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SA’IBA

Allah did not institute any such thing as bahira or sa’iba or wasila or hami. Those who disbelieved invented lies against Allah. Most of them do not use their intellect. (5:103)

SABAEANS

Those with faith, those who are Jews, and the Christians and Sabaeans, all who believe in Allah and the Last Day and act rightly, will have their reward with their Lord. They will feel no fear and will know no sorrow. (2:62)

Those who believe and those who are Jews and the Sabaeans and the Christians, all who believe in Allah and the Last Day and act rightly will feel no fear and will know no sorrow. (5:69)

As for those who believe and those who are Jews and the Sabaeans and the Christians, Magians and idolaters, Allah will distinguish between them on the Day of Rising. Allah is witness of all things. (22:17)

SABBATH (THE BAN OF THE SABBATH)

You are well aware of those of you who broke the Sabbath. We said to them, ‘Be apes, despised, cast out.’ (2:65)

You who have been given the Book! Believe in what We have sent down confirming what is with you, before We obliterate faces, turning them inside out, or We curse you as We cursed the Companions of the Sabbath. Allah’s command is always carried out. (4:47)

We lifted up the Mount above their heads in accordance with the covenant they had made, and We said to them, ‘Enter the gate prostrating,’ and We said to them, ‘Do not break the Sabbath,’ and We made a binding covenant with them. (4:154)

Ask them about the town which was by the sea when they broke the Sabbath–when their fish came to them near the surface on their Sabbath day but did not come on the days which they did not keep the Sabbath. In this way We put them to the test because they were deviators. (7:163)

The Sabbath was only enjoined on those who differed about it. Your Lord will judge between them on the Day of Rising regarding the things about which they differed. (16:124)

SABR (SEE STEADFASTNESS)

SACRED (FORBIDDEN) MONTHS

Sacred month in return for sacred month–sacred things are subject to retaliation. So if anyone oversteps the limits against you, overstep against him the same as he did to you. But have fear of Allah. Know that Allah is with those who guard against evil. (2:194)

They will ask you about the Sacred Month and fighting in it. Say, ‘Fighting in it is a serious matter; but barring access to the Way of Allah and rejecting Him and barring access to the Sacred Mosque (Masjid al-Haram) and expelling its people from it are far more serious in the sight of Allah. Discord is worse than killing.’ They will not stop fighting you until they make you revert from your religion, if they are able. As for any of you who revert from their religion and die disbelievers, their actions will come to nothing in this world and the hereafter. They are the Companions of the Fire, remaining in it timelessly, for ever. (2:217)

You who believe! Do not profane the sacred rites of Allah or the sacred months, or the sacrificial animals, or the ritual garlands, or those heading for the Sacred House, desiring profit and good pleasure from their Lord. When your pilgrimage is over, then you may hunt. Do not let hatred for a people who debar you from the Sacred Mosque (Masjid al-Haram) incite you into going beyond the limits. Help each other to goodness and heedfulness. Do not help each other to wrongdoing and enmity. Have fear of Allah. Allah is severe in retribution. (5:2)

Allah has made the Kaaba, the Sacred House, a special institution for mankind, and also the sacred months and the sacrificial animals and the ritual garlands. That is so you will know that Allah knows what is in the heavens and in the earth and that Allah has knowledge of all things. (5:97)

Then, when the sacred months are over, kill the idolaters wherever you find them, and seize them and besiege them and lie in wait for them on every road. If they repent and perform prayer and give the alms, let them go on their way. Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (9:5)

There have been twelve months with Allah in the Book of Allah, from the day He first created the heavens and earth. Four of them are forbidden. That is the True Religion. So do not wrong one another during them. However, fight the idolaters totally just as they fight you totally, and know that Allah is with those who guard against evil. (9:36)

Deferring a sacred month is an increase in disbelief by which those who have disbelieved are led astray. One year they make it profane and another sacred to tally with the number Allah has made sacred. In that way they profane what Allah has made sacred. Their bad actions are made to seem good to them. Allah does not guide disbelieving people. (9:37)

SACRED LANDMARK

There is nothing wrong in seeking bounty from your Lord. When you pour down from Arafat, remember Allah at the Sacred Landmark. Remember Him because He has guided you, even though before this you were astray. (2:198)

SACRED MOSQUE, THE (MASJID AL-HARAM)

And when We made the House (Kaaba) a place of return, a sanctuary for mankind: They took the place where Ibrahim stood (to pray) as a place of prayer. We contracted with Ibrahim and Isma‘il: ‘Purify My House for those who circle it, and those who stay there, and those who bow and who prostrate.’ (2:125)

Wherever you come from, turn your face to the Sacred Mosque (Masjid al-Haram). This is certainly the truth from your Lord. Allah is not unaware of what you do. (2:149)

Safa and Marwa are among the Landmarks of Allah, so anyone who goes on pilgrimage to the House (Kaaba) or does the pious visit incurs no wrong in going back and forth between them. If anyone spontaneously does good, Allah is All-Thankful, All-Knowing. (2:158)

Kill them wherever you come across them and expel them from where they expelled you. Corruption is worse than killing. Do not fight them in the Sacred Mosque (Masjid al-Haram) until they fight you there. But if they do fight you, then kill them. That is how the disbelievers should be repaid. (2:191)

Perform the pilgrimage and the pious visit for Allah. If you are forcibly prevented, make whatever sacrifice is feasible. But do not shave your heads until the sacrificial animal has reached the place of sacrifice. If any of you are ill or have a head injury, the expiation is fasting or charity or sacrifice when you are safe and well again. And if you are secure, then he who takes advantage of a pious visit before the pilgrimage should make whatever sacrifice is feasible. For any one who cannot, there is three days’ fast on pilgrimage and seven on your return–that is ten in all. That is for anyone whose family does not live near the Sacred Mosque (Masjid al-Haram). Have fear of Allah and know that Allah is fierce in retribution. (2:196)

You who believe! Do not profane the sacred rites of Allah or the sacred months, or the sacrificial animals, or the ritual garlands, or those heading for the Sacred House, desiring profit and good pleasure from their Lord. When your pilgrimage is over, then you may hunt. Do not let hatred for a people who debar you from the Sacred Mosque (Masjid al-Haram) incite you into going beyond the limits. Help each other to goodness and heedfulness. Do not help each other to wrongdoing and enmity. Have fear of Allah. Allah is severe in retribution. (5:2)

But why should Allah not punish them now when they bar access to the Sacred Mosque (Masjid al-Haram)? They are not its guardians. Only people who guard against evil can be its guardians. But most of them do not know that. (8:34)

Their prayer at the House is nothing but whistling and clapping. So taste the punishment because you disbelieved! (8:35)

How could any of the idolaters possibly have a treaty with Allah and with His Messenger, except for those you made a treaty with at the Sacred Mosque (Masjid al-Haram)? As long as they are straight with you, be straight with them. Allah loves those who guard against evil. (9:7)

Do you make the giving of water to the pilgrims and looking after the Sacred Mosque (Masjid al-Haram) the same as believing in Allah and the Last Day and striving in the Way of Allah? They are not equal in the sight of Allah. Allah does not guide wrongdoing people. (9:19)

Glory be to Him Who took His servant on a journey by night from the Sacred Mosque (Masjid al-Haram) to the Further Mosque (Masjid al-Aqsa), whose surroundings We have blessed, in order to show him some of Our Signs. He is the All-Hearing, the All-Seeing. (17:1)

Those who disbelieve and bar access to the Way of Allah and to the Sacred Mosque (Masjid al-Haram) which We have appointed for all mankind–equally for those who live near it and those who come from far away–those who desire to profane it with wrongdoing, We will let them taste a painful punishment. (22:25)

And We located the position of the House (Kaaba) for Ibrahim: ‘Do not associate anything with Me and purify My House for those who circle it, and those who stand and bow and prostrate.’ (22:26)

(We said to Ibrahim,) ‘Then they should end their state of self-neglect and fufil their vows and circle the Ancient House.’ (22:29)

You can make use of the sacrificial animals until a specified time, and then their place of sacrifice is by the Ancient House. (22:33)

SACRED RITE

You who believe! Do not profane the sacred rites of Allah or the sacred months, or the sacrificial animals, or the ritual garlands, or those heading for the Sacred House, desiring profit and good pleasure from their Lord. When your pilgrimage is over, then you may hunt. Do not let hatred for a people who debar you from the Sacred Mosque (Masjid al-Haram) incite you into going beyond the limits. Help each other to goodness and heedfulness. Do not help each other to wrongdoing and enmity. Have fear of Allah. Allah is severe in retribution. (5:2)

That is it. As for those who honour Allah’s sacred rites should do so from heartfelt heeding. (22:32)

SACRIFICIAL ANIMAL

Perform the pilgrimage and the pious visit for Allah. If you are forcibly prevented, make whatever sacrifice is feasible. But do not shave your heads until the sacrificial animal has reached the place of sacrifice. If any of you are ill or have a head injury, the expiation is fasting or charity or sacrifice when you are safe and well again. And if you are secure, then he who takes advantage of a pious visit before the pilgrimage should make whatever sacrifice is feasible. For any one who cannot, there is three days’ fast on pilgrimage and seven on your return–that is ten in all. That is for anyone whose family does not live near the Sacred Mosque (Masjid al-Haram). Have fear of Allah and know that Allah is fierce in retribution. (2:196)

Those who say, ‘Allah has made a contract with us that we should not believe in any Messenger until he brings us a sacrifice consumed by fire.’ Say, ‘Messengers came to you before me with the Clear Signs and with what you say. So why did you kill them if you are telling the truth?’ (3:183)

You who believe! Do not profane the sacred rites of Allah or the sacred months, or the sacrificial animals, or the ritual garlands, or those heading for the Sacred House, desiring profit and good pleasure from their Lord. When your pilgrimage is over, then you may hunt. Do not let hatred for a people who debar you from the Sacred Mosque (Masjid al-Haram) incite you into going beyond the limits. Help each other to goodness and heedfulness. Do not help each other to wrongdoing and enmity. Have fear of Allah. Allah is severe in retribution. (5:2)

Recite to them the true report of Adam’s two sons when they offered a sacrifice and it was accepted from one of them but not accepted from the other. The one said, ‘I shall kill you.’ The other said, ‘Allah only accepts from people who guard against evil.’ (5:27)

You who believe! Do not kill game while you are in the state of pilgrimage. If one of you kills any deliberately, the reprisal for it is a livestock animal equivalent to what he killed, as judged by two just men among you, a sacrifice to reach the Kaaba, or expiation by feeding the poor, or fasting commensurate with that, so that he may taste the evil consequences of what he did. Allah has pardoned all that took place in the past; but if anyone does it again Allah will take revenge on him. Allah is Almighty, Exactor of Revenge. (5:95)

Allah has made the Kaaba, the Sacred House, a special institution for mankind, and also the sacred months and the sacrificial animals and the ritual garlands. That is so you will know that Allah knows what is in the heavens and in the earth and that Allah has knowledge of all things. (5:97)

We have appointed the sacrificial animals for you as one of the sacred rites of Allah. There is good in them for you, so invoke Allah’s name over them, as they stand in rows. And then when they collapse on their sides, eat of them and feed both those who ask and those who are too shy to ask. In this way We have subjected them to you so that hopefully you will be thankful. (22:36)

When he was of an age to work with him, he (Ibrahim) said, ‘My son, I saw in a dream that I must sacrifice you. What do you think about this?’ He said, ‘Do as you are ordered, father. Allah willing, you will find me resolute.’ (37:102)

We ransomed him with a mighty sacrifice. (37:107)

So pray to your Lord and sacrifice. (108:2)

SADAQA (SEE CHARITY)

SAFA AND MARWA

Safa and Marwa are among the Landmarks of Allah, so anyone who goes on pilgrimage to the House or does the pious visit incurs no wrong in going back and forth between them. If anyone spontaneously does good, Allah is All-Thankful, All-Knowing. (2:158)

SAFEGUARDER

He is Allah–there is no god but Him. He is the King, the Most Pure, the Perfect Peace, the Trustworthy, the Safeguarder, the Almighty, the Compeller, the Supremely Great. Glory be to Allah above all they associate with Him. (59:23)

SAFETY

And when Ibrahim said, ‘My Lord, make this a place of safety and provide its inhabitants with fruits–all of them who believe in Allah and the Last Day,’ He said, ‘I will let anyone who becomes a disbeliever enjoy himself a little but then I will drive him to the punishment of the Fire. What an evil destination!’ (2:126)

Perform the pilgrimage and the pious visit for Allah. If you are forcibly prevented, make whatever sacrifice is feasible. But do not shave your heads until the sacrificial animal has reached the place of sacrifice. If any of you are ill or have a head injury, the expiation is fasting or charity or sacrifice when you are safe and well again. And if you are secure, then he who takes advantage of a pious visit before the pilgrimage should make whatever sacrifice is feasible. For any one who cannot, there is three days’ fast on pilgrimage and seven on your return–that is ten in all. That is for anyone whose family does not live near the Sacred Mosque (Masjid al-Haram). Have fear of Allah and know that Allah is fierce in retribution. (2:196)

If you are afraid, then perform prayer on foot or mounted. But when you are safe, remember Allah in the way He taught you when previously you did not know. (2:239)

In it are Clear Signs–the place where Ibrahim stood (to pray). All who enter it are safe. Pilgrimage to the House is a duty owed to Allah by all mankind–those who can find a way to do it. But if anyone disbelieves, Allah is Rich Beyond Need of any being. (3:97)

You will find others who desire to be safe from you and safe from their own people. Each time they are returned to dissension they are overwhelmed by it. If they do not keep away from you or submit to you or refrain from fighting, seize them and kill them wherever you find them. Over such people We have given you clear authority. (4:91)

When you have finished prayer remember Allah standing, sitting and lying on your sides. When you are safe again perform prayer in the normal way. The prayer is prescribed for the believers at specific times. (4:103)

(Ibrahim said,) ‘Why should I fear what you have associated with Him when you yourselves apparently have no fear of associating partners with Allah for which He has sent down no authority to you? Which of the two parties is more entitled to feel safe, if you have any knowledge? Those who believe and do not mix up their faith with any wrongdoing, they are the ones who are safe; it is they who are guided.’ (6:81-82)

If any of the idolaters ask you for protection, give them protection until they have heard the words of Allah. Then convey them to a place where they are safe. That is because they are a people who do not know. (9:6)

Then when they entered into Yusuf’s presence, he drew his parents close to him and said, ‘Enter Egypt safe and sound, if Allah wills.’ (12:99)

When Ibrahim said, ‘My Lord! Make this land a place of safety and keep me and my sons from worshipping idols.’ (14:35)

They (the people of Al-Hijr) carved out houses from the mountains, feeling safe. (15:82)

Allah makes an example of a city which was safe and at peace, its provision coming to it plentifully from every side. Then it showed ingratitude for Allah’s blessings so Allah made it wear the robes of hunger and fear for what it did. (16:112)

Those who perform good actions will receive better than them and will be safe that Day from terror. (27:89)

They say, ‘If we follow the guidance with you, we shall be forcibly uprooted from our land.’ Have We not established a safe haven for them to which produce of every kind is brought, provision direct from Us? But most of them do not know it. (28:57)

Do they not see that We have established a safe haven while people all round them are violently dispossessed? So why do they believe in falsehood and reject the blessing of Allah? (29:67)

Allah and His angels call down blessings on the Prophet. You who believe! Call down blessings on him and ask for complete peace and safety for him. (33:56)

We placed between them and the cities We had blessed other clearly conspicuous cities, making them measured stages on the way: ‘Travel between them in safety by night and day.’ (34:18)

It is not your wealth or your children that will bring you near to Us–only in the case of people who believe and act rightly; such people will have a double recompense for what they did. They will be safe from all harm in the High Halls of Paradise. (34:37)

Those who adulterate Our Signs are not concealed from Us. Who is better–someone who will be thrown into the fire or someone who will arrive in safety on the Day of Rising? Do what you like. He sees whatever you do. (41:40)

The people who guard against evil will be in a safe place. (44:51)

Allah has confirmed His Messenger’s vision with truth: ‘You will enter the Sacred Mosque (Masjid al-Haram) in safety, Allah willing, shaving your heads and cutting your hair without any fear.’ He knew what you did not know and ordained, in place of this, an imminent victory. (48:27)

So let them worship the Lord of this House Who has preserved them from hunger and secured them from fear. (106:3-4)

SALAM (SEE PEACE)

SALAT (SEE PRAYER)

SALIH (AS) AND THAMUD

And to Thamud We sent their brother Salih, who said, ‘My people, worship Allah! You have no other god than Him. A Clear Sign has come to you from your Lord. This is the She-Camel of Allah as a Sign for you. Leave her alone to eat on Allah’s earth and do not harm her in any way or a painful punishment will afflict you. Remember when He appointed you successors to ‘Ad and settled you in the land. You built palaces on its plains and carved out houses from the mountains. Remember Allah’s blessings and do not go about the earth, corrupting it.’ (7:73-74)

The ruling circle of those of his people who were arrogant said to those who were oppressed–those among them who believed–‘Do you know that Salih has been sent from his Lord?’ They said, ‘We believe in what he has been sent with.’ (7:75)

Those who were arrogant said, ‘We reject Him in Whom you believe.’ (7:76)

And they hamstrung the She-Camel, spurning their Lord’s command, and said, ‘Salih! Bring us what you have promised us if you are one of the Messengers.’ (7:77)

So the earthquake seized them and morning found them lying flattened in their homes. (7:78)

He turned away from them and said, ‘My people, I transmitted my Lord’s message to you and gave you good counsel. However, you do not like good counsellors!’ (7:79)

Has the news of those who came before them not reached them, the people of Nuh and ‘Ad and Thamud, and the people of Ibrahim and the inhabitants of Madyan and the overturned cities? Their Messengers brought them the Clear Signs. Allah did not wrong them; rather they wronged themselves. (9:70)

To Thamud We sent their brother Salih. He said, ‘My people, worship Allah! You have no god apart from Him. He brought you into being from the earth and made you its inhabitants. So ask His forgiveness and then repent to Him. My Lord is Close and Quick to Respond.’ (11:61)

They said, ‘Salih, we had great hopes in you before this happened. Do you forbid us to worship what our fathers worshipped? We have grave doubts about what you are calling us to.’ (11:62)

He said, ‘My people! What do you think? If I were to possess a Clear Sign from my Lord and He had given me mercy from Him: who would help me against Allah if I disobeyed Him? You would not increase me in anything but loss. My people! Here is the she-camel of Allah as a Sign for you. So leave her alone to eat on Allah’s earth and do not inflict any harm on her or you will be overcome by an imminent punishment.’ (11:63-64)

But they hamstrung her, so he said, ‘Enjoy yourselves in your land for three more days. That is a promise which will not be belied.’ (11:65)

Then when Our command came We rescued Salih and those who believed along with him by a mercy from Us from the disgrace of that day. Your Lord is the All-Strong, the Almighty. (11:66)

The Great Blast seized hold of those who did wrong and morning found them lying flattened in their homes. (11:67)

It was as if they had never lived there at all. Yes indeed! Thamud rejected their Lord. So away with Thamud! (11:68)

(Shu‘ayb said,) ‘My people! Do not let your breach with me provoke you into doing wrong so that the same thing happens to you as happened to the people of Nuh and the people of Hud and the people of Salih; and the people of Lut are not far distant from you.’ (11:89)

When Our command came, We rescued Shu‘ayb and those who believed along with him by a mercy from Us. The Great Blast seized hold of those who did wrong and morning found them lying flattened in their homes as if they had never lived there at all. Yes indeed! Away with Madyan just like Thamud! (11:94-95)

Has news not reached you of those who came before you, the peoples of Nuh and ‘Ad and Thamud, and those who came after them who are known to no one but Allah? Their Messengers came to them with Clear Signs, but they put their hands to their mouths, saying, ‘We reject what you have been sent with. We have grave doubts about what you are calling us to.’ (14:9)

Nothing has prevented Us sending you Signs except the fact that the previous peoples denied them. We gave Thamud the she-camel as a visible Sign, and then they mistreated her. We do not send Signs except to frighten people. (17:59)

If they deny you, the people of Nuh before them denied him and those of ‘Ad and of Thamud. (22:42)

The same goes for ‘Ad and Thamud and the Companions of the Rass and many generations in between. (25:38)

Thamud denied the Messengers, when their brother Salih said to them, ‘Will you not guard against evil? I am a faithful Messenger to you so have fear of Allah and obey me. I do not ask you for any wage for it. My wage is the responsibility of no one but the Lord of all the worlds. Are you going to be left secure amid what is here, amid gardens and clear springs, and cultivated fields and palms with supple spathes? Will you continue hewing houses from the mountains with exultant skill? So have fear of Allah and obey me. Do not obey the orders of the profligate, those who corrupt the earth and do not put things right.’ (26:141-152)

They said, ‘You are merely someone bewitched. You are nothing but a human being like ourselves, so produce a Sign if you are telling the truth.’ (26:153-154)

He said, ‘Here is a she-camel. She has a time for drinking and you have a time for drinking–on specified days. Do not do anything to harm her or the punishment of a terrible day will come down on you.’ (26:155-156)

But they hamstrung her and woke up full of remorse, for the punishment did come down them. There is certainly a Sign in that, yet most of them are not believers. Truly your Lord is the Almighty, the Most Merciful. (26:157-159)

To Thamud We sent their brother Salih telling them to worship Allah, and straightaway they divided in two, arguing with one another. He said, ‘My people, why are you so anxious to hasten the bad before the good? If only you would ask for forgiveness from Allah, so that mercy might perhaps be shown to you.’ They said, ‘We see you, and those with you, as an evil omen.’ He said, ‘No, your evil omen is with Allah; you are merely a people undergoing a trial.’ There was a group of nine men in the city causing corruption in the land and not putting things right. They said, ‘Let us make an oath to one another by Allah that we will fall on him and his family in the night and then say to his protector, "We did not witness the destruction of his family and we are telling the truth."’ They hatched a plot and We hatched a plot while they were not aware. So look at the end result of all their plotting; We utterly destroyed them and their whole people! These are the ruins of their houses because of the wrong they did. There is certainly a Sign in that for people with knowledge. We rescued those who believed and who guarded against evil. (27:45-53)

And ‘Ad and Thamud–it must be clear to you from their dwelling places! Satan made their actions seem good to them and so debarred them from the Way, even though they were intelligent people. (29:38)

And Thamud and the people of Lut and the Companions of the Thicket. Those too were Confederates. Each one of them denied the Messengers and so My punishment was justly carried out. (38:13-14)

The man who believed said, ‘My people! I fear for you a day like that of the Confederates, the same as happened to the people of Nuh and ‘Ad and Thamud and those who followed after them. Allah does not want any injustice for His servants.’ (40:30-31)

If they turn away, then say, ‘I warn you of a lightning-bolt like the lightning-bolt of ‘Ad and of Thamud.’ When the Messengers came to them from in front and from behind, saying, ‘Do not worship anyone but Allah’, they said, ‘If our Lord had willed, He could have sent angels down, so we reject the Message you have been sent with.’ (41:13-14)

As for Thamud, We guided them, but they preferred blindness to guidance. So the lightning-bolt of the punishment of humiliation seized them on account of what they earned. And We rescued those who believed and guarded against evil. (41:17-18)

Before them the people of Nuh also denied the truth and the Companions of Rass and Thamud, (50:12)

And also in Thamud, when they were told: ‘Enjoy yourselves a while!’ But they spurned their Lord’s command,so the Blast seized them as they looked. They could not stand upright and they were not helped. (51:43-45)

And (He destroyed) Thamud as well, sparing none of them, (53:51)

Thamud denied the warnings. They said, ‘Are we to follow a human being, one of us? Then we would truly be misguided, quite insane! Has the Reminder been given to him of all of us? No indeed! He is an impudent liar.’ ‘They will know tomorrow who the impudent liar is. We will send the she-camel as a trial for them. Just keep a watchful eye on them and be steadfast. Inform them that the water is to be shared out between them, each drinking by turn.’ They called on their companion and he set to it and hamstrung her. How terrible were My punishment and warnings! We sent a single Blast against them and they were just like a thatcher’s reeds. (54:23-31)

Thamud and ‘Ad denied the Crushing Blow. Thamud were destroyed by the Deafening Blast. (69:4-5)

Has the story reached you of the legions of Pharaoh and Thamud? (85:17-18)

Do you not see what your Lord did with ‘Ad–Iram of the Columns whose like was not created in any land–and Thamud who carved out rocks in the valley-side, and Pharaoh of the Stakes, all of whom were tyrants in their lands and caused much corruption in them? (89:6-12)

Thamud denied in their excessive tyranny–when the worst of them rushed ahead, and the Messenger of Allah had said to them, ‘This is the she-camel of Allah, so let her drink!’ But they denied him and they hamstrung her, so their Lord crushed them for their sin and flattened them. And He does not fear the consequences. (91:11-15)

SALIHUN (SEE RIGHTEOUS)

SALSABIL

In it there is a flowing spring called Salsabil. (76:18)

SALT

It is He Who has unloosed both seas–the one sweet and refreshing, the other salty and bitter–and put a dividing line between them, an uncrossable barrier. (25:53)

The two seas are not the same: the one is sweet, refreshing, delicious to drink, the other salty, bitter to the taste. Yet from both of them you eat fresh flesh and extract ornaments for yourselves to wear; and you see ships on them, cleaving through the waves so that you can seek His bounty and so that hopefully you will be thankful. (35:12)

SAMARITAN

He (Allah) said, ‘We tried your people after you left and the Samaritan has misguided them.’ (20:85)

Musa returned to his people in anger and great sorrow. He said, ‘My people, did not your Lord make you a handsome promise? Did the fulfilment of the contract seem too long to you or did you want to unleash your Lord’s anger upon yourselves, so you broke your promise to me?’ (20:86)

They said, ‘We did not break our promise to you of our own volition. But we were weighed down with the heavy loads of the people’s jewelry and we threw them in, for that is what the Samaritan did.’ (20:87)

Then he produced a calf for them, a physical form which made a lowing sound. So they said, ‘This is your god–and Musa’s god as well, but he forgot.’ (20:88)

Could they not see that it did not reply to them and that it possessed no power to either harm or benefit them? (20:89)

Harun had earlier said to them, ‘My people! It is just a trial for you. Your Lord is the All-Merciful, so follow me and obey my command!’ (20:90)

They said, ‘We will not stop devoting ourselves to it until Musa returns to us.’ (20:91)

He (Musa) said, ‘What prevented you following me, Harun, when you saw that they had gone astray? Did you too, then, disobey my command?’ (20:92-93)

He (Harun) said, ‘Son of my mother! Do not seize me by the beard or by the hair. I was afraid that you would say, "You have caused division in the tribe of Israel and taken no notice to anything I said."’ (20:94)

He (Musa) said, ‘What do you think you were doing, Samaritan?’ (20:95)

He (Samaritan) said, ‘I saw what they did not see. So I gathered up a handful from the Messenger’s footprints and threw it in. That is what my inner self urged me to do.’ (20:96)

He (Musa) said, ‘Go! In this world you will have to say, "Untouchable!" And you have an appointment which you will not fail to keep. Look at your god to which you devoted so much time. We will burn it up and then scatter it as dust into the sea. Your god is Allah alone, there is no god but Him. He encompasses all things in His knowledge.’ (20:97-98)

SANCTUARY

And when We made the House (Kaaba) a place of return, a sanctuary for mankind: They took the place where Ibrahim stood (to pray) as a place of prayer. We contracted with Ibrahim and Isma‘il: ‘Purify My House for those who circle it, and those who stay there, and those who bow and who prostrate.’ (2:125)

SANDAL

(A voice called out to Musa,) ‘I am your Lord. Take off your sandals. You are in the holy valley of Tuwa.’ (20:12)

SATAN (SHAYTAN)

They follow what the Satans recited in the reign of Sulayman. Sulayman did not disbelieve, but the Satans did, teaching people sorcery and what had been sent down to Harut and Marut, the two angels in Babylon, who taught no one without first saying to him, ‘We are merely a trial and temptation, so do not disbelieve.’ People learned from them how to separate a man and his wife but they cannot harm anyone by it, except with Allah's permission. They have learned what will harm them and will not benefit them. They know that any who deal in it will have no share in the hereafter. What an evil thing they have sold themselves for if they only knew! (2:102)

When they meet those who believe, they say, ‘We believe.’ But then when they go apart with their Satans, they say, ‘We are really with you. We were only mocking.’ (2:14)

Mankind! Eat what is good and lawful on the earth. And do not follow in the footsteps of Satan. He truly is an outright enemy to you. (2:168)

You who believe! Enter Islam totally. Do not follow in the footsteps of Satan. He is an outright enemy to you. (2:208)

Satan promises you poverty and commands you to avarice. Allah promises you forgiveness from Him and abundance. Allah is All-Encompassing, All-Knowing. (2:268)

Those who practise usury will not rise from the grave except as someone driven mad by Satan's touch. That is because they say, ‘Trade is the same as usury.’ But Allah has permitted trade and He has forbidden usury. Whoever is given a warning by his Lord and then desists, can keep what he received in the past and his affair is Allah’s concern. But all who return to it will be the Companions of the Fire, remaining in it timelessly, for ever. (2:275)

We said to the angels, ‘Prostrate to Adam!’ and they prostrated, with the exception of Diabolis. He refused and was arrogant and was one of the disbelievers. (2:34)

But Satan made them slip up by means of it, expelling them from where they were. We said, ‘Go down from here as enemies to each other! You will have residence on the earth and enjoyment for a time.’ (2:36)

Those of you who turned their backs on the day the two armies clashed–it was Satan who made them slip for what they had done. But Allah has pardoned them. Allah is Ever-Forgiving, All-Forbearing. (3:155)

That was only Satan who intimidated his adherents. But do not fear them–fear Me if you are believers. (3:175)

When she gave birth, she said, ‘My Lord! I have given birth to a girl’–and Allah knew very well what she had given birth to, male and female are not the same–‘and I have named her Maryam and placed her and her children in Your safekeeping from the accursed Satan.’ (3:36)

What they call on apart from Him are female idols. What they call on is an arrogant Satan. (4:117)

As for those who are tight-fisted and direct others to be tight-fisted, and hide the bounty Allah has given them, We have prepared a humiliating punishment for those who disbelieve, and also for those who spend their wealth to show off to people, not believing in Allah and the Last Day. Anyone who has made Satan his comrade, what an evil comrade he is! (4:37-38)

Do you not see those who claim that they believe in what has been sent down to you and what was sent down before you, still desiring to turn to a satanic source for judgement in spite of being ordered to reject it? Satan wants to misguide them far away. (4:60)

Those who believe fight in the Way of Allah. Those who disbelieve fight in the way of false gods. So fight the friends of Satan! Satan’s scheming is always feeble. (4:76)

When news of any matter reaches them they spread it about, whether it is of a reassuring or disquieting nature. If they had only referred it to the Messenger and those in command among them, those among them able to discern the truth about it would have had proper knowledge of it. If it were not for Allah’s favour to you and His mercy, all but a very few of you would have followed Satan. (4:83)

(Satan said,) ‘I will lead them astray and fill them with false hopes. I will command them and they will cut off cattle’s ears. I will command them and they will change Allah’s creation.’ Anyone who takes Satan as his protector in place of Allah has clearly lost everything. He makes promises to them and fills them with false hopes. But what Satan promises them is nothing but delusion. (4:119-120)

You who believe! Wine and gambling, stone altars and divining arrows are filth from the handiwork of Satan. Avoid them completely so that hopefully you will be successful. Satan wants to stir up enmity and hatred between you by means of wine and gambling, and to debar you from remembrance of Allah and from prayer. Will you not then give them up? (5:90-91)

In this way We have appointed as enemies to every Prophet Satans from both mankind and from the jinn, who inspire each other with delusions by means of specious words–if your Lord had willed, they would not have done it, so abandon them and all they fabricate. (6:112)

Do not eat anything over which the name of Allah has not been mentioned. To do so is sheer deviance. The Satans inspire their friends to dispute with you. If you obeyed them you would then be idolaters. (6:121)

And also animals for riding and for haulage and animals for slaughtering and for wool. Eat what Allah has provided for you and do not follow in the footsteps of Satan. He is an outright enemy to you. (6:142)

If only they had humbled themselves when Our violent force came upon them! However, their hearts were hard and Satan made what they were doing seem attractive to them. (6:43)

When you see people engrossed in mockery of Our Signs, turn from them until they start to talk of other things. And if Satan should ever cause you to forget, once you remember, do not stay sitting with the wrongdoers. (6:68)

Say: ‘Are we to call on something besides Allah which can neither help nor harm us, and to turn on our heels after Allah has guided us, like someone the Satans have lured away in the earth, leaving him confused and stupefied, despite the fact that he has companions calling him to guidance, saying, "Come with us!"?’ Say: ‘Allah's guidance, that is true guidance. We are commanded to submit as Muslims to the Lord of all the worlds,’ (6:71)

We created you and then formed you and then We said to the angels, ‘Prostrate before Adam,’ and they prostrated–except for Diabolis. He was not among those who prostrated. He said, ‘What prevented you from prostrating when I commanded you to?’ He replied, ‘I am better than him. You created me from fire and You created him from clay.’ He said, ‘Descend from Heaven. It is not for you to be arrogant in it. So get out! You are one of the abased.’ He said, ‘Grant me a reprieve until the day they are raised up.’ He said, ‘You are one of the reprieved.’ He said, ‘By Your misguidance of me, I will lie in ambush for them on your straight path. Then I will come at them, from in front of them and behind them, from their right and from their left. You will not find most of them thankful.’ He said, ‘Get out of it, reviled and driven out. As for those of them who follow you, I will fill up Hell with every one of you.’ ‘Adam, live in the Garden, you and your wife, and eat of it wherever you like. But do not go near this tree lest you become wrongdoers.’ Then Satan whispered to them, disclosing to them their private parts that had been concealed from them. He said, ‘Your Lord has only forbidden you this tree lest you become angels or among those who live for ever.’ He swore to them, ‘I am one of those who give you good advice.’ So he enticed them to do it by means of trickery. Then when they tasted the tree, their private parts were disclosed to them and they started stitching together the leaves of the Garden in order to cover themselves. Their Lord called out to them,‘Did I not forbid you this tree and say to you, "Satan is an outright enemy to you"?’ (7:11-22)

Children of Adam! Do not let Satan tempt you into trouble as He expelled your parents from the Garden, stripping them of their covering and disclosing to them their private parts. He and his tribe see you from where you do not see them. We have made the Satans friends of those who have no faith. (7:27)

One group He guided; but another group got the misguidance they deserved. They took the Satans as friends instead of Allah and thought that they were guided. (7:30)

Recite to them the tale of him to whom We gave Our Signs, but who then cast them to one side and Satan caught up with him. He was one of those lured into error. (7:175)

If an evil impulse from Satan provokes you, seek refuge in Allah. He is All-Hearing, All-Seeing. As for those who guard against evil, when they are bothered by visitors from Satan, they remember and immediately see clearly. But as for their brothers, the visitors lead them further into error. And they do not stop at that! (7:200-202)

And when He overcame you with sleep, making you feel secure, and sent you down water from heaven to purify you and remove the taint of Satan from you, and to fortify your hearts and make your feet firm. (8:11)

When Satan made their actions appear good to them, saying, ‘No one will overcome you today for I am at your side.’ But when the two parties came in sight of one another, he turned right round on his heels saying, ‘I wash my hands of you. I see what you do not see. I fear Allah. Allah is severe in retribution.’ (8:48)

He (Yusuf) raised his parents up onto the throne. The others fell prostrate in front of him. He said, ‘My father, truly this is now the interpretation of the dream I had. My Lord has made it all come true; and He was kind to me by letting me out of prison and brought you from the desert when Satan had caused dissent between me and my brothers. My Lord is kind to anyone He wills. He is indeed All-Knowing and All-Wise. (12:100)

He (Yusuf) said to the one of them he knew was saved, ‘Please mention me when you are with your lord,’ but Satan made him forget to remind his lord, and so he stayed in prison for several years. (12:42)

He said, ‘My son, don’t tell your brothers your dream lest they devise some scheme to injure you, Satan is a clear-cut enemy to man. (12:5)

When the affair is decided Satan will say, ‘Allah made you a promise, a promise of truth, and I made you a promise but broke my promise. I had no authority over you, except that I called you and you responded to me. Do not, therefore, blame me but blame yourselves. I cannot come to your aid nor you to mine. I reject the way you associated me with Allah before.’ The wrongdoers will have a painful punishment. (14:22)

They would only say, ‘Our eyesight is befuddled! Or rather we have been put under a spell!’ We have placed constellations in heaven and made them beautiful for those who look. We have guarded them from every cursed Satan–except for the one who listens stealthily, and he is followed by an open flame. (15:15-18)

He (Satan) said, ‘My Lord, because You misled me, I will make things on the earth seem good to them and I will mislead them all, every one of them, except Your servants among them who are sincere.’ He said, ‘This is a Straight Path to Me. You have no authority over any of My servants except for the misled who follow you.’ (15:39-42)

By Allah, We sent Messengers to communities before your time, but Satan made their actions seem good to them. Therefore today he is their protector. They will have a painful punishment. (16:63)

Whenever you recite the Qur'an, seek refuge with Allah from the accursed Satan. He has no authority over those who believe and put their trust in their Lord. He only has authority over those who take him as a friend and associate others with Allah. (16:98-100)

Squanderers are brothers to the Satans, and Satan was ungrateful to his Lord. (17:27)

Say to My servants that they should only say the best. Satan wants to stir up trouble between them. Satan is an outright enemy to man. (17:53)

(He said,) ‘Stir up any of them you can with your voice and rally against them your cavalry and your infantry and share with them in their children and their wealth and make them promises! The promise of Satan is nothing but delusion. But as for My servants, you will not have any authority over them.’ Your Lord suffices as a guardian. (17:64-65)

He (Musa’s servant) said, ‘Do you see what has happened? When we went to find shelter at the rock, I forgot the fish. No one made me forget to remember it except Satan. It found its way into the sea in an amazing way.’ (18:63)

When We said to the angels, ‘Prostrate yourselves to Adam,’ they prostrated with the exception of Diabolis. He was one of the jinn and wantonly deviated from his Lord’s command. Do you take him and his offspring as protectors apart from Me when they are your enemy? How evil is the exchange the wrongdoers make! I did not make them witnesses of the creation of the heavens and the earth nor of their own creation. I would not take as assistants those who lead astray! (18:50-51)

Do you not see that We send the Satans against those who disbelieve to goad them on? (19:83)

(Ibrahim said,) ‘Father, do not worship Satan. Satan was disobedient to the All-Merciful. Father, I am afraid that a punishment from the All-Merciful will afflict you, and turn you into a comrade of Satan.’ (19:44-45)

By your Lord, We will collect them and the Satans together. Then We will assemble them around Hell on their knees. Then We will drag out from every sect the one among them most insolent towards the All-Merciful. Then it is We Who will know best those most deserving to roast in it. There is not one of you who will not come to it. That is the final decision of your Lord. Then We will rescue those who guarded against evil and We will leave the wrongdoers in it on their knees. (19:68-72)

But Satan whispered to him, saying, ‘Adam, shall I show you the way to the Tree of Everlasting Life and to a kingdom which will never fade away?’ (20:120)

And some of the Satans dived for him and did other things apart from that. And We were watching over them. (21:82)

Among people there is one who argues about Allah without knowledge, and follows every rebellious Satan. It is written of him that if anyone takes him as a friend, he will mislead him and guide him to the punishment of the Searing Blaze. (22:3-4)

We did not send any Messenger or any Prophet before you without Satan insinuating something into his recitation while he was reciting. But Allah revokes whatever Satan insinuates and then Allah confirms His Signs–Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise–so that He can make what Satan insinuates a trial for those with sickness in their hearts and for those whose hearts are hard–the wrongdoers are entrenched in hostility– (22:52-53)

Say: ‘My Lord, I seek refuge with You from the goadings of the Satans.’ (23:97)

You who believe! Do not follow in the footsteps of Satan. Anyone who follows in Satan’s footsteps should know that he commands indecency and wrongdoing. Were it not for Allah’s favour to you and His mercy, not one of you would ever have been purified. But Allah purifies whoever He wills. Allah is All-Hearing, All-Knowing. (24:21)

(On the Day a wrongdoer will say,) ‘He led me astray from the Reminder after it came to me.’ Satan always leaves man in the lurch. (25:29)

The Satans did not bring it (the Qur’an) down. (26:210)

Shall I tell you upon whom the Satans descend? They descend on every evil liar. They give them a hearing and most of them are liars. (26:221-223)

(The hoopoe said,) ‘I found both her and her people prostrating to the sun instead of Allah. Satan has made their actions seem good to them and debarred them from the Way so they are not guided.’ (27:24)

He (Musa) entered the city at a time when its inhabitants were unaware and found two men fighting there–one from his party and the other from his enemy. The one from his party asked for his support against the other from his enemy. So Musa hit him, dealing him a fatal blow. He said, ‘This is part of Satan’s handiwork. He truly is an outright and misleading enemy.’ (28:15)

And ‘Ad and Thamud–it must be clear to you from their dwelling places! Satan made their actions seem good to them and so debarred them from the Way, even though they were intelligent people. (29:38)

When they are told: ‘Follow what Allah has sent down,’ they say, ‘No, we will follow what we found our fathers doing.’ What! Even if Satan is calling them to the punishment of the Blazing Fire? (31:21)

Diabolis was correct in his assessment of them and they followed him, except for a group of the believers. (34:20)

Mankind! Allah’s promise is true. Do not let the life of this world delude you and do not let the Deluder delude you about Allah. Satan is your enemy so treat him as an enemy. He summons his party so they will be among the people of the Searing Blaze. (35:5-6)

‘Did I not make a contract with you, tribe of Adam, not to worship Satan, who truly is an outright enemy to you.’ (36:60)

Its (the tree of Zaqqum’s) fruits are just like the heads of Satans. (37:65)

We have adorned the lowest heaven with the beauty of the planets and guarded it against every defiant Satan. They cannot eavesdrop on the Highest Assembly and they are stoned from every side, repelled with harshness–they will suffer eternal punishment–except for him who snatches a snippet and then is pursued by a piercing flame. (37:6-10)

And the Satans, every builder and diver. (38:37)

Remember Our servant Ayyub when he called on his Lord: ‘Satan has afflicted me with exhaustion and suffering.’ (38:41)

Your Lord said to the angels, ‘I am going to create a human being out of clay. When I have formed him and breathed My Spirit into him, fall down in prostration to him!’ So the angels prostrated, all of them together, except for Diabolis who was arrogant and was one of the disbelievers. He said, ‘Diabolis, what prevented you prostrating to what I created with My own Hands? Were you overcome by arrogance or are you one of the exalted?’ He said, ‘I am better than him. You created me from fire but You created him from clay.’ He said, ‘Get out! You are accursed! My curse is upon you until the Day of Reckoning.’ He said, ‘My Lord, grant me a reprieve until the Day they are raised again.’ He said, ‘You are among the reprieved until the Day whose time is known.’ He said, ‘By Your might, I will mislead all of them except for Your chosen servants among them.’  He said, ‘By the truth–and I speak the truth–I will fill up Hell with you and every one of them who follows you.’ (38:71-85)

If an evil urge from Satan eggs you on, seek refuge in Allah. He is the All-Hearing, the All-Knowing. (41:36)

If someone shuts his eyes to the remembrance of the All-Merciful, We assign him a Satan who becomes his bosom friend–they debar them from the path, yet they still think they are guided– so that, when he reaches Us, he says, ‘If only there was the distance of the two Easts between you and me!’ What an evil companion! It will not benefit you today, since you did wrong, that you share equally in the punishment. (43:36-39)

Do not let Satan bar your way. He truly is an outright enemy to you. (43:62)

Those who have turned back in their tracks after the guidance became clear to them, it was Satan who talked them into it and filled them with false hopes. (47:25)

Conferring in secret is from Satan, to cause grief to those who believe; but it cannot harm them at all, unless by Allah’s permission. So let the believers put their trust in Allah. (58:10)

Satan has gained mastery over them and made them forget the remembrance of Allah. Such people are the party of Satan. No indeed! It is the party of Satan who are the losers. (58:19)

They are the same as those a short time before them who tasted the evil consequences of what they did. They will have a painful punishment. They are like Satan when he says to a human being, ‘Disbelieve,’ and then when he disbelieves, says, ‘I wash my hands of you. Truly I fear Allah, the Lord of all the worlds.’ The final fate of both of them is that they will be timelessly, for ever in the Fire. That is the repayment of the wrongdoers. (59:15-17)

We have adorned the lowest heaven with lamps and made some of them stones for the Satans for whom We have prepared the punishment of the Blaze. (67:5)

Nor is it (the Qur’an) the word of an accursed Satan. (81:25)

SCALE

The weighing that Day will be the truth. As for those whose scales are heavy, they are the successful. (7:8)

As for those whose scales are light, they are the ones who have lost their own selves because they wrongfully rejected Our Signs. (7:9)

Those whose scales are heavy, they are the successful. (23:102)

Those whose scales are light, they are the losers of their selves, remaining in Hell timelessly, for ever. (23:103)

SCANT YIELD

Good land yields up its plants by its Lord’s permission, but that which is bad only yields up scantily. In this way We vary the Signs for people who are thankful. (7:58)

SCHEME

If something good happens to you, it galls them. If something bad strikes you, they rejoice at it. But if you are steadfast and guard against evil, their scheming will not harm you in any way. Allah encompasses what they do. Remember when you left your family early in the day to instal the believers in their battle stations. Allah is All-Hearing, All-Knowing. (3:120-121)

Those who believe fight in the Way of Allah. Those who disbelieve fight in the way of false gods. So fight the friends of Satan! Satan’s scheming is always feeble. (4:76)

That is your reward. Allah always confounds the schemes of the disbelievers. (8:18)

(Hud said,) ‘So scheme against me, all of you together, and then grant me no respite.’ (11:55)

He (Yusuf's father) said, ‘My son, don’t tell your brothers your dream lest they devise some scheme to injure you, Satan is a clear-cut enemy to man.’ (12:5)

Then when he had supplied them with their needs, he (Yusuf) put the goblet in his brother’s bag. A herald called out, ‘Caravan! You are thieves!’ They turned to them and said, ‘What are you missing?’ They said, ‘We’re missing the goblet of the king. The man who brings it will get a camel’s load. Regarding that I stand as guarantor.’ They said, ‘By Allah, you know we did not come to corrupt the land and that we are not thieves.’ They said, ‘What is the reparation for it if it in fact transpires that you are liars?’ They said, ‘Its reparation shall be him in the saddlebags of whom it is discovered. With us that is how wrongdoers are repaid.’ He started with their bags before his brother’s and then produced it from his brother’s bag. In that way We devised a cunning scheme for Yusuf. He could not have held his brother according to the statutes of the King–only because Allah had willed it so. We raise the rank of anyone We will. Over everyone with knowledge is a Knower. (12:70-76)

This is news of the Unseen which We reveal to you. You were not with them when they decided what to do and devised their scheme. (12:102)

So Pharaoh went away and concocted his scheme and then he arrived. (20:60)

They said, ‘These two magicians desire by their magic to expel you from your land and abolish your most excellent way of life, so decide on your scheme and then arrive together in force. He who gains the upper hand today will definitely prosper.’ (20:63-64)

(Ibrahim said,) ‘By Allah, I will devise some scheme against your idols when your backs are turned.’ (21:57)

They said, ‘Did you do this to our gods, Ibrahim?’ He said, ‘No, this one, the biggest of them, did it. Ask them if they are able to speak!’ They consulted among themselves and said, ‘It is you yourselves who are wrongdoers.’ But then they relapsed back into their disbelief: ‘You know full well these idols cannot talk.’ He said, ‘Do you then worship, instead of Allah, what cannot help or harm you in any way? Shame on you and what you worship besides Allah! Will you not use your intellect?’ (21:62-67)

Those deemed weak will say to those deemed great, ‘No, it was your scheming night and day when you commanded us to reject Allah and assign equals to Him.’ But they will show their remorse when they see the punishment. We will put iron collars round the necks of those who disbelieve. Will they be repaid for anything but what they did? (34:33)

Pharaoh said, ‘Haman, build me a tower so that perhaps I may gain means of access, access to the heavens, so that I can look on Musa’s God. Truly I think he is a liar.’ That is how Pharaoh’s evil actions were made attractive to him and he debarred others from the Path. Pharaoh’s scheming led to nothing but ruin. (40:36-37)

They left early, intent on carrying out their scheme. (68:25)

Do you not see what your Lord did with the Companions of the Elephant? Did He not bring all their schemes to nothing? (105:1-2)

SCORN

No wonder you are surprised as they laugh with scorn! (37:12)

When they see a Sign they only laugh with scorn. (37:14)

Do you nonetheless regard this discourse with scorn? (56:81)

SCREEN

You who believe! Do not go into the Prophet’s rooms except when you are invited to come and eat. Do not wait there while the food is being cooked. However, when you are called, go in, and when you have eaten, disperse, not remaining there to chat with one another. Doing that causes annoyance to the Prophet though he is too reticent to tell you so. But Allah is not reticent with the truth. When you ask his wives for something, ask them from behind a screen. That is purer for your hearts and their hearts. It is not right for you to cause annoyance to the Messenger of Allah or ever to marry his wives after him. To do that would be a dreadful thing in Allah’s sight. (33:53)

They say, ‘Our hearts are covered up against what you call us to and there is a heaviness in our ears. There is a screen between us and you. So act–we are certainly acting.’ (41:5)

SCRIBE

(The Qur'an is) inscribed on Honoured Pages, exalted, purified by the hands of scribes, noble, virtuous. (80:13-16)

SEA

And when We parted the sea for you and rescued you, and drowned the people of Pharaoh while you watched. (2:50)

In the creation of the heavens and earth, and the alternation of the night and day, and the ships which sail the seas to people’s benefit, and the water which Allah sends down from the sky–by which He brings the earth to life when it was dead and scatters about in it creatures of every kind–and the varying direction of the winds, and the clouds subservient between heaven and earth, there are Signs for people who use their intellect. (2:164)

Anything you catch in the sea is lawful for you, and all food from it, for your enjoyment and that of travellers, but land game is forbidden for you while you are in the state of pilgrimage. So have fear of Allah, Him to Whom you will be gathered. (5:96)

The keys of the Unseen are in His possession. No one knows them but Him. He knows everything in the land and sea. No leaf falls without His knowing it. There is no seed in the darkness of the earth, and nothing moist or dry which is not in a Clear Book. (6:59)

Say: ‘Who rescues you from the darkness of the land and sea? You call on Him humbly and secretly: "If you rescue us from this, we will truly be among the thankful."’ (6:63)

It is He Who has appointed the stars for you so you might be guided by them in the darkness of the land and sea. We have made the Signs clear for people who have knowledge. (6:97)

Then We took revenge on them and drowned them in the sea because they denied Our Signs and paid no attention to them. (7:136)

We conveyed the tribe of Israel across the sea and they came upon some people who were devoting themselves to some idols which they had. They said, ‘Musa, give us a god just as these people have gods.’ He said, ‘You are indeed an ignorant people.’ (7:138)

Ask them about the town which was by the sea when they broke the Sabbath–when their fish came to them near the surface on their Sabbath day but did not come on the days which they did not keep the Sabbath. In this way We put them to the test because they were deviators. (7:163)

It is He Who conveys you on both land and sea so that when some of you are on a boat, running before a fair wind, rejoicing at it, and then a violent squall comes upon them and the waves come at them from every side and they realise there is no way of escape, they call on Allah, making their religion sincerely His: ‘If You rescue us from this, we will truly be among the thankful.’ (10:22)

We brought the tribe of Israel across the sea and Pharaoh and his troops pursued them out of tyranny and enmity. Then, when he was on the point of drowning, he said, ‘I believe that there is no god but Him in whom the tribe of Israel believe. I am one of the Muslims.’ (10:90)

Allah is He Who created the heavens and the earth and sends down water from the sky and by it brings forth fruits as provision for you. He has made the ships subservient to you to run upon the sea by His command, and He has made the rivers subservient to you. (14:32)

It is He Who made the sea subservient to you so that you can eat fresh flesh from it and bring out from it ornaments to wear. And you see the ships cleaving through it so that you can seek His bounty, and so that hopefully you will show thanks. (16:14)

Your Lord is He Who propels the ships on the sea for you so that you may seek His bounty. He is indeed Most Merciful to you. (17:66)

When harm occurs to you at sea, those you call on vanish–except for Him alone! But when He delivers you to dry land, you turn away. Man truly is ungrateful. (17:67)

We have honoured the sons of Adam and conveyed them on land and sea and provided them with good things and favoured them greatly over many We have created. (17:70)

Remember when Musa said to his servant, ‘I will not give up until I reach the meeting-place of the two seas, even if I must press on for many years.’ (18:60)

But when they reached their meeting-place, they forgot their fish which quickly burrowed its way into the sea. (18:61)

He (Musa’s servant) said, ‘Do you see what has happened? When we went to find shelter at the rock, I forgot the fish. No one made me forget to remember it except Satan. It found its way into the sea in an amazing way.’ (18:63)

(He said to Musa,) ‘As for the boat, it belonged to some poor people who worked on the sea. I wanted to damage it because a king was coming behind them, commandeering every boat.’ (18:79)

Say: ‘If all the sea was ink to write down the Words of my Lord, it would run out long before the Words of my Lord ran out,’ even if We were to bring the same amount of ink again. (18:109)

He (Allah) said, ‘Your request has been granted, Musa. We were gracious to you another time when We revealed to your mother: "Place him into the box and throw it into the sea and the sea will wash it up on the shore, where an enemy of Mine and his will pick it up." I showered you with love from Me so that you would be brought up under My supervision.’ (20:36-39)

We revealed to Musa, ‘Travel with My servants by night. Strike a dry path for them through the sea. Have no fear of being overtaken and do not be afraid.’ (20:77)

Pharaoh pursued them with his troops and the sea overwhelmed them utterly. (20:78)

He (Musa) said, ‘Go! In this world you will have to say, "Untouchable!" And you have an appointment which you will not fail to keep. Look at your god to which you devoted so much time. We will burn it up and then scatter it as dust into the sea. (20:97)

Do you not see that Allah has made everything on the earth subservient to you and the ships running upon the sea by His command? He holds back the heaven, preventing it from falling to the earth–except by His permission. Allah is All-Compassionate to mankind, Most Merciful. (22:65)

Or they (the actions of disbelievers) are like the darkness of a fathomless sea which is covered by waves above which are waves above which are clouds, layers of darkness, one upon the other. If he puts out his hand, he can scarcely see it. Those Allah gives no light to, they have no light. (24:40)

It is He Who has unloosed both seas–the one sweet and refreshing, the other salty and bitter–and put a dividing line between them, an uncrossable barrier. (25:53)

So We revealed to Musa, ‘Strike the sea with your staff.’ And it split in two, each part like a towering cliff. (26:63)

He Who made the earth a stable dwelling place and appointed rivers flowing through its midst and placed firmly embedded mountains on it and set a barrier between the two seas. Is there another god besides Allah? No indeed, but most of them do not know it! (27:61)

He Who guides you in the darkness of land and sea and sends out the winds bringing advance news of His mercy. Is there another god besides Allah? May Allah be exalted above what they associate with Him! (27:63)

We revealed to Musa’s mother, ‘Suckle him and then when you fear for him cast him into the sea. Do not fear or grieve; We will return him to you and make him one of the Messengers.’ (28:7)

So We seized him (Pharaoh) and his troops and flung them into the sea. See the final fate of the wrongdoers! (28:40)

Corruption has appeared in both land and sea because of what people’s own hands have brought about so that they may taste something of what they have done so that hopefully they will turn back. (30:41)

If all the trees on earth were pens and all the sea, with seven more seas besides, was ink Allah’s words still would not run dry. Allah is Almighty, All-Wise. (31:27)

Do you not see that ships sail on the sea by Allah’s blessing so that He can show you something of His Signs? There are certainly Signs in that for everyone who is steadfast and thankful. (31:31)

The two seas are not the same: the one is sweet, refreshing, delicious to drink, the other salty, bitter to the taste. Yet from both of them you eat fresh flesh and extract ornaments for yourselves to wear; and you see ships on them, cleaving through the waves so that you can seek His bounty and so that hopefully you will be thankful. (35:12)

Among His Signs are the tall ships sailing like mountains through the sea. (42:32)

(It was revealed to Musa,) ‘Leave the sea divided as it is. They are an army who will be drowned.’ (44:24)

It is Allah Who has made the sea subservient to you so that the ships sail on it at His command, enabling you to seek His bounty, so that hopefully you will be thankful. (45:12)

So We seized him (Pharaoh) and his armies and hurled them into the sea, and he was to blame. (51:40)

He has let loose the two seas, converging together, with a barrier between them; they do not break through. (55:19-20)

His, too, are the ships sailing like mountain peaks on the sea. (55:24)

When the seas flood and overflow, (82:3)

SECRET

Do they not know that Allah knows what they keep secret and what they make public? (2:77)

There is no good in much of their secret talk, except in the case of those who enjoin charity, or what is right, or putting things right between people. If anyone does that, seeking the pleasure of Allah, We will give him an immense reward. (4:114)

Yet you see those with sickness in their hearts rushing to them, saying, ‘We fear the wheel of fate may turn against us.’ But it may well be that Allah will bring about victory or some other contingency from Him. Then they will deeply regret their secret thoughts. (5:52)

He is Allah in the heavens and in the earth. He knows what you keep secret and what you make public and He knows what you earn. (6:3)

Do they not know that Allah knows their secrets and their private talk, and that Allah is the Knower of all unseen things? (9:78)

See how they wrap themselves round trying to conceal their feelings from Him! No, indeed! When they wrap their garments round themselves, He knows what they keep secret and what they make public. He knows what their hearts contain. (11:5)

It makes no difference whether you keep secret what you say or voice it out loud, whether you hide in the night or go out in the day. (13:10)

Allah knows what you keep secret and what you make public. (16:19)

There is no doubt that Allah knows what they keep secret and what they make public. He does not love people puffed up with pride. (16:23)

Though you speak out loud, He knows your secrets and what is even more concealed. (20:7)

Say: ‘The One Who sent it down is He Who knows all hidden secrets in the heavens and earth. He is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful.’ (25:6)

So do not let their words distress you. We know what they keep secret and what they divulge. (36:76)

Or do they imagine that We do not hear their secrets and their private talk? On the contrary Our messengers are right there with them writing it down! (43:80)

That is because they said to those who hate what Allah has sent down, ‘We will obey you in part of the affair.’ But Allah knows their secrets. (47:26)

He knows everything in the heavens and earth. He knows what you keep secret and what you divulge. Allah knows what the heart contains. (64:4)

Whether you keep your words secret or say them out loud He knows what the heart contains. (67:13)

On the Day when the secrets are sought out. (86:9)

SECURITY

Then He sent down to you, after the distress, security, restful sleep overtaking a group of you, whereas another group became prey to anxious thoughts, thinking other than the truth about Allah–thoughts belonging to the Time of Ignorance–saying, ‘Do we have any say in the affair at all?’ Say, ‘The affair belongs entirely to Allah.’ They are concealing things inside themselves which they do not disclose to you, saying, ‘If we had only had a say in the affair, none of us would have been killed here in this place.’ Say, ‘Even if you had been inside your homes, those people for whom killing was decreed would have gone out to their place of death.’ So that Allah might test what is in your breasts and purge what is in your hearts. Allah knows the contents of your hearts. (3:154)

Do the people of the cities feel secure against Our violent force coming down on them in the night while they are asleep? (7:97)

Or do the people of the cities feel secure against Our violent force coming down on them in the day while they are playing games? (7:98)

Do they feel secure against Allah’s devising? No one feels secure against Allah’s devising except for those who are lost. (7:99)

And when He overcame you with sleep, making you feel secure, and sent you down water from heaven to purify you and remove the taint of Satan from you, and to fortify your hearts and make your feet firm. (8:11)

Do they feel secure that the all-enveloping punishment of Allah will not come upon them, or that the Last Hour will not come upon them all of a sudden when they least expect it? (12:107)

Those who guard against evil will be amid Gardens and Springs: ‘Enter them in peace, in complete security!’ (15:45-46)

Do those who plot evil actions feel secure that Allah will not cause the earth to swallow them up or that a punishment will not come upon them from where they least expect? (16:45)

Do you feel secure against Him causing the shore to swallow you up or sending against you a sudden squall of stones? Then you will find no one to be your guardian. (17:68)

Or do you feel secure against Him taking you back into it another time and sending a violent storm against you and drowning you for your ingratitude? Then you will find no one to defend you against Us. (17:69)

Allah has promised those of you who believe and do right actions that He will make them successors in the land as He made those before them successors, and will firmly establish for them their religion with which He is pleased and give them, in place of their fear, security. ‘They worship Me, not associating anything with Me.’ Any who disbelieve after that, such people are deviators. (24:55)

(Salih said to his people,) ‘Are you going to be left secure amid what is here?’ (26:146)

(Allah said,) ‘Throw down your staff!’ Then when he saw it slithering like a snake he turned and fled and did not turn back again. ‘Musa, approach and have no fear! You are one of those who are secure.’ (28:31)

They will call there for fruit of every kind, in complete security. (44:55)

Do you feel secure against Him Who is in heaven causing the earth to swallow you up when suddenly it rocks from side to side? (67:16)

Or do you feel secure against Him Who is in heaven releasing against you a sudden squall of stones, so that you will know how true My warning was? (67:17)

SEED

The keys of the Unseen are in His possession. No one knows them but Him. He knows everything in the land and sea. No leaf falls without His knowing it. There is no seed in the darkness of the earth, and nothing moist or dry which is not in a Clear Book. (6:59)

Allah is He Who splits the seed and kernel. He brings forth the living from the dead, and produces the dead out of the living. That is Allah, so how are you perverted? (6:95)

It is He Who sends down water from the sky from which We bring forth growth of every kind, and from that We bring forth the green shoots and from them We bring forth close-packed seeds, and from the spathes of the date palm date clusters hanging down, and gardens of grapes and olives and pomegranates, both similar and dissimilar. Look at their fruits as they bear fruit and ripen. There are Signs in that for people who believe. (6:99)

We will set up the Just Balance on the Day of Rising and no self will be wronged in any way. Even if it is no more than the weight of a grain of mustard-seed, We will produce it. We are sufficient as a Reckoner. (21:47)

(Luqman said,) ‘My son, even if something weighs as little as a mustard-seed and is inside a rock or anywhere else in the heavens or earth, Allah will bring it out. Allah is All-Pervading, All-Aware.’ (31:16)

He Who has created all things in the best possible way. He commenced the creation of man from clay; then produced his seed from an extract of base fluid. (32:7-8)

Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, and those who are with him are fierce to the disbelievers, merciful to one another. You see them bowing and prostrating, seeking Allah’s good favour and His pleasure. Their mark is on their faces, the traces of prostration. That is their likeness in the Torah. And their likeness in the Gospel is that of a seed which puts up a shoot and makes it strong so that it thickens and grows up straight upon its stalk, filling the sowers with delight–so that by them He may infuriate the disbelievers. Allah has promised those of them who believe and do right actions forgiveness and an immense reward. (48:29)

(I swear) by Heaven with its cyclical systems and the earth with its splitting seeds, it is truly a Decisive Word. (86:11-13)

SELF (NAFS)

And when Musa said to his people, ‘My people, You wronged yourselves by adopting the Calf so turn towards your Maker and kill yourselves. That is the best thing for you in your Maker’s sight.’ And He turned towards you. He is the Ever-Returning, the Most Merciful. (2:54)

And We shaded you with clouds and sent down manna and quails to you: ‘Eat of the good things We have provided for you.’ They did not wrong Us; rather it was themselves they were wronging. (2:57)

What an evil thing they have sold themselves for in rejecting what Allah has sent down, outraged that Allah should send down His favour on whichever of His servants He wills. They have brought down anger upon anger on themselves. The disbelievers will have a humiliating punishment. (2:90)

They follow what the Satans recited in the reign of Sulayman. Sulayman did not disbelieve, but the Satans did, teaching people sorcery and what had been sent down to Harut and Marut, the two angels in Babylon, who taught no one without first saying to him, ‘We are merely a trial and temptation, so do not disbelieve.’ People learned from them how to separate a man and his wife but they cannot harm anyone by it, except with Allah's permission. They have learned what will harm them and will not benefit them. They know that any who deal in it will have no share in the hereafter. What an evil thing they have sold themselves for if they only knew! (2:102)

Many of the People of the Book would love it if they could turn you back to disbelief after you have become believers, showing their innate envy now that the truth is clear to them. But you should pardon and overlook until Allah gives His command. Truly Allah has power over all things. (2:109)

On the night of the fast it is lawful for you to have sexual relations with your wives. They are clothing for you and you for them. Allah knows that you have been betraying yourselves and He has turned towards you and excused you. Now you may have sexual intercourse with them and seek what Allah has written for you. Eat and drink until you can clearly discern the white thread from the black thread of the dawn, then fulfil the fast until the night appears. But do not have sexual intercourse with them while you are in retreat in the mosques. These are Allah’s limits, so do not go near them. In this way does Allah make His Signs clear to people so that hopefully they will guard against evil. (2:187)

A group of the People of the Book would love to misguide you. They only misguide themselves but they are not aware of it. (3:69)

The metaphor of what they spend in their life in this world is that of a wind with an icy bite to it which strikes the crops of a people who have wronged themselves and destroys them. Allah did not wrong them; rather it was themselves they were wronging. (3:117)

(Believers are) those who, when they act indecently or wrong themselves, remember Allah and ask forgiveness for their bad actions (and who can forgive bad actions except Allah?) and do not knowingly persist in what they were doing. (3:135)

No self can die except with Allah’s permission, at a predetermined time. If anyone desires the reward of this world, We will give him some of it. If anyone desires the reward of the hereafter, We will give him some of it. We will recompense the thankful. (3:145)

It is not for any prophet to be false to his trust. Those who are false will arrive on the Day of Rising with what they have misappropriated. Then every self will be paid in full for what it earned. They will not be wronged. (3:161)

Every self will taste death. You will be paid your wages in full on the Day of Rising. Anyone who is distanced from the Fire and admitted to the Garden has triumphed. The life of this world is just the enjoyment of delusion. (3:185)

O mankind! Have fear of your Lord Who created you from a single self and created its mate from it and then disseminated many men and women from the two of them. Have fear of Allah in Whose name you make demands on one another and also in respect of your families. Allah watches over you continually. (4:1)

You who believe! Do not consume one another’s property by false means, but only by means of mutually agreed trade. And do not kill yourselves. Allah is Most Merciful to you. (4:29)

We sent no Messenger except to be obeyed by Allah’s permission. If only when they wronged themselves they had come to you and asked Allah’s forgiveness and the Messenger had asked forgiveness for them they would have found Allah Ever-Returning, Most Merciful. (4:64)

The angels ask those they take while they are wronging themselves, ‘What were your circumstances?’ They reply, ‘We were oppressed on earth.’ They say, ‘Was Allah’s earth not wide enough for you to have migrated elsewhere in it?’ The shelter of such people will be Hell. What an evil destination! (4:97)

Do not argue on behalf of those who betray themselves. Allah does not love any evildoing traitors. (4:107)

Were it not for Allah’s favour to you and His mercy, a group of them would almost have managed to mislead you. But they mislead no one but themselves and do not harm you in any way. Allah has sent down the Book and Wisdom to you and taught you what you did not know before. Allah’s favour to you is indeed immense. (4:113)

We made a covenant with the tribe of Israel and We sent Messengers to them. Each time a Messenger came to them with something their lower selves did not desire, they denied some and they murdered others. (5:70)

You see many of them taking those who disbelieve as their friends. What their lower selves have advanced for them is evil indeed, bringing Allah’s anger down upon them. They will suffer punishment timelessly, for ever. (5:80)

You who believe! You are only responsible for yourselves. The misguided cannot harm you as long as you are guided. All of you will return to Allah and He will inform you about what you were doing. (5:105)

Say: ‘To whom does everything in the heavens and earth belong?’ Say: ‘To Allah.’ He has made mercy incumbent on Himself. He will gather you to the Day of Rising about which there is no doubt. As for those who have lost their own selves, they have no faith. (6:12)

They keep others from it and avoid it themselves. They are only destroying themselves but they are not aware of it. (6:26)

It is He Who first produced you from a single self, then from a resting-place and a repository. We have made the Signs clear for people who understand. (6:98)

Company of jinn and men! Did not Messengers come to you from among yourselves relating My Signs to you and warning you of the encounter of this Day of yours? They will say, ‘We testify against ourselves.’ The life of this world deluded them and they will testify against themselves that they were disbelievers. (6:130)

Say: ‘Am I to desire other than Allah as Lord when He is the Lord of all things?’ What each self earns is for itself alone. No burden-bearer can bear another’s burden. Then you will return to your Lord, and He will inform you regarding the things about which you differed. (6:164)

As for those whose scales are light, they are the ones who have lost their own selves because they wrongfully rejected Our Signs. (7:9)

They said, ‘Our Lord, we have wronged ourselves. If you do not forgive us and have mercy on us, we will be among the lost.’ (7:23)

We divided them up into twelve tribes–communities. We revealed to Musa, when his people asked him for water: ‘Strike the rock with your staff.’ Twelve fountains flowed out from it and all the people knew their drinking place. And We shaded them with clouds and sent down manna and quails to them: ‘Eat of the good things We have provided you with.’ They did not wrong Us; rather it was themselves they wronged. (7:160)

When your Lord took out all their descendants from the loins of the children of Adam and made them testify against themselves ‘Am I not your Lord?’ they said, ‘We testify that indeed You are!’ Lest you say on the Day of Rising, ‘We knew nothing of this.’ (7:172)

How evil is the metaphor of those who deny Our Signs. It is themselves that they have badly wronged. (7:177)

It is He Who created you from a single self and made from him his spouse so that he might find repose in her. Then when he covered her she bore a light load and carried it around. Then when it became heavy they called on Allah, their Lord, ‘If You grant us a healthy child, we will be among the thankful!’ (7:189)

Do they make things into partner-gods which cannot create anything and are themselves created; which are not capable of helping them and cannot even help themselves? (7:191-192)

If it had been a case of easy gains and a short journey, they would have followed you, but the distance was too great for them. They will swear by Allah: ‘Had we been able to, we would have gone out with you.’ They are destroying their own selves. Allah knows that they are lying. (9:42)

Has the news of those who came before them not reached them, the people of Nuh and ‘Ad and Thamud, and the people of Ibrahim and the inhabitants of Madyan and the overturned cities? Their Messengers brought them the Clear Signs. Allah did not wrong them; rather they wronged themselves. (9:70)

And (He turned) also towards the three who were left behind, so that when the earth became narrow for them, for all its great breadth, and their own selves became constricted for them and they realised that there was no refuge from Allah except in Him, He turned to them so that they might turn to Him. Allah is the Ever-Returning, the Most Merciful. (9:118)

It was not for people of Madina, and the desert arabs around them, to remain behind the Messenger of Allah nor to prefer themselves to him. That is because no thirst or weariness or hunger will afflict them in the Way of Allah, nor will they take a single step to infuriate the disbelievers, nor secure any gain from the enemy, without a right action being written down for them because of it. Allah does not let the wage of the good-doers go to waste. (9:120)

Then and there every self will be tried for what it did before. They will be returned to Allah, their Master, the Real, and what they invented will abandon them. (10:30)

Allah does not wrong people in any way; rather it is people who wrong themselves. (10:44)

If every self that did wrong possessed everything on earth, it would offer it as a ransom. They will show remorse when they see the punishment. Everything will be decided between them justly. They will not be wronged. (10:54)

We did not wrong them; rather they wronged themselves. The gods they called upon besides Allah did not help them at all when Allah’s command came upon them. They did nothing but increase their ruin. (11:101)

(Yusuf said,) ‘I do not say my self was free from blame. The self indeed commands to evil acts–except for those my Lord has mercy on. My Lord, He is Forgiving, Merciful.’ (12:53)

Everyone has a succession of angels in front of him and behind him, guarding him by Allah’s command. Allah never changes a people’s state until they change what is in themselves. When Allah desires evil for a people, there is no averting it. They have no protector apart from Him. (13:11)

Warn mankind of the Day when the punishment will reach them. Those who did wrong will say, ‘Our Lord, reprieve us for a short time. We will respond to Your call and follow the Messengers.’ ‘But did you not swear to Me before that you would never meet your downfall, even though you inhabited the houses of those who had wronged themselves and it was made clear to you how We had dealt with them and We gave you many examples?’ (14:44-45)

As for those the angels take in death while they are wronging themselves, they will offer their submission: ‘We did not do any evil.’ Oh yes you did! Allah knows what you were doing. (16:28)

What are they waiting for but the angels to come to them or your Lord's command to come? That is like what those before them did. Allah did not wrong them; rather they wronged themselves. (16:33)

Allah has given you wives from among yourselves, and given you children and grandchildren from your wives, and provided good things for you. So why do they believe in falsehood and reject the blessings of Allah? (16:72)

On that Day We will raise up among every community a witness against them from amongst themselves, and bring you as a witness against them. We have sent down the Book to you making all things clear and as guidance and mercy and good news for the Muslims. (16:89)

We forbade the Jews those things We told you about before. We did not wrong them; rather they wronged themselves. (16:118)

Every self will taste death. We test you with both good and evil as a trial. And you will be returned to Us. (21:35)

Or do they have gods besides Us who will protect them? They cannot even help themselves! They will not be safe from Us. (21:43)

We will set up the Just Balance on the Day of Rising and no self will be wronged in any way. Even if it is no more than the weight of a grain of mustard-seed, We will produce it. We are sufficient as a Reckoner. (21:47)

They will not hear the slightest hint of it and they will remain there timelessly, for ever, among everything their selves desire. (21:102)

Those whose scales are light, they are the losers of their selves, remaining in Hell timelessly, for ever. (23:103)

But they have adopted gods apart from Him which do not create anything but are themselves created. They have no power to harm or help themselves. They have no power over death or life or resurrection. (25:3)

Those who do not expect to meet Us say, ‘Why have angels not been sent down to us? Why do we not see our Lord?’ They have become arrogant about themselves and are excessively insolent. (25:21)

We seized each one of them for their wrong actions. Against some We sent a sudden squall of stones; some of them were seized by the Great Blast; some We caused the earth to swallow up; and some We drowned. Allah did not wrong them; rather they wronged themselves. (29:40)

Every self will taste death. Then you will be returned to Us. (29:57)

Have they not reflected within themselves? Allah did not create the heavens and the earth and everything between them except with truth and for a fixed term. Yet many people reject the meeting with their Lord. (30:8)

Have they not travelled in the earth and seen the final fate of those before them? They had greater strength than them and cultivated the land and inhabited it in far greater numbers than they do. Their Messengers also came to them with the Clear Signs. Allah would never have wronged them; but they wronged themselves. (30:9)

He has made an example for you from among yourselves. Are any of the slaves you own partners with you in what We have provided for you so that you are equal in respect of it, you fearing them the same as one another? In that way We make Our Signs clear for people who use their intellect. (30:28)

No self knows the delight that is hidden away for it in recompense for what it used to do. (32:17)

The Prophet is closer to the believers than their own selves, and his wives are their mothers. But blood-relations have closer ties to one another in the Book of Allah than other believers and the emigrants, except that you should act in a proper manner towards your close associates. That is inscribed in the Book. (33:6)

They said, ‘Our Lord, put more distance between our staging posts.’ They wronged themselves so We made legends of them and scattered them without a trace. There are certainly Signs in that for everyone who is steadfast and thankful. (34:19)

Glory be to Him Who created all the pairs: from what the earth produces and from themselves and from things unknown to them. (36:36)

He created you from a single self, then produced its mate from it, and sent down livestock to you–eight kinds in pairs. He creates you stage by stage in your mothers’ wombs in a threefold darkness. That is Allah, your Lord. Sovereignty is His. There is no god but Him. So what has made you deviate? (39:6)

Those who disbelieved will be addressed: ‘Allah’s hatred of you, when you were called to faith but then chose disbelief, is even greater than your hatred of yourselves.’ (40:10)

Every self will be repaid today for what it earned. Today there will be no injustice. Allah is swift at reckoning. (40:17)

We are your protectors in the life of this world and the hereafter. You will have there all that your selves could wish for. You will have there everything you demand. (41:31)

We will show them Our Signs on the horizon and within themselves until it is clear to them that it is the truth. Is it not enough for your Lord that He is a witness of everything? (41:53)

(He is) the Bringer into Being of the heavens and the earth: He has given you mates from among yourselves, and given mates to the livestock, in that way multiplying you. Nothing is like Him. He is the All-Hearing, the All-Seeing. (42:11)

You will see them as they are exposed to it, abject in their abasement, glancing around them furtively. Those who believe will say, ‘Truly the losers are those who lose themselves and their families on the Day of Rising.’ The wrongdoers are in an everlasting punishment. (42:45)

Allah created the heavens and earth with truth so that every self might be repaid for what it earned and they will not be wronged. (45:22)

You who believe! People should not ridicule others who may be better than themselves; nor should any women ridicule other women who may be better than themselves. And do not find fault with one another or insult each other with derogatory nicknames. How evil it is to have a name for evil conduct after coming to faith! Those people who do not turn from it are wrongdoers. (49:11)

(On that Day) every self will come together with a driver and a witness. (50:21)

There are certainly Signs in the earth for people with certainty; and in yourselves as well. Do you not then see? (51:20-21)

They are nothing but names which you yourselves have given, you and your forefathers. Allah has sent down no authority for them. They are following nothing but conjecture and what their own selves desire. And that when guidance has reached them from their Lord! (53:23)

Nothing occurs, either in the earth or in yourselves, without its being in a Book before We make it happen. That is something easy for Allah. (57:22)

Those who were already settled in the abode, and in faith, before they came, love those who have migrated to them and do not find in their hearts any need for what they have been given and prefer them to themselves even if they themselves are needy. It is the people who are safe-guarded from the avarice of their own selves who are successful. (59:9)

Do not be like those who forgot Allah so He made them forget themselves. Such people are the deviators. (59:19)

Your Lord knows that you stay up nearly two-thirds of the night–or half of it, or a third of it–and a group of those with you. Allah determines the night and day. He knows you will not keep count of it, so He has turned towards you. Recite as much of the Qur’an as is easy for you. He knows that some of you are ill and that others are travelling in the land seeking Allah’s bounty, and that others are fighting in the Way of Allah. So recite as much of it as is easy for you. And perform prayer and give the alms and lend a generous loan to Allah. Whatever good you send ahead for yourselves you will find it with Allah as something better and as a greater reward. And seek forgiveness from Allah. Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (73:20)

Every self is held in pledge against what it earned. (74:38)

When the selves are arranged into classes... (81:7)

Then each self will know what it has done. (81:14)

Each self will know what it has sent ahead and left behind. (82:5)

There is no self which has no guardian over it. (86:4)

‘O self at rest and at peace,’ (89:27)

We gave Musa the Book and sent a succession of Messengers after him. We gave ‘Isa, son of Maryam, the Clear Signs and reinforced him with the Purest Spirit. Why then, whenever a Messenger came to you with something your lower selves did not desire, did you grow arrogant, and deny some of them and murder others? (2:87)

Who would deliberately renounce the religion of Ibrahim except someone who reveals himself to be a fool? We chose him in this world and in the hereafter he will be one of the righteous. (2:130)

When you divorce women and they are near the end of their waiting period, then either retain them with correctness and courtesy or release them with correctness and courtesy. Do not retain them by force, thus overstepping the limits. Anyone who does that has wronged himself. Do not make a mockery of Allah’s Signs. Remember Allah’s blessing to you and the Book and Wisdom He has sent down to you to admonish you. Have fear of Allah and know that Allah has knowledge of all things. (2:231)

Allah does not impose on any self any more than it can stand. For it is what it has earned; against it, what it has brought upon itself. ‘Our Lord, do not take us to task if we forget or make a mistake! Our Lord, do not place on us a load like the one You placed on those before us! Our Lord, do not place on us a load we have not the strength to bear! And pardon us; and forgive us; and have mercy on us. You are our Master, so help us against the people of the disbelievers.’ (2:286)

But how will it be when We gather them all together for a Day about which there is no doubt? Every self will be paid in full for what it earned. They will not be wronged. (3:25)

On the Day that each self finds the good it did, and the evil it did, present there in front of it, it will wish there were an age between it and then. Allah advises you to beware of Him. Allah is Ever-Gentle with His servants. (3:30)

Anyone who does evil or wrongs himself and then asks Allah’s forgiveness will find Allah Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (4:110)

So his lower self persuaded him to kill his brother, and he killed him and became one of the lost. (5:30)

And that you do not go near the property of orphans before they reach maturity–except in a good way; that you give full measure and full weight with justice–We impose on no self any more than it can bear; that you are equitable when you speak–even if a near relative is concerned; and that you fulfil Allah’s contract. That is what He instructs you to do, so that hopefully you will pay heed. (6:152)

They then produced his shirt with false blood on it. He (Ya‘qub) said, ‘It is merely that your lower selves have suggested something to you which you did; but beauty lies in showing steadfastness. It is Allah alone Who is my Help in face of the event that you describe.’ (12:18)

He said, ‘It’s merely that your lower selves suggested something to you which you did. But beauty lies in having steadfastness. Perhaps Allah will bring them all together. He is indeed All-Knowing and All-Wise.’ (12:83)

What then of Him Who is standing over every self seeing everything it does? Yet still they associate others with Allah! Say: ‘Name them! Or would you inform Him of something in the earth He does not know, or are they words which are simply guesswork on your part?’ However, the plotting of those who disbelieve seems good to them and they bar the way. Anyone misguided by Allah has no guide. (13:33)

Those before them plotted but all plotting belongs to Allah. He knows what each self earns, and the disbelievers will soon know who has the Ultimate Abode. (13:42)

So that Allah may repay every self for what it earned. Allah is swift at reckoning. (14:51)

On that Day every self will come to argue for itself and every self will be paid in full for what it did. They will not be wronged. (16:111)

‘Read your Book! Today your own self is reckoner enough against you!’ (17:14)

He entered his garden and wronged himself by saying, ‘I do not think that this will ever end.’ (18:35)

He (Samaritan) said, ‘I saw what they did not see. So I gathered up a handful from the Messenger’s footprints and threw it in. That is what my inner self urged me to do.’ (20:96)

He (Musa) said, ‘My Lord, I have wronged myself. Forgive me.’ So He forgave him. He is the Ever-Forgiving, the Most Merciful. (28:16)

Whoever strives does it entirely for himself. Allah is Rich Beyond Need of any being. (29:6)

When you said to him whom Allah has blessed and you yourself have greatly favoured, ‘Keep your wife to yourself and have fear of Allah,’ while concealing something in yourself which Allah wished to bring to light, you were fearing people when Allah has more right to your fear. Then when Zayd divorced her We married her to you so that there should be no restriction for the believers regarding the wives of their adopted sons when they have divorced them. Allah’s command is always carried out. (33:37)

And what of him the evil of whose actions appears fine to him so that he sees them as good? Allah misguides whoever He wills and guides whoever He wills. So do not let yourself waste away out of regret for them. Allah knows what they do. (35:8)

No burden-bearer can bear another’s burden. If someone weighed down calls for help to bear his load, none of it will be borne for him, even by his next of kin. You can only warn those who fear their Lord in the Unseen and perform prayer. Whoever is purified, is purified for himself alone. Allah is your final destination. (35:18)

Then We made Our chosen servants inherit the Book. But some of them wrong themselves; some are ambivalent; and some outdo each other in good by Allah’s permission. That is the great favour. (35:32)

We showered blessings upon him and upon Ishaq. Among their descendants are good-doers and also people who clearly wrong themselves. (37:113)

Every self will be repaid in full for what it did. He knows best what they are doing. (39:70)

Here you are then: people who are called upon to spend in the Way of Allah and then some of you are tight-fisted! But whoever is tight-fisted is only tight-fisted to himself. Allah is Rich and you are poor. If you turn away, He will replace you with a people other than yourselves and they will not be like you. (47:38)

We created man and We know what his own self whispers to him. We are nearer to him than his jugular vein. (50:16)

So have fear of Allah, as much as you are able to, and listen and obey and spend for your own benefit. It is the people who are safe-guarded from the avarice of their own selves who are successful. (64:16)

O Prophet! When any of you divorce women, divorce them during their period of purity and calculate their waiting period carefully. And have fear of Allah, your Lord. Do not evict them from their homes, nor should they leave, unless they commit an outright indecency. Those are Allah’s limits, and anyone who oversteps Allah’s limits has wronged himself. You never know, it may well be that after that Allah will cause a new situation to develop. (65:1)

He who has plenty should spend out from his plenty, but he whose provision is restricted should spend from what Allah has given him. Allah does not demand from any self more than He has given it. Allah will appoint after difficulty, ease. (65:7)

No! I swear by the self-reproaching self. (75:2)

In fact, man will be clear proof against himself. (75:14)

But as for him who feared the Station of his Lord and forbade the lower self its appetites, the Garden will be his refuge. (79:40-41)

It is the Day when a self will have no power to help any other self in any way. The command that Day will be Allah’s alone. (82:19)

And (I swear by) the self and what proportioned it, (91:7)

SELFISH

If a woman fears cruelty or aversion on her husband’s part, there is nothing wrong in the couple becoming reconciled. Reconciliation is better. But people are prone to selfish greed. If you do good and guard against evil, Allah is aware of what you do. (4:128)

SELF-SUFFICIENT

Whoever strives does it entirely for himself. Allah is Rich Beyond Need of any being. (29:6)

That is because their Messengers brought them the Clear Signs but they said, ‘Are human beings going to guide us?’ So they disbelieved and turned away. But Allah is completely independent of them. Allah is Rich Beyond Need, Praiseworthy. (64:6)

As for him who thinks himself self-sufficient, you give him your complete attention, but it is not up to you whether or not he is purified. (80:5-7)

No indeed! Truly man is unbridled, seeing himself as self-sufficient. (96:6-7)

SERENITY

Their Prophet said to them, ‘The sign of his kingship is that the Ark will come to you, containing serenity from your Lord and certain relics left by the families of Musa and Harun. It will be borne by angels. There is a sign for you in that if you are believers.’ (2:248)

Then Allah sent down His serenity on His Messenger and on the believers, and sent down troops you could not see, and punished those who disbelieved. That is how the disbelievers are repaid. (9:26)

If you do not help him, Allah did help him when those who disbelieved drove him out and there were two of them in the Cave. He said to his companion, ‘Do not be despondent, Allah is with us.’ Then Allah sent down His serenity upon him and reinforced him with troops you could not see. He made the word of those who disbelieved undermost. It is the word of Allah which is uppermost. Allah is Almighty, All-Wise. (9:40)

It is He Who sent down serenity into the hearts of the believers thereby increasing their faith with more faith–the legions of the heavens and the earth belong to Allah. Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise. (48:4)

Allah was pleased with the believers when they pledged allegiance to you under the tree. He knew what was in their hearts, and sent down serenity to them and has rewarded them with an imminent victory. (48:18)

Those who disbelieve filled their hearts with fanatical rage–the fanatical rage of the Time of Ignorance–and Allah sent down serenity to His Messenger and to the believers, and bound them to the expression of heedfulness which they had most right to and were most entitled to. Allah has knowledge of all things. (48:26)

SEXUALLY PERVERTED

(Lut said to his people,) ‘Of all beings, do you lie with males, leaving the wives Allah has created for you? You are a people who have overstepped the limits.’ They said, ‘Lut, if you do not desist you will be expelled.’ (26:165-167)

And when Lut said to his people: ‘Do you approach depravity with open eyes? Do you come with lust to men instead of women? You are a people who are deeply ignorant’ the only response of his people was to say: ‘Drive the the family of Lut out of your city! They are people who keep themselves pure!’ (27:54-56)

When Lut said to his people, ‘You are committing an obscenity not perpetrated before you by anyone in all the worlds. Do you lie with men and waylay them on the road and commit depravities within your gatherings?’ the only answer of his people was to say, ‘Bring us Allah’s punishment if you are telling the truth.’ (29:28-29)

SHADE - SHADOW

And We shaded you with clouds and sent down manna and quails to you: ‘Eat of the good things We have provided for you.’ They did not wrong Us; rather it was themselves they were wronging. (2:57)

What are they waiting for but for Allah to come to them in the shadows of the clouds, together with the angels, in which case the matter will have been settled? All matters return to Allah. (2:210)

But as for those who believe and do right actions, We will admit them into Gardens with rivers flowing under them, remaining in them timelessly, for ever and ever. In them they will have spouses of perfect purity and We will admit them into cool, refreshing shade. (4:57)

We divided them up into twelve tribes–communities. We revealed to Musa, when his people asked him for water: ‘Strike the rock with your staff.’ Twelve fountains flowed out from it and all the people knew their drinking place. And We shaded them with clouds and sent down manna and quails to them: ‘Eat of the good things We have provided you with.’ They did not wrong Us; rather it was themselves they wronged. (7:160)

Everyone in heaven and earth prostrates to Allah willingly or unwillingly, as do their shadows in the morning and the evening. (13:15)

What is the Garden promised to those who guard against evil like? It has rivers flowing under it and its foodstuffs and cool shade never fail. That is the final fate of those who guard against evil. But the final fate of the disbelievers is the Fire. (13:35)

Do they not see the things Allah has created, casting their shadows to the right and to the left, prostrating themselves before Allah in complete humility? (16:48)

Allah has made shaded places for you in what He has created and He has made shelters for you in the mountains and He has made shirts for you to protect you from the heat and shirts to protect you from each other’s violence. In that way He perfects His blessing on you so that hopefully you will become Muslims. (16:81)

Do you not see how your Lord stretches out shadows? If He had wished He could have made them stationary. Then We appoint the sun to be the pointer to them. (25:45)

They denied him and the punishment of the Day of Shadow came down on them. It was indeed the punishment of a terrible Day. (26:189)

So he (Musa) drew water for them and then withdrew into the shade and said, ‘My Lord, I am truly in need of any good You have in store for me.’ (28:24)

The blind and seeing are not the same nor are darkness and light nor are cool shade and fierce heat. (35:19-21)

Do you not see that Allah sends down water from the sky and by it We bring forth fruits of varying colours? And in the mountains there are streaks of white and red, of varying shades, and rocks of deep jet black. (35:27)

The Companions of the Garden are busy enjoying themselves today, they and their wives reclining on couches in the shade. (36:55-56)

For those who fear the Station of their Lord there are two Gardens. So which of your Lord’s blessings do you both then deny? Shaded by spreading branches. (55:46-48)

And (the Companions of the Right are amid) wide-spreading shade. (56:30)

Its shading branches will droop down over them, its ripe fruit hanging ready to be picked. (76:14)

(Deniers!) Proceed to a shadow which forks into three but gives no shade or protection from the flames. (77:30-31)

The heedful will be amid shade and fountains. (77:41)

SHARE

When you have completed your rites, remember Allah as you used to remember your forefathers–or even more. There are some people who say, ‘Our Lord, give us good in this world.’ They will have no share in the hereafter. (2:200)

They will have a good share from what they have earned. Allah is swift at reckoning. (2:202)

They say, ‘What is in the wombs of these animals is exclusively for our men and forbidden for our wives. But if it is stillborn, they can share in it.’ He will repay them for their false depiction. He is All-Wise, All-Knowing. (6:139)

(He said to Satan,) ‘Stir up any of them you can with your voice and rally against them your cavalry and your infantry and share with them in their children and their wealth and make them promises! The promise of Satan is nothing but delusion.’ (17:64)

(Musa said,) ‘Strengthen my back by him and let him share in my task.’ (20:31-32)

Say: ‘Call on those you make claims for besides Allah. They have no power over even the smallest particle, either in the heavens or in the earth. They have no share in them. He has no need of their support.’ (34:22)

If anyone desires to cultivate the hereafter, We will increase him in his cultivation. If anyone desires to cultivate this world, We will give him some of it but he will have no share in the hereafter. (42:20)

SHATTERER

No indeed! He will be flung into the Shatterer. And what will convey to you what the Shatterer is? The kindled Fire of Allah reaching right into the heart. It is sealed in above them in towering columns. (104:4-9)

SHAVE

Allah has confirmed His Messenger’s vision with truth: ‘You will enter the Sacred Mosque (Masjid al-Haram) in safety, Allah willing, shaving your heads and cutting your hair without any fear.’ He knew what you did not know and ordained, in place of this, an imminent victory. (48:27)

Perform the pilgrimage and the pious visit for Allah. If you are forcibly prevented, make whatever sacrifice is feasible. But do not shave your heads until the sacrificial animal has reached the place of sacrifice. If any of you are ill or have a head injury, the expiation is fasting or charity or sacrifice when you are safe and well again. And if you are secure, then he who takes advantage of a pious visit before the pilgrimage should make whatever sacrifice is feasible. For any one who cannot, there is three days’ fast on pilgrimage and seven on your return–that is ten in all. That is for anyone whose family does not live near the Sacred Mosque (Masjid al-Haram). Have fear of Allah and know that Allah is fierce in retribution. (2:196)

SHAYTAN (SEE SATAN)

SHEBA

However, it was not long delayed, and then it (hoopoe) said, ‘I have comprehended something you have not and bring you accurate intelligence from Sheba. I found a woman ruling over them who has been given everything. She possesses a mighty throne. I found both her and her people prostrating to the sun instead of Allah. Satan has made their actions seem good to them and debarred them from the Way so they are not guided and do not prostrate to Allah, Who brings out what is hidden in the heavens and the earth, and knows what you conceal and what you divulge. Allah–there is no god but Him–the Lord of the Mighty Throne.’ (27:22-26)

He (Sulayman) said, ‘We will soon see if you have told the truth or are a liar. Take this letter of mine and deliver it to them and then withdraw from them a little and see how they respond.’ (27:27-28)

She said, ‘Council! A noble letter has been delivered to me. It is from Sulayman and says: "In the name of Allah, All-Merciful, Most Merciful. Do not rise up against me, but come to me in submission."’ (27:29-31)

She said, ‘Council! Give me your opinion about this matter. It is not my habit to make a final decision until I have heard what you have to say.’ (27:32)

They said, ‘We possess strength and we possess great force. But the matter is in your hands so consider what you command.’ (27:33)

She said, ‘When kings enter a city, they lay waste to it and make its mightiest inhabitants the most abased. That is what they too will do. I will send them a gift and then wait and see what the messengers bring back.’ (27:34-35)

When it reached Sulayman he said, ‘Would you give me wealth when what Allah has given me is better than what He has given you? No, rather it is you who delight in your gift. Return to them. We will come to them with troops they cannot face and we will expel them from it abased and humiliated.’ (27:36-37)

He said, ‘Council! Who among you will bring me her throne before they come to me in submission?’ (27:38)

A demon of the jinn said, ‘I will bring it to you before you get up from your seat. I am strong and trustworthy enough to do it.’ (27:39)

He who possessed knowledge of the Book said, ‘I will bring it to you before your glance returns to you.’ And when he saw it standing firmly in his presence, he said, ‘This is part of my Lord's favour to test me to see if I will give thanks or show ingratitude. Whoever gives thanks only does so to his own gain. Whoever is ungrateful, my Lord is Rich Beyond Need, Generous.’ (27:40)

He said, ‘Disguise her throne. We shall see whether she is guided or someone who is not guided.’ (27:41)

Then when she came, she was asked, ‘Is your throne like this?’ She said, ‘It is exactly like it.’ ‘We were given knowledge before her and were already Muslims, but what she worshipped besides Allah impeded her. She was from an unbelieving people.’ (27:42-43)

She was told: ‘Enter the courtyard,’ but when she saw it she supposed it to be a pool and bared her legs. He said, ‘It is a courtyard paved with glass.’ She said, ‘My Lord, I have wronged myself but I have submitted with Sulayman to the Lord of all the worlds.’ (27:44)

SHEEP

There are eight in pairs: A pair of sheep and a pair of goats–Say: ‘Is it the two males He has made forbidden, or the two females, or what the wombs of the two females contain? Tell me with knowledge if you are being truthful.’ (6:143)

We made forbidden for the Jews every animal with an undivided hoof, and in respect of cattle and sheep, We made their fat forbidden for them, except what is attached to their backs or guts or mixed up with bone. That is how We repaid them for their insolence. And We certainly speak the truth. (6:146)

He (Musa) said, ‘It is my staff. I lean on it and beat down leaves for my sheep with it and have other uses for it.’ (20:18)

And Dawud and Sulayman when they gave judgement about the field, when the people’s sheep strayed into it at night. We were Witness to their judgement. (21:78)

(One of the two litigants said to Dawud,) ‘This brother of mine has ninety-nine ewes and I have only one. He said, "Let me have charge of it," and got the better of me with his words.’ He said, ‘He has wronged you by asking for your ewe to add to his ewes. Truly many partners are unjust to one another–except those who believe and do right actions, and how few they are!’ Dawud realised that We had put him to the test. He begged forgiveness from his Lord and fell down prone, prostrating, and repented. (38:23-24)

SHEETS OF PAPER

They do not measure Allah with His true measure when they say, ‘Allah would not send down anything to a mere human being.’ Say: ‘Who, then, sent down the Book which Musa brought as a Light and Guidance for the people?’ You put it down on sheets of paper to display it while concealing much. You were taught things you did not know, neither you nor your forefathers. Say: ‘Allah!’ Then leave them engrossed in playing their games. (6:91)

SHIP

In the creation of the heavens and earth, and the alternation of the night and day, and the ships which sail the seas to people’s benefit, and the water which Allah sends down from the sky–by which He brings the earth to life when it was dead and scatters about in it creatures of every kind–and the varying direction of the winds, and the clouds subservient between heaven and earth, there are Signs for people who use their intellect. (2:164)

Allah is He Who created the heavens and the earth and sends down water from the sky and by it brings forth fruits as provision for you. He has made the ships subservient to you to run upon the sea by His command, and He has made the rivers subservient to you. (14:32)

It is He Who made the sea subservient to you so that you can eat fresh flesh from it and bring out from it ornaments to wear. And you see the ships cleaving through it so that you can seek His bounty, and so that hopefully you will show thanks. (16:14)

Your Lord is He Who propels the ships on the sea for you so that you may seek His bounty. He is indeed Most Merciful to you. (17:66)

Do you not see that Allah has made everything on the earth subservient to you and the ships running upon the sea by His command? He holds back the heaven, preventing it from falling to the earth–except by His permission. Allah is All-Compassionate to mankind, Most Merciful. (22:65)

And you are conveyed on them (your livestock) and on ships as well. (23:22)

We revealed to him (Nuh): ‘Build the Ship under Our supervision and as We reveal. When Our command comes and water bubbles up from the earth, load into it a pair of every species, and your family–except for those among them against whom the word has already gone ahead. And do not address Me concerning those who do wrong. They shall be drowned.’ (23:27)

When you and those with you are settled in the Ship, then say: "Praise be to Allah Who has rescued us from the people of the wrongdoers!" (23:28)

So We rescued him (Nuh) and those with him in the loaded ship. (26:119)

When they embark in ships, they call on Allah, making their religion sincerely His, but then when He delivers them safely to the land, they associate others with Him. (29:65)

Among His Signs is that He sends the winds bearing good news, to give you a taste of His mercy, and to make the ships run by His command, and to enable you to seek His bounty so that hopefully you will be thankful. (30:46)

Do you not see that ships sail on the sea by Allah’s blessing so that He can show you something of His Signs? There are certainly Signs in that for everyone who is steadfast and thankful. (31:31)

The two seas are not the same: the one is sweet, refreshing, delicious to drink, the other salty, bitter to the taste. Yet from both of them you eat fresh flesh and extract ornaments for yourselves to wear; and you see ships on them, cleaving through the waves so that you can seek His bounty and so that hopefully you will be thankful. (35:12)

A Sign for them is that We carried their families in the laden ship. (36:41)

When he (Yunus) ran away to the fully laden ship. (37:140)

You gain various benefits from them (livestock), and on them you can obtain what your hearts desire, and on them and on the ships you are transported. (40:80)

Among His Signs are the tall ships sailing like mountains through the sea. (42:32)

It is He Who created all the species and gave you ships and livestock for you to ride. (43:12)

It is Allah Who has made the sea subservient to you so that the ships sail on it at His command, enabling you to seek His bounty, so that hopefully you will be thankful. (45:12)

We bore him (Nuh) on a planked and well-caulked ship, which ran before Our eyes–a reward for him who had been rejected. (54:13-14)

His, too, are the ships sailing like mountain peaks on the sea. (55:24)

When the waters rose We carried you in the ship. (69:11)

SHIRK (SEE ASSOCIATING PARTNERS WITH ALLAH)

SHIRT

They then produced his (Yusuf’s) shirt with false blood on it. He (Yusuf’s father) said, ‘It is merely that your lower selves have suggested something to you which you did; but beauty lies in showing steadfastness. It is Allah alone Who is my Help in face of the event that you describe.’ (12:18)

They raced to the door. She tore his (Yusuf’s) shirt at the back. They met her husband by the door. She said, ‘How should a man whose intention was to harm your family be punished for what he did except with prison or painful punishment?’ He (Yusuf) said, ‘It was she who tried to seduce me.’ A witness from her people then declared, ‘If his shirt is torn in front, she speaks the truth and he has clearly told a shameless lie. If his shirt is torn at the back, then she has lied and he has clearly told the simple truth.’ He saw the shirt torn at the back and said, ‘The source of this is women’s deviousness. Without a doubt your guile is very great.’ (12:25-28)

(Yusuf said,) ‘Go with this shirt of mine and cast it on my father’s face and he will see again. Then come to me with all your families.’ (12:93)

That Day you will see the evildoers yoked together in chains, wearing shirts of tar, their faces enveloped in the Fire. (14:49-50)

Allah has made shaded places for you in what He has created and He has made shelters for you in the mountains and He has made shirts for you to protect you from the heat and shirts to protect you from each other’s violence. In that way He perfects His blessing on you so that hopefully you will become Muslims. (16:81)

(Allah said to Musa,) ‘Put your hand inside your shirt front. It will emerge pure white, yet quite unharmed–one of nine Signs to Pharaoh and his people. They are a people of deviators.’ (27:12)

(Allah said to Musa,) ‘Put your hand inside your shirt front. It will emerge pure white yet quite unharmed. And hug your arms to your sides to still your fear. These are two proofs from your Lord for Pharaoh and his ruling circle. They are a deviant people.’ (28:32)

SHOWING OFF

You who believe! Do not nullify your charity by demands for gratitude or insulting words, like him who spends his wealth, showing off to people and not believing in Allah and the Last Day. His likeness is that of a smooth rock coated with soil, which, when heavy rain falls on it, is left stripped bare. They have no power over anything they have earned. Allah does not guide disbelieving people. (2:264)

As for those who are tight-fisted and direct others to be tight-fisted, and hide the bounty Allah has given them, We have prepared a humiliating punishment for those who disbelieve, and also for those who spend their wealth to show off to people, not believing in Allah and the Last Day. Anyone who has made Satan his comrade, what an evil comrade he is! (4:37-38)

The hypocrites think they deceive Allah, but He is deceiving them. When they get up to pray, they get up lazily, showing off to people, and only remembering Allah a very little. (4:142)

Do not be like those who left their homes in arrogance, showing off to people and barring them from the way of Allah–Allah encompasses what they do. (8:47)

So woe to those who perform prayer, and are forgetful of their prayer, those who show off. (107:4-6)

SHU‘AYB (AS) AND MADYAN

And to Madyan We sent their brother Shu‘ayb who said, ‘My people, worship Allah! You have no other god than Him. A Clear Sign has come to you from your Lord. Give full measure and full weight. Do not diminish people’s goods. Do not cause corruption in the land after it has been put right. That is better for you if you are believers. Do not lie in wait on every pathway, threatening people, barring those who believe from the Way of Allah, seeking in it something crooked. Remember when you were few and He increased your number: see the final fate of the corrupters! There is a group of you who believe in what I have been sent with and a group who do not, so be steadfast until Allah judges between us. He is the best of judges.’ The ruling circle of those of his people who were arrogant said, ‘We will drive you out of our city, Shu‘ayb, you and those who believe along with you, unless you return to our religion.’ He said, ‘What, even though we detest it? We would be inventing lies against Allah if we returned to your religion after Allah has saved us from it. We could never return to it unless Allah our Lord so willed. Our Lord encompasses everything in His knowledge. We have put our trust in Allah. Our Lord, judge between us and our people with truth. You are the best of judges.’ The ruling circle of those of his people who disbelieved said, ‘If you follow Shu‘ayb, you will definitely be lost.’ So the earthquake seized them and morning found them lying flattened in their homes. (7:85-91)

Has the news of those who came before them not reached them, the people of Nuh and ‘Ad and Thamud, and the people of Ibrahim and the inhabitants of Madyan and the overturned cities? Their Messengers brought them the Clear Signs. Allah did not wrong them; rather they wronged themselves. (9:70)

And (We have sent) to Madyan their brother Shu‘ayb. He said, ‘My people, worship Allah! You have no god apart from Him. Do not give short measure and short weight. I see you prospering and I fear for you the punishment of an all-encompassing Day.’ (11:84)

When Our command came, We rescued Shu‘ayb and those who believed along with him by a mercy from Us. The Great Blast seized hold of those who did wrong and morning found them lying flattened in their homes as if they had never lived there at all. Yes indeed! Away with Madyan just like Thamud! (11:94-95)

(Allah said,) ‘When your sister went and said, "Shall I direct you to someone who will take care of him?" that was how We returned you to your mother so that she might delight her eyes and not be grieved. You killed a man and We rescued you from trouble and tested you with many trials. You stayed some years among the people of Madyan. Then you arrived at the pre-ordained time, Musa!’ (20:40)

And the companions of Madyan (denied); and Musa was denied as well. I allowed time to the disbelievers but then I seized them. How terrible was My denial! (22:44)

When turned his face in the direction of Madyan, he (Musa) said, ‘Hopefully my Lord will guide me to the right way.’ (28:22)

When he (Musa) arrived at the water of Madyan, he found a crowd of people drawing water there. Standing apart from them, he found two women, holding back their sheep. He said, ‘What are you two doing here?’ They said, ‘We cannot draw water until the shepherds have driven off their sheep. You see our father is a very old man.’ (28:23)

Yet We produced further generations and ages passed. Nor did you live among the people of Madyan and recite Our Signs to them, yet We have sent you news of them. (28:45)

And to Madyan We sent their brother Shu‘ayb, he said, ‘My people, worship Allah and look to the Last Day and do not act unjustly on earth, corrupting it.’ (29:36)

SHUKR (SEE THANKSGIVING)

SICKNESS

There is a sickness in their hearts and Allah has increased their sickness. They will have a painful punishment on account of their denial. (2:10)

Yet you see those with sickness in their hearts rushing to them, saying, ‘We fear the wheel of fate may turn against us.’ But it may well be that Allah will bring about victory or some other contingency from Him. Then they will deeply regret their secret thoughts. (5:52)

And when the hypocrites and those with sickness in their hearts said, ‘These people have been deluded by their religion.’ But those who put their trust in Allah will find Allah to be Almighty, All-Wise. (8:49)

Nothing is held against the weak and sick nor against those who find nothing to spend, provided they are true to Allah and His Messenger–there is no way open against good-doers, Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (9:91)

But as for those with sickness in their hearts, it adds defilement to their defilement, and they die while they are disbelievers. (9:125)

We did not send any Messenger or any Prophet before you without Satan insinuating something into his recitation while he was reciting. But Allah revokes whatever Satan insinuates and then Allah confirms His Signs–Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise–so that He can make what Satan insinuates a trial for those with sickness in their hearts and for those whose hearts are hard–the wrongdoers are entrenched in hostility. (22:52-53)

Is there a sickness in their hearts or do they have misgivings or do they fear that Allah and His Messenger will be unjust to them? No, it is simply that they are wrongdoers. (24:50)

There is no objection to the blind, no objection to the lame, no objection to the sick; nor to yourselves if you eat in your own houses or your fathers’ houses or your mothers’ houses or your brothers’ houses or your sisters’ houses or the houses of your paternal uncles or paternal aunts or the houses of your maternal uncles or maternal aunts or places to which you own the keys or those of your friends. There is nothing wrong in your eating together or eating separately. And when you enter houses greet one another with a greeting from Allah, blessed and good. In this way Allah makes the Signs clear to you so that hopefully you will use your intellect. (24:61)

When the hypocrites and people with sickness in their hearts said, ‘What Allah and His Messenger promised us was mere delusion.’ (33:12)

Wives of the Prophet! You are not like other women provided you guard against evil. Do not be too soft-spoken in your speech lest someone with sickness in his heart becomes desirous. Speak correct and courteous words. (33:32)

If the hypocrites and those with sickness in their hearts and the rumour-mongers in Madina do not desist, We will set you onto them. Then they will only be your neighbours there a very short time. (33:60)

And (Ibrahim) said, ‘I am sick.’ (37:89)

So We cast him (Yunus) up onto the beach and he was sick. (37:145)

Those who believe say, ‘If only a sura could be sent down.’ But when a straightforward sura is sent down and fighting is mentioned in it, you see those with sickness in their hearts looking at you with the look of someone about to faint from fear of death. More fitting for them would be obedience and honourable words. Once the matter is resolved upon,  being true to Allah would be better for them. (47:20-21)

Or did those with sickness in their hearts imagine that Allah would not expose their malevolence? (47:29)

There is no constraint on the blind, nor on the lame, nor on the sick. We will admit all who obey Allah and His Messenger into Gardens with rivers flowing under them. But We will punish with a painful punishment anyone who turns his back. (48:17)

We have only appointed angels as masters of the Fire and We have only specified their number as a trial for those who disbelieve; so that those who were given the Book might gain in certainty, and those who believe might increase in their faith, and both those who were given the Book and the believers might have no doubt; and so that those with sickness in their hearts and the disbelievers might say, ‘What did Allah intend by this example?’ In this way Allah misguides those He wills and guides those He wills. No one knows the legions of your Lord but Him. This is nothing but a reminder to all human beings. (74:31)

SIGHT

The lightning all but takes away their sight. Whenever they have light, they walk in it but whenever darkness covers them, they halt. If Allah wished, He could take away their hearing and their sight. Allah has power over all things. (2:20)

We will overturn their hearts and sight, just as when they did not believe in it at first, and We will abandon them to wander blindly in their excessive insolence. (6:110)

Say: ‘Who provides for you out of heaven and earth? Who controls hearing and sight? Who brings forth the living from the dead and the dead from the living? Who directs the whole affair?’ They will say, ‘Allah.’ Say, ‘So will you not guard against evil?’ (10:31)

But when the bringer of the good news came, he (Yusuf's father) cast it on his face and sight returned. He said, ‘Did I not say to you before, I know things from Allah you do not know?’ (12:96)

Do not consider Allah to be unaware of what the wrongdoers perpetrate. He is merely deferring them to a Day on which their sight will be transfixed, rushing headlong–heads back, eyes vacant, hearts hollow. (14:42-43)

Those are the people whose hearts, hearing and sight Allah has sealed up. They are the unaware. (16:108)

It is He Who has created hearing, sight and hearts for you. What little thanks you show! (23:78)

Do you not see that Allah propels the clouds then makes them coalesce then heaps them up, and then you see the rain come pouring out of the middle of them? And He sends down mountains from the sky with hail inside them, striking with it anyone He wills and averting it from anyone He wills. The brightness of His lightning almost blinds the sight. (24:43)

Then (He) formed him and breathed His Spirit into him and gave you hearing, sight and hearts. What little thanks you show! (32:9)

He Who created the seven heavens in layers. You will not find any flaw in the creation of the All-Merciful. Look again– do you see any gaps? Then look again and again. Your sight will return to you dazzled and exhausted! (67:3-4)

Say: ‘It is He Who brought you into being and gave you hearing, sight and hearts. What little thanks you show!’ (67:23)

SIGN - MIRACLE

They said, ‘No matter what kind of Sign you bring us to bewitch us, we will not believe in you.’ (7:132)

So We sent down on them floods, locusts, lice, frogs and blood, Signs, clear and distinct, but they proved arrogant and were an evildoing people. (7:133)

Put your hand under your arm and press it to your side. It will emerge pure white yet quite unharmed, another Sign. (20:22)

In this way We show you some of Our greatest Signs. (20:23)

Then he (Musa) showed him the Great Sign. (79:20)

SIJJIN

No indeed! The book of the dissolute is in Sijjin. (83:7)

And what will convey to you what Sijjin is? (83:8)

SILK

They will have Gardens of Eden with rivers flowing under them. They will be adorned in them with bracelets made of gold and wear green garments made of the finest silk and rich brocade, reclining there on couches under canopies. What an excellent reward! What a wonderful repose! (18:31)

But Allah will admit those who believe and do right actions into Gardens with rivers flowing under them where they will be adorned with gold bracelets and pearls, and where their clothing will be of silk. (22:23)

They will enter Gardens of Eden where they will be adorned with gold bracelets and pearls, and where their clothing will be of silk. (35:33)

(Believers will be) wearing fine silk and rich brocade, face to face with one another. (44:53)

And (Allah) will reward them for their steadfastness with a Garden and with silk. (76:12)

They will wear green garments of fine silk and rich brocade. They will be adorned with silver bracelets. And their Lord will give them a pure draught to drink. (76:21)

SILVER

To mankind the love of worldly appetites is painted in glowing colours: women and children, and heaped-up mounds of gold and silver, and horses with fine markings, and livestock and fertile farmland. All that is merely the enjoyment of the life of this world. The best homecoming is in the presence of Allah. (3:14)

You who believe! Many of the rabbis and monks devour people’s property under false pretences and bar people from access to the Way of Allah. As for those who hoard up gold and silver and do not spend it in the Way of Allah, give them the news of a painful punishment. (9:34)

That was the situation when we woke them up so they could question one another. One of them asked, ‘How long have you been here?’ They replied, ‘We have been here for a day or part of a day.’ They said, ‘Your Lord knows best how long you have been here. Send one of your number into the city with this silver you have, so he can see which food is purest and bring you some of it to eat. But he should go about with caution so that no one is aware of you.’ (18:19)

Were it not that mankind might all become one community, We would have given those who reject the All-Merciful silver roofs to their houses and silver stairways to ascend and silver doors to their houses and silver couches on which to recline. (43:33-34)

(In the Garden of Paradise) vessels of silver and goblets of pure crystal will be passed round among them, crystalline silver–they have measured them very exactly. (76:15-16)

They will wear green garments of fine silk and rich brocade. They will be adorned with silver bracelets. And their Lord will give them a pure draught to drink. (76:21)

SIN

He (Qarun) said, ‘I have only been given it because of knowledge I have.’ Did he not know that before him Allah had destroyed generations with far greater strength than his and far more possessions? The evildoers will not be questioned about their sins. (28:78)

That Day no man or jinn will be asked about his sin. (55:39)

But they denied him and they hamstrung her (the she-camel), so their Lord crushed them for their sin and flattened them. (91:14)

SINAI (SEE MOUNT SINAI)

SINCERITY (IKHLAS)

Allah will say, ‘This is the Day when the sincerity of the sincere will benefit them. They will have Gardens with rivers flowing under them, remaining in them timelessly, for ever and ever. Allah is pleased with them and they are pleased with Him. That is the Great Victory.’ (5:119)

You who believe! Have fear of Allah and be with the truly sincere. (9:119)

He (Satan) said, ‘My Lord, because You misled me, I will make things on the earth seem good to them and I will mislead them all, every one of them, except Your servants among them who are sincere.’ (15:39-40)

Say: ‘My Lord, make my entry sincere and make my leaving sincere and grant me supporting authority direct from Your Presence.’ (17:80)

Mention Musa in the Book. He was truly sincere and was a Messenger and a Prophet. (19:51)

When We made a covenant with all the Prophets–with you and with Nuh and Ibrahim and Musa and ‘Isa son of Maryam–We made a binding covenant with them, so that He would be able to question the truthful about their truth; and He has prepared a painful punishment for the disbelievers. (33:7-8)

So that Allah might recompense the truthful for their truth and punish the hypocrites, if He wills, or turn towards them. Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (33:24)

They used to say, ‘If we had only had a Reminder from the previous peoples, we would certainly have been sincere servants of Allah!’ (37:167-169)

We purified their sincerity through sincere remembrance of the Abode. (38:46)

Indeed is the sincere religion not Allah’s alone? If people take protectors besides Him–‘We only worship them so that they may bring us nearer to Allah’–Allah will judge between them regarding the things about which they differed. Allah does not guide anyone who is an ungrateful liar. (39:3)

Those who believe in Allah and His Messengers–such people are the truly sincere–and the martyrs who are with their Lord will receive their wages and their light. But those who disbelieve and deny Our Signs, will be Companions of the Blazing Fire. (57:19)

It (booty) is for the poor of the emigrants who were driven from their homes and wealth desiring the favour and the pleasure of Allah and supporting Allah and His Messenger. Such people are the truly sincere. (59:8)

SISTER

You receive half of what your wives leave if they are childless. If they have children you receive a quarter of what they leave after any bequest they make or any debts. They receive a quarter of what you leave if you are childless. If you have children they receive an eighth of what you leave after any bequest you make or any debts. If a man or woman has no direct heirs, but has a brother or sister, each of them receives a sixth. If there are more than that they share in a third after any bequest you make or any debts, making sure that no one’s rights are prejudiced. This is an instruction from Allah. Allah is All-Knowing, All-Forbearing. (4:12)

Forbidden for you are: your mothers and your daughters and your sisters, your maternal aunts and your paternal aunts, your brothers’ daughters and your sisters’ daughters, your foster mothers who have suckled you, your foster sisters by suckling, your wives’ mothers, your stepdaughters who are under your protection: the daughters of your wives whom you have had sexual relations with (though if you have not had sexual relations with them there is nothing blameworthy for you in it then), the wives of your sons whom you have fathered, and marrying two sisters at the same time–except for what may have already taken place. Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (4:23)

They request from you a ruling. Say: ‘Allah gives you a ruling about people who die without direct heirs: If a man dies childless but has a sister she receives half of what he leaves, and he is her heir if she dies childless. If there are two sisters they receive two-thirds of what he leaves. If there are brothers and sisters the males receive the share of two females. Allah makes things clear to you so you will not go astray. Allah has knowledge of all things.’ (4:176)

He will say, ‘Enter the Fire together with the nations of jinn and men who have passed away before you.’ Each time a nation enters, it will curse its sister nation, until, when they are all gathered together in it, the last of them will say to the first, ‘Our Lord, those are the ones who misguided us, so give them a double punishment in the Fire.’ He will say, ‘Each will receive double. But you do not know it.’ (7:38)

(Her people said to Maryam,) ‘Sister of Harun, your father was not an evil man nor was your mother an unchaste woman!’ (19:28)

(Allah said,) ‘When your sister went and said, "Shall I direct you to someone who will take care of him?" that was how We returned you to your mother so that she might delight her eyes and not be grieved. You killed a man and We rescued you from trouble and tested you with many trials. You stayed some years among the people of Madyan. Then you arrived at the pre-ordained time, Musa!’ (20:40)

Say to the believing women that they should lower their eyes and guard their chastity and not display their adornments–except for what normally shows–and draw their head-coverings across their breasts. They should only display their adornments to their husbands or their fathers or their husbands’ fathers, or their sons or their husbands’ sons or their brothers or their brothers’ sons or their sisters’ sons or their women or those they own as slaves or their male attendants who have no sexual desire or children who still have no awareness of women’s private parts. Nor should they stamp their feet so that their hidden ornaments are known. Turn to Allah every one of you, believers, so that hopefully you will have success. (24:31)

There is no objection to the blind, no objection to the lame, no objection to the sick nor to yourselves if you eat in your own houses or your fathers’ houses or your mothers’ houses or your brothers’ houses or your sisters’ houses or the houses of your paternal uncles or paternal aunts or the houses of your maternal uncles or maternal aunts or places to which you own the keys or those of your friends. There is nothing wrong in your eating together or eating separately. And when you enter houses greet one another with a greeting from Allah, blessed and good. In this way Allah makes the Signs clear to you so that hopefully you will use your intellect. (24:61)

She said to his sister, ‘Go after him.’ And she kept an eye on him from afar and they were not aware. (28:11)

We first made him refuse all wet-nurses, so she (his sister) said, ‘Shall I show you to a household who will feed him for you and be good to him?’ (28:12)

They incur no blame in respect of their fathers or their sons or their brothers or their brothers’ or sisters’ sons, or their women or any slaves they own. Have fear of Allah. Allah is witness of all things. (33:55)

SKILL

The ruling circle of Pharaoh’s people said, ‘This is certainly a skilled magician who desires to expel you from your land, so what do you recommend?’ They said, ‘Detain him and his brother and send out marshals to the cities, to bring you all the skilled magicians.’ (7:109-112)

He (Pharaoh) said to the High Council round about him, ‘This certainly is a skilled magician who desires by his magic to expel you from your land, so what do you recommend?’ They said, ‘Detain him and his brother and send out marshals to the cities, to bring you all the skilled magicians.’ (26:34-37)

(Salih said to his people,) ‘Will you continue hewing houses from the mountains with exultant skill?’ (26:149)

SKIN

As for those who reject Our Signs, We will roast them in a Fire. Every time their skins are burned off, We will replace them with new skins so that they can taste the punishment. Allah is Almighty, All-Wise. (4:56)

Here are two rival groups who disputed concerning their Lord. Those who disbelieve will have garments of fire cut out for them, and boiling water poured over their heads, which will melt the contents of their bellies as well as their skin. (22:19-20)

Allah has sent down the Supreme Discourse, a Book consistent in its frequent repetitions. The skins of those who fear their Lord tremble at it and then their skins and hearts yield softly to the remembrance of Allah. That is Allah’s guidance by which He guides whoever He wills. And no one can guide those whom Allah misguides. (39:23)

When they reach it (the Fire), their hearing, sight and skin will testify against them concerning what they did. They will ask their skins, ‘Why did you testify against us?’ and they will reply, ‘Allah gave us speech as He has given speech to everything. He created you in the first place and you will be returned to Him. You did not think to shield yourselves from your hearing, sight and skin testifying against you and you thought that Allah would never know much of what you did. (41:20-22)

SLANDER

If you desire to exchange one wife for another and have given your original wife a large amount, do not take any of it. Would you take it by means of slander and outright crime? (4:20)

Anyone who commits an error or an evil action, and then ascribes it to someone innocent, bears the weight of slander and clear wrongdoing. (4:112)

And on account of their disbelief, and their utterance of a monstrous slander against Maryam, and their saying, ‘We killed the Messiah, ‘Isa son of Maryam, Messenger of Allah.’ They did not kill him and they did not crucify him but it was made to seem so to them. Those who argue about him are in doubt about it. They have no real knowledge of it, just conjecture. But they certainly did not kill him. (4:156-157)

Why, when you heard it, did you not say, ‘We have no business speaking about this. Glory be to You! This is a terrible slander!’? (24:16)

And those who abuse men and women who are believers, when they have not merited it, bear the weight of slander and clear wrongdoing. (33:58)

(Do not obey) any backbiter, slandermonger, (68:11)

(A band of the jinn listened and said,) "The fools among us have uttered a vile slander against Allah. " (72:4)

SLAUGHTER

Remember when We rescued you from the people of Pharaoh. They were inflicting an evil punishment on you–slaughtering your sons and letting your women live. In that there was a terrible trial for you from your Lord. (2:49)

Allah fulfilled His promise to you when you were slaughtering them by His permission. But then you faltered, disputing the command, and disobeyed after He showed you what you love. Among you are those who want this world and among you are those who want the hereafter. Then He turned you from them in order to test you–but He has pardoned you. Allah shows favour to the believers. (3:152)

Forbidden for you are carrion, blood and pork, and what has been consecrated to other than Allah, and animals which have been strangled, and animals which have been killed by a blow, and animals which have fallen to their death, and animals which have been gored, and animals which wild beasts have eaten–except those you are able to slaughter properly–and animals which have been sacrificed on altars, and deciding things by means of divining arrows–that is deviance. Today those who disbelieve have despaired of overcoming your religion. So do not be afraid of them but be afraid of Me. Today I have perfected your religion for you and completed My blessing upon you and I am pleased with Islam as a religion for you. But if anyone is forced by hunger, not intending any wrongdoing, Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (5:3)

And also (He provides) animals for riding and for haulage and animals for slaughtering and for wool. Eat what Allah has provided for you and do not follow in the footsteps of Satan. He is an outright enemy to you. (6:142)

Remember when Musa said to his people, ‘Remember Allah’s blessing to you when He rescued you from the people of Pharaoh. They were inflicting an evil punishment on you, slaughtering your sons and letting your women live. In that there was a terrible trial from your Lord.’ (14:6)

(Sulayman said,) ‘I will certainly punish it (the hoopoe) most severely or slaughter it if it does not bring me clear authority.’ (27:21)

Pharaoh exalted himself arrogantly in the land and divided its people into camps, oppressing one group of them by slaughtering their sons and letting their women live. He was one of the corrupters. (28:4)

When he (Musa) brought them the truth from Us they said, ‘Slaughter the sons of those who believe with him but let their women live.’ The stratagems of the disbelievers are nothing but errors. (40:25)

SLAVE

It is not devoutness to turn your faces to the East or to the West. Rather, those with true devoutness are those who believe in Allah and the Last Day, the Angels, the Book and the Prophets, and who, despite their love for it, give away their wealth to their relatives and to orphans and the very poor, and to travellers and beggars and to set slaves free, and who perform prayer and give the alms; those who honour their contracts when they make them, and are steadfast in poverty and illness and in battle. Those are the people who are true. They are the people who guard against evil. (2:177)

You who believe! Retaliation is prescribed for you in the case of people killed: free man for free man, slave for slave, female for female. But if someone is absolved by his brother, blood-money should be claimed with correctness and paid with good will. That is an easement and a mercy from your Lord. Anyone who goes beyond the limits after this will receive a painful punishment. (2:178)

Do not marry women of the idolaters until they believe. A slavegirl who is one of the believers is better for you than a woman of the idolaters, even though she may attract you. And do not marry men of the idolaters until they believe. A slave who is one of the believers is better for you than a man of the idolaters, even though he may attract you. Such people call you to the Fire whereas Allah calls you, with His permission, to the Garden and forgiveness. He makes His Signs clear to people so that hopefully they will pay heed. (2:221)

If you are afraid of not behaving justly towards orphans, then marry other permissible women, two, three or four. But if you are afraid of not treating them equally, then only one, or those you own as slaves. That makes it more likely that you will not be unfair. (4:3)

A believer should never kill another believer unless it is by mistake. Anyone who kills a believer by mistake should free a believing slave and pay blood-money to his family unless they forgo it as a charity. If he is from a people who are your enemies and is a believer, you should free a believing slave. If he is from a people you have a treaty with, blood money should be paid to his family and you should free a believing slave. Anyone who cannot find the means should fast two consecutive months. This is a concession from Allah. Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise. (4:92)

What they call on apart from Him are female idols. What they call on is an arrogant Satan whom Allah has cursed. He (Satan) said, ‘I will take a certain fixed proportion of Your slaves.’ (4:117-118)

Allah does not take you to task for your inadvertent oaths, but He will take you to task for oaths you make intentionally. The expiation in that case is to feed ten poor people with the average amount you feed your family, or clothe them, or free a slave. Anyone without the means to do so should fast three days. That is the expiation for breaking oaths when you have sworn them. Keep your oaths. In this way Allah makes His Signs clear to you, so that hopefully you will be thankful. (5:89)

The alms are for: the poor, the destitute, those who collect it, reconciling people’s hearts, freeing slaves, those in debt, spending in the Way of Allah, and travellers. It is a legal obligation from Allah. Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise. (9:60)

Some city women said, ‘The governor’s wife solicited her slave. He’s fired her heart with love. We see that she’s the one to blame.’ (12:30)

Marry off those among you who are unmarried and those of your slaves and slavegirls who are righteous. If they are poor, Allah will enrich them from His bounty. Allah is All-Encompassing, All-Knowing. (24:32)

Those who cannot find the means to marry should be abstinent until Allah enriches them from His bounty. If any slaves you own want to make a contract to free themselves, write it for them if you know of good in them and give them some of the wealth Allah has given you. Do not force your slavegirls to prostitute themselves if they desire to be virtuous women out of your desire for the goods of this world. If anyone forces them, then after they have been forced, Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (24:33)

You who believe! Those you own as slaves and those of you who have not yet reached puberty should ask your permission to enter at three times: before the Dawn Prayer, when you have undressed at noon, and after the Prayer of Night–three times of nakedness for you. There is nothing wrong for you or them at other times in moving around among yourselves from one to another. In this way Allah makes the Signs clear to you. Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise. (24:58)

(Musa said to Pharaoh,) ‘And anyway you can only reproach me with this favour because you made the tribe of Israel into slaves!’ (26:22)

O Prophet! We have made lawful for you: your wives to whom you have given dowries and any slavegirls you own from the booty Allah has allotted you and the daughters of your paternal uncles and the daughters of your paternal aunts and the daughters of your maternal uncles and the daughters of your maternal aunts who have migrated with you and any believing woman who gives herself to the Prophet if the Prophet desires to marry her: exclusively for you as opposed to the rest of the believers–We know very well what We have prescribed for them regarding their wives and any slavegirls they possess–in order that there be no restriction on you. Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (33:50)

After that no other women are lawful for you nor may you exchange them for other wives, even though their beauty might be pleasing to you, with the exception of any you own as slaves. Allah is watchful over all things. (33:52)

They incur no blame in respect of their fathers or their sons or their brothers or their brothers’ or sisters’ sons, or their women or any slaves they own. Have fear of Allah. Allah is witness of all things. (33:55)

Those who divorce their wives by equating them with their mothers, and then wish to go back on what they said, must set free a slave before the two of them may touch one another. This is what you are enjoined to do. Allah is aware of what you do. (58:3)

(Believers are) those who guard their private parts except from their wives and any slaves they own, in which case they incur no blame. (70:29-30)

What will convey to you what the steep ascent is? It is freeing a slave... (90:12-13)

SLEEP

Allah, there is no god but Him, the Living, the Self-Sustaining. He is not subject to drowsiness or sleep. Everything in the heavens and the earth belongs to Him. Who can intercede with Him except by His permission? He knows what is before them and what is behind them but they cannot grasp any of His knowledge save what He wills. His Footstool encompasses the heavens and the earth and their preservation does not tire Him. He is the Most High, the Magnificent. (2:255)

So We sealed their ears with sleep in the cave for a number of years. (18:11)

You would have supposed them to be awake whereas in fact they were asleep. We moved them to the right and to the left, and, at the entrance, their dog stretched out its paws. If you had looked down and seen them, you would have turned from them and run and have been filled with terror at the sight of them. (18:18)

It is He Who made the night a cloak for you and sleep a rest, and He made the day a time for rising. (25:47)

Allah takes back people’s selves when their death arrives and those who have not yet died, while they are asleep. He keeps hold of those whose death has been decreed and sends the others back for a specified term. There are certainly Signs in that for people who reflect. (39:42)

We made your sleep a break. (78:9)

SLIPPING OF THE FOOT

But Satan made them slip up by means of it, expelling them from where they were. We said, ‘Go down from here as enemies to each other! You will have residence on the earth and enjoyment for a time.’ (2:36)

Those of you who turned their backs on the day the two armies clashed–it was Satan who made them slip for what they had done. But Allah has pardoned them. Allah is Ever-Forgiving, All-Forbearing. (3:155)

Do not make your oaths a means of deceiving one another or your foot will slip after it was firmly placed and you will taste evil for barring access to the Way of Allah and you will have a terrible punishment. (16:94)

SLOPE

When you were on the nearer slope, and they were on the further slope and the caravan was lower down than you. If you had made an appointment with them you would have broken the appointment. However, it happened so that Allah could settle a matter whose result was preordained: so that those who died would die with clear proof, and those who lived would live with clear proof. Allah is All-Hearing, All-Knowing. (8:42)

When Yajuj and Majuj are let loose and rush down from every slope, (21:96)

SMOKE

Say: ‘It is the truth from your Lord; so let whoever wishes believe and whoever wishes disbelieve.’ We have prepared for the wrongdoers a Fire whose billowing walls of smoke will hem them in. If they call for help, they will be helped with water like seething molten brass, frying their faces. What a noxious drink! What an evil repose! (18:29)

Then He turned to heaven when it was smoke and said to it and to the earth, ‘Come willingly or unwillingly.’ They both said, ‘We come willingly.’ (41:11)

So be on the watch for a day when heaven brings forth a distinctive smoke, which enshrouds mankind. ‘This is a painful punishment!’ (44:10-11)

He will pursue you with a piercing flame and fiery smoke, and you will not be helped. (55:35)

(The Companions of the Left are) amid searing blasts and scalding water and the murk of thick black smoke, providing no coolness and no pleasure. (56:42-44)

SNAKE

So He (Musa) threw down his staff and there it was, unmistakably a snake. (7:107, 26:32)

He (Musa) threw it down and suddenly it was a slithering snake. (20:20)

(A voice called out to Musa,) ‘Throw down your staff.’ Then when he saw it slithering like a snake he turned and fled and did not turn back again. ‘Have no fear, Musa. In My Presence the Messengers have no fear.’ (27:10)

(A voice called out to Musa,) ‘Throw down your staff!’ Then when he saw it slithering like a snake he turned and fled and did not turn back again. ‘Musa, approach and have no fear! You are one of those who are secure.’ (28:31)

SNOUT

When Our Signs are recited to him, he says, ‘Just myths of previous peoples!’ We will brand him on the snout! (68:15-16)

SOIL (SEE EARTH)

SOLOMON (SEE SULAYMAN (AS))

SONS

We gave Musa the Book and sent a succession of Messengers after him. We gave ‘Isa, son of Maryam, the Clear Signs and reinforced him with the Purest Spirit. Why then, whenever a Messenger came to you with something your lower selves did not desire, did you grow arrogant, and deny some of them and murder others? (2:87)

They say, ‘Allah has a son.’ Glory be to Him! No, everything in the heavens and earth belongs to Him. Everything is obedient to Him. (2:116)

Or were you present when death came to Ya‘qub and he said to his sons, ‘What will you worship when I have gone?’ They said, ‘We will worship your God, the God of your forefathers, Ibrahim, Isma‘il and Ishaq–one God. We are Muslims submitted to Him.’ (2:133)

These Messengers: We favoured some of them over others. Allah spoke directly to some of them and raised up some of them in rank. We gave Clear Signs to ‘Isa, son of Maryam, and reinforced him with the Purest Spirit. If Allah had willed, those who came after them would not have fought each other after the Clear Signs came to them, but they differed. Among them there are those who believe and among them there are those who disbelieve. If Allah had willed, they would not have fought each other. But Allah does whatever He desires. (2:253)

He (Zakariyya) said, ‘My Lord, how can I possibly have a son when I have reached old age and my wife is barren?’ He said, ‘It will be so. Allah does whatever He wills.’ (3:40)

When the angels said, ‘Maryam, your Lord gives you good news of a Word from Him. His name is the Messiah, ‘Isa, son of Maryam, of high esteem in this world and the hereafter, and one of those brought near.’ (3:45)

If anyone argues with you about him after the knowledge that has come to you, say, ‘Come then! Let us summon our sons and your sons, our women and your women, ourselves and yourselves. Then let us make earnest supplication and call down the curse of Allah upon the liars.’ (3:61)

Allah instructs you regarding your children: A male receives the same as the share of two females. If there are more than two daughters they receive two-thirds of what you leave. If she is one on her own she receives a half. Each of your parents receives a sixth of what you leave if you have children. If you are childless and your heirs are your parents your mother receives a third. If you have brothers or sisters your mother receives a sixth, after any bequest you make or any debts. With regard to your fathers and your sons, you do not know which of them is going to benefit you more. These are obligatory shares from Allah. Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise. (4:11)

Forbidden for you are: your mothers and your daughters and your sisters, your maternal aunts and your paternal aunts, your brothers’ daughters and your sisters’ daughters, your foster mothers who have suckled you, your foster sisters by suckling, your wives’ mothers, your stepdaughters who are under your protection: the daughters of your wives whom you have had sexual relations with (though if you have not had sexual relations with them there is nothing blameworthy for you in it then), the wives of your sons whom you have fathered, and marrying two sisters at the same time–except for what may have already taken place. Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (4:23)

And (We punished them) on account of their disbelief, and their utterance of a monstrous slander against Maryam, and their saying, ‘We killed the Messiah, ‘Isa son of Maryam, Messenger of Allah.’ They did not kill him and they did not crucify him but it was made to seem so to them. Those who argue about him are in doubt about it. They have no real knowledge of it, just conjecture. But they certainly did not kill him. (4:156-157)

People of the Book! Do not go to excess in your religion. Say nothing but the truth about Allah. The Messiah, ‘Isa son of Maryam, was only the Messenger of Allah and His Word, which He cast into Maryam, and a Spirit from Him. So believe in Allah and His Messengers. Do not say, ‘Three.’ It is better that you stop. Allah is only One God. He is too Glorious to have a son! Everything in the heavens and in the earth belongs to Him. Allah suffices as a Guardian. (4:171)

Those who say, ‘Allah is the Messiah, son of Maryam,’ disbelieve. Say: ‘Who possesses any power at all over Allah if He desires to destroy the Messiah, son of Maryam, and his mother, and everyone else on earth?’ The kingdom of the heavens and the earth and everything between them belongs to Allah. He creates whatever He wills. Allah has power over all things. (5:17)

Recite to them the true report of Adam’s two sons when they offered a sacrifice and it was accepted from one of them but not accepted from the other. The one said, ‘I shall kill you.’ The other said, ‘Allah only accepts from people who guard against evil. (5:27)

And We sent ‘Isa son of Maryam following in their footsteps, confirming the Torah that came before him. We gave him the Gospel containing guidance and light, confirming the Torah that came before it, and as guidance and admonition for those who guard against evil. (5:46)

Those who say that the Messiah, son of Maryam, is Allah are disbelievers. The Messiah said, ‘Tribe of Israel! Worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord. If anyone associates anything with Allah, Allah has forbidden him the Garden and his refuge will be the Fire.’ The wrongdoers will have no helpers. (5:72)

The Messiah, the son of Maryam, was only a Messenger, before whom other Messengers came and went. His mother was a woman of truth. Both of them ate food. See how We make the Signs clear to them! Then see how they are perverted! (5:75)

Those among the tribe of Israel who disbelieved were cursed on the tongue of Dawud and that of ‘Isa, son of Maryam. That is because they rebelled and overstepped the limits. (5:78)

And when the Disciples said, ‘‘Isa son of Maryam! Can your Lord send down a table to us out of heaven?’ He said, ‘Have fear of Allah if you are believers!’ (5:112)

‘Isa son of Maryam said, ‘Allah, our Lord, send down a table to us out of heaven to be a feast for us, for the first and last of us, and as a Sign from You. Provide for us! You are the Best of Providers!’ (5:114)

And when Allah says, ‘‘Isa son of Maryam! Did you say to people, "Take me and my mother as gods besides Allah?"’ he will say, ‘Glory be to You! It is not for me to say what I have no right to say! If I had said it, then You would have known it. You know what is in my self but I do not know what is in Your Self. You are the Knower of all unseen things.’ (5:116)

Yet they make the jinn co-partners with Allah when He created them! And they attribute sons and daughters to Him without any knowledge. Glory be to Him! He is far above what they describe! (6:100)

The Jews say, ‘‘Uzayr is the son of Allah,’ and the Christians say, ‘The Messiah is the son of Allah.’ That is what they say with their mouths, copying the words of those who disbelieved before. Allah fight them! How perverted they are! (9:30)

They have taken their rabbis and monks as lords besides Allah, and also the Messiah, son of Maryam. Yet they were commanded to worship only one God. There is no god but Him! Glory be to Him above anything they associate with Him! (9:31)

It sailed with them through mountainous waves, and Nuh called out to his son, who had kept himself apart, ‘My son! Come on board with us. Do not stay with the disbelievers!’ (11:42)

Nuh called out to his Lord and said, ‘My Lord, my son is one of my family and Your promise is surely the truth and You are the Justest of Judges.’ (11:45)

He (Ya‘qub) said, ‘My son, don’t tell your brothers your dream lest they devise some scheme to injure you, Satan is a clear-cut enemy to man.’ (12:5)

(The eldest of Yusuf's brothers said,) ‘Return now to your father and say to him, "Your son stole, father. We can do no more than testify to what we know and we are not the guardians of the Unseen."’ (12:81)

(Ya‘qub said,) ‘My sons! Seek news of Yusuf and his brother. Do not despair of solace from Allah. No one despairs of solace from Allah except for people who are disbelievers.’ (12:87)

He (Zakariyya) said, ‘My Lord! How can I have a boy when my wife is barren and I have reached advanced old age?’ (19:8)

That is ‘Isa, son of Maryam, the word of truth about which they are in doubt. (19:34)

He (Harun) said, ‘Son of my mother! Do not seize me by the beard or by the hair. I was afraid that you would say, "You have caused division in the tribe of Israel and taken no notice to anything I said."’ (20:94)

And We made the son of Maryam and his mother a Sign and gave them shelter on a mountainside where there was a meadow and a flowing spring. (23:50)

Say to the believing women that they should lower their eyes and guard their chastity and not display their adornments–except for what normally shows–and draw their head-coverings across their breasts. They should only display their adornments to their husbands or their fathers or their husbands’ fathers, or their sons or their husbands’ sons or their brothers or their brothers’ sons or their sisters’ sons or their women or those they own as slaves or their male attendants who have no sexual desire or children who still have no awareness of women’s private parts. Nor should they stamp their feet so that their hidden ornaments are known. Turn to Allah every one of you, believers, so that hopefully you will have success. (24:31)

When Luqman said to his son, counselling him, ‘My son, do not associate anything with Allah. Associating others with Him is a terrible wrong.’ (31:13)

(Luqman said,) ‘My son, even if something weighs as little as a mustard-seed and is inside a rock or anywhere else in the heavens or earth, Allah will bring it out. Allah is All-Pervading, All-Aware.’ My son, perform prayer and command what is right and forbid what is wrong and be steadfast in the face of all that happens to you. That is certainly the most resolute course to follow.’ (31:16-17)

When We made a covenant with all the Prophets–with you and with Nuh and Ibrahim and Musa and ‘Isa son of Maryam–We made a binding covenant with them. (33:7)

They incur no blame in respect of their fathers or their sons or their brothers or their brothers’ or sisters’ sons, or their women or any slaves they own. Have fear of Allah. Allah is witness of all things. (33:55)

When he was of an age to work with him, he (Ibrahim) said, ‘My son, I saw in a dream that I must sacrifice you. What do you think about this?’ He said, ‘Do as you are ordered, father. Allah willing, you will find me resolute.’ (37:102)

When an example is made of the son of Maryam your people laugh uproariously. (43:57)

Then We sent Our Messengers following in their footsteps and sent ‘Isa son of Maryam after them, giving him the Gospel. We put compassion and mercy in the hearts of those who followed him. They invented monasticism–We did not prescribe it for them–purely out of desire to gain the pleasure of Allah, but even so they did not observe it as it should have been observed. To those of them who believed We gave their reward but many of them are deviators. (57:27)

And when ‘Isa son of Maryam said, ‘Tribe of Israel, I am the Messenger of Allah to you, confirming the Torah which came before me and giving you the good news of a Messenger after me whose name is Ahmad.’ When he brought them the Clear Signs, they said, ‘This is downright magic.’ (61:6)

You who believe! Be helpers of Allah as ‘Isa son of Maryam said to the Disciples, ‘Who will be my helpers to Allah?’ The Disciples said, ‘We will be the helpers of Allah.’ One faction of the tribe of Israel believed and the other disbelieved. So We supported those who believed against their enemy and they became victorious. (61:14)

(On the Day) no good friend will ask about his friend even though they can see each other. An evildoer will wish he could ransom himself from the punishment of that Day, by means of his sons, (70:10-11)

SOOTHSAYER

Remind them then! For, by the blessing of your Lord, you are neither a soothsayer nor a madman. (52:29)

SORCERY

They follow what the Satans recited in the reign of Sulayman. Sulayman did not disbelieve, but the Satans did, teaching people sorcery and what had been sent down to Harut and Marut, the two angels in Babylon, who taught no one without first saying to him, ‘We are merely a trial and temptation, so do not disbelieve.’ People learned from them how to separate a man and his wife but they cannot harm anyone by it, except with Allah's permission. They have learned what will harm them and will not benefit them. They know that any who deal in it will have no share in the hereafter. What an evil thing they have sold themselves for if they only knew! (2:102)

SOUND INTELLECT

Eat and pasture your cattle. Certainly there are Signs in that for people of sound intellect. (20:54)

Are they not guided by the many generations We have destroyed before them, among whose dwelling places they walk about? There are Signs in that for people of sound intellect. (20:128)

SPARK

Proceed to a shadow which forks into three but gives no shade or protection from the flames, shooting up great sparks the size of castles, like a herd of yellow camels. (77:30-33)

SPATHE

(Salih said to his people,) ‘Are you going to be left secure amid what is here, amid gardens and clear springs, and cultivated fields and palms with supple spathes?’ (26:146-148)

And We sent down blessed water from the sky and made gardens grow by it and grain for harvesting and soaring date-palms with layered spathes, (50:9-10)

SPECIFIED TERM

No self can die except with Allah’s permission, at a predetermined time. If anyone desires the reward of this world, We will give him some of it. If anyone desires the reward of the hereafter, We will give him some of it. We will recompense the thankful. (3:145)

It is He Who created you from clay and then decreed a fixed term, and another fixed term is specified with Him. Yet you still have doubts! (6:2)

It is He Who takes you back to Himself at night, while knowing the things you perpetrate by day, and then wakes you up again, so that a specified term may be fulfilled. Then you will return to Him. Then He will inform you about what you did. (6:60)

Have they not looked into the dominions of the heavens and the earth and what Allah has created, and seen that it may well be that their appointed time is near? In what discourse after this will they believe? (7:185)

If Allah were to hasten evil for people the way they try to hasten good, their term would already have been completed for them. We abandon those who do not expect to meet Us to wander blindly in their excessive insolence. (10:11)

Say: ‘I possess no power to harm or help myself except as Allah wills. Every nation has an appointed time. When their appointed time comes, they cannot delay it a single hour or bring it forward.’ (10:49)

Allah is He Who raised up the heavens without any support–you can see that–and then established Himself firmly on the Throne. He made the sun and moon subservient, each running for a specified term. He directs the whole affair. He makes the Signs clear so that hopefully you will be certain about the meeting with your Lord. (13:2)

We sent Messengers before you and gave them wives and children. Nor was any Messenger able to bring a Sign except by Allah’s permission. There is a prescribed limit to every term. (13:38)

No nation can advance its appointed time nor can they delay it. (15:5)

And were it not for a prior word from your Lord, and a specified term, it would inevitably have already taken place. (20:129)

No nation can advance its appointed time nor can they delay it. (23:43)

They ask you to hasten the punishment. If it were not for a stipulated term, the punishment would have come to them already. It will come upon them suddenly when they are not expecting it. (29:53)

If Allah were to take mankind to task for what they have earned, He would not leave a single creature crawling on it, but He is deferring them until a specified time. Then, when their time comes, Allah sees His servants! (35:45)

He created the heavens and the earth with truth. He wraps the night around the day and wraps the day around the night, and has made the sun and moon subservient, each one running for a specified term. Is He not indeed the Almighty, the Endlessly Forgiving? (39:5)

Allah takes back people’s selves when their death arrives and those who have not yet died, while they are asleep. He keeps hold of those whose death has been decreed and sends the others back for a specified term. There are certainly Signs in that for people who reflect. (39:42)

It is He Who created you from earth, then from a drop of sperm, then from a clot of blood, then He brings you out as infants, then so you may achieve full strength, then so you may become old men–though some of you may die before that time–so that you may reach a predetermined age and so that hopefully you will use your intellect. (40:67)

They only split up after knowledge came to them, tyrannising one another. And were it not for a prior decree from your Lord for a specified term, the judgement between them would already have been made. Those who inherited the Book after them are indeed in grave doubt about it. (42:14)

Allah will not give anyone more time, once their time has come. Allah is aware of what you do. (63:11)

(Nuh said to his people,) ‘He will forgive you your wrong actions and defer you until a specified time. When Allah’s time comes it cannot be deferred, if you only knew.’ (71:4)

SPECK

Allah does not wrong anyone by so much as the smallest speck. And if there is a good deed Allah will multiply it and pay out an immense reward direct from Him. (4:40)

Do you not see those who claim to be purified? No, Allah purifies whoever He wills. They will not be wronged by so much as the smallest speck. (4:49)

Do you not see those who were told: ‘Hold back from fighting but perform prayer and give the alms’? Then when fighting is prescribed for them, a group of them fear people as Allah should be feared, or even more than that. They say, ‘Our Lord, why have you prescribed fighting for us? If only You would give us just a little more time!’ Say, ‘The enjoyment of this world is very brief. The hereafter is better for those who guard against evil. You will not be wronged by so much as the smallest speck.’ (4:77)

Anyone, male or female, who does right actions and is a believer, will enter the Garden. They will not be wronged by so much as the tiniest speck. (4:124)

You do not engage in any matter or recite any of the Qur’an or do any action without Our witnessing you while you are occupied with it. Not even the smallest speck eludes your Lord, either on earth or in heaven. Nor is there anything smaller than that, or larger, which is not in a Clear Book. (10:61)

On the Day We summon every people with their records, those who are given their Book in their right hand will read their Book and they will not be wronged by even the smallest speck. (17:71)

We will advance on the actions they have done and make them scattered specks of dust. (25:23)

He makes night merge into day and day merge into night, and He has made the sun and moon subservient, each one running until a specified time. That is Allah, your Lord. The Kingdom is His. Those you call on besides Him have no power over even the smallest speck. (35:13)

SPENDING IN THE WAY OF ALLAH

(Those who guard against evil are) those who believe in the Unseen and perform prayer and spend from what We have provided for them. (2:3)

Spend in the Way of Allah. Do not cast yourselves into destruction. And do good: Allah loves good-doers. (2:195)

They will ask you what they should give away. Say, ‘Any wealth you give away should go to your parents and relatives and to orphans and the very poor and travellers.’ Whatever good you do, Allah knows it. (2:215)

They will ask you about alcoholic drinks and gambling. Say, ‘There is great wrong in both of them and also certain benefits for mankind. But the wrong in them is greater than the benefit.’ They will ask you what they should give away. Say, ‘Whatever is surplus to your needs.’ In this way Allah makes the Signs clear to you, so that hopefully you will reflect. (2:219)

You who believe! Give away some of what We have provided for you before a Day arrives on which there is no trading, no close friendship and no intercession. It is the disbelievers who are the wrongdoers. (2:254)

The metaphor of those who spend their wealth in the Way of Allah is that of a grain which produces seven ears; in every ear there are a hundred grains. Allah gives such multiplied increase to whoever He wills. Allah is All-Encompassing, All-Knowing. (2:261)

Those who spend their wealth in the Way of Allah, and then do not follow what they have spent by demands for gratitude or insulting words will have their reward with their Lord. They will feel no fear and will know no sorrow. (2:262)

You who believe! Do not nullify your charity by demands for gratitude or insulting words, like him who spends his wealth, showing off to people and not believing in Allah and the Last Day. His likeness is that of a smooth rock coated with soil, which, when heavy rain falls on it, is left stripped bare. They have no power over anything they have earned. Allah does not guide disbelieving people. (2:264)

The metaphor of those who spend their wealth, desiring the pleasure of Allah and firmness for themselves, is that of a garden on a hillside. When heavy rain falls on it, it doubles its produce; and if heavy rain does not fall, there is dew. Allah sees what you do. (2:265)

You who believe! Give away some of the good things you have earned and some of what the earth produces for you. Do not have recourse to bad things when you give, things you would only take with your eyes tight shut! Know that Allah is Rich Beyond Need, Praiseworthy. (2:267)

Whatever amount you spend or vow you make, Allah knows it. The wrongdoers have no helpers. (2:270)

You are not responsible for their guidance, but Allah guides whoever He wills. Whatever good you give away is to your own benefit, when you give desiring only the Face of Allah. Whatever good you give away will be repaid to you in full. You will not be wronged. (2:272)

It (charity) is for the poor who are held back in the Way of Allah, unable to travel in the land. The ignorant consider them rich because of their reticence. You will know them by their mark. They do not ask from people insistently. Whatever good you give away, Allah knows it. (2:273)

Those who give away their wealth by night and day, secretly and openly, will have their reward with their Lord. They will feel no fear and will know no sorrow. (2:274)

The steadfast, the truthful, the obedient, the givers, and those who seek forgiveness before dawn. (3:17)

You will not attain true goodness until you give of what you love. Whatever you give away, Allah knows it. (3:92)

(The people who guard against evil are) those who give in times of both ease and hardship, those who control their rage and pardon other people–Allah loves the good-doers. (3:134)

As for those who are tight-fisted and direct others to be tight-fisted, and hide the bounty Allah has given them, We have prepared a humiliating punishment for those who disbelieve, and also for those who spend their wealth to show off to people, not believing in Allah and the Last Day. Anyone who has made Satan his comrade, what an evil comrade he is! (4:37-38)

What harm would it have done them to have believed in Allah and the Last Day and to have given of what Allah has provided for them? Allah knows everything about them. (4:39)

The Jews say, ‘Allah’s hand is chained.’ Their hands are chained and they are cursed for what they say! No! Both His hands are open wide and He gives however He wills. What has been sent down to you from your Lord increases many of them in insolence and disbelief. We have incited enmity and hatred between them until the Day of Rising. Each time they kindle the fire of war, Allah extinguishes it. They rush about the earth corrupting it. Allah does not love corrupters. (5:64)

(The believers are) those who perform prayer and give of what We have provided for them. (8:3)

Arm yourselves against them with all the firepower and cavalry you can muster, to terrify the enemies of Allah and your enemies, and others besides them whom you do not know. Allah knows them. Anything you spend in the Way of Allah will be repaid to you in full. You will not be wronged. (8:60)

You who believe! Many of the rabbis and monks devour people’s property under false pretences and bar people from access to the Way of Allah. As for those who hoard up gold and silver and do not spend it in the Way of Allah, give them the news of a painful punishment. (9:34)

Say: ‘Whether you give readily or reluctantly, it will not be accepted from you. You are people who are deviators.’ (9:53)

Nothing prevents what they give from being accepted from them but the fact that they have rejected Allah and His Messenger, and that they only come to prayer lethargically, and that they only give reluctantly. (9:54)

The alms are for: the poor, the destitute, those who collect it, reconciling people’s hearts, freeing slaves, those in debt, spending in the Way of Allah, and travellers. It is a legal obligation from Allah. Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise. (9:60)

Nothing is held against the weak and sick nor against those who find nothing to spend, provided they are true to Allah and His Messenger–there is no way open against good-doers, Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful–nor is anything held against those who, when they came to you for you to provide them with mounts and you said, ‘I cannot find anything on which to mount you,’ turned away with their eyes overflowing with tears, overcome by grief at having nothing to give. (9:91-92)

Among the desert arabs there are some who regard what they give as an imposition and are waiting for your fortunes to change. The evil turn of fortune will be theirs! Allah is All-Hearing, All-Knowing. (9:98)

And among the desert arabs there are some who believe in Allah and the Last Day and regard what they give as something which will bring them nearer to Allah and to the prayers of the Messenger. It does indeed bring them near. Allah will admit them into His mercy. Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (9:99)

Nor will they give away any amount, whether large or small, nor will they cross any valley, without it being written down for them so that Allah can recompense them for the best of what they did. (9:121)

Those who are steadfast in seeking the face of their Lord, and perform prayer and give from the provision We have given them, secretly and openly, and stave off evil with good, it is they who will have the Ultimate Abode. (13:22)

Tell My servants who believe that they should perform prayer and give from what We have provided for them, secretly and openly, before a Day arrives on which there will be no trading and no friendship. (14:31)

Allah does make a metaphor: an owned slave possessing no power over anything, and someone We have given plentiful provision who gives out from it secretly and openly. Are they the same? Praise be to Allah! They are not! But most people do not know it. (16:75)

... Give good news to the humble-hearted, whose hearts quake at the mention of Allah, and who are steadfast in the face of all that happens to them, those who perform prayer and give of what We have provided for them. (22:34-35)

They will be given their reward twice over because they have been steadfast and because they ward off the bad with the good and give from what we have provided for them. (28:54)

Their sides eschew their beds as they call on their Lord in fear and ardent hope. And they give of what We have provided for them. (32:16)

Those who recite the Book of Allah and perform prayer and give of what We have provided for them, secretly and openly, hope for a transaction which will not prove profitless. (35:29)

And when they are told, ‘Spend from the provision Allah has given you,’ those who disbelieve say to those who believe, ‘Why should we feed someone whom, if He wished, Allah would feed Himself? You are clearly in error.’ (36:47)

(Believers are) those who respond to their Lord and perform prayer, and manage their affairs by mutual consultation and give of what We have provided for them. (42:38)

Here you are then: people who are called upon to spend in the Way of Allah and then some of you are tight-fisted! But whoever is tight-fisted is only tight-fisted to himself. Allah is Rich and you are poor. If you turn away, He will replace you with a people other than yourselves and they will not be like you. (47:38)

Believe in Allah and His Messenger and give of that to which He has made you successors. Those of you who believe and give will have an immense reward. (57:7)

And how is it with you that you do not give in the Way of Allah, when the inheritance of the heavens and the earth belongs to Allah? Those of you who gave and fought before the Victory are not the same as those who gave and fought afterwards. They are higher in rank. But to each of them Allah has promised the Best. Allah is aware of what you do. (57:10)

They are the people who say, ‘Do not spend on those who are with the Messenger of Allah, so that they may go away.’ The treasuries of the heavens and earth belong to Allah. But the hypocrites do not understand this. (63:7)

Give from what We have provided for you before death comes to one of you and he says, ‘My Lord, if only you would give me a little more time so that I can give charity and be one of the righteous!’ (63:10)

So have fear of Allah, as much as you are able to, and listen and obey and spend for your own benefit. It is the people who are safe-guarded from the avarice of their own selves who are successful. (64:16)

He who has plenty should spend out from his plenty, but he whose provision is restricted should spend from what Allah has given him. Allah does not demand from any self more than He has given it. Allah will appoint after difficulty, ease. (65:7)

SPIDER

The metaphor of those who take protectors besides Allah is that of a spider which builds itself a house; but no house is flimsier than a spider’s house, if they only knew. (29:41)

SPIRIT (RUH)

We gave Musa the Book and sent a succession of Messengers after him. We gave ‘Isa, son of Maryam, the Clear Signs and reinforced him with the Purest Spirit. Why then, whenever a Messenger came to you with something your lower selves did not desire, did you grow arrogant, and deny some of them and murder others? (2:87)

These Messengers: We favoured some of them over others. Allah spoke directly to some of them and raised up some of them in rank. We gave Clear Signs to ‘Isa, son of Maryam, and reinforced him with the Purest Spirit. If Allah had willed, those who came after them would not have fought each other after the Clear Signs came to them, but they differed. Among them there are those who believe and among them there are those who disbelieve. If Allah had willed, they would not have fought each other. But Allah does whatever He desires. (2:253)

Remember when Allah said, ‘‘Isa, son of Maryam, remember My blessing to you and to your mother when I reinforced you with the Purest Spirit so that you could speak to people in the cradle and when you were fully grown; and when I taught you the Book and Wisdom, and the Torah and the Gospel; and when you created a bird-shape out of clay by My permission, and then breathed into it and it became a bird by My permission; and healed the blind and the leper by My permission; and when you brought forth the dead by My permission; and when I held back the tribe of Israel from you, when you brought them the Clear Signs and those of them who disbelieved said, "This is nothing but downright magic";’ (5:110)

(Your Lord said to the angels,) ‘When I have formed him and breathed My Spirit into him, fall down in prostration in front of him!’ (15:29)

He sends down angels with the Spirit of His command to any of His servants He wills: ‘Give warning that there is no god but Me, so have fear of Me!’ (16:2)

Say: ‘The Purest Spirit has brought it down from your Lord with truth, to make those who believe firm, and as guidance and good news for the Muslims.’ (16:102)

They will ask you about the Spirit. Say: ‘The Spirit is my Lord’s concern. You have only been given a little knowledge.’ (17:85)

Mention Maryam in the Book, how she withdrew from her people to an eastern place, and veiled herself from them. Then We sent Our Spirit to her and it took on for her the form of a handsome, well-built man. (19:16-17)

And she (Maryam) who protected her private parts. We breathed into her some of Our Spirit and made her and her son a Sign for all the worlds. (21:91)

The Faithful Spirit brought it (the revelation) down. (26:193)

Then (He) formed him and breathed His Spirit into him and gave you hearing, sight and hearts. What little thanks you show! (32:9)

(Your Lord said to the angels,) ‘When I have formed him and breathed My Spirit into him, fall down in prostration to him!’ (38:72)

He is the Raiser of ranks, the Possessor of the Throne, He sends the Spirit by His command to whichever of His servants He wills so that he may warn mankind about the Day of Meeting: (40:15)

And Maryam, the daughter of ‘Imran, who guarded her chastity–We breathed Our Spirit into her and she confirmed the Words of her Lord and His Book and was one of the obedient. (66:12)

SPOUSE

Give the good news to those who believe and do right actions that they will have Gardens with rivers flowing under them. When they are given fruit there as provision, they will say, ‘This is what we were given before.’ But they were only given a simulation of it. They will have there spouses of perfect purity and will remain there timelessly, for ever. (2:25)

But as for those who believe and do right actions, We will admit them into Gardens with rivers flowing under them, remaining in them timelessly, for ever and ever. In them they will have spouses of perfect purity and We will admit them into cool, refreshing shade. (4:57)

It is He Who created you from a single self and made from him his spouse so that he might find repose in her. Then when he covered her she bore a light load and carried it around. Then when it became heavy they called on Allah, their Lord, ‘If You grant us a healthy child, we will be among the thankful!’ (7:189)

Among His Signs is that He created spouses for you of your own kind so that you might find tranquillity in them. And He has placed affection and compassion between you. There are certainly Signs in that for people who reflect. (30:21)

SPRING

Those who guard against evil will be amid Gardens and Springs. (15:45)

They say, ‘We will not believe you until you make a spring gush out from the earth for us;’  (17:90)

We expelled them (Pharaoh and his people) from gardens and springs. (26:57)

Have fear of Him Who has supplied you with what you know, supplied you with livestock and children and gardens and clear springs. (26:132-134)

(Salih said,) ‘Are you going to be left secure amid what is here, amid gardens and clear springs?’ (26:146-147)

We place in it gardens of dates and grapes, and cause springs to gush out in it. (36:34)

(The believers will have) a cup from a flowing spring passing round among them (in Gardens of Delight). (37:45)

Do you not see that Allah sends down water from the sky and threads it through the earth to emerge as springs and then by it brings forth crops of varying colours, which then wither and you see them turning yellow and then He makes them into broken stubble? There is a reminder in that for people of intelligence. (39:21)

And (We) made the earth burst forth with gushing springs. And the waters met together in a way which was decreed. (54:12)

In them (the Gardens) are two clear flowing springs. (55:50)

In them are two gushing springs. (55:66)

The truly good will drink from a cup mixed with the coolness of camphor, a spring from which Allah’s servants will drink, making it gush forth at will abundantly. (76:5-6)

In it there is a flowing spring called Salsabil. (76:18)

(The inhabitants of the Fire will be) drinking from a boiling spring. (88:5)

In it is a gushing spring. (88:12)

STAKE

Before them the people of Nuh denied the truth, as did ‘Ad and Pharaoh of the Stakes. (38:12)

And Pharaoh of the Stakes (was one of the tyrants). (89:10)

STAMP

And when you said, ‘Musa, we will not put up with just one kind of food so ask your Lord to supply to us some of what the earth produces–its green vegetables, cucumbers, grains, lentils and onions,’ he said, ‘Do you want to replace what is better with what is inferior? Go back to Egypt, then you will have what you are asking for.’ Abasement and destitution were stamped upon them. They brought down anger from Allah upon themselves. That was because they rejected Allah’s Signs and killed the Prophets without any right to do so. That was because they rebelled and went beyond the limits. (2:61)

Because of the fact that they broke their covenant, and rejected Allah’s Signs, and killed the Prophets without any right to do so and said, ‘Our hearts are uncircumcised,’ Allah has stamped them with disbelief, so they do not believe except for very few. (4:155)

They are pleased to be with those who stay behind. Their hearts have been stamped so they do not understand. (9:87)

STANDING UP

We fortified their hearts when they stood up and said, ‘Our Lord is the Lord of the heavens and the earth and We will not call on any god apart from Him. We would in that case have uttered an abomination. (18:14)

And We located the position of the House for Ibrahim: ‘Do not associate anything with Me and purify My House for those who circle it, and those who stand and bow and prostrate.’ (22:26)

He Who sees you when you stand up to pray. (26:218)

Say: ‘I exhort you to do one thing alone: to stand before Allah in pairs and on your own and then reflect. Your companion is not possessed. He is only a warner come to you ahead of a terrible punishment.’ (34:46)

STAR

When night covered him he (Ibrahim) saw a star and said, ‘This is my Lord!’ Then when it set he said, ‘I do not love what sets.’ (6:76)

It is He Who has appointed the stars for you so you might be guided by them in the darkness of the land and sea. We have made the Signs clear for people who have knowledge. (6:97)

Your Lord is Allah, Who created the heavens and the earth in six days and then settled Himself firmly on the Throne. He covers the day with the night, each pursuing the other urgently; and the sun and moon and stars are subservient to His command. Both creation and command belong to Him. Blessed be Allah, the Lord of all the worlds. (7:54)

When Yusuf told his father, ‘Father! I saw eleven bright stars, and the sun and moon as well. I saw them all prostrate in front of me.’ (12:4)

He has made night and day subservient to you, and the sun and moon and stars, all subject to His command. There are certainly Signs in that for people who use their intellect. (16:12)

He cast firmly embedded mountains on the earth so it would not move under you, and rivers and pathways so that hopefully you would be guided, and landmarks. And they are guided by the stars. (16:15-16)

Do you not see that everyone in the heavens and everyone on the earth prostrates to Allah, and the sun and moon and stars and the mountains, trees and beasts and many of mankind? But many of them inevitably merit punishment. Those Allah humiliates will have no one to honour them. Allah does whatever He wills. (22:18)

Allah is the Light of the heavens and the earth. The metaphor of His Light is that of a niche in which is a lamp, the lamp inside a glass, the glass like a brilliant star, lit from a blessed tree, an olive, neither of the east nor of the west, its oil all but giving off light even if no fire touches it. Light upon Light. Allah guides to His Light whoever He wills and Allah makes metaphors for mankind and Allah has knowledge of all things. (24:35)

He (Ibrahim) took a look at the stars. (37:88)

And glorify Him in the night and when the stars fade out. (52:49)

By the star when it descends, (53:1)

And I swear by the falling of the stars. (56:75)

When the stars are extinguished, (77:8)

When the stars fall in rapid succession, (81:2)

When the stars are strewn about, (82:2)

And what will convey to you what the Night-Comer is? The Piercing Star! (86:2-3)

STATE OF PILGRIMAGE (SEE IHRAM)

STATUE

When he (Ibrahim) said to his father and his people, ‘What are these statues you are clinging to?’ (21:52)

They made for him (Sulayman) anything he wished: high arches and statues, huge dishes like cisterns, great built-in cooking vats. ‘Work, family of Dawud, in thankfulness!’ But very few of My servants are thankful. (34:13)

STEADFASTNESS

Seek help in steadfastness and prayer. But that is a very hard thing, except for the humble. (2:45)

You who believe! Seek help in steadfastness and prayer. Allah is with the steadfast. (2:153)

We will test you with a certain amount of fear and hunger and loss of wealth and life and fruits. But give good news to the steadfast: (2:155)

When they came out against Goliath and his troops, they said, ‘Our Lord, pour down steadfastness upon us, and make our feet firm, and help us against this disbelieving people.’ (2:250)

You who believe, be steadfast; be supreme in steadfastness; be firm on the battlefield; and have fear of Allah; so that hopefully you will be successful. (3:200)

(The magicians said to Pharaoh,) ‘You are only avenging yourself on us because we believed in our Lord’s Signs when they came to us. Our Lord, pour down steadfastness upon us and take us back to You as Muslims.’ (7:126)

Now Allah has made it lighter on you, knowing there is weakness in you. If there are a hundred of you who are steadfast, they will overcome two hundred; and if there are a thousand of you, they will overcome two thousand with Allah’s permission. Allah is with the steadfast. (8:66)

They then produced his shirt with false blood on it. He (Yusuf’s father) said, ‘It is merely that your lower selves have suggested something to you which you did; but beauty lies in showing steadfastness. It is Allah alone Who is my Help in face of the event that you describe.’ (12:18)

He (Yusuf’s father) said, ‘It’s merely that your lower selves suggested something to you which you did. But beauty lies in having steadfastness. Perhaps Allah will bring them all together. He is indeed All-Knowing and All-Wise.’ (12:83)

So be steadfast in the face of what they say and glorify your Lord with praise before the rising of the sun and before its setting. And glorify Him during part of the night and at both ends of the day, so that hopefully you will be pleased. (20:130)

It is not devoutness to turn your faces to the East or to the West. Rather, those with true devoutness are those who believe in Allah and the Last Day, the Angels, the Book and the Prophets, and who, despite their love for it, give away their wealth to their relatives and to orphans and the very poor, and to travellers and beggars and to set slaves free, and who perform prayer and give the alms; those who honour their contracts when they make them, and are steadfast in poverty and illness and in battle. Those are the people who are true. They are the people who guard against evil. (2:177)

When Talut marched out with the army, he said, ‘Allah will test you with a river. Anyone who drinks from it is not with me. But anyone who does not taste it is with me–except for him who merely scoops up a little in his hand.’ But they drank from it–except for a few of them. Then when he and those who believed with him had crossed it, they said, ‘We do not have the strength to face Goliath and his troops today.’ But those who were sure that they were going to meet Allah said, ‘How many a small force has triumphed over a much greater one by Allah’s permission! Allah is with the steadfast. (2:249)

The steadfast, the truthful, the obedient, the givers, and those who seek forgiveness before dawn. (3:17)

If something good happens to you, it galls them. If something bad strikes you, they rejoice at it. But if you are steadfast and guard against evil, their scheming will not harm you in any way. Allah encompasses what they do. (3:120)

Yes indeed! But if you are steadfast and guard against evil and they come upon you suddenly, your Lord will reinforce you with five thousand angels, clearly identified. (3:125)

Or did you imagine that you were going to enter the Garden without Allah knowing those among you who had struggled and knowing the steadfast? (3:142)

Many a Prophet has been fought, when there were many thousands with him! They did not give up in the face of what assailed them in the Way of Allah, nor did they weaken, nor did they yield. Allah loves the steadfast. (3:146)

You will be tested in your wealth and in yourselves and you will hear many abusive words from those given the Book before you and from those who are idolaters. But if you are steadfast and guard against evil, that is the most resolute course to take. (3:186)

Messengers before you were also denied but they were steadfast in the face of the denial and injury they suffered until Our help arrived. There is no changing the Words of Allah. And news of other Messengers has come to you. (6:34)

Musa said to his people, ‘Seek help in Allah and be steadfast. The earth belongs to Allah. He bequeathes it to any of His servants He wills. The successful outcome is for those who guard against evil.’ (7:128)

And We bequeathed to the people who had been oppressed the easternmost part of the land We had blessed, and its westernmost part as well. The most excellent Word of your Lord was fulfilled for the tribe of Israel on account of their steadfastness. And We utterly destroyed what Pharaoh and his people made and the buildings they constructed. (7:137)

Obey Allah and His Messenger and do not quarrel among yourselves lest you lose heart and your momentum disappear. And be steadfast. Allah is with the steadfast. (8:46)

Follow what has been revealed to you and be steadfast until Allah’s judgement comes. He is the Best of Judges. (10:109)

Except for those who are steadfast and do right actions. They will receive forgiveness and a large reward. (11:11)

That is some of the news of the Unseen which We reveal to you. Neither you nor your people knew it before this time. So be steadfast. The best end result is for those who guard against evil. (11:49)

And be steadfast. Allah does not let the wage of good-doers go to waste. (11:115)

They said, ‘Are you Yusuf?’ He said, ‘I am indeed Yusuf, and this here is my brother. Allah has acted graciously to us. As for those who fear Allah and are steadfast, Allah does not allow to go to waste the wage of any people who do good.’ (12:90)

Those who are steadfast in seeking the face of their Lord, and perform prayer and give from the provision We have given them, secretly and openly, and stave off evil with good, it is they who will have the Ultimate Abode. (13:22)

... Angels will enter in to welcome them from every gate: ‘Peace be upon you because of your steadfastness! How wonderful is the Ultimate Abode!’ (13:23-24)

We sent Musa with Our Signs: ‘Bring your people from the darkness to the light and remind them of the Days of Allah.’ There are certainly Signs in that for everyone who is steadfast, thankful. (14:5)

(Their Messengers said,) ‘And why indeed should we not put our trust in Allah when He has guided us to our ways? We will be steadfast however much you harm us. Those who trust put their trust in Allah.’ (14:12)

(Believers are) those who are steadfast and put their trust in their Lord. (16:42)

What is with you runs out but what is with Allah goes on for ever. Those who were steadfast will be recompensed according to the best of what they did. (16:96)

But to those who migrated after they were persecuted and then strived and remained steadfast, to them your Lord is All-Compassionate, Most Merciful. (16:110)

And Isma‘il and Idris and Dhu’l-Kifl–each one was among the steadfast. (21:85)

... Give good news to the humble-hearted, whose hearts quake at the mention of Allah, and who are steadfast in the face of all that happens to them, those who perform prayer and give of what We have provided for them. (22:34-35)

(Allah will say,) ‘Today I have rewarded them for being steadfast. They are the ones who are victorious.’ (23:111)

We never sent any Messengers before you who did not eat food and walk in the market-place. But We have made some of you a trial for others to see if you will be steadfast? Your Lord sees everything. (25:20)

Such people will be repaid for their steadfastness with the Highest Paradise, where they will meet with welcome and with ‘Peace’. (25:75)

They will be given their reward twice over because they have been steadfast and because they ward off the bad with the good and give from what we have provided for them. (28:54)

But those who had been given knowledge said, ‘Woe to you! Allah’s reward is better for those who believe and act rightly. But only the steadfast will obtain it.’ (28:80)

(Believers are) those who are steadfast and put their trust in their Lord. (29:59)

So be steadfast. Allah’s promise is true. Do not let those who have no certainty make you impatient and shake your firmness. (30:60)

(Luqman said,) ‘My son, perform prayer and command what is right and forbid what is wrong and be steadfast in the face of all that happens to you. That is certainly the most resolute course to follow. (31:17)

Do you not see that ships sail on the sea by Allah’s blessing so that He can show you something of His Signs? There are certainly Signs in that for everyone who is steadfast and thankful. (31:31)

We appointed leaders from among them, guiding by Our command when they were steadfast and when they had certainty about Our Signs. (32:24)

Men and women who are Muslims, men and women who are believers, men and women who are obedient, men and women who are truthful, men and women who are steadfast, men and women who are humble, men and women who give charity, men and women who fast, men and women who guard their chastity, men and women who remember Allah much: Allah has prepared forgiveness for them and an immense reward. (33:35)

They said, ‘Our Lord, put more distance between our staging posts.’ They wronged themselves so We made legends of them and scattered them without a trace. There are certainly Signs in that for everyone who is steadfast and thankful. (34:19)

Be steadfast in the face of what they say and remember Our servant Dawud, who possessed true strength. He truly turned to his Lord. (38:17)

(We said to Ayyub,) ‘Take a bundle of rushes in your hand and strike with that but do not break your oath.’ We found him steadfast. What an excellent servant! He truly turned to his Lord. (38:44)

Say: ‘Servants of Mine who believe! Have fear of your Lord. For those who do good in this world there is good and Allah’s earth is spacious. The steadfast will be paid their wages in full without any reckoning.’ (39:10)

So remain steadfast. Allah’s promise is true. Ask forgiveness for your wrong action and glorify your Lord with praise in the evening and the early morning. (40:55)

So be steadfast, Allah’s promise is true. Whether We show you some of what We have promised them, or take you back to Us, they will in any case be returned to Us. (40:77)

If they are steadfast, the Fire will still be their residence! If they ask for favour, no favour will be given. (41:24)

None will obtain it but those who are truly steadfast. None will obtain it but those who have great good fortune. (41:35)

If He wills He makes the wind stop blowing and then they lie motionless on its back. There are certainly Signs in that for everyone who is steadfast and thankful. (42:33)

So be steadfast as the Messengers with firm resolve were also steadfast. And do not seek to hasten it for them. On the Day they see what they were promised, it will be as if they had only tarried for just one hour of a single day. It has been transmitted! Will any be destroyed except for deviant people? (46:35)

We will test you until We know the true fighters among you and those who are steadfast and test what is reported of you. (47:31)

So wait steadfastly for the judgement of your Lord–you are certainly before Our eyes. And glorify and praise your Lord when you get up. (52:48)

We will send the she-camel as a trial for them. Just keep a watchful eye on them and be steadfast. (54:27)

So wait steadfastly for the judgement of your Lord. Do not be like the Companion of the Fish when he called out in absolute despair. (68:48)

Be steadfast in the face of what they say and cut yourself off from them–but courteously. (73:10)

Be steadfast for your Lord. (74:7)

And (Allah) will reward them for their steadfastness with a Garden and with silk. (76:12)

(The steep ascent is) then to be one of those who believe and urge each other to steadfastness and urge each other to compassion. (90:17)

By the Late Afternoon, truly man is in loss–except for those who believe and do right actions and urge each other to the truth and urge each other to steadfastness. (103:1-3)

STEEP

But he has not braved the steep ascent. What will convey to you what the steep ascent is? It is freeing a slave or feeding on a day of hunger an orphaned relative or a poor man in the dust; then to be one of those who believe and urge each other to steadfastness and urge each other to compassion. (90:11-17)

STONE

If you have doubts about what We have sent down to Our servant, produce another sura equal to it, and call your witnesses, besides Allah, if you are telling the truth. If you do not do that–and you will not do it–then fear the Fire whose fuel is people and stones, made ready for the disbelievers. (2:23-24)

You who believe! Wine and gambling, stone altars and divining arrows are filth from the handiwork of Satan. Avoid them completely so that hopefully you will be successful. (5:90)

And they say, ‘Allah, if this is really the truth from You, rain down stones on us out of heaven or send a painful punishment down on us.’ (8:32)

When Our command came, We turned their cities upside down and rained down on them stones of hard baked clay. (11:82)

We turned the place completely upside down and rained down on them stones of hard-baked clay. (15:74)

Do you feel secure against Him causing the shore to swallow you up or sending against you a sudden squall of stones? Then you will find no one to be your guardian. (17:68)

We seized each one of them for their wrong actions. Against some We sent a sudden squall of stones; some of them were seized by the Great Blast; some We caused the earth to swallow up; and some We drowned. Allah did not wrong them; rather they wronged themselves. (29:40)

We unleashed a sudden squall of stones against all of them, except the family of Lut, who We rescued before dawn. (54:34)

Or do you feel secure against Him Who is in heaven releasing against you a sudden squall of stones, so that you will know how true My warning was? (67:17)

Did He not bring all their schemes to nothing, unleashing upon them flock after flock of birds, bombarding them with stones of hard-baked clay, making them like stripped wheat-stalks eaten bare? (105:2-5)

STORE

He (Yusuf) said, ‘Entrust the country's stores to me. In truth I am a knowing guardian.’ (12:55)

There is nothing that does not have its stores with Us and We only send it down in a known measure. (15:21)

We send forth the pollinating winds and send down water from the sky and give it to you to drink. And it is not you who keep its stores. (15:22)

Say: ‘Even if you possessed the vast storehouses of my Lord’s mercy, you would still hold back, fearing they would run out.’ (17:100)

So he (Musa) drew water for them and then withdrew into the shade and said, ‘My Lord, I am truly in need of any good You have in store for me.’ (28:24)

STRIVING IN THE WAY OF ALLAH

Those who believe and migrate and strive in the Way of Allah can expect Allah’s mercy. Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (2:218)

They would like you to disbelieve as they disbelieve so that you will all be the same. Do not take any of them as friends until they have migrated in the Way of Allah. But if they run away then seize them and kill them wherever you find them. Do not take any of them as either a friend or helper. (4:89)

Those believers who stay behind–other than those forced to by necessity–are not the same as those who strive in the Way of Allah, sacrificing their wealth and themselves. Allah has given those who strive with their wealth and themselves a higher rank than those who stay behind. Allah has promised the Best to both, but Allah has preferred those who strive over those who stay behind by an immense reward. (4:95)

You who believe! Have fear of Allah and seek the means of drawing near to Him, and strive in His Way, so that hopefully you will be successful. (5:35)

Those who believe and have migrated and strived with their wealth and themselves in the Way of Allah, and those who have given refuge and help, they are the friends and protectors of one another. But as for those who believe but have not migrated, you are not in any way responsible for their protection until they migrate. But if they ask you for help in respect of the religion, it is your duty to help them, except against people you have a treaty with. Allah sees what you do. (8:72)

Those who believe and have migrated and strived in the Way of Allah and those who have given refuge and help, they are the true believers. They will have forgiveness and generous provision. (8:74)

Those who believe and migrate later on and accompany you in striving, they also are of your number. But blood relations are closer to one another in the Book of Allah. Allah has knowledge of all things. (8:75)

Or did you suppose that you would be left without Allah knowing those of you who have strived and who have not taken anyone as their intimate friends besides Allah and His Messenger and the believers? Allah is aware of what you do. (9:16)

Do you make the giving of water to the pilgrims and looking after the Sacred Mosque (Masjid al-Haram) the same as believing in Allah and the Last Day and striving in the Way of Allah? They are not equal in the sight of Allah. Allah does not guide wrongdoing people. (9:19)

Those who believe and migrate and strive in the Way of Allah with their wealth and themselves have a higher rank with Allah. They are the ones who are victorious. (9:20)

Say: ‘If your fathers or your sons or your brothers or your wives or your tribe, or any wealth you have acquired, or any business you fear may slump, or any house which pleases you, are dearer to you than Allah and His Messenger and striving in His Way, then wait until Allah brings about His command. Allah does not guide people who are deviators.’ (9:24)

Go out to fight, light-armed and heavy-armed, and strive with your wealth and yourselves in the Way of Allah. That is better for you if you only knew. (9:41)

Those who believe in Allah and the Last Day do not ask you to excuse them from striving with their wealth and themselves. Allah knows the people who guard against evil. (9:44)

O Prophet, strive against the disbelievers and hypocrites and be harsh with them. Their shelter will be Hell. What an evil destination! (9:73)

Those who were left behind were glad to stay behind the Messenger of Allah. They did not want to strive with their wealth and themselves in the Way of Allah. They said, ‘Do not go out to fight in the heat.’ Say: ‘The Fire of Hell is much hotter, if they only understood.’ (9:81)

When a sura is sent down saying: ‘Believe in Allah and strive together with His Messenger,’ those among them with wealth will ask you to excuse them, saying, ‘Let us remain with those who stay behind.’ (9:86)

But the Messenger and those who believe along with him have strived with their wealth and with themselves. They are the people who will have the good things. They are the ones who are successful. (9:88)

But to those who migrated after they were persecuted and then strived and remained steadfast, to them your Lord is All-Compassionate, Most Merciful. (16:110)

Strive for Allah with the striving due to Him. He has selected you and not placed any constraint upon you in the religion–the religion of your forefather Ibrahim. He named you Muslims before and also in this, so that the Messenger could be witness against you and you could be witnesses against all mankind. So perform prayer and give the alms and hold fast to Allah. He is your Protector–the Best Protector, the Best Helper. (22:78)

Whoever strives does it entirely for himself. Allah is Rich Beyond Need of any being. (29:6)

As for those who strive in Our Way, We will guide them to Our Paths. Truly Allah is with the good-doers. (29:69)

The believers are only those who have believed in Allah and His Messenger and then have had no doubt and have strived with their wealth and themselves in the Way of Allah. They are the ones who are true to their word. (49:15)

You who believe! Do not take My enemy and your enemy as friends, showing love for them when they have rejected the truth that has come to you, driving out the Messenger and yourselves simply because you believe in Allah your Lord. If you go out to strive in My Way and seeking My pleasure, keeping secret the love you have for them, I know best what you conceal and what you make known. Any of you who do that have strayed from the right way. (60:1)

You who believe! Shall I direct you to a transaction which will save you from a painful punishment? It is to believe in Allah and His Messenger and strive in the Way of Allah with your wealth and your selves. That is better for you if you only knew. (61:10-11)

O Prophet! Strive against the disbelievers and hypocrites and be harsh with them. Their refuge is Hell. What an evil destination! (66:9)

STUDYING

It is not right for any human being that Allah should give him the Book and Judgement and Prophethood, and then that he should say to people, ‘Be worshippers of me rather than Allah.’ Rather he will say, ‘Be people of the Lord because of your knowledge of the Book and because you study.’ (3:79)

That is how We vary the Signs, so that they say, ‘You have been studying,’ and so We can make it clear to people who know. (6:105)

So you cannot say: ‘The Book was only sent down to the two groups before us and we were ignorant of their studies.’ (6:156)

We have not given them any books which they are studying nor did We send, before you, any warner to them. (34:44)

Or do you have a Book which you study? (68:37)

SUCCESS

They are the people guided by their Lord. They are the ones who have success. (2:5)

They will ask you about the crescent moons. Say, ‘They are set times for mankind and for the pilgrimage.’ It is not devoutness for you to enter houses by the back. Rather devoutness is possessed by those who guard against evil. So come to houses by their doors and have fear of Allah, so that hopefully you will be successful. (2:189)

Let there be a community among you who call to the good, and enjoin the right, and forbid the wrong. They are the ones who have success. (3:104)

You who believe! Do not feed on usury, multiplied and then remultiplied. Have fear of Allah so that hopefully you will be successful. (3:130)

You who believe, be steadfast; be supreme in steadfastness; be firm on the battlefield; and have fear of Allah; so that hopefully you will be successful. (3:200)

Those who anticipate the worst for you say, ‘Were we not with you?’ whenever you gain a victory from Allah, but if the disbelievers have a success they say, ‘Did we not have the upper hand over you and yet in spite of that keep the believers away from you?’ Allah will judge between you on the Day of Rising. Allah will not give the disbelievers any way against the believers. (4:141)

You who believe! Have fear of Allah and seek the means of drawing near to Him, and strive in His Way, so that hopefully you will be successful. (5:35)

You who believe! Wine and gambling, stone altars and divining arrows are filth from the handiwork of Satan. Avoid them completely so that hopefully you will be successful. (5:90)

Say: ‘Bad things and good things are not the same, even though the abundance of the bad things may seem attractive to you.’ Have fear of Allah, people of intelligence, so that hopefully you will be successful. (5:100)

Who could do greater wrong than someone who invents lies against Allah or denies His Signs? The wrongdoers are certainly not successful. (6:21)

Say: ‘My people, do as you are doing, just as I am doing. You will certainly come to know who will have the best home in the end. The wrongdoers will certainly not be successful.’ (6:135)

The weighing that Day will be the truth. As for those whose scales are heavy, they are the successful. (7:8)

Or are you astonished that a reminder should come to you from your Lord by way of a man among you in order to warn you? Remember when He appointed you successors to the people of Nuh, and increased you greatly in stature. Remember Allah’s blessings, so that hopefully you will be successful.’ (7:69)

Musa said to his people, ‘Seek help in Allah and be steadfast. The earth belongs to Allah. He bequeathes it to any of His servants He wills. The successful outcome is for those who guard against evil.’ (7:128)

(Allah said, ‘Believers are) those who follow the Messenger, the Ummi, whom they find written down with them in the Torah and the Gospel, commanding them to do right and forbidding them to do wrong, making good things lawful for them and bad things forbidden for them, relieving them of their heavy loads and the chains which were around them. Those who believe in him and honour him and help him, and follow the Light that has been sent down with him, they are the ones who are successful.’ (7:157)

You who believe! When you meet a troop, stand firm and remember Allah repeatedly so that hopefully you will be successful. (8:45)

But the Messenger and those who believe along with him have strived with their wealth and with themselves. They are the people who will have the good things. They are the ones who are successful. (9:88)

Who could do greater wrong than someone who invents lies against Allah or denies His Signs? Evildoers are certainly not successful. (10:17)

Say: ‘People who invent lies against Allah will not be successful.’ (10:69)

Musa said, ‘Do you say to the truth when it comes to you, "This is magic"? Magicians are not successful.’ (10:77)

He (Shu‘ayb) said, ‘My people! What do you think? If I do possess a Clear Sign from my Lord and He has given me His good provision, I would clearly not want to go behind your backs and do something I have forbidden you to do. I only want to put things right as far as I can. My success is with Allah alone. I have put my trust in Him and I turn to Him.’ (11:88)

Do not say about what your lying tongues describe: ‘This is lawful and this is forbidden,’ inventing lies against Allah. Those who invent lies against Allah are not successful. (16:116)

That was the situation when we woke them up so they could question one another. One of them asked, ‘How long have you been here?’ They replied, ‘We have been here for a day or part of a day.’ They said, ‘Your Lord knows best how long you have been here. Send one of your number into the city with this silver you have, so he can see which food is purest and bring you some of it to eat. But he should go about with caution so that no one is aware of you, for if they find out about you they will stone you or make you revert to their religion and then you will never have success.’ (18:19-20)

You who believe! Bow and prostrate and worship your Lord, and do good, so that hopefully you will be successful. (22:77)

It is the believers who are successful. (23:1)

Those whose scales are heavy, they are the successful. (23:102)

Whoever calls on another god together with Allah, has no grounds for doing so at all and his reckoning is with his Lord. Truly the disbelievers have no success. (23:117)

Say to the believing women that they should lower their eyes and guard their chastity and not display their adornments–except for what normally shows–and draw their head-coverings across their breasts. They should only display their adornments to their husbands or their fathers or their husbands’ fathers, or their sons or their husbands’ sons or their brothers or their brothers’ sons or their sisters’ sons or other women or those they own as slaves or their male attendants who have no sexual desire or children who still have no awareness of women’s private parts. Nor should they stamp their feet so that their hidden ornaments are known. Turn to Allah every one of you, believers, so that hopefully you will have success. (24:31)

The reply of the believers when they are summoned to Allah and His Messenger so that he can judge between them, is to say, ‘We hear and we obey.’ They are ones who are successful. (24:51)

Musa said, ‘My Lord knows best who has come with guidance from Him and who will have the best Home in the end. The wrongdoers will certainly not be successful.’ (28:37)

But as for those who repent and act rightly, they will hopefully be successful. (28:67)

Those who had longed to take his place the day before woke up saying, ‘Allah expands the provision of any of His servants He wills or restricts it. If Allah had not shown great kindness to us, we would have been swallowed up as well. Ah! Truly the disbelievers are not successful.’ (28:82)

That abode of the hereafter–We grant it to those who do not seek to exalt themselves in the earth or to cause corruption in it. The successful outcome is for those who guard against evil. (28:83)

Give relatives their due, and the poor and travellers. That is best for those who seek the pleasure of Allah. They are the ones who are successful. (30:38)

Such people are following guidance from their Lord. They are the ones who are successful. (31:5)

You will not find people who believe in Allah and the Last Day having love for anyone who opposes Allah and His Messenger, though they be their fathers, their sons, their brothers or their clan. Allah has inscribed faith upon such people’s hearts and will reinforce them with a Spirit from Him and admit them into Gardens with rivers flowing under them, remaining in them timelessly, for ever. Allah is pleased with them and they are pleased with Him. Such people are the party of Allah. Truly it is the party of Allah who are successful. (58:22)

Those who were already settled in the abode, and in faith, before they came, love those who have migrated to them and do not find in their hearts any need for what they have been given and prefer them to themselves even if they themselves are needy. It is the people who are safe-guarded from the avarice of their own selves who are successful. (59:9)

Then when the prayer is finished spread through the earth and seek Allah’s bounty and Allah much so that hopefully you will be successful. (62:10)

So have fear of Allah, as much as you are able to, and listen and obey and spend for your own benefit. It is the people who are safe-guarded from the avarice of their own selves who are successful. (64:16)

He who has purified himself will have success. (87:14)

SUCCESSION - SUCCESSOR

When your Lord said to the angels, ‘I am putting a successor (khalif) on the earth,’ they said, ‘Why put on it one who will cause corruption on it and shed blood when we glorify You with praise and proclaim Your purity?’ He said, ‘I know what you do not know.’ (2:30)

We gave Musa the Book and sent a succession of Messengers after him. We gave ‘Isa, son of Maryam, the Clear Signs and reinforced him with the Purest Spirit. Why then, whenever a Messenger came to you with something your lower selves did not desire, did you grow arrogant, and deny some of them and murder others? (2:87)

It is He Who appointed you successors (khalif) on the earth and raised some of you above others in rank so He could test you regarding what He has given you. Your Lord is Swift in Retribution; and He is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (6:165)

(Hud said to his people,) ‘Or are you astonished that a reminder should come to you from your Lord by way of a man among you in order to warn you? Remember when He appointed you successors to the people of Nuh, and increased you greatly in stature. Remember Allah’s blessings, so that hopefully you will be successful.’ (7:69)

(Salih said to his people,) ‘Remember when He appointed you successors to ‘Ad and settled you in the land. You built palaces on its plains and carved out houses from the mountains. Remember Allah’s blessings and do not go about the earth, corrupting it.’ (7:74)

They said, ‘We suffered harm before you came to us and after you came to us.’ He (Musa) said, ‘It may well be that your Lord is going to destroy your enemy and make you the successors in the land so that He can see how you behave.’ (7:129)

We set aside thirty nights for Musa and then completed them with ten, so the appointed time of his Lord was forty nights in all. Musa said to his brother Harun, ‘Be my successor (khalif) among my people. Keep order and do not follow the way of the corrupters.’ (7:142)

Then We appointed you after them to be successors (khalif) on the earth so We might observe how you would act. (10:14)

But they denied him (Nuh) so We rescued him, and all those with him, in the Ark and We made them the successors and We drowned the people who denied Our Signs. See the final fate of those who were warned! (10:73)

Everyone has a succession of angels in front of him and behind him, guarding him by Allah’s command. Allah never changes a people’s state until they change what is in themselves. When Allah desires evil for a people, there is no averting it. They have no protector apart from Him. (13:11)

Allah has promised those of you who believe and do right actions that He will make them successors in the land as He made those before them successors, and will firmly establish for them their religion with which He is pleased and give them, in place of their fear, security. ‘They worship Me, not associating anything with Me.’ Any who disbelieve after that, such people are deviators. (24:55)

He Who responds to the oppressed when they call on Him and removes their distress, and has appointed you as successors (khalif) of the earth. Is there another god besides Allah? How little you pay heed! (27:62)

It is He Who made you successors (khalif) on the earth. So whoever disbelieves, his disbelief is against himself. In Allah’s sight, the disbelief of the disbelievers only increases their loathsomeness; the disbelief of the disbelievers only increases their loss. (35:39)

(We said), ‘Dawud! We have made you a successor (khalif) on the earth, so judge between people with truth and do not follow your own desires, letting them misguide you from the Way of Allah. Those who are misguided from the Way of Allah will receive a harsh punishment because they forgot the Day of Reckoning.’ (38:26)

Believe in Allah and His Messenger and give of that to which He has made you successors. Those of you who believe and give will have an immense reward. (57:7)

What is the matter with you that you do not hope for honour from Allah, when He created you by successive stages? (71:13-14)

(I swear) by those sent forth in succession, (77:1)

When the stars fall in rapid succession. (81:2)

SUCKLING

Forbidden for you are: your mothers and your daughters and your sisters, your maternal aunts and your paternal aunts, your brothers’ daughters and your sisters’ daughters, your foster mothers who have suckled you, your foster sisters by suckling, your wives’ mothers, your stepdaughters who are under your protection: the daughters of your wives whom you have had sexual relations with (though if you have not had sexual relations with them there is nothing blameworthy for you in it then), the wives of your sons whom you have fathered, and marrying two sisters at the same time–except for what may have already taken place. Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (4:23)

We revealed to Musa’s mother, ‘Suckle him and then when you fear for him cast him into the sea. Do not fear or grieve; We will return him to you and make him one of the Messengers.’ (28:7)

Let them live where you live, according to your means. Do not put pressure on them, so as to harass them. If they are pregnant, maintain them until they give birth. If they are suckling for you, give them their wages and consult together with correctness and courtesy. But if you make things difficult for one another, another woman should do the suckling for you. (65:6)

SULAYMAN (AS) (SOLOMON)

They follow what the Satans recited in the reign of Sulayman. Sulayman did not disbelieve, but the Satans did, teaching people sorcery and what had been sent down to Harut and Marut, the two angels in Babylon, who taught no one without first saying to him, ‘We are merely a trial and temptation, so do not disbelieve.’ People learned from them how to separate a man and his wife but they cannot harm anyone by it, except with Allah's permission. They have learned what will harm them and will not benefit them. They know that any who deal in it will have no share in the hereafter. What an evil thing they have sold themselves for if they only knew! (2:102)

We have revealed to you as We revealed to Nuh and the Prophets who came after him. And We revealed to Ibrahim and Isma‘il and Ishaq and Ya‘qub and the Tribes, and ‘Isa and Ayyub and Yunus and Harun and Sulayman. And We gave Dawud the Zabur. (4:163)

We gave him Ishaq and Ya‘qub, each of whom We guided. And before him We had guided Nuh. And among his descendants were Dawud and Sulayman, and Ayyub, Yusuf, Musa and Harun. That is how We recompense the good-doers. (6:84)

And to Sulayman We gave the fiercely blowing wind, speeding at his command towards the land which We had blessed. And We had full knowledge of everything. And some of the Satans dived for him and did other things apart from that. And We were watching over them. (21:81-82)

We gave knowledge to Dawud and Sulayman who said, ‘Praise be to Allah Who has favoured us over many of His servants who are believers.’ Sulayman was Dawud’s heir. He said, ‘Mankind! We have been taught the speech of birds and we have been given everything. This is indeed clear favour.’ Sulayman’s troops, made up of jinn and men and birds, were assembled for him, paraded in tight ranks. Then, when they reached the Valley of the Ants, an ant said, ‘Ants! Enter your dwellings so that Sulayman and his troops do not crush you unwittingly.’ He smiled, laughing at its words, and said, ‘My Lord, keep me thankful for the blessing You have bestowed on me and on my parents, and keep me acting rightly, pleasing You, and admit me, by Your mercy, among Your servants who are righteous.’ He inspected the birds and said, ‘How is it that I do not see the hoopoe? Or is it absent without leave? I will certainly punish it most severely or slaughter it if it does not bring me clear authority.’ However, it was not long delayed, and then it said, ‘I have comprehended something you have not and bring you accurate intelligence from Sheba. I found a woman ruling over them who has been given everything. She possesses a mighty throne. I found both her and her people prostrating to the sun instead of Allah. Satan has made their actions seem good to them and debarred them from the Way so they are not guided and do not prostrate to Allah, Who brings out what is hidden in the heavens and the earth, and knows what you conceal and what you divulge. Allah–there is no god but Him–the Lord of the Mighty Throne.’ He said, ‘We will soon see if you have told the truth or are a liar. Take this letter of mine and deliver it to them and then withdraw from them a little and see how they respond.’ She said, ‘Council! A noble letter has been delivered to me. It is from Sulayman and says: "In the name of Allah, All-Merciful, Most Merciful. Do not rise up against me, but come to me in submission."’ She said, ‘Council! Give me your opinion about this matter. It is not my habit to make a final decision until I have heard what you have to say.’ They said, ‘We possess strength and we possess great force. But the matter is in your hands so consider what you command.’ She said, ‘When kings enter a city, they lay waste to it and make its mightiest inhabitants the most abased. That is what they too will do. I will send them a gift and then wait and see what the messengers bring back.’ When it reached Sulayman he said, ‘Would you give me wealth when what Allah has given me is better than what He has given you? No, rather it is you who delight in your gift. Return to them. We will come to them with troops they cannot face and we will expel them from it abased and humiliated.’ He said, ‘Council! Who among you will bring me her throne before they come to me in submission?’ A demon of the jinn said, ‘I will bring it to you before you get up from your seat. I am strong and trustworthy enough to do it.’ He who possessed knowledge of the Book said, ‘I will bring it to you before your glance returns to you.’ And when he saw it standing firmly in his presence, he said, ‘This is part of my Lord's favour to test me to see if I will give thanks or show ingratitude. Whoever gives thanks only does so to his own gain. Whoever is ungrateful, my Lord is Rich Beyond Need, Generous.’ He said, ‘Disguise her throne. We shall see whether she is guided or someone who is not guided.’ Then when she came, she was asked, ‘Is your throne like this?’ She said, ‘It is exactly like it.’ ‘We were given knowledge before her and were already Muslims, but what she worshipped besides Allah impeded her. She was from an unbelieving people.’ She was told: ‘Enter the courtyard,’ but when she saw it she supposed it to be a pool and bared her legs. He said, ‘It is a courtyard paved with glass.’ She said, ‘My Lord, I have wronged myself but I have submitted with Sulayman to the Lord of all the worlds.’ (27:15-44)

And We gave Sulayman power over the wind–a month’s journey in the morning and a month in the afternoon. And We made a fount of molten brass flow out for him. And some of the jinn worked in front of him by his Lord’s permission. And if a single one of them deviates at all from Our command, We let him taste the punishment of the Searing Blaze. They made for him anything he wished: high arches and statues, huge dishes like cisterns, great built-in cooking vats. ‘Work, family of Dawud, in thankfulness!’ But very few of My servants are thankful. Then when We decreed that he should die, nothing divulged his death to them except the worm which ate his staff; so that when he fell down it was made clear to the jinn that if they had truly had knowledge of the Unseen they need not have stayed there suffering humiliating punishment. (34:12-14)

We gave Dawud Sulayman. What an excellent servant! He truly turned to his Lord. When swift horses, champing at the bit, were displayed before him in the afternoon, he said, ‘Truly do I love the love of good, with a view to the glory of my Lord until the sun disappeared behind its veil. Return them to me!’ And he set about slashing through their shanks and necks. We tested Sulayman and placed a lifeless body on his throne. Then he repented. He said, ‘My Lord, forgive me and give me a kingdom the like of which will never be granted to anyone after me. Truly You are the Ever-Giving.’ So We subjected the wind to him to blow at his command, softly, wherever he directed. And the Satans, every builder and diver, and others of them, yoked together in chains. ‘This is Our gift: so bestow it or withhold it without reckoning.’ He will have nearness to Us and a good Homecoming. (38:30-40)

SUMMONING

Remember when you were scrambling up the slope, refusing to turn back for anyone, and the Messenger was calling to you from the rear. Allah rewarded you with one distress in return for another so you would not feel grief for what escaped you or what assailed you. Allah is aware of what you do. (3:153)

(Believers say,) ‘Our Lord, we heard a caller calling us to faith: "Believe in your Lord!" and we believed. Our Lord, forgive us our wrong actions, erase our bad actions from us and take us back to You with those who are truly good.’ (3:193)

They said, ‘Salih, we had great hopes in you before this happened. Do you forbid us to worship what our fathers worshipped? We have grave doubts about what you are calling us to.’ (11:62)

Say: ‘This is my way. I call to Allah with inner sight, I and all who follow me. Glory be to Allah! I am not one of the idolaters!’ (12:108)

Those to whom We gave the Book rejoice at what has been sent down to you but some of the parties refuse to acknowledge part of it. Say: ‘I have only been ordered to worship Allah and not to associate anything with Him. I summon to Him and to Him I will return.’ (13:36)

Has news not reached you of those who came before you, the peoples of Nuh and ‘Ad and Thamud, and those who came after them who are known to no one but Allah? Their Messengers came to them with Clear Signs, but they put their hands to their mouths, saying, ‘We reject what you have been sent with. We have grave doubts about what you are calling us to.’ (14:9)

Their Messengers said, ‘Is there any doubt about Allah, the Bringer into Being of the heavens and the earth? He summons you to forgive you for your wrong actions and to defer you until a specified time.’ They said, ‘You are nothing but human beings like ourselves who want to debar us from what our fathers worshipped; so bring us a clear authority.’ (14:10)

You are calling them to a straight path. (23:73)

One of them came walking shyly up to him (Musa) and said, ‘My father invites you so that he can pay you your wage for drawing water for us.’ When he came to him and told him the whole story he said, ‘Have no fear, you have escaped from wrongdoing people.’ (28:25)

When they are told: ‘Follow what Allah has sent down,’ they say, ‘No, we will follow what we found our fathers doing.’ What! Even if Satan is calling them to the punishment of the Blazing Fire? (31:21)

So call and go straight as you have been ordered to. Do not follow their whims and desires but say, ‘I believe in a Book sent down by Allah and I am ordered to be just between you. Allah is our Lord and your Lord. We have our actions and you have your actions. There is no debate between us and you. Allah will gather us all together. He is our final destination.’ (42:15)

Our people, respond to Allah’s caller and believe in Him. He will forgive you some of your wrong actions and save you from a painful punishment. (46:31)

(A group of jinn said to their people,) ‘Those who do not respond to Allah’s caller cannot thwart Allah on earth and have no protectors apart from Him. Such people are clearly misguided.’ (46:32)

Their eyes will be downcast, darkened by debasement; for they were called on to prostrate when they were in full possession of their faculties. (68:43)

He (Nuh) said, ‘My Lord, I have called my people night and day but my calling has only made them more evasive. Indeed, every time I called them to Your forgiveness, they put their fingers in their ears, wrapped themselves up in their clothes and were overweeningly arrogant. Then I called them openly.’ (71:5-8)

SUN

What about the one who argued with Ibrahim about his Lord, on the basis that Allah had given him sovereignty? Ibrahim said, ‘My Lord is He Who gives life and causes to die.’ He said, ‘I too give life and cause to die.’ Ibrahim said, ‘Allah makes the sun come from the East. Make it come from the West.’ And the one who was a disbeliever was dumbfounded. Allah does not guide wrongdoing people. (2:258)

Then when he (Ibrahim) saw the sun come up he said, ‘This is my Lord! This is greater!’ Then when it set he said, ‘My people, I am free of what you associate with Allah!’ (6:78)

It is He Who splits the sky at dawn, and appoints the night as a time of stillness and the sun and moon as a means of reckoning. That is what the Almighty, the All-Knowing has ordained. (6:96)

Your Lord is Allah, Who created the heavens and the earth in six days and then settled Himself firmly on the Throne. He covers the day with the night, each pursuing the other urgently; and the sun and moon and stars are subservient to His command. Both creation and command belong to Him. Blessed be Allah, the Lord of all the worlds. (7:54)

It is He Who appointed the sun to give radiance, and the moon to give light, assigning it phases so you would know the number of years and the reckoning of time. Allah did not create these things except with truth. We make the Signs clear for people who know. (10:5)

When Yusuf told his father, ‘Father! I saw eleven bright stars, and the sun and moon as well. I saw them all prostrate in front of me.’ (12:4)

Allah is He Who raised up the heavens without any support–you can see that–and then established Himself firmly on the Throne. He made the sun and moon subservient, each running for a specified term. He directs the whole affair. He makes the Signs clear so that hopefully you will be certain about the meeting with your Lord. (13:2)

And He has made the sun and moon subservient to you holding steady to their courses, and He has made the night and day subservient to you. (14:33)

He has made night and day subservient to you, and the sun and moon and stars, all subject to His command. There are certainly Signs in that for people who use their intellect. (16:12)

Perform prayer from the time the sun declines until the darkening of the night, and also the recitation at dawn. The dawn recitation is certainly witnessed. (17:78)

You would have seen the sun, when it rose, inclining away from their cave towards the right, and, when it set, leaving them behind on the left, while they were lying in an open part of it. That was one of Allah’s Signs. Whoever Allah guides is truly guided. But if He misguides someone, you will find no protector for them to guide them rightly. (18:17)

So he followed a way until he reached the setting of the sun and found it setting in a muddy spring and found a people by it. We said, ‘Dhu’l-Qarnayn! You can either punish them or else you can treat them with gentleness.’ (18:85-86)

Then he (Dhu’l-Qarnayn) followed a way until he reached the rising of the sun and found it rising on a people to whom We had not given any shelter from it. (18:89-90)

(We said to Adam,) ‘You will not go thirsty in it (the Garden) or burn in the sun.’ (20:119)

So be steadfast in the face of what they say and glorify your Lord with praise before the rising of the sun and before its setting. And glorify Him during part of the night and at both ends of the day, so that hopefully you will be pleased. (20:130)

It is He Who created night and day and the sun and moon, each one swimming in a sphere. (21:33)

Do you not see that everyone in the heavens and everyone on the earth prostrates to Allah, and the sun and moon and stars and the mountains, trees and beasts and many of mankind? But many of them inevitably merit punishment. Those Allah humiliates will have no one to honour them. Allah does whatever He wills. (22:18)

Do you not see how your Lord stretches out shadows? If He had wished He could have made them stationary. Then We appoint the sun to be the pointer to them. (25:45)

(The hoopoe said,) ‘I found both her (Queen of Sheba) and her people prostrating to the sun instead of Allah. Satan has made their actions seem good to them and debarred them from the Way so they are not guided.’ (27:24)

If you ask them, ‘Who created the heavens and the earth and made the sun and moon subservient?’ they will say, ‘Allah.’ So how have they been perverted? (29:61)

Do you not see that Allah makes night merge into day and day merge into night, and that He has made the sun and moon subservient, each one running for a specified time, and that Allah is aware of what you do? (31:29)

He makes night merge into day and day merge into night, and He has made the sun and moon subservient, each one running until a specified time. That is Allah, your Lord. The Kingdom is His. Those you call on besides Him have no power over even the smallest speck. (35:13)

And the sun runs to its resting place. That is the decree of the Almighty, the All-Knowing. (36:38)

It is not for the sun to overtake the moon nor for the night to outstrip the day; each one is swimming in a sphere. (36:40)

We subjected the mountains to glorify with him (Dawud) in the evening and at sunrise. (38:18)

He (Sulayman) said, ‘Truly do I love the love of good, with a view to the glory of my Lord until the sun disappeared behind its veil.’ (38:32)

He created the heavens and the earth with truth. He wraps the night around the day and wraps the day around the night, and has made the sun and moon subservient, each one running for a specified term. Is He not indeed the Almighty, the Endlessly Forgiving? (39:5)

Among His Signs are the night and day and the sun and moon. Do not prostrate to the sun nor to the moon. Prostrate to Allah Who created them, if you worship Him. (41:37)

So be patient in the face of what they say and glorify your Lord with praise before the rising of the sun and before it sets. (50:39)

The sun and the moon both run with precision. (55:5)

Do you not see how He created seven heavens in layers, and placed the moon as a light in them and made the sun a blazing lamp? (71:15-16)

And (when) the sun and moon are fused together, (75:9)

Reclining in it (the Garden) on couches, they will experience there neither burning sun nor bitter cold. (76:13)

When the sun is compacted in blackness, (81:1)

By the sun and its morning brightness, (91:1)

SUNNAH (SEE PATTERN)

SUPPORTERS (SEE ANSAR)

SUWA

They have hatched a mighty plot saying, "Do not abandon your gods. Do not abandon Wadd or Suwa‘ or Yaghuth or Ya‘uq or Nasr." (71:22-23)

SWEAR

Those who swear to abstain from sexual relations with their wives can wait for a period of up to four months. If they then retract their oath, Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (2:226)

How will it be when a disaster strikes them because of what they have done, and then they come to you swearing by Allah: ‘We desired nothing but good and reconciliation’? (4:62)

Those who believe say, ‘Are these the people who swore by Allah, with their most earnest oaths, that they were with you?’ Their actions have come to nothing and they now are losers. (5:53)

You who believe! When one of you is near to death and makes a will, two just men from among you should act as witnesses; or, if you are travelling when the misfortune of death occurs, two men who are strangers to you. You should detain them after prayer and, if you are doubtful, they should swear by Allah: ‘We will not sell it for any price, even to a near relative, and we will not conceal the testimony of Allah. If we did we would indeed be wrongdoers.’ If it then comes to light that the two of them have merited the allegation of wrongdoing, two others who have the most right to do so should take their place and swear by Allah: ‘Our testimony is truer than their testimony. We have not committed perjury. If we had we would indeed be wrongdoers.’ That makes it more likely that they will give their evidence properly or be afraid that their oaths will be refuted by subsequent oaths. Have fear of Allah and listen carefully. Allah does not guide deviant people. (5:106-108)

He (Satan) swore to them, ‘I am one of those who give you good advice.’ (7:21)

The Companions of the Ramparts will call out to men they recognise by their mark, saying, ‘What you amassed was of no use to you, nor was your arrogance. Are these the people you swore that Allah’s mercy would never reach?’ ‘Enter the Garden. You will feel no fear and know no sorrow.’ (7:48-49)

If it had been a case of easy gains and a short journey, they would have followed you, but the distance was too great for them. They will swear by Allah: ‘Had we been able to, we would have gone out with you.’ They are destroying their own selves. Allah knows that they are lying. (9:42)

They swear by Allah that they are of your number, but they are not of your number. Rather, they are people who are scared. (9:56)

They swear to you by Allah in order to please you, but it would be more fitting for them to please Allah and His Messenger if they are believers. (9:62)

They will swear to you to make you pleased with them, but even if you are pleased with them, Allah is certainly not pleased with deviant people. (9:96)

As for those who have set up a mosque, causing harm and out of disbelief, to create division between the believers, and in readiness for those who previously made war on Allah and His Messenger, they will swear, ‘We only desired the best.’ But Allah bears witness that they are truly liars. (9:107)

They swear by Allah with their most earnest oaths that Allah will not raise up those who die, when, on the contrary, it is a binding promise on Him; but most people do not know it. (16:38)

They have sworn by Allah with their most earnest oaths that if you give them the command, they will go out. Say: ‘Do not swear. Honourable obedience is enough. Allah is aware of what you do.’ (24:53)

They swore by Allah with their most earnest oaths that if a warner came to them they would be better guided than any other community. But then when a warner did come to them, it only increased their aversion. (35:42)

And I swear by the falling of the stars–and that is a mighty oath if you only knew. (56:75-76)

Do you not see those who have turned to people with whom Allah is angry? They belong neither to you nor to them. And they swear to falsehood and do so knowingly. (58:14)

On the Day Allah raises up all of them together they will swear to Him just as they have sworn to you and imagine they have something to stand upon. No indeed! It is they who are the liars. (58:18)

I swear both by what you see. (69:38)

No! I swear by the Lord of the Easts and Wests that We have the power. (70:40)

No! I swear by the planets with their retrograde motion, (81:15)

No, I swear by the evening glow, (84:16)

I swear by this city, (90:1)

 

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