!) You have your religion and I have my religion.’ (109:6)

When Allah’s help and victory have arrived and you have seen people entering Allah’s religion in droves, then glorify your Lord’s praise and ask His forgiveness. He is the Ever-Returning. (110:1-3)

REMEMBRANCE OF ALLAH

Remember Me–I will remember you. Give thanks to Me and do not be ungrateful. (2:152)

There is nothing wrong in seeking bounty from your Lord. When you pour down from Arafat, remember Allah at the Sacred Landmark. Remember Him because He has guided you, even though before this you were astray. (2:198)

When you have completed your rites, remember Allah as you used to remember your forefathers–or even more. There are some people who say, ‘Our Lord, give us good in this world.’ They will have no share in the hereafter. (2:200)

Remember Allah on the designated days. Those who hurry on in two days have done no wrong, and those who stay another day have done no wrong–those of them who guard against evil. So have fear of Allah. And know that you will be gathered back to Him. (2:203)

When you divorce women and they are near the end of their waiting period, then either retain them with correctness and courtesy or release them with correctness and courtesy. Do not retain them by force, thus overstepping the limits. Anyone who does that has wronged himself. Do not make a mockery of Allah’s Signs. Remember Allah’s blessing to you and the Book and Wisdom He has sent down to you to admonish you. Have fear of Allah and know that Allah has knowledge of all things. (2:231)

If you are afraid, then perform prayer on foot or mounted. But when you are safe, remember Allah in the way He taught you when previously you did not know. (2:239)

He (Zakariyya) said, ‘My Lord, appoint a Sign for me.’ He said, ‘Your Sign is that you will not speak to people for three days, except by gesture. Remember your Lord much and glorify Him in the evening and after dawn.’ (3:41)

Hold fast to the rope of Allah all together, and do not separate. Remember Allah’s blessing to you when you were enemies and He joined your hearts together so that you became brothers by His blessing. You were on the very brink of a pit of the Fire and He rescued you from it. In this way Allah makes His Signs clear to you, so that hopefully you will be guided. (3:103)

(People who guard against evil are) those who, when they act indecently or wrong themselves, remember Allah and ask forgiveness for their bad actions (and who can forgive bad actions except Allah?) and do not knowingly persist in what they were doing. (3:135)

(Believers are) those who remember Allah, standing, sitting and lying on their sides, and reflect on the creation of the heavens and the earth: ‘Our Lord, You have not created this for nothing. Glory be to You! So safeguard us from the punishment of the Fire.’ (3:191)

When you have finished prayer remember Allah standing, sitting and lying on your sides. When you are safe again perform prayer in the normal way. The prayer is prescribed for the believers at specific times. (4:103)

The hypocrites think they deceive Allah, but He is deceiving them. When they get up to pray, they get up lazily, showing off to people, and only remembering Allah a very little. (4:142)

Remember Allah’s blessing to you and the covenant He made with you when you said, ‘We hear and we obey.’ Have fear of Allah. Allah knows what the heart contains. (5:7)

You who believe! Remember Allah’s blessing to you when certain people were on the verge of raising their hands against you and He held their hands back from you. Have fear of Allah. The believers should put their trust in Allah. (5:11)

Remember when Musa said to his people, ‘My people! Remember Allah’s blessing to you when He appointed Prophets among you and appointed kings for you, and gave you what He had not given to anyone else in all the worlds! (5:20)

Satan wants to stir up enmity and hatred between you by means of wine and gambling, and to debar you from remembrance of Allah and from prayer. Will you not then give them up? (5:91)

Remember when Allah said, ‘‘Isa, son of Maryam, remember My blessing to you and to your mother when I reinforced you with the Purest Spirit so that you could speak to people in the cradle and when you were fully grown; and when I taught you the Book and Wisdom, and the Torah and the Gospel; and when you created a bird-shape out of clay by My permission, and then breathed into it and it became a bird by My permission; and healed the blind and the leper by My permission; and when you brought forth the dead by My permission; and when I held back the tribe of Israel from you, when you brought them the Clear Signs and those of them who disbelieved said, "This is nothing but downright magic";’ (5:110)

Follow what has been sent down to you from your Lord and do not follow any protectors apart from Him. How little you remember! (7:3)

(Hud said to his people,) ‘Or are you astonished that a reminder should come to you from your Lord by way of a man among you in order to warn you? Remember when He appointed you successors to the people of Nuh, and increased you greatly in stature. Remember Allah’s blessings, so that hopefully you will be successful.’ (7:69)

(Salih said,) ‘Remember when He appointed you successors to ‘Ad and settled you in the land. You built palaces on its plains and carved out houses from the mountains. Remember Allah’s blessings and do not go about the earth, corrupting it.’ (7:74)

As for those who guard against evil, when they are bothered by visitors from Satan, they remember and immediately see clearly. (7:201)

Remember your Lord in yourself humbly and fearfully, without loudness of voice, morning and evening. Do not be one of the unaware. (7:205)

You who believe! When you meet a troop, stand firm and remember Allah repeatedly so that hopefully you will be successful. (8:45)

Those who disbelieve say, ‘Why has a Sign not been sent down to him from his Lord?’ Say: ‘Allah misguides whoever He wills and guides to Himself all who turn to Him: those who believe and whose hearts find peace in the remembrance of Allah. Only in the remembrance of Allah can the heart find peace.’ (13:27-28)

Remember when Musa said to his people, ‘Remember Allah’s blessing to you when He rescued you from the people of Pharaoh. They were inflicting an evil punishment on you, slaughtering your sons and letting your women live. In that there was a terrible trial from your Lord.’ (14:6)

Never say about anything, ‘I am doing that tomorrow,’ without adding ‘If Allah wills.’ Remember your Lord when you forget, and say, ‘Hopefully my Lord will guide me to something closer to right guidance than this.’ (18:23-24)

Restrain yourself patiently with those who call on their Lord morning and evening, desiring His face. Do not turn your eyes from them, desiring the attractions of this world. And do not obey someone whose heart We have made neglectful of Our remembrance and who follows his own whims and desires and whose life has transgressed all bounds. (18:28)

(Disbelievers are) those whose eyes were blind to My remembrance and whose ears were unable to hear. (18:101)

Remembering your Lord’s mercy to His servant Zakariyya, (19:2)

(A voice called out to Musa,) ‘I am Allah. There is no god but Me, so worship Me and perform prayer to remember Me.’ (20:14)

(Musa said,) ‘Strengthen my back by him and let him share in my task, so that we can glorify You much and remember You much,’ (20:31-34)

(He said,) ‘Go, you and your brother, with My Signs and do not slacken in remembering Me.’ (20:42)

Say: ‘Who will protect you night and day from the All-Merciful?’ Yet they turn away from the remembrance of their Lord. (21:42)

But you made a mockery of them so that they made you forget to remember Me while you were laughing at them. (23:110)

In houses which Allah has permitted to be built and in which His name is remembered, there are men who proclaim His glory morning and evening, not distracted by trade or commerce from the remembrance of Allah and the performance of prayer and the giving of the alms; fearing a day when all hearts and eyes will be in turmoil. (24:36-37)

Do you not see how they ramble on in every style and say things which they do not do, except those who believe and do right actions and remember Allah repeatedly and defend themselves after they have been wronged? Those who do wrong will soon know the kind of reversal they will receive! (26:225-227)

Recite what has been revealed to you of the Book and perform prayer. Prayer precludes indecency and wrongdoing. And remembrance of Allah is greater still. Allah knows what you do. (29:45)

You who believe! Remember Allah’s blessing to you when forces came against you and We sent a wind against them and other forces you could not see. Allah sees what you do. (33:9)

You have an excellent model in the Messenger of Allah, for all who put their hope in Allah and the Last Day and remember Allah much. (33:21)

And remember the Signs of Allah and the wise words which are recited in your rooms. Allah is All-Pervading, All-Aware. (33:34)

Men and women who are Muslims, men and women who are believers, men and women who are obedient, men and women who are truthful, men and women who are steadfast, men and women who are humble, men and women who give charity, men and women who fast, men and women who guard their chastity, men and women who remember Allah much: Allah has prepared forgiveness for them and an immense reward. (33:35)

You who believe! Remember Allah much. (33:41)

Mankind! Remember Allah’s blessing to you. Is there any creator other than Allah providing for you from heaven and earth? There is no god but Him. So how have you been perverted? (35:3)

Sâd. By the Qur’an holding the Remembrance. (38:1)

Is he whose breast is opened to Islam, and who is therefore illuminated by his Lord...? Woe to those whose hearts are hardened against the remembrance of Allah! Such people are clearly misguided. (39:22)

Allah has sent down the Supreme Discourse, a Book consistent in its frequent repetitions. The skins of those who fear their Lord tremble at it and then their skins and hearts yield softly to the remembrance of Allah. That is Allah’s guidance by which He guides whoever He wills. And no one can guide those whom Allah misguides. (39:23)

Those who reject the Remembrance when it comes to them–truly it is a Mighty Book; (41:41)

It is He Who created all the species and gave you ships and livestock for you to ride, so that you might sit firmly on their backs and remember your Lord’s blessing while you are seated on them, saying, ‘Glory be to Him Who has subjected this to us. We could never have done it by ourselves.’ (43:12-13)

If someone shuts his eyes to the remembrance of the All-Merciful, We assign him a Satan who becomes his bosom friend. (43:36)

So turn away from him who turns away from Our remembrance and desires nothing but the life of this world. (53:29)

We left it as a Sign. But is there any rememberer there? (54:15)

We have made the Qur’an easy to remember. But is there any rememberer there? (54:17, 54:22, 54:32, 54:40)

We destroyed those of your kind in the past. But is there any rememberer there? (54:51)

Has the time not arrived for the hearts of those who believe to yield to the remembrance of Allah and to the truth He has sent down, so they are not like those who were given the Book before for whom the time seemed over long so that their hearts became hard? Many of them are deviators. (57:16)

Satan has gained mastery over them and made them forget the remembrance of Allah. Such people are the party of Satan. No indeed! It is the party of Satan who are the losers. (58:19)

You who believe! When you are called to prayer on the Day of Friday, hasten to the remembrance of Allah and abandon trade. That is better for you if you only knew. (62:9)

Then when the prayer is finished spread through the earth and seek Allah’s bounty and remember Allah much so that hopefully you will be successful. (62:10)

You who believe! Do not let your wealth or children divert you from the remembrance of Allah. Whoever does that is lost. (63:9)

If only they were to go straight on the Path, We would give them abundant water to drink so that We could test them by it. Whoever turns aside from the remembrance of his Lord, He will introduce him to an arduous punishment. (72:16-17)

Remember the Name of your Lord, and devote yourself to Him completely. (73:8)

Remember the Name of your Lord in the morning and the evening. (76:25)

REMEMBRANCE OF MESSENGERS

Be steadfast in the face of what they say and remember Our servant Dawud, who possessed true strength. He truly turned to his Lord. (38:17)

And remember Our servants Ibrahim, Ishaq and Ya‘qub, men of true strength and inner sight. (38:45)

Remember Our servants Isma‘il, Al-Yasa‘ and Dhu’l-Kifl; each of them was among the best of men. (38:48)

REMINDER (DHIKR)

That is what We recite to you of the Signs and the wise Reminder. (3:58)

They are the ones Allah has guided, so be guided by their guidance. Say, ‘I do not ask you for any wage for it. It is simply a reminder to all beings.’ (6:90)

(Nuh said,) ‘Or are you astonished that a reminder should come to you from your Lord by way of a man among you, to warn you and make you guard against evil so that hopefully you will gain mercy?’ (7:63)

You do not ask them for any wage for it. It is only a reminder to all beings. (12:104)

It is We Who have sent down the Reminder and We Who will preserve it. (15:9)

We have only ever sent before you men who were given Revelation–ask the People of the Reminder if you do not know–who brought Clear Signs and Revealed Books. And We have sent down the Reminder to you so that you can make clear to mankind what has been sent down to them so that hopefully they will reflect. (16:43-44)

Who could do greater wrong than someone who is reminded of the Signs of his Lord and then turns away from them, forgetting all that he has done before? We have placed covers on their hearts, preventing them from understanding it, and heaviness in their ears. Though you call them to guidance, they will nonetheless never be guided. (18:57)

We did not send down the Qur’an to you to make you miserable, but only as a reminder for those who have fear. (20:2-3)

In this way We give you news of what has gone before and We have given you a reminder direct from Us. (20:99)

(He said,) ‘But if anyone turns away from My reminder, his life will be a dark and narrow one and on the Day of Rising We will gather him blind.’ (20:124)

We have only ever sent before you men who were given Revelation. Ask the People of the Reminder if you do not know. (21:7)

We have sent down to you a Book containing your Reminder. So will you not use your intellect? (21:10)

We gave to Musa and Harun the Discrimination and a Shining Light and a Reminder for the heedful. (21:48)

This is a blessed Reminder which We have sent down. So are you going to ignore it? (21:50)

We responded to him and removed from him the harm which was afflicting him and restored his family to him, and the same again with them, as a mercy direct from Us and a Reminder to all worshippers. (21:84)

We wrote down in the Zabur, after the Reminder came: ‘It is My servants who are righteous who will inherit the earth.’ (21:105)

They (those they worship besides Allah) will say, ‘Glory be to You! It would not have been fitting for us to have taken any protectors apart from You. But You let them and their fathers enjoy themselves so that they forgot the Reminder. They were people devoid of good.’ (25:18)

(A wrongdoer will say,) ‘He led me astray from the Reminder after it came to me.’ Satan always leaves man in the lurch. (25:29)

Is it not enough for them that We have sent down to you the Book which is recited to them? There is certainly a mercy and reminder in that for people who believe. (29:51)

You can only warn those who act on the Reminder and fear the All-Merciful in the Unseen. Give them the good news of forgiveness and a generous reward. (36:11)

They said, ‘Your evil omen is in yourselves. Is it not just that you have been reminded? No, you are an unbridled people!’ (36:19)

We did not teach him poetry nor would it be right for him. It is simply a reminder and a clear Qur’an. (36:69)

and by the reciters of the Reminder: (37:3)

When they are reminded they do not pay heed. (37:13)

They used to say, ‘If we had only had a Reminder from the previous peoples, we would certainly have been sincere servants of Allah!’ (37:167-169)

(The leaders of the disbelievers said,) ‘Has the Reminder been sent down to him out of all of us?’ They are in doubt about My Reminder. They have yet to taste My punishment. (38:8)

We gave him back his family and the same again with them as a mercy from Us and a reminder for people of intellect. (38:43)

This is a Reminder. Those who guard against evil will have a good Homecoming. (38:49)

It is simply a reminder to all the worlds. (38:87)

Do you not see that Allah sends down water from the sky and threads it through the earth to emerge as springs and then by it brings forth crops of varying colours, which then wither and you see them turning yellow and then He makes them into broken stubble? There is a reminder in that for people of intelligence. (39:21)

We gave Musa the guidance and bequeathed the Book to the tribe of Israel, as guidance and a reminder for people of intelligence. (40:53-54)

Shall We then deprive you of the Reminder for being a profligate people? (43:5)

It is certainly a reminder to you and to your people and you will be questioned. (43:44)

How shall they be reminded when a clear Messenger has already come to them? (44:13)

What are they awaiting but for the Hour to come upon them suddenly? Its Signs have already come. What good will their Reminder be to them when it does arrive? (47:18)

And the earth: how We stretched it out and cast firmly embedded mountains onto it and caused luxuriant plants of every kind to grow in it, an instruction and a reminder for every penitent human being. (50:7-8)

There is a reminder in that for anyone who has a heart, or who listens well, having seen the evidence. (50:37)

We know best what they say. You are not a dictator over them. So remind, with the Qur'an, whoever fears My Threat. (50:45)

And remind them, for truly the believers benefit from being reminded. (51:55)

Remind them then! For, by the blessing of your Lord, you are neither a soothsayer nor a madman. (52:29)

(They said,) ‘Has the Reminder been given to him of all of us? No indeed! He is an impudent liar.’ (54:25)

We have made it to be a reminder and a comfort for travellers in the wild. (56:73)

Allah has prepared a terrible punishment for them. So have fear of Allah, people of intelligence–those who believe–Allah has sent down a reminder to you. (65:10)

Those who disbelieve all but strike you down with their evil looks when they hear the Reminder and say, ‘He is quite mad.’ (68:51)

But it is nothing less than a Reminder to all the worlds. (68:52)

When the waters rose We carried you in the ship to make it a reminder for you and something to be retained by retentive ears. (69:11-12)

It (the Qur'an) is a reminder for the heedful. (69:48)

This truly is a reminder, so let anyone who wills take the Way towards his Lord. (73:19)

We have only appointed angels as masters of the Fire and We have only specified their number as a trial for those who disbelieve; so that those who were given the Book might gain in certainty, and those who believe might increase in their faith, and both those who were given the Book and the believers might have no doubt; and so that those with sickness in their hearts and the disbelievers might say, ‘What did Allah intend by this example?’ In this way Allah misguides those He wills and guides those He wills. No one knows the legions of your Lord but Him. This is nothing but a reminder to all human beings. (74:31)

What is the matter with them that they run from the Reminder? (74:49)

No indeed! It is truly a reminder to which anyone who wills may pay heed. (74:54-55)

This truly is a Reminder, so whoever wills should take the Way towards his Lord. (76:29)

by those hurling a reminder, (77:5)

But how do you know? Perhaps he would be purified or reminded, and the reminder benefit him. (80:3-4)

No indeed! Truly it is a reminder, (80:11)

It is nothing but a Reminder to all the worlds. (81:27)

Remind, then, if the reminder benefits. He who has fear will be reminded. (87:9-10)

So remind them! You are only a reminder. (88:21)

REMORSE

Then Allah sent a crow which scratched at the earth to show him how to conceal his brother’s corpse. He said, ‘Woe is me! Can I not even be like this crow and conceal my brother’s corpse?’ And he became one of those who suffer bitter remorse. (5:31)

If every self that did wrong possessed everything on earth, it would offer it as a ransom. They will show remorse when they see the punishment. Everything will be decided between them justly. They will not be wronged. (10:54)

But they hamstrung her (the she-camel) and woke up full of remorse. (26:157)

Those deemed weak will say to those deemed great, ‘No, it was your scheming night and day when you commanded us to reject Allah and assign equals to Him.’ But they will show their remorse when they see the punishment. We will put iron collars round the necks of those who disbelieve. Will they be repaid for anything but what they did? (34:33)

REPAYMENT

Kill them wherever you come across them and expel them from where they expelled you. Corruption is worse than killing. Do not fight them in the Sacred Mosque (Masjid al-Haram) until they fight you there. But if they do fight you, then kill them. That is how the disbelievers should be repaid. (2:191)

The repayment of such people is that Allah’s curse is on them and that of the angels and of all mankind. (3:87)

As for anyone who kills a believer deliberately, his repayment is Hell, remaining in it timelessly, for ever. Allah is angry with him and has cursed him, and has prepared for him a terrible punishment. (4:93)

But as for those who believe and do right actions, We will admit them into Gardens with rivers flowing under them, remaining in them timelessly, for ever and ever. Allah’s promise is true. Whose speech could be truer than Allah’s? It is not a matter of wishful thinking on your part nor of the wishful thinking of the People of the Book. Anyone who does evil will be repaid for it. He will not find any protector or helper besides Allah. (4:122-123)

(One of Adam's two sons said to the other,) ‘I want you to take on both my wrongdoing and your wrongdoing and so become one of the Companions of the Fire. That is the repayment of the wrongdoers.’ (5:29)

Who could do greater wrong than someone who invents lies against Allah or denies His Signs, or who says, ‘It has been revealed to me,’ when nothing has been revealed to him, or someone who says, ‘I will send down the same as Allah has sent down’? If you could only see the wrongdoers in the throes of death when the angels are stretching out their hands, saying, ‘Disgorge your own selves! Today you will be repaid with the punishment of humiliation for saying something other than the truth about Allah, and being arrogant about His Signs.’ (6:93)

They say, ‘These animals and crops are sacrosanct. No one may eat them except those we wish’,–as they allege–and animals on whose backs it is forbidden to ride, and animals over which they do not mention Allah’s name, inventing falsehood against Him. He will repay them for the things they have invented. (6:138)

They say, ‘What is in the wombs of these animals is exclusively for our men and forbidden for our wives. But if it is stillborn, they can share in it.’ He will repay them for their false depiction. He is All-Wise, All-Knowing. (6:139)

We made forbidden for the Jews every animal with an undivided hoof, and in respect of cattle and sheep, We made their fat forbidden for them, except what is attached to their backs or guts or mixed up with bone. That is how We repaid them for their insolence. And We certainly speak the truth. (6:146)

Nor can you say: ‘If the Book had been sent down to us, We would have been better guided than they were.’ For a Clear Sign has come to you from your Lord, and guidance and mercy. Who could do greater wrong than someone who denies Allah’s Signs and turns away from them? We will repay those who turn away from Our Signs with the worst kind of punishment because they turned away. (6:157)

Those who produce a good action will receive ten like it. But those who produce a bad action will only be repaid with its equivalent and they will not be wronged. (6:160)

As for those who deny Our Signs and are arrogant regarding them, the Gates of Heaven will not be opened for them, and they will not enter the Garden until a camel goes through a needle’s eye. That is how We repay the evildoers. (7:40)

They will have Hell as a resting-place and covering layers on top of them. That is how We repay wrongdoers. (7:41)

As for those who denied Our Signs and the encounter of the hereafter, their actions will come to nothing. Will they be repaid except for what they did? (7:147)

As for those who adopted the Calf, anger from their Lord will overtake them together with abasement in the life of this world. That is how we repay the purveyors of falsehood. (7:152)

To Allah belong the Most Beautiful Names, so call on Him by them and abandon those who desecrate His Names. They will be repaid for what they did. (7:180)

Let them laugh little and weep much, in repayment for what they have earned. (9:82)

They will swear to you by Allah when you return to them, so that you leave them alone. Leave them alone, then! They are filth. Their shelter will be Hell as repayment for what they did. (9:95)

Each and every one of you will return to Him. Allah’s promise is true. He brings creation out of nothing and then regenerates it so that he can repay with justice those who believed and did right actions. Those who disbelieved will have a drink of scalding water and a painful punishment because of their disbelief. (10:4)

We destroyed generations before you when they did wrong. Their Messengers brought them the Clear Signs, but they were never going to believe. That is how We repay evildoers. (10:13)

Then it will be said to those who did wrong, ‘Taste the punishment of eternity! Have you been repaid for anything other than what you earned?’ (10:52)

They said, ‘Its reparation shall be him in the saddlebags of whom it is discovered. With us that is how wrongdoers are repaid.’ (12:75)

So that Allah may repay every self for what it earned. Allah is swift at reckoning. (14:51)

Gardens of Eden which they enter, with rivers flowing under them, where they have whatever they desire. That is how Allah repays those who guard against evil. (16:31)

He said (to Satan), ‘Go! And as for any who follow you, your repayment is Hell, repayment in full!’ (17:63)

That is their repayment for rejecting Our Signs and saying, ‘What, when we are bones and crumbled dust, will we then be raised up as a new creation?’ (17:98)

That is their repayment–Hell–because they disbelieved and made a mockery of My Signs and of My Messengers. (18:106)

That is how We repay anyone who is profligate and does not believe in the Signs of his Lord. And the punishment of the hereafter is much harsher and longer lasting. (20:127)

Were any of them to say, ‘I am a god apart from Him,’ We would repay him with Hell. That is how We repay wrongdoers. (21:29)

Such people will be repaid for their steadfastness with the Highest Paradise, where they will meet with welcome and with ‘Peace’. (25:75)

Those who perform bad actions will be flung head first into the Fire: ‘Are you being repaid for anything other than what you did?’ (27:90)

Those who disbelieved will find that their disbelief was against themselves. Those who did right were making the way easy for themselves; so that He can repay with His bounty those who believed and did right actions. He certainly does not love the disbelievers. (30:44-45)

Those deemed weak will say to those deemed great, ‘No, it was your scheming night and day when you commanded us to reject Allah and assign equals to Him.’ But they will show their remorse when they see the punishment. We will put iron collars round the necks of those who disbelieve. Will they be repaid for anything but what they did? (34:33)

Whereas for those who disbelieve there will be the Fire of Hell. They will not be killed off so that they die and its punishment will not be lightened for them. That is how We repay every thankless man. (35:36)

You will definitely taste the painful punishment and you will only be repaid for what you did–except for Allah’s chosen servants. (37:38-40)

Whoever does an evil act will only be repaid with its equivalent. But whoever acts rightly, male or female, being a believer, such a person will enter the Garden, provided for in it without any reckoning. (40:40)

We will make those who disbelieve suffer a severe punishment and repay them for the worst of what they did. (41:27)

That is the repayment of the enemies of Allah–the Fire. They will have it for their Eternal Home as repayment for their renunciation of Our Signs. (41:28)

Tell those who believe that they should forgive those who feel no fear about the Days of Allah, when He will repay people according to what they earned. (45:14)

On the Day when those who disbelieved are exposed to the Fire: ‘You dissipated the good things you had in your worldly life and enjoyed yourself in it. So today you are being repaid with the punishment of humiliation for being arrogant in the earth without any right and for being deviators.’ (46:20)

When they saw it as a storm cloud advancing on their valleys they said, ‘This is a storm cloud which will give us rain.’ No, rather it is what you desired to hasten–a wind containing painful punishment, destroying everything at its Lord’s command! When morning came you could see nothing but their dwellings. That is how We repay the people of the evildoers. (46:24-25)

(They will be told,) ‘Roast in it! And bear it patiently or do not bear it patiently. It makes no difference either way. You are simply being repaid for what you did.’ (52:16)

Everything in the heavens and everything in the earth belongs to Allah so that He can repay those who do evil for what they did and repay those who do good with the Very Best. (53:31)

The final fate of both of them is that they will be timelessly, for ever in the Fire. That is the repayment of the wrongdoers. (59:17)

REPENTANCE (TAWBAH)

Those who hide the Clear Signs and Guidance We have sent down, after We have made it clear to people in the Book, Allah curses them, and the cursers curse them–except for those who repent and put things right and make things clear. I turn towards them. I am the Ever-Returning, the Most Merciful. (2:159-160)

You who believe! Have fear of Allah and forgo any remaining usury if you are believers. If you do not, know that it means war from Allah and His Messenger. But if you repent you may have your capital, without wronging and without being wronged. (2:278-279)

Except for those who, after that, repent and put things right. Truly Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (3:89)

Those who disbelieve after believing and then increase in their disbelief, their repentance will not be accepted. They are the misguided. (3:90)

If two of you commit a like abomination, punish them. If they repent and reform, leave them alone. Allah is Ever-Returning, Most Merciful. (4:16)

Allah only accepts the repentance of those who do evil in ignorance and then quickly repent after doing it. Allah turns towards such people. Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise. (4:17)

There is no repentance for people who persist in doing evil until death comes to them and who then say, ‘Now I repent,’ nor for people who die disbeliever. We have prepared for them a painful punishment. (4:18)

The hypocrites are in the lowest level of the Fire. You will not find any one to help them, except those who repent and put things right and hold fast to Allah and dedicate their religion to Allah alone; they are with the believers. Allah will give the believers an immense reward. (4:145-146)

The reprisal against those who wage war on Allah and His Messenger, and go about the earth corrupting it, is that they should be killed or crucified, or have their alternate hands and feet cut off, or be banished from the land. That will be their degradation in this world and in the hereafter they will have a terrible punishment, except for those who repent before you gain power over them. Know that Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (5:33-34)

But if anyone repents after his wrongdoing and puts things right, Allah will turn towards him. Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (5:39)

When those who believe in Our Signs come to you, say, ‘Peace be upon you!’ Allah has made mercy incumbent on Himself. If anyone among you does evil out of ignorance and then afterwards repents and puts things right, He is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (6:54)

When Musa came to Our appointed time and his Lord spoke to him, he said, ‘My Lord, show me Yourself so that I may look at You!’ He said, ‘You will not see Me, but look at the mountain. If it remains firm in its place, then you will see Me.’ But when His Lord manifested Himself to the mountain, He crushed it flat and Musa fell unconscious to the ground. When he regained consciousness he said, ‘Glory be to You! I repent to You and I am the first of the believers!’ (7:143)

But as for those who do evil actions and then subsequently repent and believe, in that case your Lord is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (7:153)

A proclamation from Allah and His Messenger to mankind on the day of the greater pilgrimage: ‘Allah is free of the idolaters, as is His Messenger. If you repent, it will be better for you. But if you turn your backs, know that you cannot thwart Allah.’ Give those who disbelieve the news of a painful punishment. (9:3)

Then, when the sacred months are over, kill the idolaters wherever you find them, and seize them and besiege them and lie in wait for them on every road. If they repent and perform prayer and give the alms, let them go on their way. Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (9:5)

But if they repent and perform prayer and give the alms, they are your brothers in the religion. We make the Signs clear for people who have knowledge. (9:11)

They swear by Allah that they said nothing, but they definitely spoke the word of disbelief and returned to disbelief after their Islam. They planned something which they did not achieve and they were vindictive for no other cause than that Allah and His Messenger had enriched them from His bounty. If they were to repent, it would be better for them. But if they turn away, Allah will punish them with a painful punishment in this world and the hereafter, and they will not find any protector or helper on the earth. (9:74)

Do they not know that Allah accepts repentance from His servants and acknowledges their alms, and that Allah is the Ever-Returning, the Most Merciful? (9:104)

Those who repent, those who worship, those who praise, those who fast, those who bow, those who prostrate, those who command the right, those who forbid the wrong, those who preserve the limits of Allah: give good news to the believers. (9:112)

‘Ask your Lord for forgiveness and then repent to Him. He will let you enjoy a good life until a specified time, and will give His favour to all who merit it. But if you turn your backs, I fear for you the punishment of a Mighty Day.’ (11:3)

(Hud said,) ‘My people! Ask forgiveness of your Lord and then repent to Him. He will send heaven down to you in abundant rain, and increase you with strength upon strength. Do not turn away as evildoers.’ (11:52)

To Thamud We sent their brother Salih. He said, ‘My people, worship Allah! You have no god apart from Him. He brought you into being from the earth and made you its inhabitants. So ask His forgiveness and then repent to Him. My Lord is Close and Quick to Respond.’ (11:61)

(Shu‘ayb said,) ‘Ask your Lord for forgiveness and then repent to Him. My Lord is Most Merciful, Most Loving.’ (11:90)

But to those who do evil in ignorance and then after that repent and put things right, to them your Lord is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (16:119)

An evil generation succeeded them who neglected the prayer and followed their appetites. They will plunge into the Valley of Evil–except for those who repent and believe and act rightly. They will enter the Garden and they will not be wronged in any way: (19:59-60)

But I am Ever-Forgiving to anyone who repents and believes and acts rightly and then is guided. (20:82)

But those who make accusations against chaste women and then do not produce four witnesses: flog them with eighty lashes and never again accept them as witnesses. Such people are deviators–except for those who after that repent and put things right. Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (24:4-5)

And on the Day of Rising his punishment will be doubled and he will be humiliated in it timelessly, for ever, except for those who repent and believe and act rightly: Allah will transform the wrong actions of such people into good–Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (25:69-70)

For certainly all who repent and act rightly have turned sincerely towards Allah; (25:71)

But as for those who repent and act rightly, they will hopefully be successful. (28:67)

The Forgiver of wrong action, the Accepter of repentance, the Severe in retribution, the Possessor of abundance. There is no god but Him. He is the final destination. (40:3)

It is He Who accepts repentance from His servants and pardons evil acts and knows what they do. (42:25)

We have instructed man to be good to his parents. His mother bore him with difficulty and with difficulty gave birth to him; and his bearing and weaning take thirty months. Then when he achieves his full strength and reaches forty, he says, ‘My Lord, keep me thankful for the blessing You bestowed on me and on my parents, and keep me acting rightly, pleasing You. And make my descendants righteous. I have repented to You and I am truly one of the Muslims.’ (46:15)

You who believe! Repent to Allah. It may be that your Lord will erase your bad actions from you and admit you into Gardens with rivers flowing under them on the Day when Allah will not disgrace the Prophet and those who believed along with him. Their light will stream out ahead of them and on their right. They will say, ‘Our Lord, perfect our light for us and forgive us! You have power over all things.’ (66:8)

Those who persecute men and women of the believers, and then do not repent, will have the punishment of Hell, will have the punishment of the Burning. (85:10)

RESTING PLACE

When he is told to have fear of Allah, he is seized by pride which drives him to wrongdoing. Hell will be enough for him! What an evil resting-place! (2:206)

Say to those who disbelieve: ‘You will be overwhelmed and crowded into Hell. What an evil resting-place!’ (3:12)

A brief enjoyment; then their shelter will be Hell. What an evil resting-place! (3:197)

They will have Hell as a resting-place and covering layers on top of them. That is how We repay wrongdoers. (7:41)

Hell, where they will roast. What an evil resting-place! (38:56)

RESURRECTION

How can you reject Allah, when you were dead and then He gave you life, then He will make you die and then give you life again, then you will be returned to Him? (2:28)

Then We brought you back to life after your death, so that perhaps you would show thanks. (2:56)

We said, ‘Hit (the dead body) with part of the (sacrificed cow)!’ In that way Allah gives life to the dead and He shows you His Signs so that hopefully you will understand. (2:73)

In the creation of the heavens and earth, and the alternation of the night and day, and the ships which sail the seas to people’s benefit, and the water which Allah sends down from the sky–by which He brings the earth to life when it was dead and scatters about in it creatures of every kind–and the varying direction of the winds, and the clouds subservient between heaven and earth, there are Signs for people who use their intellect. (2:164)

What do you think about those who left their homes in thousands in fear of death? Allah said to them, ‘Die!’ and then brought them back to life. Allah shows great favour to mankind, but most people are not grateful. (2:243)

Or the one who passed by a town which had fallen into ruin? He asked, ‘How can Allah restore this to life when it has died?’ Allah caused him to die a hundred years then brought him back to life. Then He asked, ‘How long have you been here?’ He replied, ‘I have been here a day or part of a day.’ He said, ‘Not so! You have been here a hundred years. Look at your food and drink–it has not gone bad–and look at your donkey so We can make you a Sign for all mankind. Look at the bones–how We raise them up and clothe them in flesh.’ When it had become clear to him, he said, ‘Now I know that Allah has power over all things.’ (2:259)

When Ibrahim said, ‘My Lord, show me how You bring the dead to life.’ He asked, ‘Do you not then believe?’ He replied, ‘Indeed I do! But so that my heart may be at peace.’ He said, ‘Take four birds and train them to yourself. Then put a part of them on each mountain and call to them; they will come rushing to you. Know that Allah is Almighty, All-Wise.’ (2:260)

They say, ‘There is nothing but this life and we will not be raised again.’ (6:29)

Only those who can hear respond. As for the dead, Allah will raise them up, then to Him they will be returned. (6:36)

It is He Who takes you back to Himself at night, while knowing the things you perpetrate by day, and then raises you again to life, so that a specified term may be fulfilled. Then you will return to Him. Then He will inform you about what you did. (6:60)

Is someone who was dead and whom We brought to life, supplying him with a light by which to walk among people, the same as someone who is in utter darkness, unable to emerge from it? That is how what they were doing is made to seem attractive to the disbelievers. (6:122)

He (Satan) said, ‘Grant me a reprieve until the day they are raised up.’ (7:14)

It is He Who sends out the winds, bringing advance news of His mercy, so that when they have lifted up the heavy clouds, We dispatch them to a dead land and send down water to it, by means of which We bring forth all kinds of fruit. In the same way We will bring forth the dead, so that hopefully you will pay heed. (7:57)

He gives life and causes to die and you will be returned to Him. (10:56)

It is He Who created the heavens and the earth in six days when His Throne was on the water, in order to test which of you has the best actions. If you say, ‘You will be raised up after death,’ those who disbelieve will say, ‘This is nothing but downright magic.’ (11:7)

He (Satan) said, ‘My Lord, grant me a reprieve until the Day they are raised again.’ (15:36)

They are dead, not alive, and they are not aware of when they will be raised. (16:21)

They swear by Allah with their most earnest oaths that Allah will not raise up those who die, when, on the contrary, it is a binding promise on Him; but most people do not know it. (16:38)

(They will be raised up), so that He can make clear to them the things they differed about and so that those who disbelieved will know that they were liars. (16:39)

Allah sends down water from the sky and by it brings the dead earth back to life. There is certainly a Sign in that for people who hear. (16:65)

They say, ‘What! When we are bones and crumbled dust, will we then be raised up as a new creation!’ (17:49)

That is their repayment for rejecting Our Signs and saying, ‘What, when we are bones and crumbled dust, will we then be raised up as a new creation?’ (17:98)

That was the situation when we raised them up (from sleep) so they could question one another. One of them asked, ‘How long have you been here?’ They replied, ‘We have been here for a day or part of a day.’ They said, ‘Your Lord knows best how long you have been here. Send one of your number into the city with this silver you have, so he can see which food is purest and bring you some of it to eat. But he should go about with caution so that no one is aware of you.’ (18:19)

Or have they taken gods out of the earth who can bring the dead to life? (21:21)

Mankind! If you are in any doubt about the Rising, know that We created you from dust then from a drop of sperm then from a clot of blood then from a lump of flesh, formed yet unformed, so We may make things clear to you. We make whatever We want stay in the womb until a specified time and then We bring you out as children so that you can reach your full maturity. Some of you die and some of you revert to the lowest form of life so that, after having knowledge, they then know nothing at all. And you see the earth dead and barren; then when We send down water onto it it quivers and swells and sprouts with luxuriant plants of every kind. (22:5)

That is because Allah is the Real and gives life to the dead and has power over all things and the Hour is coming without any doubt and Allah will raise up all those in the graves. (22:6-7)

It is He Who gave you life and then will cause you to die and then will give you life again. Man is truly ungrateful. (22:66)

Then on the Day of Rising you will be raised again. (23:16)

Does he promise you that when you have died and become dust and bones you will be brought forth again? (23:35)

What is there but our life in this world? We die and we live and we will not be raised again. (23:37)

They say, ‘When we are dead and turned to dust and bones, shall we then be raised again?’ (23:82)

When death comes to one of them, he says, ‘My Lord, send me back again so that perhaps I may act rightly regarding the things I failed to do!’ No indeed! It is just words he utters. Before them there is an interspace until the Day they are raised up. (23:99-100)

But they have adopted gods apart from Him which do not create anything but are themselves created. They have no power to harm or help themselves. They have no power over death or life or resurrection. (25:3)

They themselves have come across the city which was rained on by an evil rain. Did they not then see it? But they do not expect to rise again. (25:40)

(Ibrahim said, ‘It is) He Who will cause my death, then give me life.’ (26:81)

(Ibrahim said, ‘My Lord,) do not disgrace me on the Day they are raised up.’ (26:87)

Say: ‘No one in the heavens and the earth knows the Unseen except Allah.’ They are not aware of when they will be raised. (27:65)

Those who disbelieve say, ‘When we and our fathers are turned to dust will we then be brought forth again? We have been promised (to be brought forth again) before, we and our fathers. This is nothing but myths and legends of previous peoples.’ (27:67-68)

If you ask them, ‘Who sends down water from the sky, bringing the earth back to life again after it was dead?’ they will say, ‘Allah.’ Say: ‘Praise be to Allah.’ But most of them do not use their intellect. (29:63)

He brings forth the living from the dead and brings forth the dead from the living and brings the earth to life after it was dead. In the same way you too will be brought forth. (30:19)

Among His Signs is that He shows you lightning, a source of fear and eager hope, and sends down water from the sky, bringing the dead earth back to life by it. There are certainly Signs in that for people who use their intellect. (30:24)

Allah is He Who created you, then provides for you, then will cause you to die and then bring you back to life. Can any of your partner-gods do any of that? Glory be to Him and may He be exalted above anything they associate with Him! (30:40)

So look at the effect of the mercy of Allah, how He brings the dead earth back to life. Truly He is the One Who brings the dead to life. He has power over all things. (30:50)

Those who have been given knowledge and faith will say, ‘You tarried in accordance with Allah’s Decree until the Day of Rising. And this is the Day of Rising, but you did not know it.’ (30:56)

Your creation and rising is only like that of a single self. Allah is All-Hearing, All-Seeing. (31:28)

It is Allah Who sends the winds which raise the clouds which We then drive to a dead land and by them bring the earth to life after it was dead. That is how the Resurrection will be. (35:9)

We bring the dead to life and We record what they send ahead and what they leave behind. We have listed everything in a clear register. (36:12)

A Sign for them is the dead land which We bring to life and from which We bring forth grain of which they eat. (36:33)

The Trumpet will be blown and at once they will be sliding from their graves towards their Lord. (36:51)

They will say, ‘Alas for us! Who has raised us from our resting-place? This is what the All-Merciful promised us. The Messengers were telling the truth.’ (36:52)

He makes likenesses of Us and forgets his own creation, saying, ‘Who will give life to bones when they are decayed?’ (36:78)

Say: ‘He Who made them in the first place will bring them back to life. He has total knowledge of each created thing.’ (36:79)

(They say,) ‘When we are dead and turned to dust and bones will we then be raised up again alive? And our earlier ancestors as well?’ Say: ‘Yes, and you will be in a despicable state.’ There will be but one Great Blast and then their eyes will open. (37:16-19)

One of them will say, ‘I used to have a friend who would say to me, "Are you one of those who say that it is true: that when we have died and are turned to dust and bones, we will face a Reckoning?"’ (37:51-53)

Had it not been that he was a man who glorified Allah, he would have remained inside its belly until the Day they are raised again. (37:143-144)

Say ‘He Who made them in the first place will bring them back to life. He has total knowledge of each created thing.’ (36:79)

He (Satan) said, ‘My Lord, grant me a reprieve until the Day they are raised again.’ (38:79)

They will say, ‘Our Lord, twice You caused us to die and twice You gave us life. We admit our wrong actions. Is there no way out?’ (40:11)

Among His Signs is that you see the earth laid bare and then when We send down water on it, it quivers and swells. He Who gives it life is He Who gives life to the dead. Certainly He has power over all things. (41:39)

Have they then taken others besides Him as protectors? But Allah is the Protector. He gives life to the dead. He has power over all things. (42:9)

It is He Who sends down water in due measure from the sky by which We bring a dead land back to life. That is how you too will be brought forth. (43:11)

These people say, ‘There is nothing more than our first death. We will not be raised up a second time.’ (44:34-35)

And in the alternation of night and day and the provision Allah sends down from the sky, bringing the earth to life by it after it has died, and the varying direction of the winds, there are Signs for people who use their intellect. (45:5)

They say, ‘There is nothing but our existence in this world. We die and we live and nothing destroys us except for time.’ They have no knowledge of that. They are only conjecturing. (45:24)

When Our Clear Signs are recited to them their only argument is to say, ‘Bring us our fathers (back) if you are telling the truth.’ (45:25)

Say: ‘Allah gives you life, then causes you to die, and then will gather you together for the Day of Rising about which there is no doubt. But most people do not know it.’ (45:26)

But what of him who says to his parents, ‘Fie on you! Do you promise me that I will be resurrected when generations before me have passed away?’ They both call on Allah for help: ‘Woe to you! Believe! Allah’s promise is true.’ But he says, ‘This is nothing but the myths of previous peoples.’ (46:17)

Do they not see that Allah–He Who created the heavens and the earth and was not wearied by creating them–has the power to bring the dead to life? Yes indeed! He has power over all things. (46:33)

(Disbelievers say,) ‘When we are dead and turned to dust...? That would be a most unlikely return!’ (50:3)

(We sent down water) as provision for Our servants; by it We brought a dead land to life. That is how the Emergence will take place. (50:11)

The Day they hear the Blast in truth, that is the Day of Emergence. (50:42)

It is We Who give life and cause to die and We are their final destination. (50:43)

(Has he not been informed) that He is responsible for the second existence? (53:47)

On the Day Allah raises up all of them together, He will inform them of what they did. Allah has recorded it while they have forgotten it. Allah is a Witness of all things. (58:6)

On the Day Allah raises up all of them together they will swear to Him just as they have sworn to you and imagine they have something to stand upon. No indeed! It is they who are the liars. (58:18)

Those who disbelieve claim that they will never be raised again. Say: ‘Oh yes, by my Lord, you certainly will be raised again! And then you will be informed about what you did. That is easy for Allah.’ (64:7)

Allah caused you to grow from the earth then will return you to it and bring you out again. (71:17-18)

They thought–as you also think–that Allah would never raise up anyone. (72:7)

Is He Who does this not able to bring the dead to life? (75:40)

They will say, ‘Are we to be restored to how we were?’ (79:10)

Then, when He wills, He raises him from the dead. (80:22)

Do such people not realise that they will be raised up? (83:4)

He originates and regenerates. (85:13)

RETALIATION

You who believe! Retaliation is prescribed for you in the case of people killed: free man for free man, slave for slave, female for female. But if someone is absolved by his brother, blood-money should be claimed with correctness and paid with good will. That is an easement and a mercy from your Lord. Anyone who goes beyond the limits after this will receive a painful punishment. (2:178)

There is life for you in retaliation, people of intelligence, so that hopefully you will guard against evil. (2:179)

If you want to retaliate, retaliate to the same degree as the injury done to you. But if you are patient, it is better to be patient. (16:126)

RETREAT

On the night of the fast it is lawful for you to have sexual relations with your wives. They are clothing for you and you for them. Allah knows that you have been betraying yourselves and He has turned towards you and excused you. Now you may have sexual intercourse with them and seek what Allah has written for you. Eat and drink until you can clearly discern the white thread from the black thread of the dawn, then fulfil the fast until the night appears. But do not have sexual intercourse with them while you are in retreat in the mosques. These are Allah’s limits, so do not go near them. In this way does Allah make His Signs clear to people so that hopefully they will guard against evil. (2:187)

The angels called out to him while he (Zakariyya) was standing in prayer in the Upper Room: ‘Allah gives you the good news of Yahya, who will come to confirm a Word from Allah, and will be a leader and a celibate, a Prophet and one of the righteous.’ (3:39)

They are not all the same. There is a community among the People of the Book who are upright. They recite Allah’s Signs throughout the night, and they prostrate. (3:113)

RETRIBUTION

Perform the pilgrimage and the pious visit for Allah. If you are forcibly prevented, make whatever sacrifice is feasible. But do not shave your heads until the sacrificial animal has reached the place of sacrifice. If any of you are ill or have a head injury, the expiation is fasting or charity or sacrifice when you are safe and well again. And if you are secure, then he who takes advantage of a pious visit before the pilgrimage should make whatever sacrifice is feasible. For any one who cannot, there is three days’ fast on pilgrimage and seven on your return–that is ten in all. That is for anyone whose family does not live near the Sacred Mosque (Masjid al-Haram). Have fear of Allah and know that Allah is fierce in retribution. (2:196)

Ask the tribe of Israel how many Clear Signs We gave to them. If anyone alters Allah’s blessing after it has come to him, Allah is fierce in retribution. (2:211)

Know that Allah is fierce in retribution and that Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (5:98)

They want you to hasten the bad rather than the good when examples of punishment are there before them in the past. Your Lord has forgiveness for people for their wrongdoing; but your Lord is also severe in retribution. (13:6)

The Forgiver of wrong action, the Accepter of repentance, the Severe in retribution, the Possessor of abundance. There is no god but Him. He is the final destination. (40:3)

The people of Nuh denied the truth before them, and the Confederates after them. Every nation planned to seize its Messenger and used false arguments to rebut the truth. So I seized them, and how was My retribution! (40:5)

That was because their Messengers brought them the Clear Signs but they remained disbelievers.  So Allah seized them. He is Most Strong, Severe in Retribution. (40:22)

That is because they were entrenched in hostility towards Allah and His Messenger. If anyone is hostile towards Allah, Allah is Severe in Retribution. (59:04)

Whatever booty Allah gives to His Messenger from city dwellers belongs to Allah and to the Messenger and to near relatives and orphans and the very poor and travellers, so that it does not become something which merely revolves between the rich among you. Whatever the Messenger gives you you should accept and whatever he forbids you you should forgo. Have fear of Allah–Allah is severe in retribution. (59:7)

REVELATION

This is news from the Unseen which We reveal to you. You were not with them when they cast their reeds to see which of them would be the guardian of Maryam. You were not with them when they quarrelled. (3:44)

We have revealed to you as We revealed to Nuh and the Prophets who came after him. And We revealed to Ibrahim and Isma‘il and Ishaq and Ya‘qub and the Tribes, and ‘Isa and Ayyub and Yunus and Harun and Sulayman. And We gave Dawud the Zabur. (4:163)

Say: ‘What thing is greatest as a witness?’ Say: ‘Allah. He is Witness between me and you. This Qur’an has been revealed to me so that I may warn you by it, and anyone else it reaches. Do you then bear witness that there are other gods together with Allah?’ Say: ‘I do not bear witness.’ Say: ‘He is only One God, and I am free of all you associate with Him.’ (6:19)

Say: ‘I do not say to you that I possess the treasuries of Allah, nor do I know the Unseen, nor do I say to you that I am an angel. I only follow what has been revealed to me.’ Say: ‘Are the blind the same as those who can see? So will you not reflect?’ (6:50)

Who could do greater wrong than someone who invents lies against Allah or denies His Signs, or who says, ‘It has been revealed to me,’ when nothing has been revealed to him, or someone who says, ‘I will send down the same as Allah has sent down’? If you could only see the wrongdoers in the throes of death when the angels are stretching out their hands, saying, ‘Disgorge your own selves! Today you will be repaid with the punishment of humiliation for saying something other than the truth about Allah, and being arrogant about His Signs.’ (6:93)

Follow what has been revealed to you from your Lord–there is no god but Him–and turn away from the idolaters. (6:106)

Say: ‘I do not find, in what has been revealed to me, any food it is forbidden to eat except for carrion, flowing blood, and pork–for that is unclean–or some deviance consecrated to other than Allah. But if anyone is forced to eat it, without desiring to or going to excess in it, your Lord is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful.’ (6:145)

We revealed to Musa, ‘Throw down your staff.’ And it immediately swallowed up what they had forged. (7:117)

We divided them up into twelve tribes–communities. We revealed to Musa, when his people asked him for water: ‘Strike the rock with your staff.’ Twelve fountains flowed out from it and all the people knew their drinking place. And We shaded them with clouds and sent down manna and quails to them: ‘Eat of the good things We have provided you with.’ They did not wrong Us; rather it was themselves they wronged. (7:160)

If you do not bring them a Sign, they say, ‘Why have you not come up with one?’ Say, ‘I follow only what has been revealed to me from my Lord.’ This is clear insight from your Lord, and guidance and mercy, for people who believe. (7:203)

And when your Lord revealed to the angels, ‘I am with you so make those who believe firm. I will cast terror into the hearts of those who disbelieve, so strike their necks and strike all their finger joints!’ (8:12)

Do people find it so surprising that We should reveal to a man among them: ‘Warn mankind and give good news to those who believe that they are on a sure footing with their Lord’? The disbelievers say, ‘This is downright magic!’ (10:2)

When Our Clear Signs are recited to them, those who do not expect to meet Us say, ‘Bring a Qur’an other than this one or change it.’ Say: ‘It is not for me to change it of my own accord. I follow nothing except what is revealed to me. I fear, were I to disobey my Lord, the punishment of a Dreadful Day.’ (10:15)

We revealed to Musa and his brother: ‘Settle your people in houses in Egypt and make your houses places of worship and perform prayer and give good news to the believers.’ (10:87)

Follow what has been revealed to you and be steadfast until Allah’s judgement comes. He is the Best of Judges. (10:109)

Perhaps you are leaving aside part of what has been revealed to you and your breast is constricted by this because they say, ‘Why has treasure not been sent down to him or an angel not accompanied him?’ You are only a warner and Allah is Guardian over all things. (11:12)

It was revealed to Nuh: ‘None of your people are going to believe except for those who already believe, so do not be distressed at what they do.’ Build the Ark under Our supervision and as We reveal and do not address Me concerning the wrongdoers. They shall be drowned.’ (11:36-37)

That is some of the news of the Unseen which We reveal to you. Neither you nor your people knew it before this time. So be steadfast. The best end result is for those who guard against evil. (11:49)

We tell you the best of stories in revealing this Qur’an to you, even though you were unaware of it before it came. (12:3)

But when, in fact, they did go out with him (Yusuf) and gathered all together and agreed to put him at the bottom of the well, We then revealed to him that: ‘You will inform them of this deed they perpetrate at a time when they are totally unaware.’ (12:15)

This is news of the Unseen which We reveal to you. You were not with them when they decided what to do and devised their scheme.’ (12:102)

We sent none before you but men inspired with revelation from among the people of the cities. Have they not travelled in the land and seen the final fate of those before them? The abode of the hereafter is better for those who guard against evil. So will you not use your intellect? (12:109)

In the same way We have sent you among a nation before which other nations passed away, to recite to them what We have revealed to you. Yet they still reject the All-Merciful. Say: ‘He is my Lord; there is no god but Him. I put my trust in Him and I turn to Him.’ (13:30)

Those who disbelieved said to their Messengers, ‘We will drive you from our land unless you return to our religion.’ Their Lord revealed to them, ‘We will destroy those who do wrong.’ (14:13)

We have only ever sent before you men who were given Revelation–ask the People of the Reminder if you do not know. (16:43)

Your Lord revealed to the bees: ‘Build dwellings in the mountains and the trees, and also in the structures which men erect.’ (16:68)

Then We revealed to you: ‘Follow the religion of Ibrahim, a man of pure natural belief. He was not one of the idolaters.’ (16:123)

That is part of the wisdom your Lord has revealed to you. Do not set up another god together with Allah and so be thrown into Hell, blamed and driven out. (17:39)

They were very near to enticing you away from some of what We have revealed to you, hoping that you would invent something against Us. Then they would have taken you as their intimate. (17:73)

If We wished We could take away what We have revealed to you and then you would not find any to guard you from Us. (17:86)

Recite what has been revealed to you of your Lord’s Book. No one can change His Words. You will never find any safe haven apart from Him. (18:27)

Say: ‘I am only a human being like yourselves. It is revealed to me that your god is One God. So let him who hopes to meet his Lord act rightly and not associate anyone in the worship of his Lord.’ (18:110)

(A voice called out, ‘Musa!) I have chosen you, so listen well to what is revealed.’ (20:13)

He said, ‘Your request has been granted, Musa. We were gracious to you another time when We revealed to your mother: "Place him into the box and throw it into the sea and the sea will wash it up on the shore, where an enemy of Mine and his will pick it up." I showered you with love from Me so that you would be brought up under My supervision.’ (20:36-39)

(He said to Musa ‘Go to Pharaoh and say,) "It has been revealed to us that punishment is for him who denies the truth and turns away."’ (20:48)

We revealed to Musa, ‘Travel with My servants by night. Strike a dry path for them through the sea. Have no fear of being overtaken and do not be afraid.’ (20:77)

High exalted be Allah, the King, the Real! Do not rush ahead with the Qur’an before its revelation to you is complete, and say: ‘My Lord, increase me in knowledge.’ (20:114)

We have only ever sent before you men who were given Revelation. Ask the People of the Reminder if you do not know. (21:7)

We sent no Messenger before you without revealing to him: ‘There is no god but Me, so worship Me.’ (21:25)

Say: ‘I can only warn you through the Revelation.’ But the deaf cannot hear the call when they are warned. (21:45)

We made them leaders, guiding by Our command, and revealed to them how to do good actions and perform prayer and give the alms, and they worshipped Us. (21:73)

Say: ‘It is revealed to me that your god is One God. So are you Muslims?’ (21:108)

We revealed to him (Nuh): ‘Build the Ship under Our supervision and as We reveal. When Our command comes and water bubbles up from the earth, load into it a pair of every species, and your family–except for those among them against whom the word has already gone ahead. And do not address Me concerning those who do wrong. They shall be drowned.’ (23:27)

We revealed to Musa: ‘Travel with Our servants by night. You will certainly be pursued.’ (26:52)

So We revealed to Musa, ‘Strike the sea with your staff.’ And it split in two, each part like a towering cliff. (26:63)

We revealed to Musa’s mother, ‘Suckle him and then when you fear for him cast him into the sea. Do not fear or grieve; We will return him to you and make him one of the Messengers.’ (28:7)

Recite what has been revealed to you of the Book and perform prayer. Prayer precludes indecency and wrongdoing. And remembrance of Allah is greater still. Allah knows what you do. (29:45)

Follow what has been revealed to you from your Lord. Allah is aware of what you do. (33:2)

Say: ‘If I am misguided, it is only to my detriment. But if I am guided, it is by what my Lord reveals to me. He is All-Hearing, Close-at-hand.’ (34:50)

What We have revealed to you of the Book is the truth, confirming what came before it. Allah is aware of and sees His servants. (35:31)

Say: ‘It is only revealed to me that I am a clear warner.’ (38:70)

It has been revealed to you and those before you: ‘If you associate others with Allah, your actions will come to nothing and you will be among the losers.’ (39:65)

Say: ‘I am only a human being like yourselves. It is revealed to me that your god is One God. So be straight with Him and ask His forgiveness.’ Woe to those who associate others with Him. (41:6)

In two days He determined them as seven heavens and revealed, in every heaven, its own mandate. We adorned the lowest heaven with lamps and guarded it. That is the decree of the Almighty, the All-Knowing. (41:12)

That is how He sends revelation to you and those before you. Allah is the Almighty, the All-Wise. (42:3)

Accordingly We have revealed to you an Arabic Qur’an so that you may warn the Mother of Cities and those around it, and give warning of the Day of Gathering about which there is no doubt: one group in the Garden, the other in the Blazing Fire. (42:7)

He has laid down the same religion for you as He enjoined on Nuh: that which We have revealed to you and which We enjoined on Ibrahim, Musa and ‘Isa: ‘Establish the religion and do not make divisions in it.’ What you call the idolaters to follow is very hard for them. Allah chooses for Himself anyone He wills and guides to Himself those who turn to Him. (42:13)

It does not befit Allah to address any human being except by inspiration, or from behind a veil, or He sends a messenger who then reveals by His permission whatever He wills. He is indeed Most High, All-Wise. (42:51)

Accordingly We have revealed to you a Spirit by Our command. You had no idea of what the Book was, nor faith. Nonetheless We have made it a Light by which We guide those of Our servants We will. Truly you are guiding to a Straight Path. (42:52)

So hold fast to what has been revealed to you. You are on a straight path. (43:43)

Say: ‘I am nothing new among the Messengers. I have no idea what will be done with me or you. I only follow what has been revealed to me. I am only a clear warner.’ (46:9)

It is nothing but Revelation revealed, (53:4)

Then He revealed to His servant what He revealed. (53:10)

Say: ‘It has been revealed to me that a band of the jinn listened and said, "We have heard a most amazing Recitation."’ (72:1)

REVENGE

He has sent down the Book to you with truth, confirming what was there before it. And He sent down the Torah and the Gospel, previously, as guidance for mankind, and He has sent down the Furqan (Discrimination). Those who reject Allah’s Signs will have a terrible punishment. Allah is Almighty, Exactor of Revenge. (3:3-4)

You who believe! Do not kill game while you are in the state of pilgrimage. If one of you kills any deliberately, the reprisal for it is a livestock animal equivalent to what he killed, as judged by two just men among you, a sacrifice to reach the Kaaba, or expiation by feeding the poor, or fasting commensurate with that, so that he may taste the evil consequences of what he did. Allah has pardoned all that took place in the past; but if anyone does it again Allah will take revenge on him. Allah is Almighty, Exactor of Revenge. (5:95)

Then We took revenge on them and drowned them in the sea because they denied Our Signs and paid no attention to them. (7:136)

Do not imagine that Allah will break His promise to His Messengers. Allah is Almighty, Exactor of Revenge. (14:47)

We took revenge on them as well. They are both beside a well-beaten track. (15:79)

Before you We sent other Messengers to their people, and they too brought them the Clear Signs. We took revenge on those who did evil; and it is Our duty to help the believers. (30:47)

Who could do greater wrong than someone who is reminded of the Signs of his Lord and then turns away from them? We will take revenge on the evildoers. (32:22)

Is Allah not enough for His servant? Yet they try to scare you with others apart from Him. If Allah misguides someone, he has no guide and if Allah guides someone, he cannot be misguided. Is Allah not Almighty, Exactor of Revenge? (39:36-37)

So We took revenge on them. And see the final fate of the deniers! (43:25)

Either We will extricate you and take revenge on them or let you see what We have promised them. They are completely in Our power. (43:41-42)

Then when they had provoked Our wrath, We took revenge on them and drowned every one of them. (43:55)

On the day We launch the Great Assault We will certainly take Our revenge. (44:16)

REVILED

He said (to Satan), ‘Get out of it, reviled and driven out. As for those of them who follow you, I will fill up Hell with every one of you.’ (7:18)

As for anyone who desires this fleeting existence, We hasten in it whatever We will to whoever We want. Then We will consign him to Hell where he will roast, reviled and driven out. (17:18)

Do not set up any other god together with Allah and so sit there reviled and forsaken. (17:22)

REWARD

Those with faith, those who are Jews, and the Christians and Sabaeans, all who believe in Allah and the Last Day and act rightly, will have their reward with their Lord. They will feel no fear and will know no sorrow. (2:62)

If only they had believed and done their duty! A reward from Allah is better, if they only knew. (2:103)

Not so! All who submit themselves completely to Allah and are good-doers will find their reward with their Lord. They will feel no fear and will know no sorrow. (2:112)

Those who spend their wealth in the Way of Allah, and then do not follow what they have spent by demands for gratitude or insulting words will have their reward with their Lord. They will feel no fear and will know no sorrow. (2:262)

Those who give away their wealth by night and day, secretly and openly, will have their reward with their Lord. They will feel no fear and will know no sorrow. (2:274)

Those who believe and do right actions and perform prayer and give the alms, will have their reward with their Lord. They will feel no fear and will know no sorrow. (2:277)

You will not be denied the reward for any good thing you do. Allah knows those who guard against evil. (3:115)

Their recompense is forgiveness from their Lord, and Gardens with rivers flowing under them, remaining in them timelessly, for ever. How excellent is the reward of those who act! (3:136)

No self can die except with Allah’s permission, at a predetermined time. If anyone desires the reward of this world, We will give him some of it. If anyone desires the reward of the hereafter, We will give him some of it. We will recompense the thankful. (3:145)

So Allah gave them the reward of this world and the best reward of the hereafter. Allah loves good-doers. (3:148)

Those who who did good and guarded against evil among those who responded to Allah and the Messenger after the wound had been inflicted will have an immense reward. (3:172)

Allah will only leave the believers in the position you now are in so that He can sift out the rotten from the good. Allah has not given you access to the Unseen. But Allah chooses those of His Messengers whom He wills. So believe in Allah and His Messengers. If you believe and guard against evil you will have an immense reward. (3:179)

Their Lord responds to them: ‘I will not let the deeds of any doer among you go to waste, male or female–you are both the same in that respect. Those who migrated and were driven from their homes and suffered harm in My Way and fought and were killed, I will erase their bad actions from them and admit them into Gardens with rivers flowing under them, as a reward from Allah. The best of all rewards is with Allah.’ (3:195)

Among the people of the Book there are some who believe in Allah and in what has been sent down to you and what was sent down to them, and who are humble before Allah. They do not sell Allah’s Signs for a paltry price. Such people will have their reward with their Lord. And Allah is swift at reckoning. (3:199)

Allah does not wrong anyone by so much as the smallest speck. And if there is a good deed Allah will multiply it and pay out an immense reward direct from Him. (4:40)

In that case (if they had done what they were urged to do) We would have given them an immense reward from Us. (4:67)

So let those who sell the life of this world for the hereafter fight in the Way of Allah. If someone fights in the Way of Allah, whether he is killed or is victorious, We will pay him an immense reward. (4:74)

Those who join forces for good will receive a reward for it. Those who join forces for evil will be answerable for it. Allah gives all things what they deserve. (4:85)

Those believers who stay behind–other than those forced to by necessity–are not the same as those who strive in the Way of Allah, sacrificing their wealth and themselves. Allah has given those who strive with their wealth and themselves a higher rank than those who stay behind. Allah has promised the Best to both, but Allah has preferred those who strive over those who stay behind by an immense reward. (4:95)

Those who migrate in the Way of Allah will find many places of refuge on the earth and ample sustenance. If anyone leaves his home, migrating to Allah and His Messenger, and death catches up with him, it is Allah Who will reward him. Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (4:100)

There is no good in much of their secret talk, except in the case of those who enjoin charity, or what is right, or putting things right between people. If anyone does that, seeking the pleasure of Allah, We will give him an immense reward. (4:114)

If anyone desires the reward of this world, the reward of both this world and hereafter is with Allah. Allah is All-Hearing, All-Seeing. (4:134)

The hypocrites are in the lowest level of the Fire. You will not find any one to help them, except those who repent and put things right and hold fast to Allah and dedicate their religion to Allah alone; they are with the believers. Allah will give the believers an immense reward. (4:145-146)

Allah has promised those who believe and do right actions forgiveness and an immense reward. (5:9)

Allah will reward them for what they say with Gardens with rivers flowing under them, remaining in them timelessly, for ever. That is the recompense of the good-doers. (5:85)

The magicians came to Pharaoh and they asked, ‘Will we receive a reward if we are the winners?’ (7:113)

That is your reward, so taste it. The disbelievers will also have the punishment of the Fire. (8:14)

That is your reward. Allah always confounds the schemes of the disbelievers. (8:18)

Know that your wealth and children are a trial and that there is an immense reward with Allah. (8:28)

Their Lord gives them the good news of His mercy and good pleasure and Gardens where they will enjoy everlasting delight, remaining in them timelessly, for ever and ever. Truly there is an immense reward with Allah. (9:21-22)

Except for those who are steadfast and do right actions. They will receive forgiveness and a large reward. (11:11)

And then when he became a full-grown man, We gave him knowledge and right judgement too. That is how We reward all doers of good. (12:22)

So when they came into his (Yusuf's) presence, they said, ‘Your Eminence! Hardship has hit us and our families. We bring scant merchandise, but fill the measure for us generously. Allah always rewards a generous giver.’ (12:88)

(Their Lord revealed to them,) ‘We will leave you the land to live in after them. That is the reward of those who fear My station and fear My threat.’ (14:14)

As for those who migrate for Allah’s sake after being wronged, We shall give them good lodging in this world, and the reward of the hereafter is greater still if they only knew. (16:41)

This Qur’an guides to the most upright Way and gives good news to the believers who do right actions that they will have a large reward. (17:9)

It is straight, to warn of violent force direct from Him, and to give the good news to the believers, those who do right actions, that for them there is an excellent reward. (18:2)

They will have Gardens of Eden with rivers flowing under them. They will be adorned in them with bracelets made of gold and wear green garments made of the finest silk and rich brocade, reclining there on couches under canopies. What an excellent reward! What a wonderful repose! (18:31)

In that situation the only protection is from Allah, the Real. He gives the best reward and the best outcome. (18:44)

Wealth and sons are the embellishment of the life of this world. But, in your Lord’s sight, right actions which are lasting bring a better reward and are a better basis for hope. (18:46)

(Dhu’l-Qarnayn said,) ‘But as for him who believes and acts rightly, he will receive the best of rewards and we will issue a command, making things easy for him.’ (18:88)

Allah augments those who are guided by giving them greater guidance. In your Lord’s sight, right actions which are lasting are better both in reward and end result. (19:76)

Gardens of Eden with rivers flowing under them, remaining in them timelessly, for ever. That is the reward of those who purify themselves. (20:76)

(Allah will say,) ‘Today I have rewarded them for being steadfast. They are the ones who are victorious.’ (23:111)

... there are men who proclaim His glory morning and evening, not distracted by trade or commerce from the remembrance of Allah and the performance of prayer and the giving of the alms; fearing a day when all hearts and eyes will be in turmoil–so that Allah can reward them for the best of what they did and give them more from His unbounded favour. Allah provides for anyone He wills without reckoning. (24:36-38)

When the magicians came, they said to Pharaoh, ‘Will we be rewarded if we are the winners?’ (26:41)

They will be given their reward twice over because they have been steadfast and because they ward off the bad with the good and give from what we have provided for them. (28:54)

But those who had been given knowledge said, ‘Woe to you! Allah’s reward is better for those who believe and act rightly. But only the steadfast will obtain it.’ (28:80)

We gave him Ishaq and Ya‘qub and placed Prophethood and the Book among his progeny. We gave him his reward in this world and in the hereafter he will be among the righteous. (29:27)

As for those who believe and do right actions, We will lodge them in lofty chambers in the Garden, with rivers flowing under them, remaining in them timelessly, for ever. How excellent is the reward of those who act. (29:58)

(O Prophet, tell your wives:) ‘But if you desire Allah and His Messenger and the abode of the hereafter, Allah has prepared an immense reward for those among you who are good-doers.’ (33:29)

But those of you who are obedient to Allah and His Messenger and act rightly will be given their reward twice over; and We have prepared generous provision for them. (33:31)

Men and women who are Muslims, men and women who are believers, men and women who are obedient, men and women who are truthful, men and women who are steadfast, men and women who are humble, men and women who give charity, men and women who fast, men and women who guard their chastity, men and women who remember Allah much: Allah has prepared forgiveness for them and an immense reward. (33:35)

Their greeting on the Day they meet Him will be ‘Peace!’ and He has prepared a generous reward for them. (33:44)

Those who disbelieve will suffer a harsh punishment. But those who believe and do right actions will receive forgiveness and an immense reward. (35:7)

You can only warn those who act on the Reminder and fear the All-Merciful in the Unseen. Give them the good news of forgiveness and a generous reward. (36:11)

But if We let him taste mercy from Us after he has suffered hardship, then he says, ‘This is my due. I do not think that the Hour is going to come. And if am returned to my Lord, I will definitely find the best reward with Him.’ But We will inform those who disbelieve of what they did and make them suffer a ruthless punishment. (41:50)

The repayment of a bad action is one equivalent to it. But if someone pardons and puts things right, his reward is with Allah. Certainly He does not love wrongdoers. (42:40)

Those who pledge you their allegiance pledge allegiance to Allah. Allah’s hand is over their hands. He who breaks his pledge only breaks it against himself. But as for him who fulfils the contract he has made with Allah, We will pay him an immense reward. (48:10)

Say to the Arabs who remained behind: ‘You will be called up against a people who possess great force whom you must fight unless they submit. If you obey, Allah will give you an excellent reward. But if you turn your backs as you did before, He will punish you with a painful punishment.’ (48:16)

Allah was pleased with the believers when they pledged allegiance to you under the tree. He knew what was in their hearts, and sent down serenity to them and has rewarded them with an imminent victory. (48:18)

Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, and those who are with him are fierce to the disbelievers, merciful to one another. You see them bowing and prostrating, seeking Allah’s good favour and His pleasure. Their mark is on their faces, the traces of prostration. That is their likeness in the Torah. And their likeness in the Gospel is that of a seed which puts up a shoot and makes it strong so that it thickens and grows up straight upon its stalk, filling the sowers with delight–so that by them He may infuriate the disbelievers. Allah has promised those of them who believe and do right actions forgiveness and an immense reward. (48:29)

Those who lower their voices when they are with the Messenger of Allah are people whose hearts Allah has tested for heedfulness. They will have forgiveness and an immense reward. (49:3)

We bore him (Nuh) on a planked and well-caulked ship, which ran before Our eyes–a reward for him who had been rejected. (54:13-14)

Will the reward for doing good be anything other than good? (55:60)

Believe in Allah and His Messenger and give of that to which He has made you successors. Those of you who believe and give will have an immense reward. (57:7)

Who will make a good loan to Allah so that He may multiply it for him? He will have a generous reward. (57:11)

The men and women who give charity and make a good loan to Allah will have it increased for them and they will have a generous reward. (57:18)

Then We sent Our Messengers following in their footsteps and sent ‘Isa son of Maryam after them, giving him the Gospel. We put compassion and mercy in the hearts of those who followed him. They invented monasticism–We did not prescribe it for them–purely out of desire to gain the pleasure of Allah, but even so they did not observe it as it should have been observed. To those of them who believed We gave their reward but many of them are deviators. (57:27)

Your wealth and children are a trial. But with Allah there is an immense reward. (64:15)

That is Allah’s command which He has sent down to you. Whoever has fear of Allah–He will erase his bad actions from him and greatly increase his reward. (65:5)

Those who fear their Lord in the Unseen will have forgiveness and an immense reward. (67:12)

Your Lord knows that you stay up nearly two-thirds of the night–or half of it, or a third of it–and a group of those with you. Allah determines the night and day. He knows you will not keep count of it, so He has turned towards you. Recite as much of the Qur’an as is easy for you. He knows that some of you are ill and that others are travelling in the land seeking Allah’s bounty, and that others are fighting in the Way of Allah. So recite as much of it as is easy for you. And perform prayer and give the alms and lend a generous loan to Allah. Whatever good you send ahead for yourselves you will find it with Allah as something better and as a greater reward. And seek forgiveness from Allah. Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (73:20)

So Allah has safeguarded them from the evil of that Day and has made them meet with radiance and pure joy and will reward them for their steadfastness with a Garden and with silk. (76:11-12)

‘This is your reward. Your striving is fully acknowledged.’ (76:22)

‘This is the way We reward good-doers.’ (77:44)

Their reward is with their Lord: Gardens of Eden with rivers flowing under them, remaining in them timelessly, for ever and ever. Allah is pleased with them and they are pleased with Him. That is for those who fear their Lord. (98:8)

RIBA (SEE USURY)

RICH

It (the charity) is for the poor who are held back in the Way of Allah, unable to travel in the land. The ignorant consider them rich because of their reticence. You will know them by their mark. They do not ask from people insistently. Whatever good you give away, Allah knows it. (2:273)

Allah has heard the words of those who say, ‘Allah is poor and we are rich.’ We will write down what they said and their killing of the Prophets without any right to do so and We will say, ‘Taste the punishment of the Burning.’ (3:181)

You who believe! Be upholders of justice, bearing witness for Allah alone, even against yourselves or your parents and relatives. Whether they are rich or poor, Allah is well able to look after them. Do not follow your own desires and deviate from the truth. If you twist or turn away, Allah is aware of what you do. (4:135)

You who believe! The idolaters are unclean, so after this year they should not come near the Sacred Mosque (Masjid al-Haram). If you fear impoverishment, Allah will enrich you from His bounty if He wills. Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise. (9:28)

They swear by Allah that they said nothing, but they definitely spoke the word of disbelief and returned to disbelief after their Islam. They planned something which they did not achieve and they were vindictive for no other cause than that Allah and His Messenger had enriched them from His bounty. If they were to repent, it would be better for them. But if they turn away, Allah will punish them with a painful punishment in this world and the hereafter, and they will not find any protector or helper on the earth. (9:74)

There are only grounds against those who ask you for permission to stay when they are rich. They were pleased to be among those who were left behind. Allah has sealed up their hearts so they do not know. (9:93)

Marry off those among you who are unmarried and those of your slaves and slavegirls who are righteous. If they are poor, Allah will enrich them from His bounty. Allah is All-Encompassing, All-Knowing. (24:32)

Those who cannot find the means to marry should be abstinent until Allah enriches them from His bounty. If any slaves you own want to make a contract to free themselves, write it for them if you know of good in them and give them some of the wealth Allah has given you. Do not force your slavegirls to prostitute themselves if they desire to be virtuous women out of your desire for the goods of this world. If anyone forces them, then after they have been forced, Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (24:33)

Whatever booty Allah gives to His Messenger from city dwellers belongs to Allah and to the Messenger and to near relatives and orphans and the very poor and travellers, so that it does not become something which merely revolves between the rich among you. Whatever the Messenger gives you you should accept and whatever he forbids you you should forgo. Have fear of Allah–Allah is severe in retribution. (59:7)

Did He not find you impoverished and enrich you? (93:8)

RIDING

They say, ‘These animals and crops are sacrosanct. No one may eat them except those we wish’,–as they allege–and animals on whose backs it is forbidden to ride, and animals over which they do not mention Allah’s name, inventing falsehood against Him. He will repay them for the things they have invented. (6:138)

And also (He provides) animals for riding and for haulage and animals for slaughtering and for wool. Eat what Allah has provided for you and do not follow in the footsteps of Satan. He is an outright enemy to you. (6:142)

Remember when you called on your Lord for help and He responded to you: ‘I will reinforce you with a thousand angels riding rank after rank.’ (8:9)

And horses, mules and donkeys both to ride and for adornment. And He creates other things you do not know. (16:8)

We have made them tame for them and some they ride and some they eat. (36:72)

It is Allah Who has given you livestock, some for you to ride and some to eat. (40:79)

It is He Who created all the species and gave you ships and livestock for you to ride. (43:12)

RIGHTEOUS (SALIHUN)

Who would deliberately renounce the religion of Ibrahim except someone who reveals himself to be a fool? We chose him in this world and in the hereafter he will be one of the righteous. (2:130)

The angels called out to him while he (Zakariyya) was standing in prayer in the Upper Room: ‘Allah gives you the good news of Yahya, who will come to confirm a Word from Allah, and will be a leader and a celibate, a Prophet and one of the righteous.’ (3:39)

When the angels said, ‘Maryam, your Lord gives you good news of a Word from Him. His name is the Messiah, ‘Isa, son of Maryam, of high esteem in this world and the hereafter, and one of those brought near.’ (3:45)

They believe in Allah and the Last Day, and enjoin the right and forbid the wrong, and compete in doing good. They are among the righteous. (3:114)

Whoever obeys Allah and the Messenger will be with those whom Allah has blessed: the Prophets, the steadfast affirmers of truth, the martyrs and the righteous. What excellent company such people are! (4:69)

How could we not believe in Allah, and the truth that has come to us, when we long for our Lord to include us among the righteous?’ (5:84)

And Zakariyya, Yahya, ‘Isa and Ilyas. All of them were among the righteous. (6:85)

And We divided them into nations in the earth. Some of them are righteous and some are other than that. We tried them with good and evil so that hopefully they would return. (7:168)

As for those who hold fast to the Book and perform prayer, We will not let the wage of the righteous be wasted. (7:170)

(Say:) ‘My Protector is Allah Who sent down the Book. He takes care of the righteous.’ (7:196)

Among them there were some who made an agreement with Allah: ‘If He gives us of His bounty we will definitely give charity and be among the righteous.’ (9:75)

Two servants entered prison along with him (Yusuf). One said, ‘I dreamt that I was pressing grapes.’ The other said, ‘I dreamt I carried bread upon my head and birds were eating it. Tell us the true meaning of these dreams. We see that you’re one of the righteous.’ (12:36)

(Yusuf said,) ‘My Lord, You have granted power to me on earth and taught me the true meaning of events. Originator of the heavens and earth, You are my Friend in this world and the Next. So take me as a Muslim at my death and join me to the people who are righteous.’ (12:101)

Gardens of Eden which they will enter, and all of their parents, wives and children who were righteous. Angels will enter in to welcome them from every gate. (13:23)

We gave him good in this world and in the hereafter he will be one of the righteous. (16:122)

Your Lord knows best what is in your selves. If you are righteous, He is Ever-Forgiving to the remorseful. (17:25)

(He whom We had granted mercy from Us and whom We had also given knowledge direct from Us said to Musa,) ‘As for the wall, it belonged to two young orphans in the town and there was a treasure underneath it, belonging to them. Their father was one of the righteous and your Lord wanted them to come of age and then to unearth their treasure as a mercy from Him. I did not do it of my own volition. That is the explanation of the things about which you were not able to restrain yourself.’ (18:82)

And in addition to that We gave him Ishaq and Ya‘qub and made both of them righteous. (21:72)

We admitted him into Our mercy. He was one of the righteous. (21:75)

We admitted them into Our mercy. They were among the righteous. (21:86)

We wrote down in the Zabur, after the Reminder came: ‘It is My servants who are righteous who will inherit the earth.’ (21:105)

Marry off those among you who are unmarried and those of your slaves and slavegirls who are righteous. If they are poor, Allah will enrich them from His bounty. Allah is All-Encompassing, All-Knowing. (24:32)

(Ibrahim said,) ‘My Lord, give me right judgement and unite me with the righteous.’ (26:83)

He (Sulayman) smiled, laughing at its words, and said, ‘My Lord, keep me thankful for the blessing You have bestowed on me and on my parents, and keep me acting rightly, pleasing You, and admit me, by Your mercy, among Your servants who are righteous.’ (27:19)

He said (to Musa), ‘I would like to marry you to one of these two daughters of mine on condition that you work for me for eight full years. If you complete ten, that is up to you. I do not want to be hard on you. You will find me, Allah willing, to be one of the righteous.’ (28:27)

As for those who believe and do right actions, We will admit them among the righteous. (29:9)

We gave him Ishaq and Ya‘qub and placed Prophethood and the Book among his progeny. We gave him his reward in this world and in the hereafter he will be among the righteous. (29:27)

We gave him the good news of Ishaq, a Prophet, one of the righteous. (37:112)

We have instructed man to be good to his parents. His mother bore him with difficulty and with difficulty gave birth to him; and his bearing and weaning take thirty months. Then when he achieves his full strength and reaches forty, he says, ‘My Lord, keep me thankful for the blessing You bestowed on me and on my parents, and keep me acting rightly, pleasing You. And make my descendants righteous. I have repented to You and I am truly one of the Muslims.’ (46:15)

Give from what We have provided for you before death comes to one of you and he says, ‘My Lord, if only you would give me a little more time so that I can give charity and be one of the righteous!’ (63:10)

Allah has made an example for those who disbelieve: the wife of Nuh and the wife of Lut. They were married to two of Our servants who were righteous but they betrayed them and were not helped at all against Allah. They were told, ‘Enter the Fire along with all who enter it.’ (66:10)

But his Lord chose him and made him one of the righteous. (68:50)

Among us there are some who are righteous and some who are other than that. We follow many different paths. (72:11)

RIVER

Give the good news to those who believe and do right actions that they will have Gardens with rivers flowing under them. When they are given fruit there as provision, they will say, ‘This is what we were given before.’ But they were only given a simulation of it. They will have there spouses of perfect purity and will remain there timelessly, for ever. (2:25)

Then your hearts became hardened after that, so they were like rocks or even harder still. There are some rocks from which rivers gush out, and others which split open and water pours out, and others which crash down from fear of Allah. Allah is not unaware of what you do. (2:74)

When Talut marched out with the army, he said, ‘Allah will test you with a river. Anyone who drinks from it is not with me. But anyone who does not taste it is with me–except for him who merely scoops up a little in his hand.’ But they drank from it–except for a few of them. Then when he and those who believed with him had crossed it, they said, ‘We do not have the strength to face Goliath and his troops today.’ But those who were sure that they were going to meet Allah said, ‘How many a small force has triumphed over a much greater one by Allah’s permission! Allah is with the steadfast.’ (2:249)

Would any of you like to have a garden of dates and grapes, with rivers flowing underneath and containing all kinds of fruits, then to be stricken with old age and have children who are weak, and then for a fierce whirlwind containing fire to come and strike it so that it goes up in flames? In this way Allah makes His Signs clear to you, so that hopefully you will reflect. (2:266)

Say, ‘Shall I tell you of something better than that?’ Those who guard against evil will have Gardens with their Lord, with rivers flowing under them, remaining in them timelessly, for ever, and purified wives, and the Pleasure of Allah. Allah sees His servants. (3:15)

Their recompense is forgiveness from their Lord, and Gardens with rivers flowing under them, remaining in them timelessly, for ever. How excellent is the reward of those who act! (3:136)

Their Lord responds to them: ‘I will not let the deeds of any doer among you go to waste, male or female–you are both the same in that respect. Those who migrated and were driven from their homes and suffered harm in My Way and fought and were killed, I will erase their bad actions from them and admit them into Gardens with rivers flowing under them, as a reward from Allah. The best of all rewards is with Allah.’ (3:195)

But those who have fear of their Lord will have Gardens with rivers flowing under them, remaining in them timelessly, for ever: hospitality from Allah. What is with Allah is better for those who are truly good. (3:198)

These are Allah’s limits. As for those who obey Allah and His Messenger, We will admit them into Gardens with rivers flowing under them, remaining in them timelessly, for ever. That is the Great Victory. (4:13)

But as for those who believe and do right actions, We will admit them into Gardens with rivers flowing under them, remaining in them timelessly, for ever and ever. In them they will have spouses of perfect purity and We will admit them into cool, refreshing shade. (4:57)

But as for those who believe and do right actions, We will admit them into Gardens with rivers flowing under them, remaining in them timelessly, for ever and ever. Allah’s promise is true. Whose speech could be truer than Allah’s? (4:122)

Allah made a covenant with the tribe of Israel and We raised up twelve leaders from among them. Allah said, ‘I am with you. If you perform prayer and give the alms, and believe in My Messengers and respect and support them, and make a generous loan to Allah, I will erase your wrong actions from you and admit you into Gardens with rivers flowing under them. Any of you who disbelieve after that have gone astray from the right way.’ (5:12)

Allah will reward them for what they say with Gardens with rivers flowing under them, remaining in them timelessly, for ever. That is the recompense of the good-doers. (5:85)

Allah will say, ‘This is the Day when the sincerity of the sincere will benefit them. They will have Gardens with rivers flowing under them, remaining in them timelessly, for ever and ever. Allah is pleased with them and they are pleased with Him. That is the Great Victory.’ (5:119)

Have they not seen how many generations We destroyed before them which We had established on the earth far more firmly than We have established you? We sent down heaven upon them in abundant rain and made rivers flow under them. But We destroyed them for their wrong actions and raised up further generations after them. (6:6)

We will strip away any rancour in their hearts. Rivers will flow under them and they will say, ‘Praise be to Allah Who has guided us to this! We would not have been guided, had Allah not guided us. The Messengers of our Lord came with the Truth.’ It will be proclaimed to them: ‘This is your Garden which you have inherited for what you did.’ (7:43)

Allah has promised the men and women of the believers Gardens with rivers flowing under them, remaining in them timelessly, for ever, and fine dwellings in the Gardens of Eden. And Allah’s good pleasure is even greater. That is the great victory. (9:72)

Allah has prepared Gardens for them with rivers flowing under them, remaining in them timelessly, for ever. That is the great victory. (9:89)

The forerunners–the first of the Migrants (Muhajirun) and the Supporters (Ansar)–and those who have followed them in doing good: Allah is pleased with them and they are pleased with Him. He has prepared Gardens for them with rivers flowing under them, remaining in them timelessly, for ever and ever. That is the great victory. (9:100)

But as for those who believe and do right actions, their Lord will guide them by their faith. Rivers will flow under them in Gardens of Delight. (10:9)

It is He Who stretched out the earth and placed firmly embedded mountains and rivers in it and made two types of every kind of fruit. He covers over day with night. There are Signs in that for people who reflect. (13:3)

He sends down water from the sky and river-beds fill up and flow according to their size, and the floodwater carries with it an increasing layer of scum; a similar kind of scum comes from what you heat up in the fire, when you desire to make jewellery or other things. That is how Allah depicts the true and the false. As for the scum, it is quickly swept away. But as for that which is of use to people, it remains behind in the ground. That is a metaphor which Allah has made. (13:17)

What is the Garden promised to those who guard against evil like? It has rivers flowing under it and its foodstuffs and cool shade never fail. That is the final fate of those who guard against evil. But the final fate of the disbelievers is the Fire. (13:35)

Those who believed and did right actions will be admitted into Gardens with rivers flowing under them, remaining in them timelessly, for ever by the permission of their Lord. Their greeting there is ‘Peace!’ (14:23)

Allah is He Who created the heavens and the earth and sends down water from the sky and by it brings forth fruits as provision for you. He has made the ships subservient to you to run upon the sea by His command, and He has made the rivers subservient to you. (14:32)

He cast firmly embedded mountains on the earth so it would not move under you, and rivers and pathways so that hopefully you would be guided. (16:15)

Gardens of Eden which they enter, with rivers flowing under them, where they have whatever they desire. That is how Allah repays those who guard against evil. (16:31)

They say, ‘We will not believe you until you make a spring gush out from the earth for us; or have a garden of dates and grapes which you make rivers come pouring through.’ (17:90-91)

They will have Gardens of Eden with rivers flowing under them. They will be adorned in them with bracelets made of gold and wear green garments made of the finest silk and rich brocade, reclining there on couches under canopies. What an excellent reward! What a wonderful repose! (18:31)

Both gardens yielded their crops and did not suffer any loss, and We made a river flow right through the middle of them. (18:33)

Gardens of Eden with rivers flowing under them, remaining in them timelessly, for ever. That is the reward of those who purify themselves. (20:76)

Allah will admit those who believe and do right actions into Gardens with rivers flowing under them. Allah does whatever He wishes. (22:14)

But Allah will admit those who believe and do right actions into Gardens with rivers flowing under them where they will be adorned with gold bracelets and pearls, and where their clothing will be of silk. (22:23)

Blessed be He Who, if He wishes, will grant you better than that: Gardens with rivers flowing under them; and He will grant you Palaces. (25:10)

He Who made the earth a stable dwelling place and appointed rivers flowing through its midst and placed firmly embedded mountains on it and set a barrier between the two seas. Is there another god besides Allah? No indeed, but most of them do not know it! (27:61)

As for those who believe and do right actions, We will lodge them in lofty chambers in the Garden, with rivers flowing under them, remaining in them timelessly, for ever. How excellent is the reward of those who act. (29:58)

But those who have fear of their Lord will have high-ceilinged Halls, and more such Halls built one above the other, and rivers flowing under them. That is Allah’s promise. Allah does not break His promise. (39:20)

Pharaoh called to his people, saying, ‘My people, does the kingdom of Egypt not belong to me? Do not all these rivers flow under my control? Do you not then see?’ (43:51)

Allah will admit those who believe to Gardens with rivers flowing under them. Those who disbelieve have their enjoyment, eating as cattle eat, but the Fire will be their final residence. (47:12)

An image of the Garden which is promised to those who guard against evil: in it there are rivers of water which will never spoil and rivers of milk whose taste will never change and rivers of wine, delightful to all who drink it, and rivers of honey of undiluted purity; in it they will have fruit of every kind and forgiveness from their Lord. Is that like those who will be in the Fire timelessly, for ever, with boiling water to drink which lacerates their bowels? (47:15)

It is He Who sent down serenity into the hearts of the believers thereby increasing their faith with more faith–the legions of the heavens and the earth belong to Allah. Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise–so that He may admit the men and women of the believers into Gardens with rivers flowing under them, remaining in them timelessly, for ever, and erase their bad actions from them; and in Allah’s sight that is a mighty victory. (48:4-5)

There is no constraint on the blind, nor on the lame, nor on the sick. We will admit all who obey Allah and His Messenger into Gardens with rivers flowing under them. But We will punish with a painful punishment anyone who turns his back. (48:17)

The people who guard against evil will be amid Gardens and Rivers. (54:54)

On the Day you see the men and women of the believers, with their light streaming out in front of them, and to their right: ‘Good news for you today of Gardens with rivers flowing under them, remaining in them timelessly, for ever. That is the Great Victory.’ (57:12)

You will not find people who believe in Allah and the Last Day having love for anyone who opposes Allah and His Messenger, though they be their fathers, their sons, their brothers or their clan. Allah has inscribed faith upon such people’s hearts and will reinforce them with a Spirit from Him and admit them into Gardens with rivers flowing under them, remaining in them timelessly, for ever. Allah is pleased with them and they are pleased with Him. Such people are the party of Allah. Truly it is the party of Allah who are successful. (58:22)

He will forgive you your wrong actions and admit you into Gardens with rivers flowing under them, and fine dwellings in the Gardens of Eden. That is the Great Victory. (61:12)

On the Day He gathers you for the Day of Gathering–that is the Day of Profit and Loss. As for those who believe in Allah and act rightly, We will erase their bad actions from them and admit them into Gardens with rivers flowing under them, remaining in them timelessly, for ever and ever. That is the Great Victory! (64:9)

(Allah has sent down) a Messenger reciting Allah’s Clear Signs to you to bring those who believe and do right actions out of the darkness into the Light. Whoever believes in Allah and acts rightly, We will admit him into Gardens with rivers flowing under them remaining in them timelessly, for ever and ever. Allah has provided for him excellently! (65:11)

You who believe! Repent to Allah. It may be that your Lord will erase your bad actions from you and admit you into Gardens with rivers flowing under them on the Day when Allah will not disgrace the Prophet and those who believed along with him. Their light will stream out ahead of them and on their right. They will say, ‘Our Lord, perfect our light for us and forgive us! You have power over all things.’ (66:8)

But those who believe and do right actions will have Gardens with rivers flowing under them. That is the Great Victory. (85:11)

Their reward is with their Lord: Gardens of Eden with rivers flowing under them, remaining in them timelessly, for ever and ever. Allah is pleased with them and they are pleased with Him. That is for those who fear their Lord. (98:8)

ROCK

And (remember) when Musa was looking for water for his people, We said, ‘Strike the rock with your staff.’ Then twelve fountains gushed out from it and all the people knew their drinking place. ‘Eat and drink of Allah's provision and do not go about the earth corrupting it.’ (2:60)

Then your hearts became hardened after that, so they were like rocks or even harder still. There are some rocks from which rivers gush out, and others which split open and water pours out, and others which crash down from fear of Allah. Allah is not unaware of what you do. (2:74)

Say: ‘It would not matter if you were rock or iron or indeed any created thing that you think is harder still!’ They will say, ‘Who will bring us back again?’ Say: ‘He Who brought you into being in the first place.’ They will shake their heads at you and ask, ‘When will it happen?’ Say: ‘It may well be that it is very near.’ (17:50-51)

He (Musa’s servant) said, ‘Do you see what has happened? When we went to find shelter at the rock, I forgot the fish. No one made me forget to remember it except Satan. It found its way into the sea in an amazing way.’ (18:63)

(Luqman said,) ‘My son, even if something weighs as little as a mustard-seed and is inside a rock or anywhere else in the heavens or earth, Allah will bring it out. Allah is All-Pervading, All-Aware.’ (31:16)

And Thamud who carved out rocks in the valley-side (was one of the tyrants). (89:9)

ROLLING OF THE EYES

When they came at you from above you and below you, when your eyes rolled and your hearts rose to your throats, and you thought unworthy thoughts about Allah, at that point the believers were tested and severely shaken. (33:10-11)

Allah knows the obstructers among you and those who say to their brothers, ‘Come to us,’ and who only come to fight a very little, and are begrudging towards you. Then when fear comes, you see them looking at you, their eyes rolling like people scared to death. But when fear departs they flay you with sharp tongues, grasping for wealth. Such people have no faith and Allah will make their actions come to nothing. That is easy for Allah. (33:18-19)

ROMANS

The Romans have been defeated in the land nearby, but after their defeat they will themselves be victorious in a few years’ time. The affair is Allah’s from beginning to end. On that day, the believers will rejoice. (30:2-4)

ROOF

Those before them also plotted, and Allah came at their building from the foundations and the roof caved in on top of them. The punishment came at them from where they did not expect. (16:26)

We made the sky a preserved and protected roof yet still they turn away from Our Signs. (21:32)

Were it not that mankind might all become one community, We would have given those who reject the All-Merciful silver roofs to their houses and silver stairways to ascend. (43:33)

ROUT

And with Allah's permission they routed them. Dawud killed Goliath and Allah gave him kingship and wisdom and taught him whatever He willed. If it were not for Allah’s driving some people back by means of others, the earth would have been corrupted. But Allah shows favour to all the worlds. (2:251)

Even a whole army of Confederates will be routed there! (38:11)

The assembly will be routed and will turn their backs in flight. (54:45)

RUBY

Like precious gems of ruby and pearl. (55:58)

RUG

(Believers will be) reclining on green quilts and exquisite rugs. (55:76)

(In the Garden are) spread-out rugs. (88:16)

RUH (SEE SPIRIT)

RULING

They request from you a ruling concerning women. Say, ‘Allah gives you a ruling about them; and also what is recited to you in the Book about orphan girls to whom you do not give the inheritance they are owed, while at the same time desiring to marry them; and also about young children who are denied their rights: that you should act justly with respect to orphans.’ Whatever good you do, Allah knows it. (4:127)

They request from you a ruling. Say: ‘Allah gives you a ruling about people who die without direct heirs: If a man dies childless but has a sister she receives half of what he leaves, and he is her heir if she dies childless. If there are two sisters they receive two-thirds of what he leaves. If there are brothers and sisters the males receive the share of two females. Allah makes things clear to you so you will not go astray. Allah has knowledge of all things.’ (4:176)

 

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