Characteristics of Hazrat Mahdi (as) in the Hadiths
The So-Called Religious Scholars in the Time of Hazrat Mahdi (as)
There will be False Religious Scholars Who Demand Money To Serve the Religion in the End Times
"There will be such times that common people will read the Qur'an, devote themselves to worship (but) they will be busy with the acts of the companions of innovation (bi'dah) and stray into polytheism unwittingly. THEY WILL DERIVE PROFIT BY THEIR WORDS AND SCIENCE, GET WEALTH BY ABUSING RELIGION. HERE THEY ARE THE ACCOMPLICES OF THE ANTICHRIST, WHO IS BLIND IN ONE EYE." (Ahmad Diya ad-Din al-Kamushkhanawi, Ramuz al-Ahadith, Hadith no: 6255)
In this hadith of our Prophet (saas), it is stated that in the End Times some people will follow some persons who will concoct superstitions and innovations (bidah) into the religion. In that period some false hodjas will emerge and misrepresent Islam to such an extent that people will believe what these persons tell are in the religion. Therefore they will not be aware that they are straying into polytheism and going afar from the religion.
Profiting by abusing the religion will be one of those false hodjas' features. What that means is that they will not obey the morality that is stated in Surat al-An'am, 90 which instructs Muslims not to claim any fee for their services to the religion. Our Prophet (saas) also predicted that individuals with this kind of mindset would be subservient to the system of the antichrist that has waged a struggle against the Islamic moral values in the End Times. As it is known, our
Prophet (saas) predicted in one of his other hadiths that some so-called scholars would enter into the antichrist's service in the End Times.
"SOME SEVENTY THOUSAND TURBANED SCHOLARS OF MY COMMUNITY WILL BE SUBJECT TO THE ANTICHRIST." (Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, Musnad, p. 796)
These hadiths clearly indicate that, in the period of the emergence of Hazrat Mahdi (as), which is Hijri 1400s, there will be malignant, so-called religious scholars who are afar from the Qur'anic moral values, have the intention to abuse religion to their own benefit, are against the dominion of the Islamic moral values and will support the system of the antichrist by striving to sneakingly demotivate Muslims, concocting superstitions and innovations into the religion and causing mischief.
Certain Shaven-Headed, False Scholars will Appear in the Time of Hazrat Mahdi (as) and Deviate From the Moral Values of Islam By Their Statements
From Hazrat Ali (ra):
Such a nation will appear in the End Times that THEY WILL RECITE THE QUR'AN BUT IT WILL NOT PASS DOWN THEIR THROATS. THEY WILL BE ABJURED FROM RELIGION LIKE AN ARROW HURLED FROM A BOW. AND EVERY MUSLIM HAS A RIGHT TO STRUGGLE WITH THEM. THEY WILL HAVE SHAVEN HEADS... (Abu Abdur Rahman Ahmad Ibn Shu'aib an-Nasai, Hazrat Ali through the Hadiths, p. 142)
Our Prophet (saas) refers in his hadiths to certain so-called religious scholars who will appear in the time of Hazrat Mahdi (as), in other words in the End Times. One of the hadiths in question has been narrated from Hazrat Ali (ra). In this hadith, our Prophet (saas) stated that these people boast of speaking Arabic very fluently and properly and of reciting the Qur'an very accurately, but when it comes to implementing the commands of the religion and properly understanding the verses of the Qur'an, they are insincere. Our Prophet (saas) described their situation in the words, "… they will recite the Qur'an but it will not pass down their throats…" With their deeds and words, these false religious scholars will entirely deviate from the true path of the Qur'an. These people will not speak of the dominion of Islamic morality, and their intention will be to impair Muslims' enthusiasm and determination. They will depart from the state of mind of optimism and submission to Allah that is unique to Muslims, and will look at events through the superficial eyes of the ignorant. Their words will conflict with the Qur'an and the moral values of Islam. True Muslims, while striving against those who deny Allah and the religion, will in the meantime struggle against people with this mindset, who seek to conceal the global dominion of religious moral values, and to spread mischief among Muslims. Our Prophet (saas) revealed in the hadith that all Muslims have a duty to wage an intellectual struggle against such people. Our Prophet (saas) also provided a piece of information about the hairstyles of these people in the End Times, so that they can be recognized.
In the End Times Some Shaven-Headed People, Who Know the Qur'an Very Well, will Emerge and They will Struggle Against the Moral Values of the Qur'an
"COMMUNITIES WITH SHAVEN HEAD WILL EMERGE FROM THE EAST AND WILL RECITE THE QUR'AN WITH THEIR TONGUES (BUT) IT WILL NOT PASS DOWN THEIR THROATS. THEY WILL BE ABJURED FROM RELIGION LIKE AN ARROW HURLED FROM A BOW." (Ahmad Diya ad-Din al-Kamushkhanawi, Ramuz al-Ahadith, Hadith no: 6294)
Our Prophet (saas) presaged that, in the End Times some people with shaved head, who know the Qur'an very well, will emerge. Although they will pretend to praise the religion with their explanations and statements, they will be afar from Islam with their speech, statements, some innovations (bidah) that they concocted into the religion and their twisted way of religious behavior. With this twisted way of mindset they will struggle against the Qur'an and sincere Muslims.
Seventy Thousand Scholars Wearing Turbans will Support the Antichrist Against Hazrat Mahdi (As)
1. The Messenger of Allah (saas) said: The antichrist will emerge from among the Jews of Isphahan. He will have 70 thousand Jews wearing turbans with him. (Al-Qutub as-Sitta, Musnad Ahmad ibn Hanbal 3-4, Tunisia: Daru Sahnun, 1992. Vol. 22, p. 503, 447)
2. 1816. According to what is narrated from Anas (ra), the Messenger of Allah (saas) said: "Seventy thousand people from the Jews of Isphahan, all wearing turbans, (shawls covering the head and neck. * the tip of the turban covering the head let loose over the shoulders) will follow behind the antichrist." (Muslim, Vol. 8, p. 500)
3. The Messenger of Allah (saas): SEVENTY THOUSAND PEOPLE FROM MY COMMUNITY WEARING TURBANS WILL FOLLOW THE ANTICHRIST. (Musannaf of 'Abd ar-RazzaqAbu Bakr Abd ar-Razzaq ibn Hammam, XI, p. 393)
The famous Islamic scholar As-Suyuti stated that although the round head cloth is a Jewish garment, the Messenger of Allah (saas) also wore a different type of head cloth. He penned a treatise called the Al-Ahadith al-Hisan fi Fadl al-Taylasan in order to prove his view.
The Position of Some Ignorant Scholars in the Time of Hazrat Mahdi (as)
From Amr bin sad:
EVEN IF THE PEOPLE ARE INVITED TO BE WITH [SEEMINGLY] MY CHILD THEY WILL BE FAR DISTANT FROM HIM. THIS IS SUCH AN EVIL COMMUNITY THAT IT HAS NO MORAL VALUES. THEY ARE SCOURGES FOR DESPOTS, THEY TEACH CORRUPTION TO THE CRUEL AND MAKE JUDGES SHED BLOOD. (Sheikh Muhammad ibn Ibrahim Numani, al-Ghaybah al-Numani, p. 170)
Bediuzzaman Has Described People Who Reject the Idea of Mahdism As "Weak in Belief" But "Strong in Egotism"
Since the hadiths that speak of the signs of the end of time, the events at the end of time, and the merits and rewards of certain actions have not been well understood, SOME SCHOLARS who rely on their reason have pronounced some of them to be either weak or false. While some of the scholars WHOSE BELIEF WAS WEAK BUT WHOSE EGOTISM WAS STRONG have gone as far as denying them. (Bediuzzaman Said Nursi, Words, Twenty-Fourth Word, Third Branch)
Bediuzzaman Said Nursi reports that some ignorant religious scholars, who are strong in egotism but weak in faith and have strayed into materialist belief, will strive to convince people that Hazrat Mahdi (as) will never come. In the words "whose egotism was strong," Bediuzzaman refers to these people as admiring their own intelligence, regarding themselves as very grand, perfect and superior, and even making idols out of their own lower selves. (Allah is beyond this.) In the words "whose belief was weak," he describes this state of mind of the religious scholars concerned as stemming from their belief in Allah being weak, harboring doubts about the religion and regarding the religion as a job or a means to prestige.
But these people's belief that Hazrat Mahdi (as) will never come is one of the portents of his coming, and shows that the day of Hazrat Mahdi (as)'s appearance is close at hand.
In his hadiths, our Prophet (saas) has revealed that some people will say, "Hazrat Mahdi (as) will never come, there is no such person as Hazrat Mahdi (as)" before he appears, and that their rejection of the idea of Mahdism is one of the portents of his coming. One such hadith reads:
"Allah will send Hazrat Mahdi (as) at a time when people are in despair and say, 'THERE IS NO SUCH THING AS HAZRAT MAHDI'…" (Al-Muttaqi al-Hindi, Al-Burhan fi Alamat al-Mahdi Akhir az-Zaman, p. 55)